1In [the] beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
2Now the earth proved to be formless and waste and there was darkness upon the surface of [the] watery deep; and God's active force was moving to and fro over the surface of the waters.
3And God proceeded to say: "Let light come to be." Then there came to be light.
4After that God saw that the light was good, and God brought about a division between the light and the darkness.
5And God began calling the light Day, but the darkness he called Night. And there came to be evening and there came to be morning, a first day.
6And God went on to say: "Let an expanse come to be in between the waters and let a dividing occur between the waters and the waters."
7Then God proceeded to make the expanse and to make a division between the waters that should be beneath the expanse and the waters that should be above the expanse. And it came to be so.
8And God began to call the expanse Heaven. And there came to be evening and there came to be morning, a second day.
9And God went on to say: "Let the waters under the heavens be brought together into one place and let the dry land appear." And it came to be so.
10And God began calling the dry land Earth, but the bringing together of the waters he called Seas. Further, God saw that [it was] good.
11And God went on to say: "Let the earth cause grass to shoot forth, vegetation bearing seed, fruit trees yielding fruit according to their kinds, the seed of which is in it, upon the earth." And it came to be so.
12And the earth began to put forth grass, vegetation bearing seed according to its kind and trees yielding fruit, the seed of which is in it according to its kind. Then God saw that [it was] good.
13And there came to be evening and there came to be morning, a third day.
14And God went on to say: "Let luminaries come to be in the expanse of the heavens to make a division between the day and the night; and they must serve as signs and for seasons and for days and years.
15And they must serve as luminaries in the expanse of the heavens to shine upon the earth." And it came to be so.
16And God proceeded to make the two great luminaries, the greater luminary for dominating the day and the lesser luminary for dominating the night, and also the stars.
17Thus God put them in the expanse of the heavens to shine upon the earth,
18and to dominate by day and by night and to make a division between the light and the darkness. Then God saw that [it was] good.
19And there came to be evening and there came to be morning, a fourth day.
20And God went on to say: "Let the waters swarm forth a swarm of living souls and let flying creatures fly over the earth upon the face of the expanse of the heavens."
21And God proceeded to create the great sea monsters and every living soul that moves about, which the waters swarmed forth according to their kinds, and every winged flying creature according to its kind. And God got to see that [it was] good.
22With that God blessed them, saying: "Be fruitful and become many and fill the waters in the sea basins, and let the flying creatures become many in the earth."
23And there came to be evening and there came to be morning, a fifth day.
24And God went on to say: "Let the earth put forth living souls according to their kinds, domestic animal and moving animal and wild beast of the earth according to its kind." And it came to be so.
25And God proceeded to make the wild beast of the earth according to its kind and the domestic animal according to its kind and every moving animal of the ground according to its kind. And God got to see that [it was] good.
26And God went on to say: "Let us make man in our image, according to our likeness, and let them have in subjection the fish of the sea and the flying creatures of the heavens and the domestic animals and all the earth and every moving animal that is moving upon the earth."
27And God proceeded to create the man in his image, in God's image he created him; male and female he created them.
28Further, God blessed them and God said to them: "Be fruitful and become many and fill the earth and subdue it, and have in subjection the fish of the sea and the flying creatures of the heavens and every living creature that is moving upon the earth."
29And God went on to say: "Here I have given to YOU all vegetation bearing seed which is on the surface of the whole earth and every tree on which there is the fruit of a tree bearing seed. To YOU let it serve as food.
30And to every wild beast of the earth and to every flying creature of the heavens and to everything moving upon the earth in which there is life as a soul I have given all green vegetation for food." And it came to be so.
31After that God saw everything he had made and, look! [it was] very good. And there came to be evening and there came to be morning, a sixth day.
32Thus the heavens and the earth and all their army came to their completion.
33And by the seventh day God came to the completion of his work that he had made, and he proceeded to rest on the seventh day from all his work that he had made.
34And God proceeded to bless the seventh day and make it sacred, because on it he has been resting from all his work that God has created for the purpose of making.
35This is a history of the heavens and the earth in the time of their being created, in the day that Jehovah God made earth and heaven.
36Now there was as yet no bush of the field found in the earth and no vegetation of the field was as yet sprouting, because Jehovah God had not made it rain upon the earth and there was no man to cultivate the ground.
37But a mist would go up from the earth and it watered the entire surface of the ground.
38And Jehovah God proceeded to form the man out of dust from the ground and to blow into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man came to be a living soul.
39Further, Jehovah God planted a garden in E'den, toward the east, and there he put the man whom he had formed.
40Thus Jehovah God made to grow out of the ground every tree desirable to one's sight and good for food and also the tree of life in the middle of the garden and the tree of the knowledge of good and bad.
41Now there was a river issuing out of E'den to water the garden, and from there it began to be parted and it became, as it were, four heads.
42The first one's name is Pi'shon; it is the one encircling the entire land of Hav'i·lah, where there is gold.
43And the gold of that land is good. There also are the bdellium gum and the onyx stone.
44And the name of the second river is Gi'hon; it is the one encircling the entire land of Cush.
45And the name of the third river is Hid'de·kel; it is the one going to the east of As·syr'i·a. And the fourth river is the Eu·phra'tes.
46And Jehovah God proceeded to take the man and settle him in the garden of E'den to cultivate it and to take care of it.
47And Jehovah God also laid this command upon the man: "From every tree of the garden you may eat to satisfaction.
48But as for the tree of the knowledge of good and bad you must not eat from it, for in the day you eat from it you will positively die."
49And Jehovah God went on to say: "It is not good for the man to continue by himself. I am going to make a helper for him, as a complement of him."
50Now Jehovah God was forming from the ground every wild beast of the field and every flying creature of the heavens, and he began bringing them to the man to see what he would call each one; and whatever the man would call it, each living soul, that was its name.
51So the man was calling the names of all the domestic animals and of the flying creatures of the heavens and of every wild beast of the field, but for man there was found no helper as a complement of him.
52Hence Jehovah God had a deep sleep fall upon the man and, while he was sleeping, he took one of his ribs and then closed up the flesh over its place.
53And Jehovah God proceeded to build the rib that he had taken from the man into a woman and to bring her to the man.
54Then the man said:"This is at last bone of my bonesAnd flesh of my flesh.This one will be called Woman,Because from man this one was taken."
55That is why a man will leave his father and his mother and he must stick to his wife and they must become one flesh.
56And both of them continued to be naked, the man and his wife, and yet they did not become ashamed.
57Now the serpent proved to be the most cautious of all the wild beasts of the field that Jehovah God had made. So it began to say to the woman: "Is it really so that God said YOU must not eat from every tree of the garden?"
58At this the woman said to the serpent: "Of the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat.
59But as for [eating] of the fruit of the tree that is in the middle of the garden, God has said, 'YOU must not eat from it, no, YOU must not touch it that YOU do not die.'"
60At this the serpent said to the woman: "YOU positively will not die.
61For God knows that in the very day of YOUR eating from it YOUR eyes are bound to be opened and YOU are bound to be like God, KNOWING good and bad."
62Consequently the woman saw that the tree was good for food and that it was something to be longed for to the eyes, yes, the tree was desirable to look upon. So she began taking of its fruit and eating it. Afterward she gave some also to her husband when with her and he began eating it.
63Then the eyes of both of them became opened and they began to realize that they were naked. Hence they sewed fig leaves together and made loin coverings for themselves.
64Later they heard the voice of Jehovah God walking in the garden about the breezy part of the day, and the man and his wife went into hiding from the face of Jehovah God in between the trees of the garden.
65And Jehovah God kept calling to the man and saying to him: "Where are you?"
66Finally he said: "Your voice I heard in the garden, but I was afraid because I was naked and so I hid myself."
67At that he said: "Who told you that you were naked? From the tree from which I commanded you not to eat have you eaten?"
68And the man went on to say: "The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me [fruit] from the tree and so I ate."
69With that Jehovah God said to the woman: "What is this you have done?" To this the woman replied: "The serpent-it deceived me and so I ate."
70And Jehovah God proceeded to say to the serpent: "Because you have done this thing, you are the cursed one out of all the domestic animals and out of all the wild beasts of the field. Upon your belly you will go and dust is what you will eat all the days of your life.
71And I shall put enmity between you and the woman and between your seed and her seed. He will bruise you in the head and you will bruise him in the heel."
72To the woman he said: "I shall greatly increase the pain of your pregnancy; in birth pangs you will bring forth children, and your craving will be for your husband, and he will dominate you."
73And to Adam he said: "Because you listened to your wife's voice and took to eating from the tree concerning which I gave you this command, 'You must not eat from it,' cursed is the ground on your account. In pain you will eat its produce all the days of your life.
74And thorns and thistles it will grow for you, and you must eat the vegetation of the field.
75In the sweat of your face you will eat bread until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken. For dust you are and to dust you will return."
76After this Adam called his wife's name Eve, because she had to become the mother of everyone living.
77And Jehovah God proceeded to make long garments of skin for Adam and for his wife and to clothe them.
78And Jehovah God went on to say: "Here the man has become like one of us in knowing good and bad, and now in order that he may not put his hand out and actually take [fruit] also from the tree of life and eat and live to time indefinite,-"
79With that Jehovah God put him out of the garden of E'den to cultivate the ground from which he had been taken.
80And so he drove the man out and posted at the east of the garden of E'den the cherubs and the flaming blade of a sword that was turning itself continually to guard the way to the tree of life.
81Now Adam had intercourse with Eve his wife and she became pregnant. In time she gave birth to Cain and said: "I have produced a man with the aid of Jehovah."
82Later she again gave birth, to his brother Abel.And Abel came to be a herder of sheep, but Cain became a cultivator of the ground.
83And it came about at the expiration of some time that Cain proceeded to bring some fruits of the ground as an offering to Jehovah.
84But as for Abel, he too brought some firstlings of his flock, even their fatty pieces. Now while Jehovah was looking with favor upon Abel and his offering,
85he did not look with any favor upon Cain and upon his offering. And Cain grew hot with great anger, and his countenance began to fall.
86At this Jehovah said to Cain: "Why are you hot with anger and why has your countenance fallen?
87If you turn to doing good, will there not be an exaltation? But if you do not turn to doing good, there is sin crouching at the entrance, and for you is its craving; and will you, for your part, get the mastery over it?"
88After that Cain said to Abel his brother: ["Let us go over into the field."] So it came about that while they were in the field Cain proceeded to assault Abel his brother and kill him.
89Later on Jehovah said to Cain: "Where is Abel your brother?" and he said: "I do not know. Am I my brother's guardian?"
90At this he said: "What have you done? Listen! Your brother's blood is crying out to me from the ground.
91And now you are cursed in banishment from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood at your hand.
92When you cultivate the ground, it will not give you back its power. A wanderer and a fugitive you will become in the earth."
93At this Cain said to Jehovah: "My punishment for error is too great to carry.
94Here you are actually driving me this day from off the surface of the ground, and from your face I shall be concealed; and I must become a wanderer and fugitive on the earth, and it is certain that anyone finding me will kill me."
95At this Jehovah said to him: "For that reason anyone killing Cain must suffer vengeance seven times."And so Jehovah set up a sign for Cain in order that no one finding him should strike him.
96With that Cain went away from the face of Jehovah and took up residence in the land of Fugitiveness to the east of E'den.
97Afterward Cain had intercourse with his wife and she became pregnant and gave birth to E'noch. Then he engaged in building a city and called the city's name by the name of his son E'noch.
98Later there was born to E'noch I'rad. And I'rad became father to Me·hu'ja·el, and Me·hu'ja·el became father to Me·thu'sha·el, and Me·thu'sha·el became father to La'mech.
99And La'mech proceeded to take two wives for himself. The name of the first was A'dah and the name of the second was Zil'lah.
100In time A'dah gave birth to Ja'bal. He proved to be the founder of those who dwell in tents and have livestock.
101And the name of his brother was Ju'bal. He proved to be the founder of all those who handle the harp and the pipe.
102As for Zil'lah, she too gave birth to Tu'bal-cain, the forger of every sort of tool of copper and iron. And the sister of Tu'bal-cain was Na'a·mah.
103Consequently La'mech composed these words for his wives A'dah and Zil'lah:"Hear my voice, you wives of La'mech;Give ear to my saying:A man I have killed for wounding me,Yes, a young man for giving me a blow.
104If seven times Cain is to be avenged,Then La'mech seventy times and seven."
105And Adam proceeded to have intercourse again with his wife and so she gave birth to a son and called his name Seth, because, as she said: "God has appointed another seed in place of Abel, because Cain killed him."
106And to Seth also there was born a son and he proceeded to call his name E'nosh. At that time a start was made of calling on the name of Jehovah.
107This is the book of Adam's history. In the day of God's creating Adam he made him in the likeness of God.
108Male and female he created them. After that he blessed them and called their name Man in the day of their being created.
109And Adam lived on for a hundred and thirty years. Then he became father to a son in his likeness, in his image, and called his name Seth.
110And the days of Adam after his fathering Seth came to be eight hundred years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
111So all the days of Adam that he lived amounted to nine hundred and thirty years and he died.
112And Seth lived on for a hundred and five years. Then he became father to E'nosh.
113And after his fathering E'nosh Seth continued to live eight hundred and seven years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
114So all the days of Seth amounted to nine hundred and twelve years and he died.
115And E'nosh lived on for ninety years. Then he became father to Ke'nan.
116And after his fathering Ke'nan E'nosh continued to live eight hundred and fifteen years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
117So all the days of E'nosh amounted to nine hundred and five years and he died.
118And Ke'nan lived on for seventy years. Then he became father to Ma·hal'a·lel.
119And after his fathering Ma·hal'a·lel Ke'nan continued to live eight hundred and forty years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
120So all the days of Ke'nan amounted to nine hundred and ten years and he died.
121And Ma·hal'a·lel lived on for sixty-five years. Then he became father to Ja'red.
122And after his fathering Ja'red Ma·hal'a·lel continued to live eight hundred and thirty years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
123So all the days of Ma·hal'a·lel amounted to eight hundred and ninety-five years and he died.
124And Ja'red lived on for a hundred and sixty-two years. Then he became father to E'noch.
125And after his fathering E'noch Ja'red continued to live eight hundred years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
126So all the days of Ja'red amounted to nine hundred and sixty-two years and he died.
127And E'noch lived on for sixty-five years. Then he became father to Me·thu'se·lah.
128And after his fathering Me·thu'se·lah E'noch went on walking with the [true] God three hundred years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
129So all the days of E'noch amounted to three hundred and sixty-five years.
130And E'noch kept walking with the [true] God. Then he was no more, for God took him.
131And Me·thu'se·lah lived on for a hundred and eighty-seven years. Then he became father to La'mech.
132And after his fathering La'mech Me·thu'se·lah continued to live seven hundred and eighty-two years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
133So all the days of Me·thu'se·lah amounted to nine hundred and sixty-nine years and he died.
134And La'mech lived on for a hundred and eighty-two years. Then he became father to a son.
135And he proceeded to call his name Noah, saying: "This one will bring us comfort from our work and from the pain of our hands resulting from the ground which Jehovah has cursed."
136And after his fathering Noah La'mech continued to live five hundred and ninety-five years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
137So all the days of La'mech amounted to seven hundred and seventy-seven years and he died.
138And Noah got to be five hundred years old. After that Noah became father to Shem, Ham and Ja'pheth.
139Now it came about that when men started to grow in numbers on the surface of the ground and daughters were born to them,
140then the sons of the [true] God began to notice the daughters of men, that they were good-looking; and they went taking wives for themselves, namely, all whom they chose.
141After that Jehovah said: "My spirit shall not act toward man indefinitely in that he is also flesh. Accordingly his days shall amount to a hundred and twenty years."
142The Neph'i·lim proved to be in the earth in those days, and also after that, when the sons of the [true] God continued to have relations with the daughters of men and they bore sons to them, they were the mighty ones who were of old, the men of fame.
143Consequently Jehovah saw that the badness of man was abundant in the earth and every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only bad all the time.
144And Jehovah felt regrets that he had made men in the earth, and he felt hurt at his heart.
145So Jehovah said: "I am going to wipe men whom I have created off the surface of the ground, from man to domestic animal, to moving animal and to flying creature of the heavens, because I do regret that I have made them."
146But Noah found favor in the eyes of Jehovah.
147This is the history of Noah.Noah was a righteous man. He proved himself faultless among his contemporaries. Noah walked with the [true] God.
148In time Noah became father to three sons, Shem, Ham and Ja'pheth.
149And the earth came to be ruined in the sight of the [true] God and the earth became filled with violence.
150So God saw the earth and, look! it was ruined, because all flesh had ruined its way on the earth.
151After that God said to Noah: "The end of all flesh has come before me, because the earth is full of violence as a result of them; and here I am bringing them to ruin together with the earth.
152Make for yourself an ark out of wood of a resinous tree. You will make compartments in the ark, and you must cover it inside and outside with tar.
153And this is how you will make it: three hundred cubits the length of the ark, fifty cubits its width, and thirty cubits its height.
154You will make a tso'har [roof; or, window] for the ark, and you will complete it to the extent of a cubit upward, and the entrance of the ark you will put in its side; you will make it with a lower [story], a second [story] and a third [story].
155"And as for me, here I am bringing the deluge of waters upon the earth to bring to ruin all flesh in which the force of life is active from under the heavens. Everything that is in the earth will expire.
156And I do establish my covenant with you; and you must go into the ark, you and your sons and your wife and your sons' wives with you.
157And of every living creature of every sort of flesh, two of each, you will bring into the ark to preserve them alive with you. Male and female they will be.
158Of the flying creatures according to their kinds and of the domestic animals according to their kinds, of all moving animals of the ground according to their kinds, two of each will go in there to you to preserve them alive.
159And as for you, take for yourself every sort of food that is eaten; and you must gather it to yourself, and it must serve as food for you and for them."
160And Noah proceeded to do according to all that God had commanded him. He did just so.
161After that Jehovah said to Noah: "Go, you and all your household, into the ark, because you are the one I have seen to be righteous before me among this generation.
162Of every clean beast you must take to yourself by sevens, the sire and its mate; and of every beast that is not clean just two, the sire and its mate;
163also of the flying creatures of the heavens by sevens, male and female, to preserve offspring alive on the surface of the entire earth.
164For in just seven days more I am making it rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and I will wipe every existing thing that I have made off the surface of the ground."
165And Noah proceeded to do according to all that Jehovah had commanded him.
166And Noah was six hundred years old when the deluge of waters occurred on the earth.
167So Noah went in, and his sons and his wife and his sons' wives with him, into the ark ahead of the waters of the deluge.
168Of every clean beast and of every beast that is not clean and of the flying creatures and everything that moves on the ground,
169they went in by twos to Noah inside the ark, male and female, just as God had commanded Noah.
170And seven days later it turned out that the waters of the deluge came upon the earth.
171In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on this day all the springs of the vast watery deep were broken open and the floodgates of the heavens were opened.
172And the downpour upon the earth went on for forty days and forty nights.
173On this very day Noah went in, and Shem and Ham and Ja'pheth, Noah's sons, and the wife of Noah and the three wives of his sons with him, into the ark;
174they and every wild beast according to its kind, and every domestic animal according to its kind, and every moving animal that moves on the earth according to its kind, and every flying creature according to its kind, every bird, every winged creature.
175And they kept going to Noah inside the ark, two by two, of every sort of flesh in which the force of life was active.
176And those going in, male and female of every sort of flesh, went in, just as God had commanded him. After that Jehovah shut the door behind him.
177And the deluge went on for forty days upon the earth, and the waters kept increasing and began carrying the ark and it was floating high above the earth.
178And the waters became overwhelming and kept increasing greatly upon the earth, but the ark kept going on the surface of the waters.
179And the waters overwhelmed the earth so greatly that all the tall mountains that were under the whole heavens came to be covered.
180Up to fifteen cubits the waters overwhelmed them and the mountains became covered.
181So all flesh that was moving upon the earth expired, among the flying creatures and among the domestic animals and among the wild beasts and among all the swarms that were swarming upon the earth, and all mankind.
182Everything in which the breath of the force of life was active in its nostrils, namely, all that were on the dry ground, died.
183Thus he wiped out every existing thing that was on the surface of the ground, from man to beast, to moving animal and to flying creature of the heavens, and they were wiped off the earth; and only Noah and those who were with him in the ark kept on surviving.
184And the waters continued overwhelming the earth a hundred and fifty days.
185After that God remembered Noah and every wild beast and every domestic animal that was with him in the ark, and God caused a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters began to subside.
186And the springs of the watery deep and the floodgates of the heavens became stopped up, and so the downpour from the heavens was restrained.
187And the waters began receding from off the earth, progressively receding; and at the end of a hundred and fifty days the waters were lacking.
188And in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ar'a·rat.
189And the waters kept on progressively lessening until the tenth month. In the tenth month, on the first of the month, the tops of the mountains appeared.
190So it occurred that at the end of forty days Noah proceeded to open the window of the ark that he had made.
191After that he sent out a raven, and it continued flying outdoors, going and returning, until the waters dried off the earth.
192Later he sent out from him a dove to see whether the waters had abated from the surface of the ground.
193And the dove did not find any resting-place for the sole of its foot, and so it returned to him into the ark because the waters were yet upon the surface of the whole earth. At that he put his hand out and took it and brought it to himself inside the ark.
194And he went on waiting still another seven days, and once again he sent out the dove from the ark.
195Later on the dove came to him about the time of evening and, look! there was an olive leaf freshly plucked in its bill, and so Noah got to know that the waters had abated from the earth.
196And he went on waiting still another seven days. Then he sent out the dove, but it did not come back again to him anymore.
197Now in the six hundred and first year, in the first month, on the first day of the month, it came about that the waters had drained from off the earth; and Noah proceeded to remove the covering of the ark and to look, and here the surface of the ground had drained dry.
198And in the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the earth had dried off.
199God now spoke to Noah, saying:
200"Go out of the ark, you and your wife and your sons and your sons' wives with you.
201Every living creature that is with you of every sort of flesh, among the flying creatures and among the beasts and among all the moving animals that move upon the earth, bring out with you, as they must swarm in the earth and be fruitful and become many upon the earth."
202At that Noah went out, and also his sons and his wife and his sons' wives with him.
203Every living creature, every moving animal and every flying creature, everything that moves on the earth, according to their families they went out of the ark.
204And Noah began to build an altar to Jehovah and to take some of all the clean beasts and of all the clean flying creatures and to offer burnt offerings upon the altar.
205And Jehovah began to smell a restful odor, and so Jehovah said in his heart: "Never again shall I call down evil upon the ground on man's account, because the inclination of the heart of man is bad from his youth up; and never again shall I deal every living thing a blow just as I have done.
206For all the days the earth continues, seed sowing and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night, will never cease."
207And God went on to bless Noah and his sons and to say to them: "Be fruitful and become many and fill the earth.
208And a fear of YOU and a terror of YOU will continue upon every living creature of the earth and upon every flying creature of the heavens, upon everything that goes moving on the ground, and upon all the fishes of the sea. Into YOUR hand they are now given.
209Every moving animal that is alive may serve as food for YOU. As in the case of green vegetation, I do give it all to YOU.
210Only flesh with its soul-its blood-YOU must not eat.
211And, besides that, YOUR blood of YOUR souls shall I ask back. From the hand of every living creature shall I ask it back; and from the hand of man, from the hand of each one who is his brother, shall I ask back the soul of man.
212Anyone shedding man's blood, by man will his own blood be shed, for in God's image he made man.
213And as for YOU men, be fruitful and become many, make the earth swarm with YOU and become many in it."
214And God went on to say to Noah and to his sons with him:
215"And as for me, here I am establishing my covenant with YOU men and with YOUR offspring after YOU,
216and with every living soul that is with YOU, among fowls, among beasts and among all living creatures of the earth with YOU, from all those going out of the ark to every living creature of the earth.
217Yes, I do establish my covenant with YOU: No more will all flesh be cut off by waters of a deluge, and no more will there occur a deluge to bring the earth to ruin."
218And God added: "This is the sign of the covenant that I am giving between me and YOU and every living soul that is with YOU, for the generations to time indefinite.
219My rainbow I do give in the cloud, and it must serve as a sign of the covenant between me and the earth.
220And it shall occur that when I bring a cloud over the earth, then the rainbow will certainly appear in the cloud.
221And I shall certainly remember my covenant which is between me and YOU and every living soul among all flesh; and no more will the waters become a deluge to bring all flesh to ruin.
222And the rainbow must occur in the cloud, and I shall certainly see it to remember the covenant to time indefinite between God and every living soul among all flesh that is upon the earth."
223And God repeated to Noah: "This is the sign of the covenant that I do establish between me and all flesh that is upon the earth."
224And Noah's sons who came out of the ark were Shem and Ham and Ja'pheth. Later Ham was the father of Ca'naan.
225These three were Noah's sons, and from these was all the earth's population spread abroad.
226Now Noah started off as a farmer and proceeded to plant a vineyard.
227And he began drinking of the wine and became intoxicated, and so he uncovered himself in the midst of his tent.
228Later Ham the father of Ca'naan saw his father's nakedness and went telling it to his two brothers outside.
229At that Shem and Ja'pheth took a mantle and put it upon both their shoulders and walked in backwards. Thus they covered their father's nakedness, while their faces were turned away, and they did not see their father's nakedness.
230Finally Noah awoke from his wine and got to know what his youngest son had done to him.
231At this he said:"Cursed be Ca'naan.Let him become the lowest slave to his brothers."
232And he added:"Blessed be Jehovah, Shem's God,And let Ca'naan become a slave to him.
233Let God grant ample space to Ja'pheth,And let him reside in the tents of Shem.Let Ca'naan become a slave to him also."
234And Noah continued to live three hundred and fifty years after the deluge.
235So all the days of Noah amounted to nine hundred and fifty years and he died.
236And this is the history of Noah's sons, Shem, Ham and Ja'pheth.Now sons began to be born to them after the deluge.
237The sons of Ja'pheth were Go'mer and Ma'gog and Ma'da·i and Ja'van and Tu'bal and Me'shech and Ti'ras.
238And the sons of Go'mer were Ash'ke·naz and Ri'phath and To·gar'mah.
239And the sons of Ja'van were E·li'shah and Tar'shish, Kit'tim and Do'da·nim.
240From these the population of the isles of the nations was spread about in their lands, each according to its tongue, according to their families, by their nations.
241And the sons of Ham were Cush and Miz'ra·im and Put and Ca'naan.
242And the sons of Cush were Se'ba and Hav'i·lah and Sab'tah and Ra'a·mah and Sab'te·ca.And the sons of Ra'a·mah were She'ba and De'dan.
243And Cush became father to Nim'rod. He made the start in becoming a mighty one in the earth.
244He displayed himself a mighty hunter in opposition to Jehovah. That is why there is a saying: "Just like Nim'rod a mighty hunter in opposition to Jehovah."
245And the beginning of his kingdom came to be Ba'bel and E'rech and Ac'cad and Cal'neh, in the land of Shi'nar.
246Out of that land he went forth into As·syr'i·a and set himself to building Nin'e·veh and Re·ho'both-Ir and Ca'lah
247and Re'sen between Nin'e·veh and Ca'lah: this is the great city.
248And Miz'ra·im became father to Lu'dim and An'a·mim and Le·ha'bim and Naph·tu'him
249and Path·ru'sim and Cas·lu'him (from among whom the Phi·lis'tines went forth) and Caph'to·rim.
250And Ca'naan became father to Si'don his firstborn and Heth
251and the Jeb'u·site and the Am'or·ite and the Gir'ga·shite
252and the Hi'vite and the Ark'ite and the Si'nite
253and the Ar'vad·ite and the Zem'a·rite and the Ha'math·ite; and afterward the families of the Ca'naan·ite were scattered.
254So the boundary of the Ca'naan·ite came to be from Si'don as far as Ge'rar, near Ga'za, as far as Sod'om and Go·mor'rah and Ad'mah and Ze·boi'im, near La'sha.
255These were the sons of Ham according to their families, according to their tongues, in their lands, by their nations.
256And to Shem, the forefather of all the sons of E'ber, the brother of Ja'pheth the oldest, there was also progeny born.
257The sons of Shem were E'lam and As'shur and Ar·pach'shad and Lud and A'ram.
258And the sons of A'ram were Uz and Hul and Ge'ther and Mash.
259And Ar·pach'shad became father to She'lah, and She'lah became father to E'ber.
260And to E'ber there were two sons born. The name of the one was Pe'leg, because in his days the earth was divided; and the name of his brother was Jok'tan.
261And Jok'tan became father to Al·mo'dad and She'leph and Ha·zar·ma'veth and Je'rah
262and Ha·do'ram and U'zal and Dik'lah
263and O'bal and A·bim'a·el and She'ba
264and O'phir and Hav'i·lah and Jo'bab; all these were the sons of Jok'tan.
265And their place of dwelling came to extend from Me'sha as far as Se'phar, the mountainous region of the East.
266These were the sons of Shem according to their families, according to their tongues, in their lands, according to their nations.
267These were the families of the sons of Noah according to their family descents, by their nations, and from these the nations were spread about in the earth after the deluge.
268Now all the earth continued to be of one language and of one set of words.
269And it came about that in their journeying eastward they eventually discovered a valley plain in the land of Shi'nar, and they took up dwelling there.
270And they began to say, each one to the other: "Come on! Let us make bricks and bake them with a burning process." So brick served as stone for them, but bitumen served as mortar for them.
271They now said: "Come on! Let us build ourselves a city and also a tower with its top in the heavens, and let us make a celebrated name for ourselves, for fear we may be scattered over all the surface of the earth."
272And Jehovah proceeded to go down to see the city and the tower that the sons of men had built.
273After that Jehovah said: "Look! They are one people and there is one language for them all, and this is what they start to do. Why, now there is nothing that they may have in mind to do that will be unattainable for them.
274Come now! Let us go down and there confuse their language that they may not listen to one another's language."
275Accordingly Jehovah scattered them from there over all the surface of the earth, and they gradually left off building the city.
276That is why its name was called Ba'bel, because there Jehovah had confused the language of all the earth, and Jehovah had scattered them from there over all the surface of the earth.
277This is the history of Shem.Shem was a hundred years old when he became father to Ar·pach'shad two years after the deluge.
278And after his fathering Ar·pach'shad Shem continued to live five hundred years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
279And Ar·pach'shad lived thirty-five years. Then he became father to She'lah.
280And after his fathering She'lah Ar·pach'shad continued to live four hundred and three years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
281And She'lah lived thirty years. Then he became father to E'ber.
282And after his fathering E'ber She'lah continued to live four hundred and three years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
283And E'ber lived on for thirty-four years. Then he became father to Pe'leg.
284And after his fathering Pe'leg E'ber continued to live four hundred and thirty years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
285And Pe'leg lived on for thirty years. Then he became father to Re'u.
286And after his fathering Re'u Pe'leg continued to live two hundred and nine years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
287And Re'u lived on for thirty-two years. Then he became father to Se'rug.
288And after his fathering Se'rug Re'u continued to live two hundred and seven years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
289And Se'rug lived on for thirty years. Then he became father to Na'hor.
290And after his fathering Na'hor Se'rug continued to live two hundred years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
291And Na'hor lived on for twenty-nine years. Then he became father to Te'rah.
292And after his fathering Te'rah Na'hor continued to live a hundred and nineteen years. Meanwhile he became father to sons and daughters.
293And Te'rah lived on for seventy years, after which he became father to A'bram, Na'hor and Ha'ran.
294And this is the history of Te'rah.Te'rah became father to A'bram, Na'hor and Ha'ran; and Ha'ran became father to Lot.
295Later Ha'ran died while in company with Te'rah his father in the land of his birth, in Ur of the Chal·de'ans.
296And A'bram and Na'hor proceeded to take wives for themselves. The name of A'bram's wife was Sar'ai, while the name of Na'hor's wife was Mil'cah, the daughter of Ha'ran, the father of Mil'cah and father of Is'cah.
297But Sar'ai continued to be barren; she had no child.
298After that Te'rah took A'bram his son and Lot, the son of Ha'ran, his grandson, and Sar'ai his daughter-in-law, the wife of A'bram his son, and they went with him out of Ur of the Chal·de'ans to go to the land of Ca'naan. In time they came to Ha'ran and took up dwelling there.
299And the days of Te'rah came to be two hundred and five years. Then Te'rah died in Ha'ran.
300And Jehovah proceeded to say to A'bram: "Go your way out of your country and from your relatives and from the house of your father to the country that I shall show you;
301and I shall make a great nation out of you and I shall bless you and I will make your name great; and prove yourself a blessing.
302And I will bless those who bless you, and him that calls down evil upon you I shall curse, and all the families of the ground will certainly bless themselves by means of you."
303At that A'bram went just as Jehovah had spoken to him, and Lot went with him. And A'bram was seventy-five years old when he went out from Ha'ran.
304So A'bram took Sar'ai his wife and Lot the son of his brother and all the goods that they had accumulated and the souls whom they had acquired in Ha'ran, and they got on their way out to go to the land of Ca'naan. Finally they came to the land of Ca'naan.
305And A'bram went on through the land as far as the site of She'chem, near the big trees of Mo'reh; and at that time the Ca'naan·ite was in the land.
306Jehovah now appeared to A'bram and said: "To your seed I am going to give this land." After that he built an altar there to Jehovah, who had appeared to him.
307Later he moved from there to the mountainous region to the east of Beth'el and pitched his tent with Beth'el on the west and A'i on the east. Then he built an altar there to Jehovah and began to call on the name of Jehovah.
308Afterward A'bram broke camp, going then from encampment to encampment toward the Neg'eb.
309Now a famine arose in the land and A'bram made his way down toward Egypt to reside there as an alien, because the famine was severe in the land.
310And it came about that as soon as he got near to entering Egypt, then he said to Sar'ai his wife: "Please, now! I well know you are a woman beautiful in appearance.
311So it is bound to happen that the Egyptians will see you and will say, 'This is his wife.' And they will certainly kill me, but you they will preserve alive.
312Please say you are my sister, in order that it may go well with me on your account, and my soul will be certain to live due to you."
313So it happened that, as soon as A'bram entered Egypt, the Egyptians got to see the woman, that she was very beautiful.
314And the princes of Phar'aoh also got to see her and they began praising her to Phar'aoh, so that the woman was taken to the house of Phar'aoh.
315And he treated A'bram well on her account, and he came to have sheep and cattle and asses and menservants and maidservants and she-asses and camels.
316Then Jehovah touched Phar'aoh and his household with great plagues because of Sar'ai, A'bram's wife.
317With that Phar'aoh called A'bram and said: "What is this you have done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife?
318Why did you say, 'She is my sister,' so that I was about to take her as my wife? And now here is your wife. Take her and go!"
319And Phar'aoh issued commands to men concerning him, and they went escorting him and his wife and all that he had.
320Following that A'bram went up out of Egypt, he and his wife and all that he had, and Lot with him, to the Neg'eb.
321And A'bram was heavily stocked with herds and silver and gold.
322And he made his way from encampment to encampment out of the Neg'eb and to Beth'el, to the place where his tent had been at first between Beth'el and A'i,
323to the place of the altar that he had made there originally; and A'bram proceeded to call there on the name of Jehovah.
324Now Lot, who was going along with A'bram, also owned sheep and cattle and tents.
325So the land did not allow for them to dwell all together, because their goods had become many and they were not able to dwell all together.
326And a quarrel arose between the herders of A'bram's livestock and the herders of Lot's livestock; and at that time the Ca'naan·ite and the Per'iz·zite were dwelling in the land.
327Hence A'bram said to Lot: "Please, do not let any quarreling continue between me and you and between my herdsmen and your herdsmen, for we men are brothers.
328Is not the whole land available to you? Please, separate from me. If you go to the left, then I will go to the right; but if you go to the right, then I will go to the left."
329So Lot raised his eyes and saw the whole District of the Jordan, that all of it was a well-watered region before Jehovah brought Sod'om and Go·mor'rah to ruin, like the garden of Jehovah, like the land of Egypt as far as Zo'ar.
330Then Lot chose for himself the whole District of the Jordan, and Lot moved his camp to the east. So they separated the one from the other.
331A'bram dwelt in the land of Ca'naan, but Lot dwelt among the cities of the District. Finally he pitched tent near Sod'om.
332And the men of Sod'om were bad and were gross sinners against Jehovah.
333And Jehovah said to A'bram after Lot had separated from him: "Raise your eyes, please, and look from the place where you are, northward and southward and eastward and westward,
334because all the land at which you are looking, to you and to your seed I am going to give it until time indefinite.
335And I will constitute your seed like the dust particles of the earth, so that, if a man could be able to count the dust particles of the earth, then your seed could be numbered.
336Get up, go about in the land through its length and through its breadth, because to you I am going to give it."
337So A'bram continued to live in tents. Later on he came and dwelt among the big trees of Mam're, which are in He'bron; and there he proceeded to build an altar to Jehovah.
338Now it came about in the days of Am'ra·phel king of Shi'nar, Ar'i·och king of El·la'sar, Ched·or·la·o'mer king of E'lam, and Ti'dal king of Goi'im,
339that these made war with Be'ra king of Sod'om, and with Bir'sha king of Go·mor'rah, Shi'nab king of Ad'mah, and Shem·e'ber king of Ze·boi'im, and the king of Be'la (that is to say, Zo'ar).
340All these marched as allies to the Low Plain of Sid'dim, that is, the Salt Sea.
341Twelve years they had served Ched·or·la·o'mer, but the thirteenth year they rebelled.
342And in the fourteenth year Ched·or·la·o'mer came, and also the kings who were with him, and they inflicted defeats on the Reph'a·im in Ash'te·roth-kar·na'im, and the Zu'zim in Ham, and the E'mim in Sha'veh-kir·i·a·tha'im,
343and the Hor'ites in their mountain of Se'ir, down to El-pa'ran, which is at the wilderness.
344Then they turned about and came to En-mish'pat, that is, Ka'desh, and defeated the whole field of the A·mal'ek·ites and also the Am'or·ites who were dwelling in Haz'a·zon-ta'mar.
345At this point the king of Sod'om went on the march, and also the king of Go·mor'rah and the king of Ad'mah and the king of Ze·boi'im and the king of Be'la (that is to say, Zo'ar), and they drew up in battle order against them in the Low Plain of Sid'dim,
346against Ched·or·la·o'mer king of E'lam and Ti'dal king of Goi'im and Am'ra·phel king of Shi'nar and Ar'i·och king of El·la'sar; four kings against the five.
347Now the Low Plain of Sid'dim was pits upon pits of bitumen; and the kings of Sod'om and Go·mor'rah took to flight and went falling into them, and those who remained fled to the mountainous region.
348Then the victors took all the goods of Sod'om and Go·mor'rah and all their food and went on their way.
349They also took Lot the son of A'bram's brother and his goods and continued on their way. He was then dwelling in Sod'om.
350After that a man who had escaped came and told A'bram the Hebrew. He was then tabernacling among the big trees of Mam're the Am'or·ite, the brother of Esh'col and brother of A'ner; and they were confederates of A'bram.
351Thus A'bram got to hear that his brother had been taken captive. With that he mustered his trained men, three hundred and eighteen slaves born in his household, and went in pursuit up to Dan.
352And by night he resorted to dividing his forces, he and his slaves, against them, and thus he defeated them and kept in pursuit of them up to Ho'bah, which is north of Damascus.
353And he proceeded to recover all the goods, and he recovered also Lot his brother and his goods and also the women and the people.
354Then the king of Sod'om went out to meet him after he returned from defeating Ched·or·la·o'mer and the kings that were with him, to the Low Plain of Sha'veh, that is, the king's Low Plain.
355And Mel·chiz'e·dek king of Sa'lem brought out bread and wine, and he was priest of the Most High God.
356Then he blessed him and said:"Blessed be A'bram of the Most High God,Producer of heaven and earth;
357And blessed be the Most High God,Who has delivered your oppressors into your hand!"At that A'bram gave him a tenth of everything.
358After that the king of Sod'om said to A'bram: "Give me the souls, but take the goods for yourself."
359At this A'bram said to the king of Sod'om: "I do lift up my hand [in an oath] to Jehovah the Most High God, Producer of heaven and earth,
360that, from a thread to a sandal lace, no, I shall take nothing from anything that is yours, in order that you may not say, 'It was I who made A'bram rich.'
361Nothing for me! Only what the young men have already eaten, and the share of the men who went with me, A'ner, Esh'col and Mam're-let them take their share."
362After these things the word of Jehovah came to A'bram in a vision, saying: "Do not fear, A'bram. I am a shield for you. Your reward will be very great."
363At this A'bram said: "Sovereign Lord Jehovah, what will you give me, seeing that I am going childless and the one who will possess my house is a man of Damascus, E·li·e'zer?"
364And A'bram added: "Look! You have given me no seed, and, look! a son of my household is succeeding me as heir."
365But, look! the word of Jehovah to him was in these words: "This man will not succeed you as heir, but one who will come out of your own inward parts will succeed you as heir."
366He now brought him outside and said: "Look up, please, to the heavens and count the stars, if you are possibly able to count them." And he went on to say to him: "So your seed will become."
367And he put faith in Jehovah; and he proceeded to count it to him as righteousness.
368Then he added to him: "I am Jehovah, who brought you out of Ur of the Chal·de'ans to give you this land to take it in possession."
369To this he said: "Sovereign Lord Jehovah, by what shall I know that I shall take it in possession?"
370In turn he said to him: "Take for me a three-year-old heifer and a three-year-old she-goat and a three-year-old ram and a turtledove and a young pigeon."
371So he took all these to himself and cut them in two and put each part of them so as to match the other, but the birds he did not cut in pieces.
372And the birds of prey began to descend upon the carcasses, but A'bram kept driving them away.
373After a while the sun was about to set, and a deep sleep fell upon A'bram, and, look! a frightfully great darkness was falling upon him.
374And he began to say to A'bram: "You may know for sure that your seed will become an alien resident in a land not theirs, and they will have to serve them, and these will certainly afflict them for four hundred years.
375But the nation that they will serve I am judging, and after that they will go out with many goods.
376As for you, you will go to your forefathers in peace; you will be buried at a good old age.
377But in the fourth generation they will return here, because the error of the Am'or·ites has not yet come to completion."
378The sun was now setting and a dense darkness came and, look! a smoking furnace and a fiery torch that passed in between these pieces.
379On that day Jehovah concluded with A'bram a covenant, saying: "To your seed I will give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Eu·phra'tes:
380the Ken'ites and the Ken'iz·zites and the Kad'mon·ites
381and the Hit'tites and the Per'iz·zites and the Reph'a·im
382and the Am'or·ites and the Ca'naan·ites and the Gir'ga·shites and the Jeb'u·sites."
383Now Sar'ai, A'bram's wife, had borne him no children; but she had an Egyptian maidservant and her name was Ha'gar.
384Hence Sar'ai said to A'bram: "Please now! Jehovah has shut me off from bearing children. Please, have relations with my maidservant. Perhaps I may get children from her." So A'bram listened to the voice of Sar'ai.
385Then Sar'ai, A'bram's wife, took Ha'gar, her Egyptian maidservant, at the end of ten years of A'bram's dwelling in the land of Ca'naan, and gave her to A'bram her husband as his wife.
386Accordingly he had relations with Ha'gar, and she became pregnant. When she became aware that she was pregnant, then her mistress began to be despised in her eyes.
387At this Sar'ai said to A'bram: "The violence done me be upon you. I myself gave my maidservant over to your bosom, and she became aware that she was pregnant, and I began to be despised in her eyes. May Jehovah judge between me and you."
388So A'bram said to Sar'ai: "Look! Your maidservant is at your disposal. Do to her what is good in your eyes." Then Sar'ai began to humiliate her so that she ran away from her.
389Later Jehovah's angel found her at a fountain of waters in the wilderness, at the fountain on the way to Shur.
390And he began to say: "Ha'gar, maidservant of Sar'ai, just where have you come from and where are you going?" To this she said: "Why, from Sar'ai my mistress I am running away."
391And Jehovah's angel went on to say to her: "Return to your mistress and humble yourself under her hand."
392Then Jehovah's angel said to her: "I shall greatly multiply your seed, so that it will not be numbered for multitude."
393Further Jehovah's angel added to her: "Here you are pregnant, and you shall give birth to a son and must call his name Ish'ma·el; for Jehovah has heard your affliction.
394As for him, he will become a zebra of a man. His hand will be against everyone, and the hand of everyone will be against him; and before the face of all his brothers he will tabernacle."
395Then she began to call the name of Jehovah, who was speaking to her: "You are a God of sight," for she said: "Have I here actually looked upon him who sees me?"
396That is why the well was called Be'er-la'hai-roi. Here it is between Ka'desh and Be'red.
397Later on Ha'gar bore to A'bram a son and A'bram called the name of his son whom Ha'gar bore Ish'ma·el.
398And A'bram was eighty-six years old at Ha'gar's bearing Ish'ma·el to A'bram.
399When A'bram got to be ninety-nine years old, then Jehovah appeared to A'bram and said to him: "I am God Almighty. Walk before me and prove yourself faultless.
400And I will give my covenant between me and you, that I may multiply you very, very much."
401At this A'bram fell upon his face, and God continued to speak with him, saying:
402"As for me, look! my covenant is with you, and you will certainly become a father of a crowd of nations.
403And your name will not be called A'bram anymore, and your name must become Abraham, because a father of a crowd of nations I will make you.
404And I will make you very, very fruitful and will make you become nations, and kings will come out of you.
405"And I will carry out my covenant between me and you and your seed after you according to their generations for a covenant to time indefinite, to prove myself God to you and to your seed after you.
406And I will give to you and to your seed after you the land of your alien residences, even the entire land of Ca'naan, for a possession to time indefinite; and I will prove myself God to them."
407And God said further to Abraham: "As for you, you are to keep my covenant, you and your seed after you according to their generations.
408This is my covenant that YOU men will keep, between me and YOU men, even your seed after you: Every male of YOURS must get circumcised.
409And YOU must get circumcised in the flesh of YOUR foreskins, and it must serve as a sign of the covenant between me and YOU.
410And every male of YOURS eight days old must be circumcised, according to your generations, anyone born in the house and anyone purchased with money from any foreigner who is not from your seed.
411Every man born in your house and every man purchased with money of yours must without fail get circumcised; and my covenant in the flesh of YOU men must serve as a covenant to time indefinite.
412And an uncircumcised male who will not get the flesh of his foreskin circumcised, even that soul must be cut off from his people. He has broken my covenant."
413And God went on to say to Abraham: "As for Sar'ai your wife, you must not call her name Sar'ai, because Sarah is her name.
414And I will bless her and also give you a son from her; and I will bless her and she shall become nations; kings of peoples will come from her."
415At this Abraham fell upon his face and began to laugh and to say in his heart: "Will a man a hundred years old have a child born, and will Sarah, yes, will a woman ninety years old give birth?"
416After that Abraham said to the [true] God: "O that Ish'ma·el might live before you!"
417To this God said: "Sarah your wife is indeed bearing you a son, and you must call his name Isaac. And I will establish my covenant with him for a covenant to time indefinite to his seed after him.
418But as regards Ish'ma·el I have heard you. Look! I will bless him and will make him fruitful and will multiply him very, very much. He will certainly produce twelve chieftains, and I will make him become a great nation.
419However, my covenant I shall establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this appointed time next year."
420With that God finished speaking with him and went up from Abraham.
421Abraham then proceeded to take Ish'ma·el his son and all the men born in his house and everyone purchased with money of his, every male among the men of the household of Abraham, and he went to circumcising the flesh of their foreskins in this very day, just as God had spoken with him.
422And Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he had the flesh of his foreskin circumcised.
423And Ish'ma·el his son was thirteen years old when he had the flesh of his foreskin circumcised.
424In this very day Abraham got circumcised, and also Ish'ma·el his son.
425And all the men of his household, anyone born in the house and anyone purchased with money from a foreigner, got circumcised with him.
426Afterward Jehovah appeared to him among the big trees of Mam're, while he was sitting at the entrance of the tent about the heat of the day.
427When he raised his eyes, then he looked and there three men were standing some distance from him. When he caught sight of them he began running to meet them from the entrance of the tent and proceeded to bow down to the earth.
428Then he said: "Jehovah, if, now, I have found favor in your eyes, please do not pass by your servant.
429Let a little water be taken, please, and YOU must have YOUR feet washed. Then recline under the tree.
430And let me get a piece of bread, and refresh YOUR hearts. Following that, YOU can pass on, because that is why YOU have passed this way to YOUR servant." At this they said: "All right. You may do just as you have spoken."
431So Abraham went hurrying to the tent to Sarah and said: "Hurry! Get three seah measures of fine flour, knead the dough and make round cakes."
432Next Abraham ran to the herd and proceeded to get a tender and good young bull and to give it to the attendant, and he went hurrying to get it ready.
433He then took butter and milk and the young bull that he had got ready and set it before them. Then he himself kept standing by them under the tree as they were eating.
434They now said to him: "Where is Sarah your wife?" To this he said: "Here in the tent!"
435So he continued: "I am surely going to return to you next year at this time, and, look! Sarah your wife will have a son." Now Sarah was listening at the tent entrance, and it was behind the man.
436And Abraham and Sarah were old, being advanced in years. Sarah had stopped having menstruation.
437Hence Sarah began to laugh inside herself, saying: "After I am worn out, shall I really have pleasure, my lord being old besides?"
438Then Jehovah said to Abraham: "Why was it that Sarah laughed, saying, 'Shall I really and truly give birth although I have become old?'
439Is anything too extraordinary for Jehovah? At the appointed time I shall return to you, next year at this time, and Sarah will have a son."
440But Sarah began to deny it, saying: "I did not laugh!" For she was afraid. At this he said: "No! but you did laugh."
441Later the men got up from there and looked down toward Sod'om, and Abraham was walking with them to escort them.
442And Jehovah said: "Am I keeping covered from Abraham what I am doing?
443Why, Abraham is surely going to become a nation great and mighty, and all the nations of the earth must bless themselves by means of him.
444For I have become acquainted with him in order that he may command his sons and his household after him so that they shall keep Jehovah's way to do righteousness and judgment; in order that Jehovah may certainly bring upon Abraham what he has spoken about him."
445Consequently Jehovah said: "The cry of complaint about Sod'om and Go·mor'rah, yes, it is loud, and their sin, yes, it is very heavy.
446I am quite determined to go down that I may see whether they act altogether according to the outcry over it that has come to me, and, if not, I can get to know it."
447At this point the men turned from there and got on their way to Sod'om; but as for Jehovah, he was still standing before Abraham.
448Then Abraham approached and began to say: "Will you really sweep away the righteous with the wicked?
449Suppose there are fifty righteous men in the midst of the city. Will you, then, sweep them away and not pardon the place for the sake of the fifty righteous who are inside it?
450It is unthinkable of you that you are acting in this manner to put to death the righteous man with the wicked one so that it has to occur with the righteous man as it does with the wicked! It is unthinkable of you. Is the Judge of all the earth not going to do what is right?"
451Then Jehovah said: "If I shall find in Sod'om fifty righteous men in the midst of the city I will pardon the whole place on their account."
452But Abraham went on to answer and say: "Please, here I have taken upon myself to speak to Jehovah, whereas I am dust and ashes.
453Suppose the fifty righteous should be lacking five. Will you for the five bring the whole city to ruin?" To this he said: "I shall not bring it to ruin if I find there forty-five."
454But yet again he spoke further to him and said: "Suppose forty are found there." In turn he said: "I shall not do it on account of the forty."
455But he continued: "May Jehovah, please, not grow hot with anger, but let me go on speaking: Suppose thirty are found there." In turn he said: "I shall not do it if I find thirty there."
456But he continued on: "Please, here I have taken upon myself to speak to Jehovah: Suppose twenty are found there." In turn he said: "I shall not bring it to ruin on account of the twenty."
457Finally he said: "May Jehovah, please, not grow hot with anger, but let me speak just this once: Suppose ten are found there." In turn he said: "I shall not bring it to ruin on account of the ten."
458Then Jehovah went his way when he had finished speaking to Abraham, and Abraham returned to his place.
459Now the two angels arrived at Sod'om by evening, and Lot was sitting in the gate of Sod'om. When Lot caught sight of them, then he got up to meet them and bowed down with his face to the earth.
460And he proceeded to say: "Please, now, my lords, turn aside, please, into the house of YOUR servant and stay overnight and have YOUR feet washed. Then YOU must get up early and travel on YOUR way." To this they said: "No, but in the public square is where we shall stay overnight."
461But he was very insistent with them, so that they turned aside to him and came into his house. Then he made a feast for them, and he baked unfermented cakes, and they went to eating.
462Before they could lie down, the men of the city, the men of Sod'om, surrounded the house, from boy to old man, all the people in one mob.
463And they kept calling out to Lot and saying to him: "Where are the men who came in to you tonight? Bring them out to us that we may have intercourse with them."
464Finally Lot went out to them to the entrance, but he shut the door behind him.
465Then he said: "Please, my brothers, do not act badly.
466Please, here I have two daughters who have never had intercourse with a man. Please, let me bring them out to YOU. Then do to them as is good in YOUR eyes. Only to these men do not do a thing, because that is why they have come under the shadow of my roof."
467At this they said: "Stand back there!" And they added: "This lone man came here to reside as an alien and yet he would actually play the judge. Now we are going to do worse to you than to them." And they came pressing heavily in on the man, on Lot, and were getting near to break in the door.
468So the men thrust out their hands and brought Lot in to them, into the house, and they shut the door.
469But they struck with blindness the men who were at the entrance of the house, from the least to the greatest, so that they were wearing themselves out trying to find the entrance.
470Then the men said to Lot: "Do you have anyone else here? Son-in-law and your sons and your daughters and all who are yours in the city, bring out of the place!
471For we are bringing this place to ruin, because the outcry against them has grown loud before Jehovah, so that Jehovah sent us to bring the city to ruin."
472Hence Lot went on out and began to speak to his sons-in-law who were to take his daughters, and he kept on saying: "Get up! Get out of this place, because Jehovah is bringing the city to ruin!" But in the eyes of his sons-in-law he seemed like a man who was joking.
473However, when the dawn ascended, then the angels became urgent with Lot, saying: "Get up! Take your wife and your two daughters who are found here, for fear you may be swept away in the error of the city!"
474When he kept lingering, then in the compassion of Jehovah upon him, the men seized hold of his hand and of the hand of his wife and of the hands of his two daughters and they proceeded to bring him out and to station him outside the city.
475And it came about that, as soon as they had brought them forth to the outskirts, he began to say: "Escape for your soul! Do not look behind you and do not stand still in all the District! Escape to the mountainous region for fear you may be swept away!"
476Then Lot said to them: "Not that, please, Jehovah!
477Please, now, your servant has found favor in your eyes so that you are magnifying your loving-kindness, which you have exercised with me to preserve my soul alive, but I-I am not able to escape to the mountainous region for fear calamity may keep close to me and I certainly die.
478Please, now, this city is nearby to flee there and it is a small thing. May I, please, escape there-is it not a small thing?-and my soul will live on."
479So he said to him: "Here I do show you consideration to this extent also, by my not overthrowing the city of which you have spoken.
480Hurry! Escape there, because I am not able to do a thing until your arriving there!" That is why he called the name of the city Zo'ar.
481The sun had gone forth over the land when Lot arrived at Zo'ar.
482Then Jehovah made it rain sulphur and fire from Jehovah, from the heavens, upon Sod'om and upon Go·mor'rah.
483So he went ahead overthrowing these cities, even the entire District and all the inhabitants of the cities and the plants of the ground.
484And his wife began to look around from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.
485Now Abraham made his way early in the morning to the place where he had stood before Jehovah.
486Then he looked down toward Sod'om and Go·mor'rah and toward all the land of the District and saw a sight. Why, here thick smoke ascended from the land like the thick smoke of a kiln!
487And it came about that when God brought the cities of the District to ruin God kept Abraham in mind in that he took steps to send Lot out of the midst of the overthrow when overthrowing the cities among which Lot had been dwelling.
488Later Lot went up from Zo'ar and began dwelling in the mountainous region, and his two daughters along with him, because he got afraid of dwelling in Zo'ar. So he began dwelling in a cave, he and his two daughters.
489And the firstborn proceeded to say to the younger woman: "Our father is old and there is not a man in the land to have relations with us according to the way of the whole earth.
490Come, let us give our father wine to drink and let us lie down with him and preserve offspring from our father."
491So they kept giving their father wine to drink during that night; then the firstborn went in and lay down with her father, but he did not know when she lay down and when she got up.
492And it came about on the next day that the firstborn then said to the younger: "Here I lay down with my father last night. Let us give him wine to drink tonight also. Then you go in, lie down with him, and let us preserve offspring from our father."
493So they repeatedly gave their father wine to drink during that night also; then the younger got up and lay down with him, but he did not know when she lay down and when she got up.
494And both the daughters of Lot became pregnant from their father.
495In time the firstborn became mother to a son and called his name Mo'ab. He is the father of Mo'ab, to this day.
496As for the younger, she too gave birth to a son and then called his name Ben-am'mi. He is the father of the sons of Am'mon, to this day.
497Now Abraham moved camp from there to the land of the Neg'eb and took up dwelling between Ka'desh and Shur and residing as an alien at Ge'rar.
498And Abraham repeated concerning Sarah his wife: "She is my sister." With that A·bim'e·lech king of Ge'rar sent and took Sarah.
499Afterward God came to A·bim'e·lech in a dream by night and said to him: "Here you are as good as dead because of the woman whom you have taken, since she is owned by another owner as his wife."
500However, A·bim'e·lech had not gone near her. Hence he said: "Jehovah, will you kill a nation that is really righteous?
501Did not he say to me, 'She is my sister'? and she-did not she too say, 'He is my brother'? In the honesty of my heart and with innocency of my hands I have done this."
502At that the [true] God said to him in the dream: "I too have known that in the honesty of your heart you have done this, and I was also holding you back from sinning against me. That is why I did not allow you to touch her.
503But now return the man's wife, for he is a prophet, and he will make supplication for you. So keep living. But if you are not returning her, know that you will positively die, you and all who are yours."
504So A·bim'e·lech got up early in the morning and proceeded to call all his servants and to speak of all these things in their ears. And the men got very much afraid.
505Then A·bim'e·lech called Abraham and said to him: "What have you done to us, and what sin have I committed against you, in that you have brought upon me and my kingdom a great sin? Deeds that should not have been done you have done in connection with me."
506And A·bim'e·lech went on to say to Abraham: "What did you have in view in that you have done this thing?"
507To this Abraham said: "It was because I said to myself, 'Doubtless there is no fear of God in this place, and they will certainly kill me because of my wife.'
508And, besides, she is truly my sister, the daughter of my father, only not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife.
509And it came about that, when God caused me to wander from the house of my father, then I said to her, 'This is your loving-kindness which you may exercise toward me: At every place where we shall come say of me: "He is my brother."'"
510Following that A·bim'e·lech took sheep and cattle and menservants and maidservants and gave them to Abraham and returned to him Sarah his wife.
511Further A·bim'e·lech said: "Here my land is available to you. Dwell where it is good in your eyes."
512And to Sarah he said: "Here I do give a thousand silver pieces of money to your brother. Here it is for you a covering of the eyes to all who are with you, and before everybody, and you are cleared of reproach."
513And Abraham began to make supplication to the [true] God; and God proceeded to heal A·bim'e·lech and his wife and his slave girls, and they began bearing children.
514For Jehovah had tightly shut up every womb of the house of A·bim'e·lech because of Sarah, Abraham's wife.
515And Jehovah turned his attention to Sarah just as he had said, and Jehovah now did to Sarah just as he had spoken.
516And Sarah became pregnant and then bore a son to Abraham in his old age at the appointed time of which God had spoken to him.
517Accordingly Abraham called the name of his son who had been born to him, whom Sarah had borne to him, Isaac.
518And Abraham proceeded to circumcise Isaac his son when eight days old, just as God had commanded him.
519And Abraham was a hundred years old when Isaac his son was born to him.
520Then Sarah said: "God has prepared laughter for me: everybody hearing of it will laugh at me."
521And she added: "Who would have uttered to Abraham, 'Sarah will certainly suckle children,' whereas I have given birth to a son in his old age?"
522Now the child kept growing and came to be weaned; and Abraham then prepared a big feast on the day of Isaac's being weaned.
523And Sarah kept noticing the son of Ha'gar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, poking fun.
524So she began to say to Abraham: "Drive out this slave girl and her son, for the son of this slave girl is not going to be an heir with my son, with Isaac!"
525But the thing proved to be very displeasing to Abraham as regards his son.
526Then God said to Abraham: "Do not let anything that Sarah keeps saying to you be displeasing to you about the boy and about your slave girl. Listen to her voice, because it is by means of Isaac that what will be called your seed will be.
527And as for the son of the slave girl, I shall also constitute him a nation, because he is your offspring."
528So Abraham got up early in the morning and took bread and a skin water bottle and gave it to Ha'gar, setting it upon her shoulder, and the child, and then dismissed her. And she went her way and wandered about in the wilderness of Be'er-she'ba.
529Finally the water became exhausted in the skin bottle and she threw the child under one of the bushes.
530Then she went on and sat down by herself, about the distance of a bowshot away, because she said: "Let me not see it when the child dies." So she sat down at a distance and began to raise her voice and weep.
531At that God heard the voice of the boy, and God's angel called to Ha'gar out of the heavens and said to her: "What is the matter with you, Ha'gar? Do not be afraid, because God has listened to the voice of the boy there where he is.
532Get up, lift up the boy and take hold of him with your hand, because I shall constitute him a great nation."
533Then God opened her eyes so that she caught sight of a well of water; and she went and began to fill the skin bottle with water and to give the boy a drink.
534And God continued to be with the boy, and he kept growing and dwelling in the wilderness; and he became an archer.
535And he took up dwelling in the wilderness of Pa'ran, and his mother proceeded to take a wife for him from the land of Egypt.
536Now it came about at that time that A·bim'e·lech together with Phi'col the chief of his army said to Abraham: "God is with you in everything you are doing.
537So now swear to me here by God that you will not prove false to me and to my offspring and to my posterity; that, according to the loyal love with which I have dealt with you, you will deal with me and with the land in which you have been residing as an alien."
538So Abraham said: "I shall swear."
539When Abraham criticized A·bim'e·lech severely as regards the well of water that the servants of A·bim'e·lech had seized by violence,
540then A·bim'e·lech said: "I do not know who did this thing, neither did you yourself tell it to me, and I myself have also not heard of it except today."
541With that Abraham took sheep and cattle and gave them to A·bim'e·lech, and both of them proceeded to conclude a covenant.
542When Abraham set seven female lambs of the flock by themselves,
543A·bim'e·lech went on to say to Abraham: "What is the meaning here of these seven female lambs that you have set by themselves?"
544Then he said: "You are to accept the seven female lambs at my hand, that it may serve as a witness for me that I have dug this well."
545That is why he called that place Be'er-she'ba, because there both of them had taken an oath.
546So they concluded a covenant at Be'er-she'ba, after which A·bim'e·lech got up together with Phi'col the chief of his army and they returned to the land of the Phi·lis'tines.
547After that he planted a tamarisk tree at Be'er-she'ba and called there upon the name of Jehovah the indefinitely lasting God.
548And Abraham extended his residence as an alien in the land of the Phi·lis'tines many days.
549Now after these things it came about that the [true] God put Abraham to the test. Accordingly he said to him: "Abraham!" to which he said: "Here I am!"
550And he went on to say: "Take, please, your son, your only son whom you so love, Isaac, and make a trip to the land of Mo·ri'ah and there offer him up as a burnt offering on one of the mountains that I shall designate to you."
551So Abraham got up early in the morning and saddled his ass and took two of his attendants with him and Isaac his son; and he split the wood for the burnt offering. Then he rose and went on the trip to the place that the [true] God designated to him.
552It was first on the third day that Abraham raised his eyes and began to see the place from a distance.
553Abraham now said to his attendants: "YOU stay here with the ass, but I and the boy want to go on over there and worship and return to YOU."
554After that Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and put it upon Isaac his son and took in his hands the fire and the slaughtering knife, and both of them went on together.
555And Isaac began to say to Abraham his father: "My father!" In turn he said: "Here I am, my son!" So he continued: "Here are the fire and the wood, but where is the sheep for the burnt offering?"
556To this Abraham said: "God will provide himself the sheep for the burnt offering, my son." And both of them walked on together.
557Finally they reached the place that the [true] God had designated to him, and Abraham built an altar there and set the wood in order and bound Isaac his son hand and foot and put him upon the altar on top of the wood.
558Then Abraham put out his hand and took the slaughtering knife to kill his son.
559But Jehovah's angel began calling to him out of the heavens and saying: "Abraham, Abraham!" to which he answered: "Here I am!"
560And he went on to say: "Do not put out your hand against the boy and do not do anything at all to him, for now I do know that you are God-fearing in that you have not withheld your son, your only one, from me."
561At that Abraham raised his eyes and looked and there, deep in the foreground, there was a ram caught by its horns in a thicket. So Abraham went and took the ram and offered it up for a burnt offering in place of his son.
562And Abraham began to call the name of that place Je·ho'vah-ji'reh. This is why it is customarily said today: "In the mountain of Jehovah it will be provided."
563And Jehovah's angel proceeded to call to Abraham the second time out of the heavens
564and to say: "'By myself I do swear,' is the utterance of Jehovah, 'that by reason of the fact that you have done this thing and you have not withheld your son, your only one,
565I shall surely bless you and I shall surely multiply your seed like the stars of the heavens and like the grains of sand that are on the seashore; and your seed will take possession of the gate of his enemies.
566And by means of your seed all nations of the earth will certainly bless themselves due to the fact that you have listened to my voice.'"
567After that Abraham returned to his attendants, and they got up and went their way together to Be'er-she'ba; and Abraham continued to dwell at Be'er-she'ba.
568Now it came about after these things that the report got through to Abraham: "Here Mil'cah herself has also borne sons to Na'hor your brother:
569Uz his firstborn and Buz his brother and Kem·u'el the father of A'ram,
570and Che'sed and Ha'zo and Pil'dash and Jid'laph and Be·thu'el."
571And Be·thu'el became the father of Re·bek'ah. These eight Mil'cah bore to Na'hor the brother of Abraham.
572There was his concubine too, whose name was Reu'mah. In time she herself also gave birth to Te'bah and Ga'ham and Ta'hash and Ma'a·cah.
573And Sarah's life got to be a hundred and twenty-seven years long. They were the years of Sarah's life.
574So Sarah died in Kir'i·ath-ar'ba, that is to say, He'bron, in the land of Ca'naan, and Abraham came in to bewail Sarah and to weep over her.
575Then Abraham got up from before his dead and proceeded to speak to the sons of Heth, saying:
576"An alien resident and settler I am among YOU. Give me the possession of a burial place among YOU that I may bury my dead out of my sight."
577At this the sons of Heth answered Abraham, saying to him:
578"Hear us, my lord. A chieftain of God you are in the midst of us. In the choicest of our burial places bury your dead. None of us will hold back his burial place from you to prevent burying your dead."
579Thereupon Abraham got up and bowed down to the natives, to the sons of Heth,
580and spoke with them, saying: "If YOUR souls agree to bury my dead out of my sight, listen to me and urge E'phron the son of Zo'har for me,
581that he may give me the cave of Mach·pe'lah, which is his, which is at the extremity of his field. For the full amount of silver let him give it to me in the midst of YOU for the possession of a burial place."
582As it was, E'phron was sitting among the sons of Heth. So E'phron the Hit'tite answered Abraham in the hearing of the sons of Heth with all those entering the gate of his city, saying:
583"No, my lord! Listen to me. The field I do give to you, and the cave that is in it to you I do give it. Before the eyes of the sons of my people I do give it to you. Bury your dead."
584At that Abraham bowed down before the natives
585and spoke to E'phron in the hearing of the natives, saying: "Only if you-no, listen to me! I will give you the amount of silver for the field. Take it from me, that I may bury my dead there."
586Then E'phron answered Abraham, saying to him:
587"My lord, listen to me. A land plot worth four hundred silver shekels, what is that between me and you? So bury your dead."
588Accordingly Abraham listened to E'phron, and Abraham weighed out to E'phron the amount of silver that he had spoken in the hearing of the sons of Heth, four hundred silver shekels current with the merchants.
589Thus the field of E'phron that was in Mach·pe'lah, which is in front of Mam're, the field and the cave that was in it and all the trees that were in the field, which were within all its boundaries round about, became confirmed
590to Abraham as his purchased property before the eyes of the sons of Heth among all those entering the gate of his city.
591And after that Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Mach·pe'lah in front of Mam're, that is to say, He'bron, in the land of Ca'naan.
592Thus the field and the cave that was in it became confirmed to Abraham for the possession of a burial place at the hands of the sons of Heth.
593Now Abraham was old, advanced in years; and Jehovah had blessed Abraham in everything.
594Hence Abraham said to his servant, the oldest one of his household, who was managing all he had: "Put your hand, please, under my thigh,
595as I must have you swear by Jehovah, the God of the heavens and the God of the earth, that you will not take a wife for my son from the daughters of the Ca'naan·ites in among whom I am dwelling,
596but you will go to my country and to my relatives, and you will certainly take a wife for my son, for Isaac."
597However, the servant said to him: "What if the woman does not wish to come with me to this land? Must I be sure to return your son to the land from where you went out?"
598At this Abraham said to him: "Be on your guard that you do not return my son there.
599Jehovah the God of the heavens, who took me from my father's house and from the land of my relatives and who spoke to me and who swore to me, saying, 'To your seed I am going to give this land,' he will send his angel ahead of you, and you will certainly take a wife for my son from there.
600But if the woman should not wish to come with you, you also will have become free from this oath you gave me. Only you must not return my son there."
601With that the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his master and swore to him concerning this matter.
602So the servant took ten camels from the camels of his master and proceeded to go with every sort of good thing of his master's in his hand. Then he rose and got on his way to Mes·o·po·ta'mi·a to the city of Na'hor.
603Eventually he had the camels kneel down outside the city at a well of water about evening time, about the time that the women who draw water were accustomed to go out.
604And he went on to say: "Jehovah the God of my master Abraham, cause it to happen, please, before me this day and perform loving-kindness with my master Abraham.
605Here I am stationed at a fountain of water, and the daughters of the men of the city are coming out to draw water.
606What must occur is that the young woman to whom I shall say, 'Let your water jar down, please, that I may take a drink,' and who will indeed say, 'Take a drink, and I shall also water your camels,' this is the one you must assign to your servant, to Isaac; and by this let me know that you have performed loyal love with my master."
607Well, it came about that before he had finished speaking, why, here coming out was Re·bek'ah, who had been born to Be·thu'el the son of Mil'cah the wife of Na'hor, Abraham's brother, and her water jar was upon her shoulder.
608Now the young woman was very attractive in appearance, a virgin, and no man had had sexual intercourse with her; and she made her way down to the fountain and began to fill her water jar and then came up.
609At once the servant ran to meet her and said: "Give me, please, a little sip of water from your jar."
610In turn she said: "Drink, my lord." With that she quickly lowered her jar upon her hand and gave him a drink.
611When she was finished giving him a drink, then she said: "For your camels too I shall draw water until they are done drinking."
612So she quickly emptied her jar into the drinking trough and ran yet again and again to the well to draw water, and kept drawing for all his camels.
613All the while the man was gazing at her in wonder, keeping silent to know whether Jehovah had made his trip successful or not.
614Consequently it came about that, when the camels had finished drinking, then the man took a gold nose ring of a half shekel in weight and two bracelets for her hands, ten shekels of gold was their weight,
615and he went on to say: "Whose daughter are you? Tell me, please. Is there any room at the house of your father for us to spend the night?"
616At that she said to him: "I am the daughter of Be·thu'el the son of Mil'cah, whom she bore to Na'hor."
617And she said further to him: "There is both straw and much fodder with us, also a place to spend the night."
618And the man proceeded to bow down and prostrate himself before Jehovah
619and say: "Blessed be Jehovah the God of my master Abraham, who has not left his loving-kindness and his trustworthiness toward my master. I being on the way, Jehovah has led me to the house of the brothers of my master."
620And the young woman went running and telling the household of her mother about these things.
621Now Re·bek'ah had a brother and his name was La'ban. So La'ban went running to the man who was outside at the fountain.
622And it came about that on seeing the nose ring and the bracelets on the hands of his sister and on hearing the words of Re·bek'ah his sister, saying: "This is the way the man spoke to me," then he came to the man and there he was, standing by the camels at the fountain.
623At once he said: "Come, you blessed one of Jehovah. Why do you keep standing out here, when I myself have made the house ready and room for the camels?"
624With that the man came on into the house, and he went unharnessing the camels and giving straw and fodder to the camels and water to wash his feet and the feet of the men who were with him.
625Then something to eat was set before him, but he said: "I shall not eat until I have spoken about my matters." Hence he said: "Speak!"
626Then he went on to say: "I am Abraham's servant.
627And Jehovah has blessed my master very much in that he goes on making him greater and giving him sheep and cattle and silver and gold and menservants and maidservants and camels and asses.
628Further, Sarah the wife of my master bore a son to my master after her growing old; and he will give him everything he has.
629So my master made me swear, saying, 'You must not take a wife for my son from the daughters of the Ca'naan·ites in whose land I am dwelling.
630No, but you will go to the house of my father and to my family and you must take a wife for my son.'
631But I said to my master, 'What if the woman will not come with me?'
632Then he said to me, 'Jehovah, before whom I have walked, will send his angel with you and will certainly give success to your way; and you must take a wife for my son from my family and from the house of my father.
633At that time you will be cleared of obligation to me by oath when you get to my family, and if they will not give her to you, then you shall become free of obligation to me by oath.'
634"When I got to the fountain today, then I said, 'Jehovah the God of my master Abraham, if you are really giving success to my way on which I am going,
635here I am stationed at a fountain of water. What must occur is that the maiden coming out to draw water to whom I shall actually say: "Please, let me drink a little water from your jar,"
636and who will indeed say to me: "Both you take a drink, and I shall also draw water for your camels," she is the woman whom Jehovah has assigned for the son of my master.'
637"Before I was finished speaking in my heart, why, there was Re·bek'ah coming out, with her jar upon her shoulder; and she made her way down to the fountain and began to draw water. Then I said to her, 'Give me a drink, please.'
638So she quickly lowered her jar from off her and said, 'Take a drink, and I shall also water your camels.' Then I took a drink, and she also watered the camels.
639After that I asked her and said, 'Whose daughter are you?' to which she said, 'The daughter of Be·thu'el the son of Na'hor, whom Mil'cah bore to him.' Accordingly I put the nose ring on her nostril and the bracelets on her hands.
640And I proceeded to bow down and prostrate myself before Jehovah and bless Jehovah the God of my master Abraham, who had led me in the true way to take the daughter of the brother of my master for his son.
641And now if YOU are actually exercising loving-kindness and trustworthiness toward my master, tell me; but if not, tell me, that I may turn to the right hand or to the left."
642Then La'ban and Be·thu'el answered and said: "From Jehovah this thing has issued. We are unable to speak bad or good to you.
643Here is Re·bek'ah before you. Take her and go, and let her become a wife to the son of your master, just as Jehovah has spoken."
644And it came about that when Abraham's servant had heard their words, he at once prostrated himself on the earth before Jehovah.
645And the servant began to bring out articles of silver and articles of gold and garments and to give them to Re·bek'ah; and he gave choice things to her brother and to her mother.
646After that they ate and drank, he and the men who were with him, and they spent the night there and got up in the morning.Then he said: "SEND me off to my master."
647To this her brother and her mother said: "Let the young woman stay with us at least ten days. Afterward she can go."
648But he said to them: "Do not detain me, seeing that Jehovah has given success to my way. Send me off, that I may go to my master."
649So they said: "Let us call the young woman and inquire at her mouth."
650Then they called Re·bek'ah and said to her: "Will you go with this man?" In turn she said: "I am willing to go."
651At that they sent off Re·bek'ah their sister and her nurse and Abraham's servant and his men.
652And they began to bless Re·bek'ah and say to her: "O you, our sister, may you become thousands times ten thousand, and let your seed take possession of the gate of those who hate it."
653After that Re·bek'ah and her lady attendants rose and they went riding on the camels and following the man; and the servant took Re·bek'ah and got on his way.
654Now Isaac had come from the way that goes to Be'er-la'hai-roi, for he was dwelling in the land of the Neg'eb.
655And Isaac was out walking in order to meditate in the field at about the falling of evening. When he raised his eyes and looked, why, there camels were coming!
656When Re·bek'ah raised her eyes, she caught sight of Isaac and she swung herself down from off the camel.
657Then she said to the servant: "Who is that man there walking in the field to meet us?" and the servant said: "It is my master." And she proceeded to take a headcloth and to cover herself.
658And the servant went relating to Isaac all the things he had done.
659After that Isaac brought her into the tent of Sarah his mother. Thus he took Re·bek'ah and she became his wife; and he fell in love with her, and Isaac found comfort after the loss of his mother.
660Furthermore, Abraham again took a wife, and her name was Ke·tu'rah.
661In time she bore him Zim'ran and Jok'shan and Me'dan and Mid'i·an and Ish'bak and Shu'ah.
662And Jok'shan became father to She'ba and De'dan.And the sons of De'dan became As·shu'rim and Le·tu'shim and Le·um'mim.
663And the sons of Mid'i·an were E'phah and E'pher and Ha'noch and A·bi'da and El·da'ah.All these were the sons of Ke·tu'rah.
664Later on Abraham gave everything he had to Isaac,
665but to the sons of the concubines that Abraham had Abraham gave gifts. Then he sent them away from Isaac his son, while he was still alive, eastward, to the land of the East.
666And these are the days of the years of Abraham's life which he lived, a hundred and seventy-five years.
667Then Abraham expired and died in a good old age, old and satisfied, and was gathered to his people.
668So Isaac and Ish'ma·el his sons buried him in the cave of Mach·pe'lah in the field of E'phron the son of Zo'har the Hit'tite that is in front of Mam're,
669the field that Abraham had purchased from the sons of Heth. There Abraham was buried, and also Sarah his wife.
670And it developed that after Abraham's death God continued to bless Isaac his son, and Isaac was dwelling close by Be'er-la'hai-roi.
671And this is the history of Ish'ma·el the son of Abraham whom Ha'gar the Egyptian the maidservant of Sarah bore to Abraham.
672Now these are the names of the sons of Ish'ma·el, by their names, according to their family origins: Ish'ma·el's firstborn Ne·ba'ioth and Ke'dar and Ad'be·el and Mib'sam
673and Mish'ma and Du'mah and Mas'sa,
674Ha'dad and Te'ma, Je'tur, Na'phish and Ked'e·mah.
675These are the sons of Ish'ma·el, and these are their names by their courtyards and by their walled camps: twelve chieftains according to their clans.
676And these are the years of Ish'ma·el's life, a hundred and thirty-seven years. Then he expired and died and was gathered to his people.
677And they took up tabernacling from Hav'i·lah near Shur, which is in front of Egypt, as far as As·syr'i·a. In front of all his brothers he settled down.
678And this is the history of Isaac the son of Abraham.Abraham became father to Isaac.
679And Isaac happened to be forty years old at his taking Re·bek'ah the daughter of Be·thu'el the Syrian of Pad'dan-a'ram, the sister of La'ban the Syrian, as his wife.
680And Isaac kept on entreating Jehovah especially for his wife, because she was barren; so Jehovah let himself be entreated for him, and Re·bek'ah his wife became pregnant.
681And the sons within her began to struggle with each other, so that she said: "If this is the way it is, just why am I alive?" With that she went to inquire of Jehovah.
682And Jehovah proceeded to say to her: "Two nations are in your belly, and two national groups will be separated from your inward parts; and the one national group will be stronger than the other national group, and the older will serve the younger."
683Gradually her days came to the full for giving birth, and, look! twins were in her belly.
684Then the first came out red all over like an official garment of hair; so they called his name E'sau.
685And after that his brother came out and his hand was holding onto the heel of E'sau; so he called his name Jacob. And Isaac was sixty years old at her giving them birth.
686And the boys got bigger, and E'sau became a man knowing how to hunt, a man of the field, but Jacob a blameless man, dwelling in tents.
687And Isaac had love for E'sau, because it meant game in his mouth, whereas Re·bek'ah was a lover of Jacob.
688Once Jacob was boiling up some stew, when E'sau came along from the field and he was tired.
689So E'sau said to Jacob: "Quick, please, give me a swallow of the red-the red there, for I am tired!" That is why his name was called E'dom.
690To this Jacob said: "Sell me, first of all, your right as firstborn!"
691And E'sau continued: "Here I am simply going to die, and of what benefit to me is a birthright?"
692And Jacob added: "Swear to me first of all!" And he proceeded to swear to him and to sell his right as firstborn to Jacob.
693And Jacob gave E'sau bread and lentil stew, and he went to eating and drinking. Then he got up and went his way. So E'sau despised the birthright.
694Now there arose a famine in the land, besides the first famine that occurred in the days of Abraham, so that Isaac directed himself to A·bim'e·lech, king of the Phi·lis'tines, to Ge'rar.
695Then Jehovah appeared to him and said: "Do not go down to Egypt. Tabernacle in the land that I designate to you.
696Reside as an alien in this land, and I shall continue with you and bless you, because to you and to your seed I shall give all these lands, and I will carry out the sworn statement that I swore to Abraham your father,
697'And I will multiply your seed like the stars of the heavens and I will give to your seed all these lands; and by means of your seed all nations of the earth will certainly bless themselves,'
698due to the fact that Abraham listened to my voice and continued to keep his obligations to me, my commands, my statutes, and my laws."
699So Isaac went on dwelling at Ge'rar.
700Well, the men of the place kept asking with respect to his wife, and he would say: "She is my sister." For he was afraid to say "My wife" for fear that, to quote him, "the men of the place should kill me because of Re·bek'ah," because she was attractive in appearance.
701So it came about that as his days there extended themselves A·bim'e·lech, king of the Phi·lis'tines, was looking out of the window and taking in the sight, and there was Isaac having a good time with Re·bek'ah his wife.
702At once A·bim'e·lech called Isaac and said: "Why, she is no other than your wife! So how is it that you said, 'She is my sister'?" At this Isaac said to him: "I said it for fear I should die on her account."
703But A·bim'e·lech continued: "What is this you have done to us? A little more and certainly one of the people would have lain down with your wife, and you would have brought guilt upon us!"
704Then A·bim'e·lech commanded all the people, saying: "Anybody touching this man and his wife will surely be put to death!"
705Afterward Isaac began to sow seed in that land, and in that year he was getting up to a hundred measures to one, as Jehovah was blessing him.
706Consequently the man became great and went on advancing more and more and growing great until he got very great.
707And he came to have flocks of sheep and herds of cattle and a large body of servants, so that the Phi·lis'tines began to envy him.
708As for all the wells that the servants of his father had dug in the days of Abraham his father, these the Phi·lis'tines stopped up and they would fill them with dry earth.
709Finally A·bim'e·lech said to Isaac: "Move from our neighborhood, because you have grown far stronger than we are."
710So Isaac moved from there and encamped in the torrent valley of Ge'rar and took up dwelling there.
711And Isaac proceeded to dig again the wells of water that they had dug in the days of Abraham his father but which the Phi·lis'tines went stopping up after Abraham's death; and he resumed calling their names by the names that his father had called them.
712And the servants of Isaac went on digging in the torrent valley and so they found there a well of fresh water.
713And the shepherds of Ge'rar fell to quarreling with the shepherds of Isaac, saying: "The water is ours!" Hence he called the name of the well E'sek, because they had contended with him.
714And they went digging another well, and they fell to quarreling over it also. Hence he called its name Sit'nah.
715Later he moved away from there and dug another well, but they did not quarrel over it. Hence he called its name Re·ho'both and said: "It is because now Jehovah has given us ample room and has made us fruitful in the earth."
716Then he went up from there to Be'er-she'ba.
717And Jehovah proceeded to appear to him during that night and to say: "I am the God of Abraham your father. Do not be afraid, because I am with you, and I will bless you and multiply your seed on account of Abraham my servant."
718Accordingly he built an altar there and called on the name of Jehovah and pitched his tent there, and the servants of Isaac went excavating a well there.
719Later on A·bim'e·lech came to him from Ge'rar with A·huz'zath his confidential friend and Phi'col the chief of his army.
720At this Isaac said to them: "Why have YOU come to me, seeing that YOU yourselves hated me and so sent me away from YOUR neighborhood?"
721To this they said: "We have unmistakably seen that Jehovah has proved to be with you. Hence we said, 'Let, please, an oath of obligation occur between us, between us and you, and let us conclude a covenant with you,
722that you will do nothing bad toward us just as we have not touched you and just as we have done only good toward you in that we sent you away in peace. You now are the blessed of Jehovah.'"
723Then he made a feast for them and they ate and drank.
724Next morning they were early in rising and they made sworn statements one to the other. After that Isaac sent them away and they went from him in peace.
725Now on that day it occurred that the servants of Isaac proceeded to come and report to him regarding the well that they had dug, and to say to him: "We have found water!"
726Hence he called its name Shi'bah. That is why the name of the city is Be'er-she'ba, down to this day.
727And E'sau grew to be forty years old. Then he took as wife Ju'dith the daughter of Be·e'ri the Hit'tite and also Bas'e·math the daughter of E'lon the Hit'tite.
728And they were a source of bitterness of spirit to Isaac and Re·bek'ah.
729Now it came about that when Isaac was old and his eyes were too dim to see he then called E'sau his older son and said to him: "My son!" at which he said to him: "Here I am!"
730And he went on to say: "Here, now, I have become old. I do not know the day of my death.
731So at this time take, please, your implements, your quiver and your bow, and go out to the field and hunt some venison for me.
732Then make me a tasty dish such as I am fond of and bring it to me and, ah, let me eat, in order that my soul may bless you before I die."
733However, Re·bek'ah was listening while Isaac spoke to E'sau his son. And E'sau went on out into the field to hunt game and to bring it in.
734And Re·bek'ah said to Jacob her son: "Here I just heard your father speaking to E'sau your brother, saying,
735'Bring me some game and make me a tasty dish and, ah, let me eat, that I may bless you before Jehovah before my death.'
736And now, my son, listen to my voice in what I am commanding you.
737Go, please, to the herd and get me from there two kids of the goats, good ones, that I may make them up into a tasty dish for your father such as he is fond of.
738Then you must bring it to your father and he must eat it, in order that he may bless you before his death."
739And Jacob proceeded to say to Re·bek'ah his mother: "But E'sau my brother is a hairy man and I am a smooth man.
740What if my father feels me? Then I shall certainly become in his eyes like one making a mockery, and I shall certainly bring upon myself a malediction and not a blessing."
741At this his mother said to him: "Upon me be the malediction meant for you, my son. Only listen to my voice and go, get them for me."
742Accordingly he went and got them and brought them to his mother, and his mother made a tasty dish such as his father was fond of.
743After that Re·bek'ah took garments of E'sau her older son, the most desirable ones which were with her in the house, and put them on Jacob her younger son.
744And the skins of the kids of the goats she put upon his hands and upon the hairless part of his neck.
745Then she gave the tasty dish and the bread that she had made into the hand of Jacob her son.
746So he went on in to his father and said: "My father!" to which he said: "Here I am! Who are you, my son?"
747And Jacob went on to say to his father: "I am E'sau your firstborn. I have done just as you have spoken to me. Raise yourself up, please. Sit down and eat some of my game, in order that your soul may bless me."
748At that Isaac said to his son: "How is it that you have been so quick in finding it, my son?" In turn he said: "Because Jehovah your God caused it to meet up with me."
749Then Isaac said to Jacob: "Come near, please, that I may feel you, my son, to know whether you are really my son E'sau or not."
750So Jacob came near to Isaac his father, and he went feeling him, after which he said: "The voice is the voice of Jacob, but the hands are the hands of E'sau."
751And he did not recognize him, because his hands proved to be hairy like the hands of E'sau his brother. Hence he blessed him.
752After that he said: "You are really my son E'sau?" to which he said: "I am."
753Then he said: "Bring it near to me that I may eat some of the game of my son, to the end that my soul may bless you." With that he brought it near to him and he began to eat, and he brought him wine and he began to drink.
754Then Isaac his father said to him: "Come near, please, and kiss me, my son."
755So he came near and kissed him, and he could smell the scent of his garments. And he proceeded to bless him and to say:"See, the scent of my son is like the scent of the field which Jehovah has blessed.
756And may the [true] God give you the dews of the heavens and the fertile soils of the earth and an abundance of grain and new wine.
757Let peoples serve you and let national groups bow low to you. Become master over your brothers, and let the sons of your mother bow low to you. Cursed be each one of those cursing you, and blessed be each one of those blessing you."
758Now it came about as soon as Isaac had finished blessing Jacob, yes, it indeed came about when Jacob had barely come out from before the face of Isaac his father, that E'sau his brother came back from his hunting.
759And he too went about making a tasty dish. Then he brought it to his father and said to his father: "Let my father get up and eat some of his son's game, in order that your soul may bless me."
760At this Isaac his father said to him: "Who are you?" to which he said: "I am your son, your firstborn, E'sau."
761And Isaac began to shake with a great trembling in extreme measure, and so he said: "Who, then, was it that hunted for game and came bringing it to me, so that I ate of everything before you could come in and I blessed him? Blessed too he will become!"
762On hearing his father's words E'sau began to cry out in an extremely loud and bitter manner and to say to his father: "Bless me, even me too, my father!"
763But he went on to say: "Your brother came with deception that he might get the blessing meant for you."
764At this he said: "Is that not why his name is called Jacob, in that he should supplant me these two times? My birthright he has already taken, and here at this time he has taken my blessing!" Then he added: "Have you not reserved a blessing for me?"
765But in answer to E'sau Isaac continued: "Here I have appointed him master over you, and all his brothers I have given to him as servants, and grain and new wine I have bestowed for his support, and where is there anything I can do for you, my son?"
766Then E'sau said to his father: "Is there just one blessing that you have, my father? Bless me, even me too, my father!" With that E'sau raised his voice and burst into tears.
767So in answer Isaac his father said to him:"Behold, away from the fertile soils of the earth your dwelling will be found, and away from the dew of the heavens above.
768And by your sword you will live, and your brother you will serve. But it will certainly occur that, when you grow restless, you will indeed break his yoke off your neck."
769However, E'sau harbored animosity for Jacob on account of the blessing with which his father had blessed him, and E'sau kept saying in his heart: "The days of the period of mourning for my father are getting closer. After that I am going to kill Jacob my brother."
770When the words of E'sau her older son were told to Re·bek'ah, she at once sent and called Jacob her younger son and said to him: "Look! E'sau your brother is comforting himself in regard to you-to kill you.
771Now, then, my son, listen to my voice and get up, run away to La'ban my brother at Ha'ran.
772And you must dwell with him for some days until the rage of your brother calms down,
773until the anger of your brother turns away from you and he has forgotten what you have done to him. And I shall certainly send and get you from there. Why should I be bereaved also of both of YOU in one day?"
774After that Re·bek'ah kept saying to Isaac: "I have come to abhor this life of mine because of the daughters of Heth. If Jacob ever takes a wife from the daughters of Heth like these from the daughters of the land, of what good is life to me?"
775Consequently Isaac called Jacob and blessed him and commanded him and said to him: "You must not take a wife from the daughters of Ca'naan.
776Get up, go to Pad'dan-a'ram to the house of Be·thu'el the father of your mother and from there take yourself a wife from the daughters of La'ban the brother of your mother.
777And God Almighty will bless you and make you fruitful and multiply you, and you will certainly become a congregation of peoples.
778And he will give to you the blessing of Abraham, to you and to your seed with you, that you may take possession of the land of your alien residences, which God has given to Abraham."
779So Isaac sent Jacob away, and he struck out for Pad'dan-a'ram, for La'ban the son of Be·thu'el the Syrian, the brother of Re·bek'ah, mother of Jacob and E'sau.
780When E'sau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and had sent him away to Pad'dan-a'ram to take from there a wife for himself, and that when he blessed him he laid the command upon him, saying: "Do not take a wife from the daughters of Ca'naan";
781and that Jacob was obeying his father and his mother and was on his way to Pad'dan-a'ram;
782then E'sau saw that the daughters of Ca'naan were displeasing in the eyes of Isaac his father.
783Hence E'sau went to Ish'ma·el and took as wife Ma'ha·lath the daughter of Ish'ma·el the son of Abraham, the sister of Ne·ba'ioth, besides his other wives.
784And Jacob continued on his way out from Be'er-she'ba and kept going to Ha'ran.
785In time he came across a place and set about spending the night there because the sun had set. So he took one of the stones of the place and set it as his head supporter and lay down in that place.
786And he began to dream, and, look! there was a ladder stationed upon the earth and its top reaching up to the heavens; and, look! there were God's angels ascending and descending on it.
787And, look! there was Jehovah stationed above it, and he proceeded to say:"I am Jehovah the God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac. The land upon which you are lying, to you I am going to give it and to your seed.
788And your seed will certainly become like the dust particles of the earth, and you will certainly spread abroad to the west and to the east and to the north and to the south, and by means of you and by means of your seed all the families of the ground will certainly bless themselves.
789And here I am with you and I will keep you in all the way you are going and I will return you to this ground, because I am not going to leave you until I have actually done what I have spoken to you."
790Then Jacob awoke from his sleep and said: "Truly Jehovah is in this place and I myself did not know it."
791And he grew fearful and added: "How fear-inspiring this place is! This is nothing else but the house of God and this is the gate of the heavens."
792So Jacob got up early in the morning and took the stone that was there as his head supporter and he set it up as a pillar and poured oil on the top of it.
793Further, he called the name of that place Beth'el; but the fact is, Luz was the city's name formerly.
794And Jacob went on to vow a vow, saying: "If God will continue with me and will certainly keep me on this way on which I am going and will certainly give me bread to eat and garments to wear
795and I shall certainly return in peace to the house of my father, then Jehovah will have proved to be my God.
796And this stone that I have set up as a pillar will become a house of God, and as for everything that you will give me I shall without fail give the tenth of it to you."
797After that Jacob set his feet in motion and traveled on to the land of the Orientals.
798Now he looked, and here there was a well in the field and here three droves of sheep were lying down there by it, because from that well they were accustomed to water the droves; and there was a great stone over the mouth of the well.
799When all the droves had been gathered there, they rolled away the stone from off the mouth of the well, and they watered the flocks, after which they returned the stone over the mouth of the well to its place.
800So Jacob said to them: "My brothers, from what place are YOU?" to which they said: "We are from Ha'ran."
801Then he said to them: "Do YOU know La'ban the grandson of Na'hor?" to which they said: "We know him."
802At this he said to them: "Is it all right with him?" In turn they said: "It is all right. And here is Rachel his daughter coming with the sheep!"
803And he went on to say: "Why, it is yet full day. It is not the time for gathering the herds. WATER the sheep, then go feed them."
804To this they said: "We are not allowed to do so until all the droves are gathered and they actually roll away the stone from off the mouth of the well. Then we must water the sheep."
805While he was yet speaking with them, Rachel came with the sheep that belonged to her father, for she was a shepherdess.
806And it came about that when Jacob saw Rachel the daughter of La'ban his mother's brother and the sheep of La'ban his mother's brother, Jacob immediately approached and rolled away the stone from off the mouth of the well and watered the sheep of La'ban his mother's brother.
807Then Jacob kissed Rachel and raised his voice and burst into tears.
808And Jacob began to tell Rachel that he was the brother of her father and that he was the son of Re·bek'ah. And she went running and telling her father.
809Now it came about that as soon as La'ban heard the report about Jacob the son of his sister, he went running to meet him. Then he embraced him and kissed him and brought him on into his house. And he began to relate to La'ban all these things.
810After that La'ban said to him: "You are indeed my bone and my flesh." So he dwelt with him a full month.
811After that La'ban said to Jacob: "Are you my brother, and must you serve me for nothing? Tell me, What are your wages to be?"
812As it was, La'ban had two daughters. The name of the older was Le'ah and the name of the younger Rachel.
813But the eyes of Le'ah had no luster, whereas Rachel had become beautiful in form and beautiful of countenance.
814And Jacob was in love with Rachel. So he said: "I am willing to serve you seven years for Rachel your younger daughter."
815To this La'ban said: "It is better for me to give her to you than for me to give her to another man. Keep dwelling with me."
816And Jacob proceeded to serve seven years for Rachel, but in his eyes they proved to be like some few days because of his love for her.
817Then Jacob said to La'ban: "Give over my wife, because my days are up, and let me have relations with her."
818With that La'ban gathered all the men of the place and made a feast.
819But it turned out that during the evening he resorted to taking Le'ah his daughter and bringing her to him that he might have relations with her.
820Moreover, La'ban gave to her Zil'pah his maidservant, even to Le'ah his daughter, as a maidservant.
821So it followed in the morning that here it was Le'ah! Consequently he said to La'ban: "What is this you have done to me? Was it not for Rachel that I served with you? So why have you tricked me?"
822To this La'ban said: "It is not customary to do this way in our place, to give the younger woman before the firstborn.
823Celebrate to the full the week of this woman. After that there shall be given to you also this other woman for the service that you can serve with me for seven years more."
824Accordingly Jacob did so and celebrated fully the week of this woman, after which he gave him Rachel his daughter as his wife.
825Besides, La'ban gave Bil'hah his maidservant to Rachel his daughter as her maidservant.
826Then he had relations also with Rachel and also expressed more love for Rachel than for Le'ah, and he went serving with him for yet seven years more.
827When Jehovah came to see that Le'ah was hated, he then opened her womb, but Rachel was barren.
828And Le'ah became pregnant and brought a son to birth and then called his name Reu'ben, for she said: "It is because Jehovah has looked upon my wretchedness, in that now my husband will begin to love me."
829And she became pregnant again and brought a son to birth and then said: "It is because Jehovah has listened, in that I was hated and so he gave me also this one." Hence she called his name Sim'e·on.
830And she became pregnant yet again and brought a son to birth and then said: "Now this time my husband will join himself to me, because I have borne him three sons." His name was therefore called Le'vi.
831And she became pregnant once more and brought a son to birth and then said: "This time I shall laud Jehovah." She therefore called his name Judah. After that she left off giving birth.
832When Rachel came to see that she had borne nothing to Jacob, Rachel got jealous of her sister and began to say to Jacob: "Give me children or otherwise I shall be a dead woman."
833At this Jacob's anger burned against Rachel and he said: "Am I in the place of God, who has held back the fruit of the belly from you?"
834So she said: "Here is my slave girl Bil'hah. Have relations with her, that she may give birth upon my knees and that I, even I, may get children from her."
835With that she gave him Bil'hah her maidservant as wife, and Jacob had relations with her.
836And Bil'hah became pregnant and in time bore Jacob a son.
837Then Rachel said: "God has acted as my judge and has also listened to my voice, so that he gave me a son." That is why she called his name Dan.
838And Bil'hah, Rachel's maidservant, became pregnant once more and in time bore a second son to Jacob.
839Then Rachel said: "With strenuous wrestlings I have wrestled with my sister. I have also come off winner!" So she called his name Naph'ta·li.
840When Le'ah came to see that she had left off giving birth, she proceeded to take Zil'pah her maidservant and to give her to Jacob as wife.
841In time Zil'pah, Le'ah's maidservant, bore a son to Jacob.
842Then Le'ah said: "With good fortune!" So she called his name Gad.
843After that Zil'pah, Le'ah's maidservant, bore a second son to Jacob.
844Then Le'ah said: "With my happiness! For the daughters will certainly pronounce me happy." So she called his name Ash'er.
845Now Reu'ben went walking in the days of the wheat harvest and got to find mandrakes in the field. So he brought them to Le'ah his mother. Then Rachel said to Le'ah: "Give me, please, some of your son's mandrakes."
846At this she said to her: "Is this a little thing, your having taken my husband, with your now taking also my son's mandrakes?" So Rachel said: "For that reason he is going to lie down with you tonight in exchange for your son's mandrakes."
847When Jacob was coming from the field in the evening, Le'ah went on out to meet him and then said: "It is with me you are going to have relations, because I have hired you outright with my son's mandrakes." Accordingly he lay down with her that night.
848And God heard and answered Le'ah and she became pregnant and in time bore to Jacob a fifth son.
849Then Le'ah said: "God has given me a hireling's wages, because I have given my maidservant to my husband." So she called his name Is'sa·char.
850And Le'ah became pregnant once more and in time bore a sixth son to Jacob.
851Then Le'ah said: "God has endowed me, yes, me, with a good endowment. At last my husband will tolerate me, because I have borne him six sons." So she called his name Zeb'u·lun.
852And afterward she bore a daughter and then called her name Di'nah.
853Finally God remembered Rachel, and God heard and answered her in that he opened her womb.
854And she became pregnant and brought a son to birth. Then she said: "God has taken away my reproach!"
855So she called his name Joseph, saying: "Jehovah is adding another son to me."
856And it followed that when Rachel had given birth to Joseph, Jacob immediately said to La'ban: "Send me away that I may go to my place and to my country.
857Give over my wives and my children, for whom I have served with you, that I may go; for you yourself must know my service which I have rendered you."
858Then La'ban said to him: "If, now, I have found favor in your eyes,-I have taken the omens to the effect that Jehovah is blessing me due to you."
859And he added: "Stipulate your wages to me and I shall give them."
860So he said to him: "You yourself must know how I have served you and how your herd has fared with me;
861that it was little that you actually had before my coming, and it went expanding to a multitude, in that Jehovah blessed you since I stepped in. So now when am I to do something also for my own house?"
862Then he said: "What shall I give you?" And Jacob went on to say: "You will give me nothing whatsoever! If you will do this thing for me, I shall resume shepherding your flock. I shall continue guarding it.
863I will pass among your whole flock today. You set aside from there every sheep speckled and with color patches, and every dark-brown sheep among the young rams and any color-patched and speckled one among the she-goats. Hereafter such must be my wages.
864And my right-doing must answer for me on whatever future day you may come to look over my wages; every one that is not speckled and color-patched among the she-goats and dark brown among the young rams is something stolen if it is with me."
865To this La'ban said: "Why, that is fine! Let it be according to your word."
866Then he set aside on that day the he-goats striped and color-patched and all the she-goats speckled and color-patched, every one in which there was any white and every one dark brown among the young rams, but he gave them over into the hands of his sons.
867After that he set a distance of three days' journey between himself and Jacob, and Jacob was shepherding the flocks of La'ban that remained over.
868Then Jacob took for his use staffs still moist of the storax tree and of the almond tree and of the plane tree and peeled in them white peeled spots by laying bare white places which were upon the staffs.
869Finally the staffs that he had peeled he placed in front of the flock, in the gutters, in the water drinking troughs, where the flocks would come to drink, that they might get into a heat before them when they came to drink.
870Consequently the flocks would get in heat before the staffs, and the flocks would produce striped, speckled and color-patched ones.
871And Jacob separated the young rams and then turned the faces of the flocks to the striped ones and all the dark-brown ones among the flocks of La'ban. Then he set his own droves by themselves and did not set them by the flocks of La'ban.
872And it always occurred that whenever the robust flocks would get in heat, Jacob would locate the staffs in the gutters before the eyes of the flocks, that they might get in heat by the staffs.
873But when the flocks showed feebleness he would not locate them there. So the feeble ones always came to be La'ban's, but the robust ones Jacob's.
874And the man went on increasing more and more, and great flocks and maidservants and menservants and camels and asses came to be his.
875In time he got to hear the words of the sons of La'ban, saying: "Jacob has taken everything that belonged to our father; and from what belonged to our father he has amassed all this wealth."
876When Jacob would look at the face of La'ban, here it was not with him as formerly.
877Finally Jehovah said to Jacob: "Return to the land of your fathers and to your relatives, and I shall continue with you."
878Then Jacob sent and called Rachel and Le'ah out to the field to his flock,
879and he said to them:"I am seeing the face of YOUR father, that he is not the same toward me as formerly; but the God of my father has proved to be with me.
880And YOU yourselves certainly know that with all my power I have served YOUR father.
881And YOUR father has trifled with me and he has changed my wages ten times, but God has not allowed him to do me harm.
882If on the one hand he would say, 'The speckled ones will become your wages,' then the whole flock produced speckled ones; but if on the other hand he would say, 'The striped ones will become your wages,' then the whole flock produced striped ones.
883So God kept taking the herd of YOUR father away and giving it to me.
884At last it came about at the time when the flock got in heat that I raised my eyes and saw a sight in a dream and here the he-goats springing upon the flock were striped, speckled and spotty.
885Then the angel of the [true] God said to me in the dream, 'Jacob!' to which I said, 'Here I am.'
886And he continued, 'Raise your eyes, please, and see all the he-goats springing upon the flock are striped, speckled and spotty, for I have seen all that La'ban is doing to you.
887I am the [true] God of Beth'el, where you anointed a pillar and where you vowed a vow to me. Now get up, go out of this land and return to the land of your birth.'"
888At this Rachel and Le'ah answered and said to him: "Is there a share of inheritance for us anymore in the house of our father?
889Are we not really considered as foreigners to him since he has sold us, so that he keeps eating continually even from the money given for us?
890For all the riches that God has taken away from our father are ours and our children's. So now everything God has said to you do."
891Then Jacob got up and lifted his children and his wives onto the camels;
892and he began driving all his herd and all the goods that he had accumulated, the herd of his acquisition that he had accumulated in Pad'dan-a'ram, in order to go to Isaac his father to the land of Ca'naan.
893Now La'ban had gone to shear his sheep. Meantime Rachel stole the teraphim that belonged to her father.
894So Jacob outwitted La'ban the Syrian, because he had not told him that he was running away.
895And he proceeded to run away and to get up and cross the River, he and all he had. After that he directed his face to the mountainous region of Gil'e·ad.
896Later, on the third day, it was told to La'ban that Jacob had run away.
897With that he took his brothers with him and went chasing after him for a distance of seven days' journey and caught up with him in the mountainous region of Gil'e·ad.
898Then God came to La'ban the Syrian in a dream by night and said to him: "Watch yourself that you do not go speaking either good or bad with Jacob."
899So La'ban approached Jacob, as Jacob had pitched his tent in the mountain and La'ban had encamped his brothers in the mountainous region of Gil'e·ad.
900Then La'ban said to Jacob: "What have you done, in that you resorted to outwitting me and driving my daughters off like captives taken by the sword?
901Why did you have to run away secretly and outwit me and not tell me, that I might send you away with rejoicing and with songs, with tambourine and with harp?
902And you did not give me a chance to kiss my children and my daughters. Now you have acted foolishly.
903It is in the power of my hand to do harm to YOU people, but the God of YOUR father talked to me last night, saying, 'Watch yourself against speaking either good or bad with Jacob.'
904While you have actually gone now because you have been yearning intensely for the house of your father, why, though, have you stolen my gods?"
905In answer Jacob proceeded to say to La'ban: "It was because I was afraid. For I said to myself, 'You might tear your daughters away from me.'
906Whoever it is with whom you may find your gods, let him not live. Before our brothers, examine for yourself what is with me and take them for yourself." But Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.
907So La'ban went on into the tent of Jacob and into the tent of Le'ah and into the tent of the two slave girls, but did not find them. Finally he went out of Le'ah's tent and went on into Rachel's tent.
908Now Rachel had taken the teraphim, and she resorted to putting them in the woman's saddle basket of the camel, and she kept sitting upon them. So La'ban went feeling through the whole tent, but did not find them.
909Then she said to her father: "Do not let anger gleam in the eyes of my lord, because I am not able to get up before you, for the customary thing with women is upon me." So he searched on carefully, but did not find the teraphim.
910And Jacob became angry and began to quarrel with La'ban, and in answer Jacob went on to say to La'ban: "What is the revolt on my part, what the sin of mine, as a reason why you have hotly pursued after me?
911Now that you have felt through all my goods, what of all the goods of your house have you found? Put it here in front of my brothers and your brothers, and let them decide between us two.
912These twenty years I have been with you. Your female sheep and your she-goats did not suffer abortions, and the rams of your flock I never ate.
913Any animal torn to pieces I did not bring to you. I myself would stand the loss of it. Whether one was stolen by day or was stolen by night, you would put in a claim for it from my hand.
914It has been my experience that by day the heat consumed me and the cold by night, and my sleep would flee from my eyes.
915This makes twenty years for me in your house. I have served you fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flock, and you kept changing my wages ten times.
916If the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the Dread of Isaac, had not proved on my side, you would now have sent me away empty-handed. My wretchedness and the toil of my hands God has seen, and so he reproved you last night."
917Then La'ban in answer said to Jacob: "The daughters are my daughters and the children my children and the flock my flock, and everything you are looking at is mine and my daughters'. What can I do against these today or against their children whom they have borne?
918And now, come, let us conclude a covenant, I and you, and it must serve as a witness between me and you."
919Accordingly Jacob took a stone and set it up as a pillar.
920Then Jacob said to his brothers: "Pick up stones!" And they went taking stones and making a heap. After that they ate there on the heap.
921And La'ban began calling it Je'gar-sa·ha·du'tha, but Jacob called it Gal'e·ed.
922And La'ban proceeded to say: "This heap is a witness between me and you today." That is why he called its name Gal'e·ed,
923and The Watchtower, because he said: "Let Jehovah keep watch between me and you when we are situated unseen the one from the other.
924If you go to afflicting my daughters and if you go to taking wives in addition to my daughters, there is no man with us. See! God is a witness between me and you."
925And La'ban went on to say to Jacob: "Here is this heap and here is the pillar that I have erected between me and you.
926This heap is a witness, and the pillar is something that bears witness, that I will not pass this heap against you and that you will not pass this heap and this pillar against me for harm.
927Let the god of Abraham and the god of Na'hor judge between us, the god of their father." But Jacob swore by the Dread of his father Isaac.
928After that Jacob sacrificed a sacrifice in the mountain and invited his brothers to eat bread. Accordingly they ate bread and passed the night in the mountain.
929However, La'ban got up early in the morning and kissed his children and his daughters and blessed them. Then La'ban got on his way that he might return to his own place.
930And as for Jacob, he got on his way, and the angels of God now met up with him.
931Immediately Jacob said, when he saw them: "The camp of God this is!" Hence he called the name of that place Ma·ha·na'im.
932Then Jacob sent messengers ahead of him to E'sau his brother to the land of Se'ir, the field of E'dom,
933and he commanded them, saying: "This is what YOU will say to my lord, to E'sau, 'This is what your servant Jacob has said: "With La'ban I have resided as an alien and I have stayed for a long time till now.
934And I have come to have bulls and asses, sheep, and menservants and maidservants, and I would like to send to notify my lord, that I may find favor in your eyes."'"
935In time the messengers returned to Jacob, saying: "We got to your brother E'sau, and he is also on his way to meet you, and four hundred men with him."
936And Jacob became very much afraid and grew anxious. So he divided the people who were with him, and the flocks and the cattle and the camels into two camps,
937and he said: "If E'sau should come to the one camp and assault it, then there is certain to be a camp remaining to make an escape."
938After that Jacob said: "O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, O Jehovah, you who are saying to me, 'Return to your land and to your relatives and I will deal well with you,'
939I am unworthy of all the loving-kindnesses and of all the faithfulness that you have exercised toward your servant, for with but my staff I crossed this Jordan and now I have become two camps.
940Deliver me, I pray you, from my brother's hand, from E'sau's hand, because I am afraid of him that he may come and certainly assault me, mother together with children.
941And you, you have said, 'Unquestionably I shall deal well with you and I will constitute your seed like the grains of sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.'"
942And he kept lodging there on that night. And from what came to his hand he proceeded to take a gift for E'sau his brother:
943two hundred she-goats and twenty he-goats, two hundred female sheep and twenty rams,
944thirty camels giving suck and their young ones, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty she-asses and ten full-grown asses.
945Then he handed over to his servants one drove after another by itself and repeatedly said to his servants: "Cross over ahead of me, and YOU are to set an interval between drove and drove."
946Further he commanded the first one, saying: "In case that E'sau my brother should meet you and ask you, saying, 'To whom do you belong, and where are you going and to whom do these ahead of you belong?'
947then you must say, 'To your servant, to Jacob. A gift it is, sent to my lord, to E'sau, and look! he himself is also behind us.'"
948And he went on to command also the second, also the third, also all those following the droves, saying: "According to this word YOU are to speak to E'sau on YOUR encountering him.
949And YOU must say also, 'Here is your servant Jacob behind us.'" For he said to himself: "I may appease him by the gift going ahead of me, and afterward I shall see his face. Perhaps he will give a kindly reception."
950So the gift went crossing over ahead of him, but he himself lodged that night in the camp.
951Later during that night he rose and took his two wives and his two maidservants and his eleven young sons and crossed over the ford of Jab'bok.
952So he took them and brought them over the torrent valley, and he brought over what he had.
953Finally Jacob was left by himself. Then a man began to grapple with him until the dawn ascended.
954When he got to see that he had not prevailed over him, then he touched the socket of his thigh joint; and the socket of Jacob's thigh joint got out of place during his grappling with him.
955After that he said: "Let me go, for the dawn has ascended." To this he said: "I am not going to let you go until you first bless me."
956So he said to him: "What is your name?" to which he said: "Jacob."
957Then he said: "Your name will no longer be called Jacob but Israel, for you have contended with God and with men so that you at last prevailed."
958In turn Jacob inquired and said: "Tell me, please, your name." However, he said: "Why is it that you inquire for my name?" With that he blessed him there.
959Hence Jacob called the name of the place Pe·ni'el, because, to quote him, "I have seen God face to face and yet my soul was delivered."
960And the sun began to flash upon him as soon as he passed by Pe·nu'el, but he was limping upon his thigh.
961That is why the sons of Israel are not accustomed to eat the sinew of the thigh nerve, which is on the socket of the thigh joint, down to this day, because he touched the socket of Jacob's thigh joint by the sinew of the thigh nerve.
962In time Jacob raised his eyes and looked, and here E'sau was coming and with him four hundred men. Consequently he divided off the children to Le'ah and to Rachel and to the two maidservants,
963and he put the maidservants and their children foremost and Le'ah and her children after them and Rachel and Joseph to the rear of them.
964And he himself passed on ahead of them and proceeded to bow down to the earth seven times until he got near to his brother.
965And E'sau went running to meet him, and he began to embrace him and fall upon his neck and kiss him, and they burst into tears.
966Then he raised his eyes and saw the women and the children and said: "Who are these with you?" to which he said: "The children with whom God has favored your servant."
967At that the maidservants came forward, they and their children, and bowed down;
968and Le'ah too came forward, and her children, and they bowed down, and afterward Joseph came forward, and Rachel, and they bowed down.
969He now said: "What do you mean by all this camp of travelers that I have met?" To this he said: "In order to find favor in the eyes of my lord."
970Then E'sau said: "I have a great many, my brother. Let continue yours what is yours."
971However, Jacob said: "No, please. If, now, I have found favor in your eyes, then you must take my gift at my hand, because in harmony with its purpose I have seen your face as though seeing God's face in that you received me with pleasure.
972Take, please, the gift conveying my blessing which was brought to you, because God has favored me and because I have everything." And he continued to urge him, so that he took it.
973Later on he said: "Let us pull out and go, and let me go in advance of you."
974But he said to him: "My lord is aware that the children are delicate and sheep and cattle that are giving suck are in my charge, and should they drive them too quickly for one day, then the whole flock will certainly die.
975Let my lord, please, pass on ahead of his servant, but may I myself continue the journey at my leisure according to the pace of the livestock that is before me and according to the pace of the children until I shall come to my lord at Se'ir."
976Then E'sau said: "Let me, please, put at your disposal some of the people who are with me." To this he said: "Why this? Let me find favor in the eyes of my lord."
977So on that day E'sau turned back on his way to Se'ir.
978And Jacob pulled out for Suc'coth, and he proceeded to build himself a house and for his herd he made booths. That was why he called the name of the place Suc'coth.
979In time Jacob came safe and sound to the city of She'chem, which is in the land of Ca'naan, while he was coming from Pad'dan-a'ram; and he pitched camp in front of the city.
980Then he acquired a tract of the field where he pitched his tent at the hand of the sons of Ha'mor the father of She'chem, for a hundred pieces of money.
981After that he set up there an altar and called it God the God of Israel.
982Now Di'nah the daughter of Le'ah, whom she had borne to Jacob, used to go out to see the daughters of the land.
983And She'chem the son of Ha'mor the Hi'vite, a chieftain of the land, got to see her and then took her and lay down with her and violated her.
984And his soul began clinging to Di'nah the daughter of Jacob, and he fell in love with the young woman and kept speaking persuasively to the young woman.
985Finally She'chem said to Ha'mor his father: "Get me this young lady as a wife."
986And Jacob heard that he had defiled Di'nah his daughter. And his sons happened to be with his herd in the field; and Jacob kept silent until they should come in.
987Later Ha'mor, She'chem's father, went out to Jacob to speak with him.
988And the sons of Jacob came in from the field as soon as they heard of it; and the men became hurt in their feelings and they grew very angry, because he had committed a disgraceful folly against Israel in lying down with Jacob's daughter, whereas nothing like that ought to be done.
989And Ha'mor proceeded to speak with them, saying: "As for She'chem my son, his soul is attached to YOUR daughter. Give her, please, to him as a wife,
990and form marriage alliances with us. YOUR daughters YOU are to give to us, and our daughters YOU are to take for yourselves.
991And with us YOU may dwell, and the land will become available for YOU. Dwell and carry on business in it and get settled in it."
992Then She'chem said to her father and to her brothers: "Let me find favor in YOUR eyes, and whatever YOU will say to me I shall give it.
993Raise very high the marriage money and gift imposed upon me, and I stand willing to give according to what YOU may say to me; only give me the young woman as a wife."
994And Jacob's sons began to answer She'chem and Ha'mor his father with deceit and to speak so because he had defiled Di'nah their sister.
995And they went on to say to them: "We cannot possibly do such a thing, to give our sister to a man who has a foreskin, because that is a reproach to us.
996Only on this condition can we give consent to YOU, that YOU become like us, by every male of YOURS getting circumcised.
997Then we shall certainly give our daughters to YOU, and YOUR daughters we shall take for ourselves, and we shall certainly dwell with YOU and become one people.
998But if YOU do not listen to us to get circumcised, then we will take our daughter and go."
999And their words seemed good in the eyes of Ha'mor and in the eyes of She'chem, Ha'mor's son,
1000and the young man did not delay to perform the condition, because he did find delight in Jacob's daughter and he was the most honorable of the whole house of his father.
1001So Ha'mor and She'chem his son went to the gate of their city and began to speak to the men of their city, saying:
1002"These men are peace-loving toward us. Hence let them dwell in the land and carry on business in it, as the land is quite wide before them. Their daughters we can take as wives for ourselves and our own daughters we can give to them.
1003Only on this condition will the men give us their consent to dwell with us so as to become one people, that every male of ours gets circumcised just the way they are circumcised.
1004Then their possessions and their wealth and all their livestock, will they not be ours? Only let us give them our consent that they may dwell with us."
1005Then all those going out by the gate of his city listened to Ha'mor and to She'chem his son, and all the males got circumcised, all those going out by the gate of his city.
1006However, it came about that on the third day, when they got to be aching, the two sons of Jacob, Sim'e·on and Le'vi, brothers of Di'nah, proceeded to take each one his sword and to go unsuspectedly to the city and to kill every male.
1007And Ha'mor and She'chem his son they killed with the edge of the sword. Then they took Di'nah from She'chem's house and went on out.
1008The other sons of Jacob attacked the fatally wounded men and went plundering the city, because they had defiled their sister.
1009Their flocks and their herds and their asses and what was in the city and what was in the field they took.
1010And all their means of maintenance and all their little children and their wives they carried off captive, so that they plundered all that was in the houses.
1011At this Jacob said to Sim'e·on and to Le'vi: "YOU have brought ostracism upon me in making me a stench to the inhabitants of the land, with the Ca'naan·ites and the Per'iz·zites; whereas I am few in number, and they will certainly gather together against me and assault me and I must be annihilated, I and my house."
1012In turn they said: "Ought anyone to treat our sister like a prostitute?"
1013After that God said to Jacob: "Rise, go up to Beth'el and dwell there, and make an altar there to the [true] God who appeared to you when you were running away from E'sau your brother."
1014Then Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him: "Put away the foreign gods that are in the midst of YOU and cleanse yourselves and change YOUR mantles,
1015and let us rise and go up to Beth'el. And there I shall make an altar to the [true] God who answered me in the day of my distress in that he proved to be with me in the way that I have gone."
1016So they gave Jacob all the foreign gods that were in their hands and the earrings that were in their ears, and Jacob hid them under the big tree that was close by She'chem.
1017After that they pulled away, and the terror of God came to be upon the cities that were round about them, so that they did not chase after the sons of Jacob.
1018Eventually Jacob came to Luz, which is in the land of Ca'naan, that is to say, Beth'el, he and all the people who were with him.
1019Then he built an altar there and began to call the place El-beth'el, because there the [true] God had revealed himself to him at the time of his running away from his brother.
1020Later Deb'o·rah the nursing woman of Re·bek'ah died and was buried at the foot of Beth'el under a massive tree. Hence he called its name Al'lon-bac'uth.
1021God now appeared to Jacob once again during his coming from Pad'dan-a'ram and blessed him.
1022And God went on to say to him: "Your name is Jacob. No longer is your name to be called Jacob, but Israel will your name become." And he began to call his name Israel.
1023And God said further to him: "I am God Almighty. Be fruitful and become many. Nations and a congregation of nations will proceed out of you, and kings will come out of your loins.
1024As for the land that I have given to Abraham and to Isaac, to you I shall give it, and to your seed after you I shall give the land."
1025After that God went up from above him at the place where he had spoken with him.
1026Consequently Jacob stationed a pillar in the place where he had spoken with him, a pillar of stone, and he poured a drink offering upon it and poured oil upon it.
1027And Jacob continued to call the name of the place where God had spoken with him Beth'el.
1028Then they pulled away from Beth'el. And while there was yet a good stretch of land before coming to Eph'rath, Rachel proceeded to give birth, and it was going hard with her in making the delivery.
1029But so it was that while she had difficulty in making the delivery the midwife said to her: "Do not be afraid, for you will have this son also."
1030And the result was that as her soul was going out (because she died) she called his name Ben-o'ni; but his father called him Benjamin.
1031Thus Rachel died and was buried on the way to Eph'rath, that is to say, Beth'le·hem.
1032Hence Jacob stationed a pillar over her grave. This is the pillar of Rachel's grave down to this day.
1033After that Israel pulled away and pitched his tent a distance beyond the tower of E'der.
1034And it came about while Israel was tabernacling in that land that once Reu'ben went and lay down with Bil'hah his father's concubine, and Israel got to hear of it.So there came to be twelve sons of Jacob.
1035The sons by Le'ah were Jacob's firstborn Reu'ben and Sim'e·on and Le'vi and Judah and Is'sa·char and Zeb'u·lun.
1036The sons by Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.
1037And the sons by Bil'hah, Rachel's maidservant, were Dan and Naph'ta·li.
1038And the sons by Zil'pah, Le'ah's maidservant, were Gad and Ash'er. These are Jacob's sons who were born to him in Pad'dan-a'ram.
1039At length Jacob came to Isaac his father to Mam're, to Kir'i·ath-ar'ba, that is to say, He'bron, where Abraham and also Isaac had resided as aliens.
1040And the days of Isaac came to be a hundred and eighty years.
1041After that Isaac expired and died and was gathered to his people, old and satisfied with days, and E'sau and Jacob his sons buried him.
1042And this is the history of E'sau, that is to say, E'dom.
1043E'sau took his wives from the daughters of Ca'naan: A'dah the daughter of E'lon the Hit'tite and O·hol·i·ba'mah the daughter of A'nah, the granddaughter of Zib'e·on the Hi'vite,
1044and Bas'e·math, Ish'ma·el's daughter, the sister of Ne·ba'ioth.
1045And A'dah proceeded to bear El'i·phaz to E'sau, and Bas'e·math bore Reu'el,
1046and O·hol·i·ba'mah bore Je'ush and Ja'lam and Ko'rah.These are the sons of E'sau who were born to him in the land of Ca'naan.
1047After that E'sau took his wives and his sons and his daughters and all the souls of his house and his herd and all his other beasts and all his wealth, which he had accumulated in the land of Ca'naan, and went to a land away from Jacob his brother,
1048because their goods had become too great for them to dwell together and the land of their alien residences was not able to sustain them as a result of their herds.
1049So E'sau took up dwelling in the mountainous region of Se'ir. E'sau is E'dom.
1050And this is the history of E'sau the father of E'dom in the mountainous region of Se'ir.
1051These are the names of the sons of E'sau: El'i·phaz the son of A'dah, E'sau's wife; Reu'el the son of Bas'e·math, E'sau's wife.
1052And the sons of El'i·phaz came to be Te'man, O'mar, Ze'pho and Ga'tam and Ke'naz.
1053And Tim'na became the concubine of El'i·phaz, E'sau's son. In time she bore to El'i·phaz Am'a·lek. These are the sons of A'dah, E'sau's wife.
1054These are the sons of Reu'el: Na'hath and Ze'rah, Sham'mah and Miz'zah. These came to be the sons of Bas'e·math, E'sau's wife.
1055And these came to be the sons of O·hol·i·ba'mah the daughter of A'nah, the granddaughter of Zib'e·on, E'sau's wife, in that she bore to E'sau Je'ush and Ja'lam and Ko'rah.
1056These are the sheiks of the sons of E'sau: The sons of El'i·phaz, E'sau's firstborn: Sheik Te'man, sheik O'mar, sheik Ze'pho, sheik Ke'naz,
1057sheik Ko'rah, sheik Ga'tam, sheik Am'a·lek. These are the sheiks of El'i·phaz in the land of E'dom. These are the sons by A'dah.
1058These are the sons of Reu'el, E'sau's son: Sheik Na'hath, sheik Ze'rah, sheik Sham'mah, sheik Miz'zah. These are the sheiks of Reu'el in the land of E'dom. These are the sons by Bas'e·math, E'sau's wife.
1059Finally these are the sons of O·hol·i·ba'mah, E'sau's wife: Sheik Je'ush, sheik Ja'lam, sheik Ko'rah. These are the sheiks of O·hol·i·ba'mah the daughter of A'nah, E'sau's wife.
1060These are the sons of E'sau, and these are their sheiks. He is E'dom.
1061These are the sons of Se'ir the Hor'ite, the inhabitants of the land: Lo'tan and Sho'bal and Zib'e·on and A'nah
1062and Di'shon and E'zer and Di'shan. These are the sheiks of the Hor'ite, the sons of Se'ir, in the land of E'dom.
1063And the sons of Lo'tan came to be Ho'ri and He'mam; and Lo'tan's sister was Tim'na.
1064And these are the sons of Sho'bal: Al'van and Man'a·hath and E'bal, She'pho and O'nam.
1065And these are the sons of Zib'e·on: A'iah and A'nah. This is the A'nah who found the hot springs in the wilderness while he was tending the asses for Zib'e·on his father.
1066And these are the children of A'nah: Di'shon and O·hol·i·ba'mah the daughter of A'nah.
1067And these are the sons of Di'shon: Hem'dan and Esh'ban and Ith'ran and Che'ran.
1068These are the sons of E'zer: Bil'han and Za'a·van and A'kan.
1069These are the sons of Di'shan: Uz and A'ran.
1070These are the sheiks of the Hor'ite: Sheik Lo'tan, sheik Sho'bal, sheik Zib'e·on, sheik A'nah,
1071sheik Di'shon, sheik E'zer, sheik Di'shan. These are the sheiks of the Hor'ite according to their sheiks in the land of Se'ir.
1072Now these are the kings who reigned in the land of E'dom before any king reigned over the sons of Israel.
1073And Be'la son of Be'or proceeded to reign in E'dom, and the name of his city was Din'ha·bah.
1074When Be'la died, Jo'bab son of Ze'rah from Boz'rah began to reign instead of him.
1075When Jo'bab died, Hu'sham from the land of the Te'man·ites began to reign instead of him.
1076When Hu'sham died, Ha'dad son of Be'dad, who defeated the Mid'i·an·ites in the field of Mo'ab, began to reign instead of him, and the name of his city was A'vith.
1077When Ha'dad died, Sam'lah from Mas·re'kah began to reign instead of him.
1078When Sam'lah died, Sha'ul from Re·ho'both by the River began to reign instead of him.
1079When Sha'ul died, Ba'al-ha'nan son of Ach'bor began to reign instead of him.
1080When Ba'al-ha'nan son of Ach'bor died, Ha'dar began to reign instead of him; and the name of his city was Pa'u, and the name of his wife was Me·het'a·bel the daughter of Ma'tred the daughter of Me'za·hab.
1081So these are the names of the sheiks of E'sau according to their families, according to their places, by their names: Sheik Tim'na, sheik Al'vah, sheik Je'theth,
1082sheik O·hol·i·ba'mah, sheik E'lah, sheik Pi'non,
1083sheik Ke'naz, sheik Te'man, sheik Mib'zar,
1084sheik Mag'di·el, sheik I'ram. These are the sheiks of E'dom according to their dwellings in the land of their possession. This is E'sau the father of E'dom.
1085And Jacob continued to dwell in the land of the alien residences of his father, in the land of Ca'naan.
1086This is the history of Jacob.Joseph, when seventeen years old, happened to be tending sheep with his brothers among the flock, and, being but a boy, he was with the sons of Bil'hah and the sons of Zil'pah, the wives of his father. So Joseph brought a bad report about them to their father.
1087And Israel loved Joseph more than all his other sons, because he was the son of his old age; and he had a long, striped shirtlike garment made for him.
1088When his brothers came to see that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they began to hate him, and they were not able to speak peacefully to him.
1089Later on Joseph had a dream and told it to his brothers, and they found further reason to hate him.
1090And he went on to say to them: "Listen, please, to this dream that I have dreamed.
1091Well, here we were binding sheaves in the middle of the field when here my sheaf got up and also stood erect and here YOUR sheaves proceeded to encircle and bow down to my sheaf."
1092And his brothers began to say to him: "Are you going to be king over us for certain? or, Are you going to dominate over us for certain?" So they found fresh reason to hate him over his dreams and over his words.
1093After that he had still another dream, and he related it to his brothers and said: "Here I have had a dream once more, and here the sun and the moon and eleven stars were bowing down to me."
1094Then he related it to his father as well as his brothers, and his father began to rebuke him and say to him: "What does this dream that you have dreamed mean? Am I and also your mother and your brothers for certain going to come and bow down to the earth to you?"
1095And his brothers grew jealous of him, but his father observed the saying.
1096His brothers now went to feed the flock of their father close by She'chem.
1097After a while Israel said to Joseph: "Your brothers are tending [flocks] close by She'chem, are they not? Come, and let me send you to them." At this he said to him: "Here I am!"
1098So he said to him: "Go, please. See whether your brothers are safe and sound and whether the flock is safe and sound, and bring me back word." With that he sent him away from the low plain of He'bron, and he went on toward She'chem.
1099Later a man found him and here he was wandering in a field. Then the man inquired of him, saying: "What are you looking for?"
1100To this he said: "It is my brothers I am looking for. Tell me, please, Where are they tending flocks?"
1101And the man continued: "They have pulled away from here, because I heard them saying, 'Let us go to Do'than.'" So Joseph kept on after his brothers and found them at Do'than.
1102Well, they caught sight of him from a distance, and before he could get close by them they began plotting cunningly against him to put him to death.
1103So they said to one another: "Look! Here comes that dreamer.
1104And now come and let us kill him and pitch him into one of the waterpits; and we must say a vicious wild beast devoured him. Then let us see what will become of his dreams."
1105When Reu'ben heard this he tried to deliver him out of their hand. So he said: "Let us not strike his soul fatally."
1106And Reu'ben went on to say to them: "Do not spill blood. Pitch him into this waterpit which is in the wilderness and do not lay a violent hand upon him." His purpose was to deliver him out of their hand in order to return him to his father.
1107So it came about that as soon as Joseph came to his brothers, they went stripping Joseph of his long garment, even the long striped garment that was upon him;
1108after which they took him and pitched him into the waterpit. At the time the pit was empty; there was no water in it.
1109Then they sat down to eat bread. When they raised their eyes and took a look, why, here was a caravan of Ish'ma·el·ites that was coming from Gil'e·ad, and their camels were carrying labdanum and balsam and resinous bark, on their way to take it down to Egypt.
1110At this Judah said to his brothers: "What profit would there be in case we killed our brother and did cover over his blood?
1111Come and let us sell him to the Ish'ma·el·ites, and do not let our hand be upon him. After all, he is our brother, our flesh." So they listened to their brother.
1112Now men, Mid'i·an·ite merchants, went passing by. Hence they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the waterpit and then sold Joseph to the Ish'ma·el·ites for twenty silver pieces. Eventually these brought Joseph into Egypt.
1113Later Reu'ben returned to the waterpit and here Joseph was not in the waterpit. Consequently he ripped his garments apart.
1114When he returned to his other brothers he exclaimed: "The child is gone! And I-where am I really to go?"
1115However, they took Joseph's long garment and slaughtered a male goat and repeatedly dipped the long garment in the blood.
1116After that they sent the long striped garment and had it brought to their father and said: "This is what we found. Examine, please, whether it is your son's long garment or not."
1117And he went examining it and exclaimed: "It is my son's long garment! A vicious wild beast must have devoured him! Joseph is surely torn to pieces!"
1118With that Jacob ripped his mantles apart and put sackcloth upon his hips and carried on mourning over his son for many days.
1119And all his sons and all his daughters kept rising up to comfort him, but he kept refusing to take comfort and saying: "For I shall go down mourning to my son into She'ol!" And his father continued weeping for him.
1120However, the Mid'i·an·ites sold him into Egypt to Pot'i·phar a court official of Phar'aoh, the chief of the bodyguard.
1121Now in the meantime it came about that when Judah went down from his brothers he pitched [his tent] near a man, an A·dul'lam·ite, and his name was Hi'rah.
1122And there Judah got to see a daughter of a certain Ca'naan·ite, and his name was Shu'a. So he took her and had relations with her.
1123And she became pregnant. Later she bore a son and he called his name Er.
1124Again she became pregnant. In time she bore a son and called his name O'nan.
1125Yet another time she went on to bear a son and then called his name She'lah. Now he happened to be in Ach'zib at the time she bore him.
1126In time Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, and her name was Ta'mar.
1127But Er, Judah's firstborn, proved to be bad in the eyes of Jehovah; hence Jehovah put him to death.
1128In view of that Judah said to O'nan: "Have relations with your brother's wife and perform brother-in-law marriage with her and raise up offspring for your brother."
1129But O'nan knew that the offspring would not become his; and it occurred that when he did have relations with his brother's wife he wasted his semen on the earth so as not to give offspring to his brother.
1130Now what he did was bad in the eyes of Jehovah; hence he put him also to death.
1131So Judah said to Ta'mar his daughter-in-law: "Dwell as a widow in the house of your father until She'lah my son grows up." For he said to himself: "He too may die like his brothers." Accordingly Ta'mar went and continued to dwell at her own father's house.
1132Thus the days became many and the daughter of Shu'a, Judah's wife, died; and Judah kept the period of mourning. After that he went up to the shearers of his sheep, he and Hi'rah his companion the A·dul'lam·ite, to Tim'nah.
1133Then it was told to Ta'mar: "Here your father-in-law is going up to Tim'nah to shear his sheep."
1134With that she removed the garments of her widowhood from her and covered herself with a shawl and veiled herself and sat down at the entrance of E·na'im, which is along the road to Tim'nah. For she saw that She'lah had grown up and yet she had not been given as a wife to him.
1135When Judah caught sight of her, he at once took her for a harlot, because she had covered her face.
1136So he turned aside to her by the road and said: "Allow me, please, to have relations with you." For he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. However, she said: "What will you give me that you may have relations with me?"
1137To this he said: "I myself shall send a kid of the goats from the herd." But she said: "Will you give a security until you send it?"
1138And he continued: "What is the security that I shall give you?" to which she said: "Your seal ring and your cord and your rod that is in your hand." Then he gave them to her and had relations with her, so that she became pregnant by him.
1139After that she got up and went and removed her shawl off her and clothed herself with the garments of her widowhood.
1140And Judah proceeded to send the kid of the goats by the hand of his companion the A·dul'lam·ite in order to get back the security from the hand of the woman, but he never found her.
1141And he went inquiring of the men of her place, saying: "Where is that temple prostitute in E·na'im along the road?" But they kept saying: "No temple prostitute has ever been in this place."
1142Finally he returned to Judah and said: "I never found her and, besides, the men of the place said, 'No temple prostitute has ever been in this place.'"
1143So Judah said: "Let her take them for herself, in order that we may not fall into contempt. At any rate, I have sent this kid, but you-you never found her."
1144However, about three months later it happened that it was told to Judah: "Ta'mar your daughter-in-law has played the harlot, and here she is also pregnant by her harlotry." At that Judah said: "BRING her out and let her be burned."
1145As she was being brought out she herself sent to her father-in-law, saying: "By the man to whom these belong I am pregnant." And she added: "Examine, please, to whom these belong, the seal ring and the cord and the rod."
1146Then Judah examined them and said: "She is more righteous than I am, for the reason that I did not give her to She'lah my son." And he had no further intercourse with her after that.
1147Now it developed that in the time of her giving birth, why, here there were twins in her belly.
1148Further, it turned out that when she was giving birth one extended his hand, and the midwife at once took and tied a scarlet piece about his hand, saying: "This one came out first."
1149Finally it developed that as soon as he drew back his hand, why, here his brother came out, so that she exclaimed: "What do you mean by this, that you have produced a perineal rupture for yourself?" Hence his name was called Pe'rez.
1150And afterward his brother upon whose hand the scarlet piece was came out and his name came to be called Ze'rah.
1151As for Joseph, he was brought down to Egypt, and Pot'i·phar, a court official of Phar'aoh, the chief of the bodyguard, an Egyptian, got to buy him from the hand of the Ish'ma·el·ites who had brought him down there.
1152But Jehovah proved to be with Joseph, so that he turned out a successful man and came to be over the house of his master, the Egyptian.
1153And his master got to see that Jehovah was with him and that everything he was doing Jehovah was making turn out successful in his hand.
1154And Joseph kept finding favor in his eyes and waited upon him continually, so that he appointed him over his house, and all that was his he gave into his hand.
1155And it followed that from the time he appointed him over his house and in charge of all that was his Jehovah kept blessing the house of the Egyptian due to Joseph, and Jehovah's blessing came to be upon all that he had in the house and in the field.
1156Finally he left everything that was his in Joseph's hand; and he did not know what was with him at all except the bread he was eating. Moreover, Joseph grew to be beautiful in form and beautiful in appearance.
1157Now after these things it came about that the wife of his master began to raise her eyes toward Joseph and say: "Lie down with me."
1158But he would refuse and would say to his master's wife: "Here my master does not know what is with me in the house, and everything he has he has given into my hand.
1159There is no one greater in this house than I am, and he has not withheld from me anything at all except you, because you are his wife. So how could I commit this great badness and actually sin against God?"
1160So it turned out that as she spoke to Joseph day after day he never listened to her to lie alongside her, to continue with her.
1161But it happened that on this day as other days he went into the house to do his business, and there was none of the men of the house there in the house.
1162Then she grabbed hold of him by his garment, saying: "Lie down with me!" But he left his garment in her hand and took to flight and went on outside.
1163So it occurred that as soon as she saw that he had left his garment in her hand that he might flee outside,
1164she began to cry out to the men of her house and to say to them: "Look! He brought to us a man, a Hebrew, to make us a laughingstock. He came to me to lie down with me, but I began to cry out at the top of my voice.
1165And it followed that as soon as he heard that I raised my voice and began crying out, he then left his garment beside me and took to flight and went on outside."
1166After that she kept his garment laid up beside her until his master came to his house.
1167Then she spoke to him according to these words, saying: "The Hebrew servant whom you brought to us came to me to make me a laughingstock.
1168But it followed that as soon as I raised my voice and began to cry out, he then left his garment beside me and went fleeing outside."
1169The result was that as soon as his master heard the words of his wife which she spoke to him, saying: "Like this and this your servant did to me," his anger blazed.
1170So Joseph's master took him and gave him over to the prison house, the place where the prisoners of the king were kept under arrest, and he continued there in the prison house.
1171However, Jehovah continued with Joseph and kept extending loving-kindness to him and granting him to find favor in the eyes of the chief officer of the prison house.
1172So the chief officer of the prison house gave over into Joseph's hand all the prisoners who were in the prison house; and everything that they were doing there he proved to be the one having it done.
1173The chief officer of the prison house was looking after absolutely nothing that was in his hand, because Jehovah was with [Joseph] and what he was doing Jehovah was making it turn out successful.
1174Now after these things it came about that the cupbearer of the king of Egypt and the baker sinned against their lord the king of Egypt.
1175And Phar'aoh grew indignant at his two officers, at the chief of the cupbearers and at the chief of the bakers.
1176So he committed them to the jail of the house of the chief of the bodyguard, to the prison house, the place where Joseph was a prisoner.
1177Then the chief of the bodyguard assigned Joseph to be with them that he might wait upon them; and they continued in jail for some days.
1178And both of them proceeded to dream a dream, each one his own dream in the one night, each one his dream with its own interpretation, the cupbearer and the baker who belonged to the king of Egypt who were prisoners in the prison house.
1179When Joseph came in to them in the morning and saw them, why, here they were looking dejected.
1180And he began to inquire of the officers of Phar'aoh who were with him in the jail of his master's house, saying: "For what reason are YOUR faces gloomy today?"
1181At this they said to him: "We have dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter with us." So Joseph said to them: "Do not interpretations belong to God? Relate it to me, please."
1182And the chief of the cupbearers went on to relate his dream to Joseph and to say to him: "In my dream, why, here there was a vine before me.
1183And on the vine there were three twigs, and it was apparently sprouting shoots. Its blossoms pushed forth. Its clusters ripened their grapes.
1184And Phar'aoh's cup was in my hand, and I proceeded to take the grapes and squeeze them out into Phar'aoh's cup. After that I gave the cup into Phar'aoh's hand."
1185Then Joseph said to him: "This is its interpretation: The three twigs are three days.
1186In three days from now Phar'aoh will lift up your head and he will certainly return you to your office; and you will certainly give Phar'aoh's cup into his hand, according to the former custom when you acted as his cupbearer.
1187Nevertheless, you must keep me in your remembrance as soon as it goes well with you, and you must, please, perform loving-kindness with me and mention me to Phar'aoh, and you must get me out of this house.
1188For I was in fact kidnapped from the land of the Hebrews; and here also I have done nothing at all for which they should put me in the prison hole."
1189When the chief of the bakers saw that he had interpreted something good, he, in turn, said to Joseph: "I too was in my dream, and here there were three baskets of white bread upon my head,
1190and in the topmost basket there were all sorts of eatables for Phar'aoh, the product of a baker, and there were fowls eating them out of the basket on top of my head."
1191Then Joseph answered and said: "This is its interpretation: The three baskets are three days.
1192In three days from now Phar'aoh will lift up your head from off you and will certainly hang you upon a stake; and the fowls will certainly eat your flesh from off you."
1193Now on the third day it turned out to be Phar'aoh's birthday, and he proceeded to make a feast for all his servants and to lift up the head of the chief of the cupbearers and the head of the chief of the bakers in the midst of his servants.
1194Accordingly he returned the chief of the cupbearers to his post of cupbearer, and he continued to give the cup into Phar'aoh's hand.
1195But the chief of the bakers he hung up, just as Joseph had given them the interpretation.
1196However, the chief of the cupbearers did not remember Joseph and went on forgetting him.
1197And it came about at the end of two full years that Phar'aoh was dreaming and here he was standing by the river Nile.
1198And here ascending out of the river Nile were seven cows beautiful in appearance and fat-fleshed, and they went feeding among the Nile grass.
1199And here there were seven other cows ascending after them out of the river Nile, ugly in appearance and thin-fleshed, and they took their stand alongside the cows by the bank of the river Nile.
1200Then the cows that were ugly in appearance and thin-fleshed began to eat up the seven cows that were beautiful in appearance and fat. At this Phar'aoh woke up.
1201However, he went back to sleep and dreamed a second time. And here there were seven ears of grain coming up on one stalk, fat and good.
1202And here there were seven ears of grain, thin and scorched by the east wind, growing up after them.
1203And the thin ears of grain began to swallow up the seven fat and full ears of grain. At this Phar'aoh woke up and here it was a dream.
1204And it developed in the morning that his spirit became agitated. So he sent and called all the magic-practicing priests of Egypt and all her wise men, and Phar'aoh went on to relate his dreams to them. But there was no interpreter of them for Phar'aoh.
1205Then the chief of the cupbearers spoke with Phar'aoh, saying: "My sins I am mentioning today.
1206Phar'aoh was indignant at his servants. So he committed me to the jail of the house of the chief of the bodyguard, both me and the chief of the bakers.
1207After that we both dreamed a dream in the one night, both I and he. We dreamed each one his dream with its own interpretation.
1208And there was with us there a young man, a Hebrew, a servant of the chief of the bodyguard. When we related them to him, he proceeded to interpret our dreams to us. He interpreted to each according to his dream.
1209And it turned out that just as he had interpreted to us so it happened. Me he returned to my office, but him he hanged."
1210And Phar'aoh proceeded to send and to call Joseph, that they might bring him quickly from the prison hole. Hence he shaved and changed his mantles and went in to Phar'aoh.
1211Then Phar'aoh said to Joseph: "I have dreamed a dream, but there is no interpreter of it. Now I myself have heard it said about you that you can hear a dream and interpret it."
1212At this Joseph answered Phar'aoh, saying: "I need not be considered! God will announce welfare to Phar'aoh."
1213And Phar'aoh went on to speak to Joseph: "In my dream here I was standing on the bank of the river Nile.
1214And here ascending out of the river Nile were seven cows fat-fleshed and beautiful in form, and they began to feed among the Nile grass.
1215And here there were seven other cows ascending after them, poor and very bad in form and thin-fleshed. For badness I have not seen the like of them in all the land of Egypt.
1216And the skinny and bad cows began to eat up the first seven fat cows.
1217So these came into their bellies, and yet it could not be known that they had come into their bellies, as their appearance was bad just as at the start. At that I woke up.
1218"After that I saw in my dream and here there were seven ears of grain coming up on one stalk, full and good.
1219And here there were seven ears of grain shriveled, thin, scorched by the east wind, growing up after them.
1220And the thin ears of grain began to swallow up the seven good ears of grain. So I stated it to the magic-practicing priests, but there was none telling me."
1221Then Joseph said to Phar'aoh: "The dream of Phar'aoh is but one. What the [true] God is doing he has told to Phar'aoh.
1222The seven good cows are seven years. Likewise the seven good ears of grain are seven years. The dream is but one.
1223And the seven skinny and bad cows that came up after them are seven years; and the seven empty ears of grain, scorched by the east wind, will prove to be seven years of famine.
1224This is the thing that I have spoken to Phar'aoh: What the [true] God is doing he has caused Phar'aoh to see.
1225"Here there are seven years coming with great plenty in all the land of Egypt.
1226But seven years of famine will certainly arise after them, and all the plenty in the land of Egypt will certainly be forgotten and the famine will simply consume the land.
1227And the plenty once in the land will not be known as a result of that famine afterward, because it will certainly be very severe.
1228And the fact that the dream was repeated to Phar'aoh twice means that the thing is firmly established on the part of the [true] God, and the [true] God is speeding to do it.
1229"So now let Phar'aoh look for a man discreet and wise and set him over the land of Egypt.
1230Let Phar'aoh act and appoint overseers over the land, and he must take up one fifth of the land of Egypt during the seven years of plenty.
1231And let them collect all the foodstuffs of these coming good years, and let them pile up grain under Phar'aoh's hand as foodstuffs in the cities, and they must safeguard it.
1232And the foodstuffs must serve as a supply for the land for the seven famine years, which will develop in the land of Egypt, in order that the land may not be cut off by the famine."
1233Well, the thing proved to be good in the eyes of Phar'aoh and of all his servants.
1234So Phar'aoh said to his servants: "Can another man be found like this one in whom the spirit of God is?"
1235After that Phar'aoh said to Joseph: "Since God has caused you to know all this, there is no one as discreet and wise as you are.
1236You will personally be over my house, and all my people will obey you implicitly. Only as to the throne shall I be greater than you."
1237And Phar'aoh added to Joseph: "See, I do place you over all the land of Egypt."
1238With that Phar'aoh removed his signet ring from his own hand and put it upon Joseph's hand and clothed him with garments of fine linen and placed a necklace of gold about his neck.
1239Moreover, he had him ride in the second chariot of honor that he had, so that they should call out ahead of him, "A·vrékh!" thus putting him over all the land of Egypt.
1240And Phar'aoh further said to Joseph: "I am Phar'aoh, but without your authorization no man may lift up his hand or his foot in all the land of Egypt."
1241After that Phar'aoh called Joseph's name Zaph'e·nath-pa·ne'ah and gave him As'e·nath the daughter of Pot·i'phe·ra the priest of On as a wife. And Joseph began to go out over the land of Egypt.
1242And Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Phar'aoh the king of Egypt.Then Joseph went out from before Phar'aoh and toured about in all the land of Egypt.
1243And during the seven years of plenty the land went on producing by the handfuls.
1244And he kept collecting all the foodstuffs of the seven years that came upon the land of Egypt and he would put the foodstuffs in the cities. The foodstuffs of the field that was round about a city he put in the midst of it.
1245And Joseph continued piling up grain in very great quantity, like the sand of the sea, until finally they gave up counting it, because it was without number.
1246And before the year of the famine arrived there were born to Joseph two sons, whom As'e·nath the daughter of Pot·i'phe·ra the priest of On bore to him.
1247So Joseph called the name of the firstborn Ma·nas'seh, because, to quote him, "God has made me forget all my trouble and all the house of my father."
1248And the name of the second he called E'phra·im, because, to quote him, "God has made me fruitful in the land of my wretchedness."
1249And the seven years of the plenty that had obtained in the land of Egypt gradually ended,
1250and, in turn, the seven years of the famine started to come, just as Joseph had said. And the famine developed in all the lands, but in all the land of Egypt there was found bread.
1251Finally all the land of Egypt became famished and the people began to cry to Phar'aoh for bread. Then Phar'aoh said to all the Egyptians: "Go to Joseph. Whatever he says to YOU, YOU are to do."
1252And the famine obtained over all the surface of the earth. Then Joseph began to open up all the grain depositories that were among them and to sell to the Egyptians, as the famine got a strong grip on the land of Egypt.
1253Moreover, people of all the earth came to Egypt to buy from Joseph, because the famine had a strong grip on all the earth.
1254Eventually Jacob got to see that there were cereals in Egypt. Then Jacob said to his sons: "Why do YOU keep looking at one another?"
1255And he added: "Here I have heard that there are cereals in Egypt. Go down there and buy for us from there, that we may keep alive and not die off."
1256Accordingly ten brothers of Joseph went down to buy grain from Egypt.
1257But Jacob did not send Benjamin, Joseph's brother, with his other brothers, because he said: "Otherwise a fatal accident may befall him."
1258So Israel's sons came along with the others who were coming to buy, because the famine existed in the land of Ca'naan.
1259And Joseph was the man in power over the land. He was the one that did the selling to all people of the earth. Consequently Joseph's brothers came and bowed low to him with their faces to the earth.
1260When Joseph got to see his brothers, he at once recognized them, but he made himself unrecognizable to them. So he spoke harshly with them and said to them: "Where have YOU come from?" to which they said: "From the land of Ca'naan to buy foodstuffs."
1261Thus Joseph recognized his brothers, but they themselves did not recognize him.
1262Immediately Joseph remembered the dreams that he had dreamed respecting them, and he went on to say to them: "YOU are spies! YOU have come to see the exposed condition of the land!"
1263Then they said to him: "No, my lord, but your servants have come to buy foodstuffs.
1264We are all of us sons of but one man. We are upright men. Your servants do not act as spies."
1265But he said to them: "Not so! Because YOU have come to see the exposed condition of the land!"
1266At this they said: "Your servants are twelve brothers. We are the sons of but one man in the land of Ca'naan; and here the youngest is with our father today, whereas the other one is no more."
1267However, Joseph said to them: "It is what I have spoken to YOU, saying, 'YOU are spies!'
1268By this YOU will be tested out. As Phar'aoh lives, YOU will not go out of here except when YOUR youngest brother comes here.
1269Send one of YOU that he may get YOUR brother while YOU have been bound, that YOUR words may be tested out as the truth in YOUR case. And if not, then, as Phar'aoh lives, YOU are spies."
1270With that he put them together in custody for three days.
1271After that Joseph said to them on the third day: "Do this and keep alive. I fear the [true] God.
1272If YOU are upright, let one of YOUR brothers be kept bound in YOUR house of custody, but the rest of YOU go, take cereals for the famine in YOUR houses.
1273Then YOU will bring YOUR youngest brother to me, that YOUR words may be found trustworthy; and YOU will not die." And they proceeded to do so.
1274And they began to say one to the other: "Unquestionably we are guilty with regard to our brother, because we saw the distress of his soul when he implored compassion on our part, but we did not listen. That is why this distress has come upon us."
1275Then Reu'ben answered them, saying: "Did not I say to YOU, 'Do not sin against the child,' but YOU did not listen? And now his blood, here it is certainly asked back."
1276As for them, they did not know that Joseph was listening, because there was an interpreter between them.
1277Consequently he turned away from them and began to weep. Then he returned to them and spoke to them and took Sim'e·on from them and bound him before their eyes.
1278After that Joseph gave the command, and they went filling up their receptacles with grain. Also, they were to return the money of the men to each one's individual sack and to give them provisions for the journey. Accordingly it was done so to them.
1279So they loaded their cereals upon their asses and got on their way from there.
1280When one opened his sack to give fodder to his ass at the lodging place, he got to see his money, and here it was in the mouth of his bag.
1281At that he said to his brothers: "My money has been returned and now here it is in my bag!" Then their hearts sank, so that they turned trembling to one another, saying: "What is this God has done to us?"
1282At length they came to Jacob their father to the land of Ca'naan and told him all the things that had befallen them, saying:
1283"The man who is the lord of the country spoke harshly with us, since he took us for men spying on the country.
1284But we said to him, 'We are upright men. We do not act as spies.
1285We are twelve brothers, the sons of our father. One is no more, and the youngest is today with our father in the land of Ca'naan.'
1286But the man who is the lord of the country said to us, 'By this I am going to know YOU are upright: Have one brother of YOURS stay with me. Then YOU take something for the famine in YOUR houses and go.
1287And bring YOUR youngest brother to me, that I may know that YOU are no spies but YOU are upright. Your brother I shall give back to YOU, and YOU may carry on business in the land.'"
1288And it came about that when they were emptying their sacks here was each one's bundle of money in his sack. And they as well as their father got to see their bundles of money, and they became afraid.
1289Then Jacob their father exclaimed to them: "It is I YOU have bereaved! Joseph is no more and Sim'e·on is no more, and Benjamin YOU are going to take! It is upon me that all these things have come!"
1290But Reu'ben said to his father: "My own two sons you may put to death if I do not bring him back to you. Give him over to my care, and I shall be the one to return him to you."
1291However, he said: "My son will not go down with YOU men, because his brother is dead and he has been left by himself. If a fatal accident should befall him on the way on which YOU would go, then YOU would certainly bring down my gray hairs with grief to She'ol."
1292And the famine was severe in the land.
1293And it came about that as soon as they had finished eating up the cereals they had brought from Egypt, their father proceeded to say to them: "Return, buy a little food for us."
1294Then Judah said to him: "The man unmistakably bore witness to us, saying, 'YOU must not see my face again unless YOUR brother is with YOU.'
1295If you are sending our brother with us, we are willing to go down and buy food for you.
1296But if you are not sending him, we shall not go down, because the man did say to us, 'YOU must not see my face again unless YOUR brother is with YOU.'"
1297And Israel exclaimed: "Why did YOU have to do harm to me by telling the man YOU had another brother?"
1298At this they said: "The man directly inquired concerning us and our relatives, saying, 'Is YOUR father yet alive? Do YOU have another brother?' and we went on to tell him according to these facts. How could we know for certain that he would say, 'Bring YOUR brother down'?"
1299Finally Judah said to Israel his father: "Send the boy with me, that we may get up and go and that we may keep alive and not die off, both we and you and our little children.
1300I shall be the one to be surety for him. Out of my hand you may exact the penalty for him. If I fail to bring him to you and present him to you, then I shall have sinned against you for all time.
1301But if we had not lingered around, we should by now have been there and back these two times."
1302So Israel their father said to them: "If, then, that is the case, do this: Take the finest products of the land in YOUR receptacles and carry them down to the man as a gift: a little balsam, and a little honey, labdanum and resinous bark, pistachio nuts and almonds.
1303Also, take double the money in YOUR hand; and the money that was returned in the mouth of YOUR bags YOU will take back in YOUR hand. Maybe it was a mistake.
1304And take YOUR brother and get up, return to the man.
1305And may God Almighty give YOU pity before the man, that he may certainly release to YOU YOUR other brother and Benjamin. But I, in case I must be bereaved, I shall certainly be bereaved!"
1306Accordingly the men took this gift, and they took double the money in their hand and Benjamin. Then they rose and went their way down to Egypt and got to stand before Joseph.
1307When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he at once said to the man who was over his house: "Take the men to the house and slaughter animals and make preparation, because the men are to eat with me at noon."
1308Immediately the man did just as Joseph had said. So the man took the men to Joseph's house.
1309But the men got afraid because they had been taken to Joseph's house, and they began to say: "It is because of the money that went back with us in our bags at the start that we are being brought here for them to fall upon us and attack us and to take us for slaves and also our asses!"
1310Hence they approached the man who was over Joseph's house and spoke to him at the entrance of the house,
1311and they said: "Excuse us, my lord! We surely did come down at the start to buy food.
1312But what occurred was that when we came to the lodging place and began opening our bags, why, here was the money of each one in the mouth of his bag, our money in full weight. So we would like to return it with our own hands.
1313And more money we have brought down in our hands to buy food. We certainly do not know who placed our money in our bags."
1314Then he said: "It is all right with YOU. Do not be afraid. YOUR God and the God of YOUR father gave YOU treasure in YOUR bags. YOUR money came first to me." After that he brought out Sim'e·on to them.
1315Then the man brought the men into Joseph's house and gave water that they might have their feet washed, and he gave fodder for their asses.
1316And they proceeded to get the gift ready for Joseph's coming at noon, because they had heard that it was there they were going to eat bread.
1317When Joseph went on into the house, then they brought the gift that was in their hand to him into the house, and prostrated themselves to him to the earth.
1318After this he inquired whether they were getting along well and said: "Is YOUR father, the aged man of whom YOU have spoken, getting along well? Is he still alive?"
1319To this they said: "Your servant our father is getting along well. He is still alive." Then they bowed down and prostrated themselves.
1320When he raised his eyes and saw Benjamin his brother, the son of his mother, he went on to say: "Is this YOUR brother, the youngest one of whom YOU have spoken to me?" And he added: "May God show you his favor, my son."
1321Joseph was now in a hurry, because his inward emotions were excited toward his brother, so that he looked for a place to weep and he went into an interior room and gave way to tears there.
1322After that he washed his face and went out and kept control of himself and said: "SET on the meal."
1323And they proceeded to set it on for him by himself and for them by themselves and for the Egyptians who were eating with him by themselves; for the Egyptians were not able to eat a meal with the Hebrews, because that is a detestable thing to the Egyptians.
1324And they were seated before him, the firstborn according to his right as firstborn and the youngest according to his youngness; and the men kept looking at one another in amazement.
1325And he kept having portions carried from before him to them, but he would increase Benjamin's portion five times the size of the portions of all the others. So they continued banqueting and drinking with him to the full.
1326Later on he commanded the man who was over his house, saying: "Fill the bags of the men with food to the extent they are able to carry it and place the money of each one in the mouth of his bag.
1327But you must place my cup, the silver cup, in the mouth of the bag of the youngest and the money for his cereals." So he did according to the word of Joseph which he had spoken.
1328The morning had become light when the men were sent away, both they and their asses.
1329They went out of the city. They had not gone far when Joseph said to the man who was over his house: "Get up! Chase after the men and be certain to overtake them and to say to them, 'Why have YOU repaid bad for good?
1330Is not this the thing that my master drinks from and by means of which he expertly reads omens? It is a bad deed YOU have committed.'"
1331Eventually he overtook them and spoke these words to them.
1332But they said to him: "Why does my lord speak with such words as these? It is unthinkable that your servants should do anything like this.
1333Why, the money that we found in the mouth of our bags we brought back to you from the land of Ca'naan. How, then, could we steal silver or gold from the house of your master?
1334Let the one of your slaves with whom it may be found die and let us ourselves also become slaves to my master."
1335So he said: "Let it be now exactly according to YOUR words. Thus the one with whom it may be found will become a slave to me, but YOU yourselves will be proved innocent."
1336With that they quickly let down each one his bag to the earth and they opened each one his own bag.
1337And he went searching carefully. He started with the oldest and finished with the youngest. At last the cup was found in Benjamin's bag.
1338Then they ripped their mantles apart and lifted each one his load back onto his ass and returned to the city.
1339And Judah and his brothers went on into Joseph's house, and he was still there; and they proceeded to fall before him to the earth.
1340Joseph now said to them: "What sort of deed is this that YOU have done? Did YOU not know that such a man as I am can expertly read omens?"
1341At this Judah exclaimed: "What can we say to my master? What can we speak? And how can we prove ourselves righteous? The [true] God has found out the error of your slaves. Here we are slaves to my master, both we and the one in whose hand the cup was found!"
1342However, he said: "It is unthinkable for me to do this! The man in whose hand the cup was found is the one who will become a slave to me. As for the rest of YOU, go up in peace to YOUR father."
1343Judah now came near to him and said: "I pray you, my master, please let your slave speak a word in the hearing of my master, and do not let your anger grow hot against your slave, because it is the same with you as with Phar'aoh.
1344My master asked his slaves, saying, 'Do YOU have a father or a brother?'
1345So we said to my master, 'We do have an aged father and a child of his old age, the youngest. But his brother is dead so that he alone is left of his mother, and his father does love him.'
1346After that you said to your slaves, 'Bring him down to me that I may set my eye upon him.'
1347But we said to my master, 'The boy is not able to leave his father. If he did leave his father, he would certainly die.'
1348Then you said to your slaves, 'Unless YOUR youngest brother comes down with YOU, YOU may not see my face anymore.'
1349"And it came about that we went up to your slave my father and then told him the words of my master.
1350Later our father said, 'Return, buy a little food for us.'
1351But we said, 'We are not able to go down. If our youngest brother is with us we will go down, because we are not able to see the man's face in case our youngest brother is not with us.'
1352Then your slave my father said to us, 'YOU yourselves well know that my wife bore but two sons to me.
1353Later the one went out from my company and I exclaimed: "Ah, he must surely be torn to pieces!" and I have not seen him till now.
1354If YOU were to take this one also out of my sight and a fatal accident were to befall him, YOU would certainly bring down my gray hairs with calamity to She'ol.'
1355"And now, as soon as I should come to your slave my father without the boy along with us, when that one's soul is bound up with this one's soul,
1356then it is certain to occur that as soon as he sees that the boy is not there he will simply die, and your slaves will indeed bring down the gray hairs of your slave our father with grief to She'ol.
1357For your slave became surety for the boy when away from his father, saying, 'If I fail to bring him back to you, then I shall have sinned against my father forever.'
1358So now, please, let your slave stay instead of the boy as a slave to my master, that the boy may go up with his brothers.
1359For how can I go up to my father without the boy along with me, for fear that then I may look upon the calamity that will find out my father?"
1360At this Joseph was no longer able to control himself before all those who were stationed by him. So he cried out: "HAVE everybody go out from me!" And no one else stood with him while Joseph made himself known to his brothers.
1361And he began to raise his voice in weeping, so that the Egyptians got to hear it and Phar'aoh's house got to hear it.
1362Finally Joseph said to his brothers: "I am Joseph. Is my father still alive?" But his brothers were unable to answer him at all, because they were disturbed by reason of him.
1363So Joseph said to his brothers: "Come close to me, please." With that they came close to him.Then he said: "I am Joseph YOUR brother, whom YOU sold into Egypt.
1364But now do not feel hurt and do not be angry with yourselves because YOU sold me here; because for the preservation of life God has sent me ahead of YOU.
1365For this is the second year of the famine in the midst of the earth, and there are yet five years in which there will be no plowing time or harvest.
1366Consequently God sent me ahead of YOU in order to place a remnant for YOU men in the earth and to keep YOU alive by a great escape.
1367So now it was not YOU who sent me here, but it was the [true] God, that he might appoint me a father to Phar'aoh and a lord for all his house and as one dominating over all the land of Egypt.
1368"Go up quickly to my father, and YOU must say to him, 'This is what your son Joseph has said: "God has appointed me lord for all Egypt. Come down to me. Do not delay.
1369And you must dwell in the land of Go'shen, and you must continue near me, you and your sons and the sons of your sons and your flocks and your herds and everything you have.
1370And I will supply you with food there, for there are yet five years of famine; for fear you and your house and everything you have may come to poverty."'
1371And here YOUR eyes and the eyes of my brother Benjamin are seeing that it is my mouth that is speaking to YOU.
1372So YOU must tell my father about all my glory in Egypt and everything YOU have seen; and YOU must hurry and bring my father down here."
1373Then he fell upon the neck of Benjamin his brother and gave way to weeping, and Benjamin wept upon his neck.
1374And he proceeded to kiss all his brothers and to weep over them, and after that his brothers spoke with him.
1375And the news was heard at the house of Phar'aoh, saying: "Joseph's brothers have come!" And it proved to be good in the eyes of Phar'aoh and of his servants.
1376Accordingly Phar'aoh said to Joseph: "Say to your brothers, 'Do this: Load YOUR beasts of burden and go enter the land of Ca'naan,
1377and take YOUR father and YOUR households and come here to me, that I may give YOU the good of the land of Egypt; and eat the fat part of the land.
1378And you yourself are commanded: "Do this: TAKE for yourselves wagons from the land of Egypt for YOUR little ones and YOUR wives, and YOU must lift YOUR father on one and come here.
1379And do not let YOUR eye feel sorry over YOUR equipment, because the good of all the land of Egypt is YOURS."'"
1380Following that the sons of Israel did so, and Joseph gave them wagons according to Phar'aoh's orders and gave them provisions for the way.
1381To each of them he gave individual changes of mantles, but to Benjamin he gave three hundred silver pieces and five changes of mantles.
1382And to his father he sent as follows: ten asses carrying good things of Egypt and ten she-asses carrying grain and bread and sustenance for his father for the way.
1383Thus he sent his brothers off, and they proceeded to go. However, he said to them: "Do not get exasperated at one another on the way."
1384And they began going up out of Egypt and at length came into the land of Ca'naan to Jacob their father.
1385Then they reported to him, saying: "Joseph is still alive, and he is the one dominating over all the land of Egypt!" But his heart grew numb, because he did not believe them.
1386When they went on speaking to him all of Joseph's words that he had spoken to them and he got to see the wagons that Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their father began to revive.
1387Then Israel exclaimed: "It is enough! Joseph my son is still alive! Ah, let me go and see him before I die!"
1388Accordingly Israel and all who were his pulled out and came to Be'er-she'ba, and he proceeded to sacrifice sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac.
1389Then God talked to Israel in visions of the night and said: "Jacob, Jacob!" to which he said: "Here I am!"
1390And he went on to say: "I am the [true] God, the God of your father. Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I shall constitute you there into a great nation.
1391I myself shall go down with you to Egypt and I myself shall surely bring you up also; and Joseph will lay his hand upon your eyes."
1392After that Jacob got up out of Be'er-she'ba, and the sons of Israel continued transporting Jacob their father and their little ones and their wives in the wagons that Phar'aoh had sent to transport him.
1393Further, they took along their herds and their goods, which they had accumulated in the land of Ca'naan. Eventually they came into Egypt, Jacob and all his offspring with him.
1394He brought his sons and his sons' sons with him, his daughters and his sons' daughters, even all his offspring, with him into Egypt.
1395Now these are the names of Israel's sons who came into Egypt: Jacob and his sons: Jacob's firstborn was Reu'ben.
1396And the sons of Reu'ben were Ha'noch and Pal'lu and Hez'ron and Car'mi.
1397And the sons of Sim'e·on were Jem·u'el and Ja'min and O'had and Ja'chin and Zo'har and Sha'ul the son of a Ca'naan·ite woman.
1398And the sons of Le'vi were Ger'shon, Ko'hath and Me·rar'i.
1399And the sons of Judah were Er and O'nan and She'lah and Pe'rez and Ze'rah. However, Er and O'nan died in the land of Ca'naan.And the sons of Pe'rez came to be Hez'ron and Ha'mul.
1400And the sons of Is'sa·char were To'la and Pu'vah and Iob and Shim'ron.
1401And the sons of Zeb'u·lun were Se'red and E'lon and Jah'le·el.
1402These are the sons of Le'ah, whom she bore to Jacob in Pad'dan-a'ram, together with his daughter Di'nah. All the souls of his sons and of his daughters were thirty-three.
1403And the sons of Gad were Ziph'i·on and Hag'gi, Shu'ni and Ez'bon, E'ri and Ar·o'di and A·re'li.
1404And the sons of Ash'er were Im'nah and Ish'vah and Ish'vi and Be·ri'ah, and there was Se'rah their sister.And the sons of Be·ri'ah were He'ber and Mal'chi·el.
1405These are the sons of Zil'pah, whom La'ban gave to his daughter Le'ah. In time she bore these to Jacob: sixteen souls.
1406The sons of Rachel, Jacob's wife, were Joseph and Benjamin.
1407And there came to be born to Joseph in the land of Egypt Ma·nas'seh and E'phra·im, whom As'e·nath the daughter of Pot·i'phe·ra the priest of On bore to him.
1408And the sons of Benjamin were Be'la and Be'cher and Ash'bel, Ge'ra and Na'a·man, E'hi and Rosh, Mup'pim and Hup'pim and Ard.
1409These are the sons of Rachel who were born to Jacob. All the souls were fourteen.
1410And the sons of Dan were Hu'shim.
1411And the sons of Naph'ta·li were Jah'ze·el and Gu'ni and Je'zer and Shil'lem.
1412These are the sons of Bil'hah, whom La'ban gave to his daughter Rachel. In time she bore these to Jacob; all the souls were seven.
1413All the souls who came to Jacob into Egypt were those who issued out of his upper thigh, aside from the wives of Jacob's sons. All the souls were sixty-six.
1414And Joseph's sons who were born to him in Egypt were two souls. All the souls of the house of Jacob who came into Egypt were seventy.
1415And he sent Judah in advance of him to Joseph to impart information ahead of him to Go'shen. After that they came into the land of Go'shen.
1416Then Joseph had his chariot made ready and went up to meet Israel his father at Go'shen. When he appeared to him he at once fell upon his neck and gave way to tears upon his neck again and again.
1417Finally Israel said to Joseph: "This time I am willing to die, now that I have seen your face, since you are still alive."
1418Then Joseph said to his brothers and to his father's household: "Let me go up and report to Phar'aoh and say to him, 'My brothers and my father's household who were in the land of Ca'naan have come here to me.
1419And the men are shepherds, because they became stock raisers; and their flocks and their herds and all they have they have brought here.'
1420And what must occur is that when Phar'aoh will call YOU and actually say, 'What is YOUR occupation?'
1421YOU must say, 'Your servants have continued to be stock raisers from our youth until now, both we and our forefathers,' in order that YOU may dwell in the land of Go'shen, because every herder of sheep is a detestable thing to Egypt."
1422Accordingly Joseph came and reported to Phar'aoh and said: "My father and my brothers and their flocks and their herds and all they have have come from the land of Ca'naan, and here they are in the land of Go'shen."
1423And from the whole number of his brothers he took five men, that he might present them to Phar'aoh.
1424Then Phar'aoh said to his brothers: "What is YOUR occupation?" So they said to Phar'aoh: "Your servants are herders of sheep, both we and our forefathers."
1425After that they said to Phar'aoh: "We have come to reside as aliens in the land, because there is no pasturage for the flock that your servants have, for the famine is severe in the land of Ca'naan. And now let your servants dwell, please, in the land of Go'shen."
1426At that Phar'aoh said to Joseph: "Your father and your brothers have come here to you.
1427The land of Egypt is at your disposal. Have your father and your brothers dwell in the very best of the land. Let them dwell in the land of Go'shen, and if you know that there are among them courageous men, you must appoint them cattle chiefs over what is mine."
1428Then Joseph brought in Jacob his father and introduced him to Phar'aoh, and Jacob proceeded to bless Phar'aoh.
1429Phar'aoh now said to Jacob: "How many are the days of the years of your life?"
1430So Jacob said to Phar'aoh: "The days of the years of my alien residences are a hundred and thirty years. Few and distressing the days of the years of my life have proved, and they have not reached the days of the years of the lives of my fathers in the days of their alien residences."
1431After that Jacob blessed Phar'aoh and went out from before Phar'aoh.
1432Thus Joseph had his father and his brothers dwell and he gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the very best of the land, in the land of Ram'e·ses, just as Phar'aoh had commanded.
1433And Joseph kept supplying his father and his brothers and the entire household of his father with bread, according to the number of the little ones.
1434Now there was no bread in all the land, because the famine was very severe; and the land of Egypt and the land of Ca'naan became exhausted as a result of the famine.
1435And Joseph went on picking up all the money that was to be found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Ca'naan for the cereals which people were buying; and Joseph kept bringing the money into Phar'aoh's house.
1436In time the money from the land of Egypt and the land of Ca'naan was spent, and all the Egyptians began coming to Joseph, saying: "Give us bread! And why should we die in front of you because money has run out?"
1437Then Joseph said: "Hand over YOUR livestock and I shall give YOU bread in exchange for YOUR livestock, if money has run out."
1438And they began bringing their livestock to Joseph; and Joseph kept giving them bread in exchange for their horses and the livestock of the flock and the livestock of the herd and the asses, and he kept providing them with bread in exchange for all their livestock during that year.
1439Gradually that year came to its close, and they began coming to him in the next year and saying to him: "We shall not hide it from my lord but the money and the stock of domestic animals have been spent to my lord. There remains nothing before my lord but our bodies and our land.
1440Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land for bread, and we together with our land will become slaves to Phar'aoh; and give us seed that we may live and not die and our land not be laid desolate."
1441So Joseph bought all the land of the Egyptians for Phar'aoh, because the Egyptians sold each one his field, for the famine had got a strong grip on them; and the land came to be Phar'aoh's.
1442As for the people, he removed them into cities from one end of the territory of Egypt to its other end.
1443Only the land of the priests he did not buy, because the rations for the priests were from Phar'aoh and they ate their rations that Phar'aoh gave them. That is why they did not sell their land.
1444Then Joseph said to the people: "See, I have today bought YOU and YOUR land for Phar'aoh. Here is seed for YOU, and YOU must sow the land with it.
1445When it has resulted in produce, then YOU must give a fifth to Phar'aoh, but four parts will become YOURS as seed for the field and as food for YOU and for those who are in YOUR houses and for YOUR little ones to eat."
1446Consequently they said: "You have preserved our lives. Let us find favor in the eyes of my lord, and we will become slaves to Phar'aoh."
1447And Joseph proceeded to make it a decree down to this day over the landed estate of Egypt for Phar'aoh to have to the amount of a fifth. Only the land of the priests as a distinct group did not become Phar'aoh's.
1448And Israel continued to dwell in the land of Egypt, in the land of Go'shen; and they became settled in it and were fruitful and grew to be very many.
1449And Jacob lived on in the land of Egypt for seventeen years, so that Jacob's days, the years of his life, came to be a hundred and forty-seven years.
1450Gradually the days approached for Israel to die. So he called his son Joseph and said to him: "If, now, I have found favor in your eyes, place your hand, please, under my thigh, and you must exercise loving-kindness and trustworthiness toward me. (Please, do not bury me in Egypt.)
1451And I must lie with my fathers, and you must carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their grave." Accordingly he said: "I myself shall do in keeping with your word."
1452Then he said: "Swear to me." So he swore to him. At that Israel prostrated himself over the head of the couch.
1453And it came about after these things that it was said to Joseph: "Look, your father is becoming weak." At that he took with him his two sons Ma·nas'seh and E'phra·im.
1454Then it was reported to Jacob and said: "Here your son Joseph has come to you." So Israel exerted his strength and sat up on his couch.
1455And Jacob proceeded to say to Joseph:"God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Ca'naan that he might bless me.
1456And he went on to say to me, 'Here I am making you fruitful, and I will make you many and I will transform you into a congregation of peoples and I will give this land to your seed after you for a possession to time indefinite.'
1457And now your two sons who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came here to you into Egypt, they are mine. E'phra·im and Ma·nas'seh will become mine like Reu'ben and Sim'e·on.
1458But your progeny to which you shall become father after them will become yours. Together with the name of their brothers they will be called in their inheritance.
1459And as for me, when I was coming from Pad'dan, Rachel died alongside me in the land of Ca'naan on the way while there was yet a good stretch of land before coming to Eph'rath, so that I buried her there on the way to Eph'rath, that is to say, Beth'le·hem."
1460Then Israel saw Joseph's sons and said: "Who are these?"
1461So Joseph said to his father: "They are my sons whom God has given me in this place." At this he said: "Bring them, please, to me that I may bless them."
1462Now the eyes of Israel were dull from old age. He was unable to see. Accordingly he brought them close to him, and he then kissed them and embraced them.
1463And Israel went on to say to Joseph: "I had no idea of seeing your face, but here God has let me see also your offspring."
1464After that Joseph brought them out away from his knees, and he bowed down with his face to the earth.
1465Joseph now took the two of them, E'phra·im by his right hand to Israel's left, and Ma·nas'seh by his left hand to Israel's right, and brought them close to him.
1466However, Israel put out his right hand and placed it on E'phra·im's head, although he was the younger, and his left hand upon Ma·nas'seh's head. He purposely laid his hands so, since Ma·nas'seh was the firstborn.
1467And he proceeded to bless Joseph and to say:"The [true] God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked,The [true] God who has been shepherding me during all my existence until this day,
1468The angel who has been recovering me from all calamity, bless the boys.And let my name be called upon them and the name of my fathers, Abraham and Isaac,And let them increase to a multitude in the midst of the earth."
1469When Joseph saw that his father kept his right hand placed on E'phra·im's head, it was displeasing to him, and he tried to take hold of his father's hand to remove it from E'phra·im's head to Ma·nas'seh's head.
1470Hence Joseph said to his father: "Not so, my father, because this is the firstborn. Put your right hand on his head."
1471But his father kept refusing and said: "I know it, my son, I know it. He too will become a people and he too will become great. But, just the same, his younger brother will become greater than he will, and his offspring will become the full equivalent of nations."
1472And he continued to bless them on that day, saying:"By means of you let Israel repeatedly pronounce blessing, saying,'May God constitute you like E'phra·im and like Ma·nas'seh.'"Thus he kept putting E'phra·im before Ma·nas'seh.
1473After that Israel said to Joseph: "Look, I am dying, but God will certainly continue with YOU people and return YOU to the land of YOUR forefathers.
1474As for me, I do give you one shoulder [of land] more than to your brothers, which I took from the hand of the Am'or·ites by my sword and by my bow."
1475Later on Jacob called his sons and said: "Gather yourselves together that I may tell YOU what will happen to YOU in the final part of the days.
1476Assemble yourselves and listen, YOU sons of Jacob, yes, listen to Israel YOUR father.
1477"Reu'ben, you are my firstborn, my vigor and the beginning of my generative power, the excellence of dignity and the excellence of strength.
1478With reckless license like waters, do not you excel, because you have gone up to your father's bed. At that time you profaned my lounge. He went up to it!
1479"Sim'e·on and Le'vi are brothers. Instruments of violence are their slaughter weapons.
1480Into their intimate group do not come, O my soul. With their congregation do not become united, O my disposition, because in their anger they killed men, and in their arbitrariness they hamstrung bulls.
1481Cursed be their anger, because it is cruel, and their fury, because it acts harshly. Let me parcel them out in Jacob and let me scatter them in Israel.
1482"As for you, Judah, your brothers will laud you. Your hand will be on the back of the neck of your enemies. The sons of your father will prostrate themselves to you.
1483A lion cub Judah is. From the prey, my son, you will certainly go up. He bowed down, he stretched himself out like a lion and, like a lion, who dares rouse him?
1484The scepter will not turn aside from Judah, neither the commander's staff from between his feet, until Shi'loh comes; and to him the obedience of the peoples will belong.
1485Tying his full-grown ass to a vine and the descendant of his own she-ass to a choice vine, he will certainly wash his clothing in wine and his garment in the blood of grapes.
1486Dark red are his eyes from wine, and the whiteness of his teeth is from milk.
1487"Zeb'u·lun will reside by the seashore, and he will be by the shore where the ships lie anchored; and his remote side will be toward Si'don.
1488"Is'sa·char is a strong-boned ass, lying down between the two saddlebags.
1489And he will see that the resting-place is good and that the land is pleasant; and he will bend down his shoulder to bear burdens and he will become subject to slavish forced labor.
1490"Dan will judge his people as one of the tribes of Israel.
1491Let Dan prove to be a serpent by the roadside, a horned snake at the wayside, that bites the heels of the horse so that its rider falls backward.
1492I shall indeed wait for salvation from you, O Jehovah.
1493"As for Gad, a marauder band will raid him, but he will raid the extreme rear.
1494"Out of Ash'er his bread will be fat, and he will give the dainties of a king.
1495"Naph'ta·li is a slender hind. He is giving words of elegance.
1496"Offshoot of a fruit-bearing tree, Joseph is the offshoot of a fruit-bearing tree by the fountain, that propels its branches up over a wall.
1497But the archers kept harassing him and shot at him and kept harboring animosity against him.
1498And yet his bow was dwelling in a permanent place, and the strength of his hands was supple. From the hands of the powerful one of Jacob, from there is the shepherd, the stone of Israel.
1499He is from the God of your father, and he will help you; and he is with the Almighty, and he will bless you with the blessings of the heavens above, with the blessings of the watery deep lying down below, with the blessings of the breasts and womb.
1500The blessings of your father will indeed be superior to the blessings of the eternal mountains, to the ornament of the indefinitely lasting hills. They will continue upon the head of Joseph, even upon the crown of the head of the one singled out from his brothers.
1501"Benjamin will keep on tearing like a wolf. In the morning he will eat the animal seized and at evening he will divide spoil."
1502All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father spoke to them when he was blessing them. He blessed them each one according to his own blessing.
1503After that he commanded them and said to them: "I am being gathered to my people. Bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of E'phron the Hit'tite,
1504in the cave that is in the field of Mach·pe'lah that is in front of Mam're in the land of Ca'naan, the field that Abraham purchased from E'phron the Hit'tite for the possession of a burial place.
1505There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife. There they buried Isaac and Re·bek'ah his wife, and there I buried Le'ah.
1506The field purchased and the cave that is in it were from the sons of Heth."
1507Thus Jacob finished giving commands to his sons. Then he gathered his feet up onto the couch and expired and was gathered to his people.
1508Then Joseph fell upon the face of his father and burst into tears over him and kissed him.
1509After that Joseph commanded his servants, the physicians, to embalm his father. So the physicians embalmed Israel,
1510and they took fully forty days for him, for this many days they customarily take for the embalming, and the Egyptians continued to shed tears for him seventy days.
1511Finally the days of weeping for him passed, and Joseph spoke to Phar'aoh's household, saying: "If, now, I have found favor in YOUR eyes, speak, please, in the hearing of Phar'aoh, saying,
1512'My father made me swear, saying: "Look! I am dying. In my burial place which I have excavated for myself in the land of Ca'naan is where you are to bury me." And now, please, let me go up and bury my father, after which I am willing to return.'"
1513Accordingly Phar'aoh said: "Go up and bury your father just as he made you swear."
1514So Joseph went up to bury his father, and there went up with him all of Phar'aoh's servants, the older men of his household and all the older men of the land of Egypt,
1515and all of Joseph's household and his brothers and the household of his father. Only their little children and their flocks and their herds they left in the land of Go'shen.
1516There also went up with him both chariots and horsemen, and the camp came to be very numerous.
1517Then they came to the threshing floor of A'tad, which is in the region of the Jordan, and there they carried on a very great and heavy wailing and he kept up the mourning rites for his father seven days.
1518And the inhabitants of the land, the Ca'naan·ites, got to see the mourning rites in the threshing floor of A'tad, and they exclaimed: "This is a heavy mourning for the Egyptians!" That is why its name was called A'bel-miz'ra·im, which is in the region of the Jordan.
1519And his sons proceeded to do for him exactly as he had commanded them.
1520So his sons carried him into the land of Ca'naan and buried him in the cave of the field of Mach·pe'lah, the field that Abraham had purchased for the possession of a burial place from E'phron the Hit'tite in front of Mam're.
1521Afterward Joseph returned to Egypt, he and his brothers and all those who went up with him to bury his father, after he had buried his father.
1522When the brothers of Joseph saw that their father was dead, they began to say: "It may be that Joseph is harboring animosity against us and he will be sure to repay us for all the evil that we have rendered him."
1523So they expressed a command to Joseph in these words: "Your father gave the command before his death, saying,
1524'This is what YOU are to say to Joseph: "I beseech you, pardon, please, the revolt of your brothers and their sin in that they have rendered evil to you."' And now pardon, please, the revolt of the servants of your father's God." And Joseph burst into tears when they spoke to him.
1525Following that his brothers also came and fell down before him and said: "Here we are as slaves to you!"
1526Then Joseph said to them: "Do not be afraid, for am I in the place of God?
1527As for YOU, YOU had evil in mind against me. God had it in mind for good for the purpose of acting as at this day to preserve many people alive.
1528So now do not be afraid. I myself shall keep supplying YOU and YOUR little children with food." Thus he comforted them and spoke reassuringly to them.
1529And Joseph continued to dwell in Egypt, he and the house of his father; and Joseph lived for a hundred and ten years.
1530And Joseph got to see E'phra·im's sons of the third generation, also the sons of Ma'chir, Ma·nas'seh's son. They were born upon Joseph's knees.
1531At length Joseph said to his brothers: "I am dying; but God will without fail turn his attention to YOU, and he will certainly bring YOU up out of this land to the land about which he swore to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob."
1532Hence Joseph made the sons of Israel swear, saying: "God will without fail turn his attention to YOU. Accordingly YOU must take my bones up out of here."
1533After that Joseph died at the age of a hundred and ten years; and they had him embalmed, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.
1534Now these are the names of Israel's sons who came into Egypt with Jacob; each man and his household came:
1535Reu'ben, Sim'e·on, Le'vi and Judah,
1536Is'sa·char, Zeb'u·lun and Benjamin,
1537Dan and Naph'ta·li, Gad and Ash'er.
1538And all the souls who issued out of Jacob's upper thigh came to be seventy souls, but Joseph was already in Egypt.
1539Eventually Joseph died, and also all his brothers and all that generation.
1540And the sons of Israel became fruitful and began to swarm; and they kept on multiplying and growing mightier at a very extraordinary rate, so that the land got to be filled with them.
1541In time there arose over Egypt a new king who did not know Joseph.
1542And he proceeded to say to his people: "Look! The people of the sons of Israel are more numerous and mightier than we are.
1543Come on! Let us deal shrewdly with them, for fear they may multiply, and it must turn out that, in case war should befall us, then they certainly will also be added to those who hate us and will fight against us and go up out of the country."
1544So they set over them chiefs of forced labor for the purpose of oppressing them in their burden-bearing; and they went building cities as storage places for Phar'aoh, namely, Pi'thom and Ra·am'ses.
1545But the more they would oppress them, the more they would multiply and the more they kept spreading abroad, so that they felt a sickening dread as a result of the sons of Israel.
1546Consequently the Egyptians made the sons of Israel slave under tyranny.
1547And they kept making their life bitter with hard slavery at clay mortar and bricks and with every form of slavery in the field, yes, every form of slavery of theirs in which they used them as slaves under tyranny.
1548Later on the king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, the name of one of whom was Shiph'rah and the name of the other Pu'ah,
1549yes, he went so far as to say: "When YOU help the Hebrew women to give birth and YOU do see them on the stool for childbirth, if it is a son, YOU must also put it to death; but if it is a daughter, it must also live."
1550However, the midwives feared the [true] God, and they did not do as the king of Egypt had spoken to them, but they would preserve the male children alive.
1551In time the king of Egypt called the midwives and said to them: "Why is it YOU have done this thing, in that YOU preserved the male children alive?"
1552In turn the midwives said to Phar'aoh: "Because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women. Because they are lively, they have already given birth before the midwife can come in to them."
1553So God dealt well with the midwives; and the people kept growing more numerous and becoming very mighty.
1554And it came about that because the midwives had feared the [true] God he later presented them with families.
1555Finally Phar'aoh commanded all his people, saying: "Every newborn son YOU are to throw into the river Nile, but every daughter YOU are to preserve alive."
1556Meantime, a certain man of the house of Le'vi went ahead and took a daughter of Le'vi.
1557And the woman became pregnant and brought a son to birth. When she saw how good-looking he was, she kept him concealed for three lunar months.
1558When she was no longer able to conceal him, she then took for him an ark of papyrus and coated it with bitumen and pitch and put the child in it and put it among the reeds by the bank of the river Nile.
1559Further, his sister stationed herself at a distance to find out what would be done with him.
1560After a while Phar'aoh's daughter came down to bathe in the Nile River, and her female attendants were walking by the side of the Nile River. And she caught sight of the ark in the middle of the reeds. Immediately she sent her slave girl that she might get it.
1561When she opened it she got to see the child, and here the boy was weeping. At that she felt compassion for him, although she said: "This is one of the children of the Hebrews."
1562Then his sister said to Phar'aoh's daughter: "Shall I go and specially call for you a nursing woman from the Hebrew women that she may nurse the child for you?"
1563So Phar'aoh's daughter said to her: "Go!" At once the maiden went and called the child's mother.
1564Phar'aoh's daughter then said to her: "Take this child with you and nurse him for me, and I myself shall give you your wages." Accordingly the woman took the child and nursed him.
1565And the child grew up. Then she brought him to Phar'aoh's daughter, so that he became a son to her; and she proceeded to call his name Moses and to say: "It is because I have drawn him out of the water."
1566Now it came about in those days, as Moses was becoming strong, that he went out to his brothers that he might look at the burdens they were bearing; and he caught sight of a certain Egyptian striking a certain Hebrew of his brothers.
1567So he turned this way and that and saw there was nobody in sight. Then he struck the Egyptian down and hid him in the sand.
1568However, he went out on the following day and here there were two Hebrew men struggling with each other. So he said to the one in the wrong: "Why should you strike your companion?"
1569At this he said: "Who appointed you as a prince and judge over us? Are you intending to kill me just as you killed the Egyptian?" Moses now got afraid and said: "Surely the thing has become known!"
1570Subsequently Phar'aoh got to hear of this thing, and he attempted to kill Moses; but Moses ran away from Phar'aoh that he might dwell in the land of Mid'i·an; and he took a seat by a well.
1571Now the priest of Mid'i·an had seven daughters, and as usual they came and drew water and filled the gutters to water their father's flock.
1572And as usual the shepherds came and drove them away. At this Moses got up and helped the women out and watered their flock.
1573So when they came home to Reu'el their father he exclaimed: "How is it YOU have come home so quickly today?"
1574To this they said: "A certain Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds and, besides, he actually drew water for us that he might water the flock."
1575Then he said to his daughters: "But where is he? Why is it that YOU have left the man behind? Call him, that he may eat bread."
1576After that Moses showed willingness to dwell with the man, and he gave Zip·po'rah his daughter to Moses.
1577Later she bore a son and he called his name Ger'shom, because, he said: "An alien resident I have come to be in a foreign land."
1578And it came about during those many days that the king of Egypt finally died, but the sons of Israel continued to sigh because of the slavery and to cry out in complaint, and their cry for help kept going up to the [true] God because of the slavery.
1579In time God heard their groaning and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
1580So God looked on the sons of Israel and God took notice.
1581And Moses became a shepherd of the flock of Jeth'ro, the priest of Mid'i·an, whose son-in-law he was. While he was driving the flock to the west side of the wilderness, he came at length to the mountain of the [true] God, to Ho'reb.
1582Then Jehovah's angel appeared to him in a flame of fire in the midst of a thornbush. As he kept looking, why, here the thornbush was burning with the fire and yet the thornbush was not consumed.
1583At this Moses said: "Let me just turn aside that I may inspect this great phenomenon, as to why the thornbush is not burnt up."
1584When Jehovah saw that he turned aside to inspect, God at once called to him out of the midst of the thornbush and said: "Moses! Moses!" to which he said: "Here I am."
1585Then he said: "Do not come near here. Draw your sandals from off your feet, because the place where you are standing is holy ground."
1586And he went on to say: "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob." Then Moses concealed his face, because he was afraid to look at the [true] God.
1587And Jehovah added: "Unquestionably I have seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt, and I have heard their outcry as a result of those who drive them to work; because I well know the pains they suffer.
1588And I am proceeding to go down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land to a land good and spacious, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the locality of the Ca'naan·ites and the Hit'tites and the Am'or·ites and the Per'iz·zites and the Hi'vites and the Jeb'u·sites.
1589And now, look! the outcry of the sons of Israel has come to me, and I have seen also the oppression with which the Egyptians are oppressing them.
1590And now come and let me send you to Phar'aoh, and you bring my people the sons of Israel out of Egypt."
1591However, Moses said to the [true] God: "Who am I that I should go to Phar'aoh and that I have to bring the sons of Israel out of Egypt?"
1592To this he said: "Because I shall prove to be with you, and this is the sign for you that it is I who have sent you: After you have brought the people out of Egypt, YOU people will serve the [true] God on this mountain."
1593Nevertheless, Moses said to the [true] God: "Suppose I am now come to the sons of Israel and I do say to them, 'The God of YOUR forefathers has sent me to YOU,' and they do say to me, 'What is his name?' What shall I say to them?"
1594At this God said to Moses: "I SHALL PROVE TO BE WHAT I SHALL PROVE TO BE." And he added: "This is what you are to say to the sons of Israel, 'I SHALL PROVE TO BE has sent me to YOU.'"
1595Then God said once more to Moses:"This is what you are to say to the sons of Israel, 'Jehovah the God of YOUR forefathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob, has sent me to YOU.' This is my name to time indefinite, and this is the memorial of me to generation after generation.
1596You go, and you must gather the older men of Israel, and you must say to them, 'Jehovah the God of YOUR forefathers has appeared to me, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, saying: "I will without fail give attention to YOU and to what is being done to YOU in Egypt.
1597And so I say, I shall bring YOU up out of affliction by the Egyptians to the land of the Ca'naan·ites and the Hit'tites and the Am'or·ites and the Per'iz·zites and the Hi'vites and the Jeb'u·sites, to a land flowing with milk and honey."'
1598"And they will certainly listen to your voice, and you must come, you and the older men of Israel, to the king of Egypt, and YOU men must say to him, 'Jehovah the God of the Hebrews has come in touch with us, and now we want to go, please, a journey of three days into the wilderness, and we want to sacrifice to Jehovah our God.'
1599And I, even I, well know that the king of Egypt will not give YOU permission to go except by a strong hand.
1600And I shall have to stretch out my hand and strike Egypt with all my wonderful acts that I shall do in the midst of it; and after that he will send YOU out.
1601And I will give this people favor in the eyes of the Egyptians; and it will certainly occur that when YOU go, YOU will not go empty-handed.
1602And each woman must ask from her neighbor and from the woman residing as an alien in her house articles of silver and articles of gold and mantles, and YOU must put them upon YOUR sons and YOUR daughters; and YOU must strip the Egyptians."
1603However, Moses in answering said: "But suppose they do not believe me and do not listen to my voice, because they are going to say, 'Jehovah did not appear to you.'"
1604Then Jehovah said to him: "What is that in your hand?" to which he said: "A rod."
1605Next he said: "Throw it on the earth." So he threw it on the earth, and it became a serpent; and Moses began to flee from it.
1606Jehovah now said to Moses: "Thrust your hand out and grab hold of it by the tail." So he thrust his hand out and grabbed hold of it, and it became a rod in his palm.
1607"In order that," to quote him, "they may believe that Jehovah the God of their forefathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you."
1608Then Jehovah said to him once more: "Stick your hand, please, into the upper fold of your garment." So he stuck his hand into the upper fold of his garment. When he drew it out, why, here his hand was stricken with leprosy like snow!
1609After that he said: "Return your hand into the upper fold of your garment." So he returned his hand into the upper fold of his garment. When he drew it out of the upper fold of his garment, why, here it was restored like the rest of his flesh!
1610"And it must occur that," to quote him, "if they will not believe you and will not listen to the voice of the first sign, then they will certainly believe the voice of the later sign.
1611Still, it must occur that, if they will not believe even these two signs and will not listen to your voice, then you will have to take some water from the Nile River and pour it out on the dry land; and the water that you will take from the Nile River will certainly become, yes, it will indeed become blood on the dry land."
1612Moses now said to Jehovah: "Excuse me, Jehovah, but I am not a fluent speaker, neither since yesterday nor since before that nor since your speaking to your servant, for I am slow of mouth and slow of tongue."
1613At that Jehovah said to him: "Who appointed a mouth for man or who appoints the speechless or the deaf or the clear-sighted or the blind? Is it not I, Jehovah?
1614So now go, and I myself shall prove to be with your mouth and I will teach you what you ought to say."
1615But he said: "Excuse me, Jehovah, but send, please, by the hand of the one whom you are going to send."
1616Then Jehovah's anger grew hot against Moses and he said: "Is not Aaron the Levite your brother? I do know that he can really speak. And, besides, here he is on his way out to meet you. When he does see you, he will certainly rejoice in his heart.
1617And you must speak to him and put the words in his mouth; and I myself shall prove to be with your mouth and his mouth, and I will teach YOU men what YOU are to do.
1618And he must speak for you to the people; and it must occur that he will serve as a mouth to you, and you will serve as God to him.
1619And this rod you will take in your hand that you may perform the signs with it."
1620Accordingly Moses went and returned to Jeth'ro his father-in-law and said to him: "I want to go, please, and return to my brothers who are in Egypt that I may see whether they are still alive." So Jeth'ro said to Moses: "Go in peace."
1621After that Jehovah said to Moses in Mid'i·an: "Go, return to Egypt, because all the men who were hunting for your soul are dead."
1622Then Moses took his wife and his sons and made them ride on an ass, and he proceeded to return to the land of Egypt. Moreover, Moses took the rod of the [true] God in his hand.
1623And Jehovah went on to say to Moses: "After you have gone and returned to Egypt see that YOU men actually perform all the miracles that I have put in your hand before Phar'aoh. As for me, I shall let his heart become obstinate; and he will not send the people away.
1624And you must say to Phar'aoh, 'This is what Jehovah has said: "Israel is my son, my firstborn.
1625And I say to you: Send my son away that he may serve me. But should you refuse to send him away, here I am killing your son, your firstborn."'"
1626Now it came about on the road at the lodging place that Jehovah got to meet him and kept looking for a way to put him to death.
1627Finally Zip·po'rah took a flint and cut off her son's foreskin and caused it to touch his feet and said: "It is because you are a bridegroom of blood to me."
1628Consequently he let go of him. At that time she said: "A bridegroom of blood," because of the circumcision.
1629Then Jehovah said to Aaron: "Go to meet Moses into the wilderness." With that he went and met him in the mountain of the [true] God and kissed him.
1630And Moses proceeded to tell Aaron all the words of Jehovah, who had sent him, and all the signs that he had commanded him to do.
1631After that Moses and Aaron went and gathered all the older men of the sons of Israel.
1632Then Aaron spoke all the words that Jehovah had spoken to Moses, and he performed the signs under the eyes of the people.
1633At this the people believed. When they heard that Jehovah had turned his attention to the sons of Israel and that he had seen their affliction, then they bowed down and prostrated themselves.
1634And afterward Moses and Aaron went in and proceeded to say to Phar'aoh: "This is what Jehovah the God of Israel has said, 'Send my people away that they may celebrate a festival to me in the wilderness.'"
1635But Phar'aoh said: "Who is Jehovah, so that I should obey his voice to send Israel away? I do not know Jehovah at all and, what is more, I am not going to send Israel away."
1636However, they went on to say: "The God of the Hebrews has come in touch with us. We want to go, please, a journey of three days into the wilderness and sacrifice to Jehovah our God; otherwise he may strike at us with pestilence or with sword."
1637At this the king of Egypt said to them: "Why is it, Moses and Aaron, that YOU cause the people to leave off from their works? Go bearing YOUR burdens!"
1638And Phar'aoh continued: "Look! The people of the land are now many, and YOU indeed make them desist from their bearing of burdens."
1639Immediately on that day Phar'aoh commanded those who drove the people to work and their officers, saying:
1640"YOU must not gather straw to give to the people to make bricks as formerly. Let them themselves go and gather straw for themselves.
1641Moreover, the required amount of bricks that they were making formerly, YOU will further impose upon them. YOU must not make any reduction for them, because they are relaxing. That is why they are crying out, saying, 'We want to go, we want to sacrifice to our God!'
1642Let the service be heavy upon the men and let them work at it, and let them not pay attention to false words."
1643So those who drove the people to work and their officers went out and said to the people: "Here is what Phar'aoh has said, 'I am giving YOU no more straw.
1644YOU yourselves go, get straw for yourselves wherever YOU may find it, because there is to be no reducing of YOUR services one bit.'"
1645Consequently the people scattered about over all the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw.
1646And those who drove them to work kept urging them, saying: "Finish YOUR works, each one his work, day for day, just as when straw was available."
1647Later on the officers of the sons of Israel, whom Phar'aoh's taskmasters had set over them, were beaten, these saying: "Why is it YOU did not finish YOUR prescribed task in making bricks as formerly, both yesterday and today?"
1648Consequently the officers of the sons of Israel went in and began to cry out to Phar'aoh, saying: "Why do you deal this way with your servants?
1649There is no straw given to your servants and yet they are saying to us, 'Make bricks!' and here your servants are beaten, whereas your own people are at fault."
1650But he said: "YOU are relaxing, YOU are relaxing! That is why YOU are saying, 'We want to go, we want to sacrifice to Jehovah.'
1651And now go, serve! Though no straw will be given to YOU, yet YOU are to give the fixed amount of bricks."
1652Then the officers of the sons of Israel saw themselves in an evil plight at the saying: "YOU must not deduct from YOUR bricks one bit of anyone's daily rate."
1653After that they encountered Moses and Aaron, who were standing there to meet them as they came out from Phar'aoh.
1654At once they said to them: "May Jehovah look upon YOU and judge, since YOU have made us smell offensive before Phar'aoh and before his servants so as to put a sword in their hand to kill us."
1655Then Moses turned to Jehovah and said: "Jehovah, why have you caused evil to this people? Why is it that you have sent me?
1656For from the time that I went in before Phar'aoh to speak in your name, he has done evil to this people, and you have by no means delivered your people."
1657So Jehovah said to Moses: "Now you will see what I shall do to Phar'aoh, because on account of a strong hand he will send them away and on account of a strong hand he will drive them out of his land."
1658And God went on to speak to Moses and to say to him: "I am Jehovah.
1659And I used to appear to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob as God Almighty, but as respects my name Jehovah I did not make myself known to them.
1660And I also established my covenant with them to give them the land of Ca'naan, the land of their alien residences in which they resided as aliens.
1661And I, even I, have heard the groaning of the sons of Israel, whom the Egyptians are enslaving, and I remember my covenant.
1662"Therefore say to the sons of Israel, 'I am Jehovah, and I shall certainly bring YOU out from under the burdens of the Egyptians and deliver YOU from their slavery, and I shall indeed reclaim YOU with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.
1663And I shall certainly take YOU to me as a people, and I shall indeed prove to be God to YOU; and YOU will certainly know that I am Jehovah YOUR God who is bringing YOU out from under the burdens of Egypt.
1664And I shall certainly bring YOU into the land that I raised my hand in oath to give to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob; and I shall indeed give it to YOU as something to possess. I am Jehovah.'"
1665Afterward Moses spoke to this effect to the sons of Israel, but they did not listen to Moses out of discouragement and for the hard slavery.
1666Then Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
1667"Go in, speak to Phar'aoh, Egypt's king, that he should send the sons of Israel away out of his land."
1668However, Moses spoke before Jehovah, saying: "Look! The sons of Israel have not listened to me; and how will Phar'aoh ever listen to me, as I am uncircumcised in lips?"
1669But Jehovah continued to speak to Moses and Aaron and to issue the command by them to the sons of Israel and to Phar'aoh, Egypt's king, in order to bring the sons of Israel out from the land of Egypt.
1670These are the heads of the house of their fathers: The sons of Reu'ben, Israel's firstborn, were Ha'noch and Pal'lu, Hez'ron and Car'mi. These are the families of Reu'ben.
1671And the sons of Sim'e·on were Jem·u'el and Ja'min and O'had and Ja'chin and Zo'har and Sha'ul the son of a Ca'naan·ite woman. These are the families of Sim'e·on.
1672And these are the names of the sons of Le'vi, according to their family descents: Ger'shon and Ko'hath and Me·rar'i. And the years of Le'vi's life were a hundred and thirty-seven years.
1673The sons of Ger'shon were Lib'ni and Shim'e·i, according to their families.
1674And the sons of Ko'hath were Am'ram and Iz'har and He'bron and Uz'zi·el. And the years of Ko'hath's life were a hundred and thirty-three years.
1675And the sons of Me·rar'i were Mah'li and Mu'shi.These were the families of the Levites, according to their family descents.
1676Now Am'ram took Joch'e·bed his father's sister as his wife. Later she bore him Aaron and Moses. And the years of Am'ram's life were a hundred and thirty-seven years.
1677And the sons of Iz'har were Ko'rah and Ne'pheg and Zich'ri.
1678And the sons of Uz'zi·el were Mish'a·el and El·za'phan and Sith'ri.
1679Now Aaron took E·li'she·ba, Am·min'a·dab's daughter, the sister of Nah'shon, as his wife. Later she bore him Na'dab and A·bi'hu, El·e·a'zar and Ith'a·mar.
1680And the sons of Ko'rah were As'sir and El·ka'nah and A·bi'a·saph. These were the families of the Ko'rah·ites.
1681And El·e·a'zar, Aaron's son, took for himself one of the daughters of Pu'ti·el as his wife. Later she bore him Phin'e·has.These are the heads of the fathers of the Levites, according to their families.
1682This is the Aaron and Moses to whom Jehovah said: "BRING the sons of Israel out from the land of Egypt according to their armies."
1683They were the ones speaking to Phar'aoh, Egypt's king, to bring the sons of Israel out from Egypt. This is the Moses and Aaron.
1684And it came about on the day that Jehovah spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt,
1685that Jehovah went on to speak to Moses, saying: "I am Jehovah. Speak to Phar'aoh king of Egypt everything I am speaking to you."
1686Then Moses said before Jehovah: "Look! I am uncircumcised in lips, so how will Phar'aoh ever listen to me?"
1687Consequently Jehovah said to Moses: "See, I have made you God to Phar'aoh, and Aaron your own brother will become your prophet.
1688You-you will speak all that I shall command you; and Aaron your brother will do the speaking to Phar'aoh, and he must send the sons of Israel away from his land.
1689As for me, I shall let Phar'aoh's heart become obstinate, and I shall certainly multiply my signs and my miracles in the land of Egypt.
1690And Phar'aoh will not listen to YOU men; and I shall have to lay my hand upon Egypt and bring my armies, my people, the sons of Israel, out from the land of Egypt with great judgments.
1691And the Egyptians will certainly know that I am Jehovah when I stretch out my hand against Egypt, and I shall indeed bring the sons of Israel out from their midst."
1692And Moses and Aaron went ahead doing as Jehovah had commanded them. They did just so.
1693And Moses was eighty years old and Aaron was eighty-three years old at the time of their speaking to Phar'aoh.
1694Jehovah now said to Moses and Aaron:
1695"In case that Phar'aoh speaks to YOU, saying, 'Produce a miracle for yourselves,' then you must say to Aaron, 'Take your rod and throw it down before Phar'aoh.' It will become a big snake."
1696So Moses and Aaron went on in to Phar'aoh and did exactly as Jehovah had commanded. Accordingly Aaron threw his rod down before Phar'aoh and his servants and it became a big snake.
1697However, Phar'aoh also called for the wise men and the sorcerers; and the magic-practicing priests of Egypt themselves also proceeded to do the same thing with their magic arts.
1698So they threw down each one his rod, and they became big snakes; but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods.
1699Still, Phar'aoh's heart became obstinate, and he did not listen to them, just as Jehovah had spoken.
1700Then Jehovah said to Moses: "Phar'aoh's heart is unresponsive. He has refused to send the people away.
1701Go to Phar'aoh in the morning. Look! He is going out to the water! And you must put yourself in position to meet him by the edge of the Nile River, and the rod that turned into a serpent you are to take in your hand.
1702And you must say to him, 'Jehovah the God of the Hebrews has sent me to you, saying: "Send my people away that they may serve me in the wilderness," but here you have not obeyed until now.
1703This is what Jehovah has said: "By this you will know that I am Jehovah. Here I am striking with the rod that is in my hand upon the water that is in the Nile River, and it will certainly turn into blood.
1704And the fish that are in the Nile River will die, and the Nile River will actually stink, and the Egyptians will simply have no stomach for drinking water from the Nile River."'"
1705Subsequently Jehovah said to Moses: "Say to Aaron, 'Take your rod and stretch your hand out over the waters of Egypt, over their rivers, over their Nile canals and over their reedy pools and over all their impounded waters, that they may become blood.' And there will certainly be blood in all the land of Egypt and in the wooden vessels and in the stone vessels."
1706Immediately Moses and Aaron did so, just as Jehovah had commanded, and he lifted up the rod and struck the water that was in the Nile River under the eyes of Phar'aoh and his servants, and all the water that was in the Nile River was turned into blood.
1707And the fish that were in the Nile River died, and the Nile River began to stink; and the Egyptians were unable to drink water from the Nile River; and the blood came to be in all the land of Egypt.
1708Nevertheless, the magic-practicing priests of Egypt proceeded to do the same thing with their secret arts; so that Phar'aoh's heart continued to be obstinate, and he did not listen to them, just as Jehovah had spoken.
1709Hence Phar'aoh turned and went into his house, and he did not set his heart to have any regard for this either.
1710And all the Egyptians went digging round about the Nile River for water to drink, because they were unable to drink any water of the Nile River.
1711And seven days came to be fulfilled after Jehovah's striking the Nile River.
1712Then Jehovah said to Moses: "Go in to Phar'aoh, and you must say to him, 'This is what Jehovah has said: "Send my people away that they may serve me.
1713And if you keep refusing to send them away, here I am plaguing all your territory with frogs.
1714And the Nile River will fairly teem with frogs, and they will certainly come up and enter into your house and your inner bedroom and upon your couch and into the houses of your servants and on your people and into your ovens and into your kneading troughs.
1715And on you and on your people and on all your servants the frogs will come up."'"
1716Later on Jehovah said to Moses: "Say to Aaron, 'Stretch your hand with your rod out over the rivers, the Nile canals and the reedy pools and make the frogs come up over the land of Egypt.'"
1717At that Aaron stretched his hand out over the waters of Egypt, and the frogs began to come up and to cover the land of Egypt.
1718However, the magic-practicing priests did the same thing by their secret arts and made the frogs come up over the land of Egypt.
1719In time Phar'aoh called Moses and Aaron and said: "Entreat Jehovah that he may remove the frogs from me and my people, as I want to send the people away that they may sacrifice to Jehovah."
1720Then Moses said to Phar'aoh: "You take the glory over me to say when I shall make entreaty for you and your servants and your people in order to cut the frogs off from you and your houses. Only in the Nile River will they be left."
1721To this he said: "Tomorrow." So he said: "It will be according to your word, in order that you may know that there is no one else like Jehovah our God,
1722in that the frogs will certainly turn away from you and your houses and your servants and your people. Only in the Nile River will they be left."
1723Accordingly Moses and Aaron went out from Phar'aoh, and Moses cried out to Jehovah because of the frogs that He had put upon Phar'aoh.
1724Then Jehovah did according to Moses' word, and the frogs began to die off from the houses, the courtyards and the fields.
1725And they went piling them up, heaps upon heaps, and the land began to stink.
1726When Phar'aoh got to see that relief had taken place, he made his heart unresponsive; and he did not listen to them, just as Jehovah had spoken.
1727Jehovah now said to Moses: "Say to Aaron, 'Stretch your rod out and strike the dust of the earth, and it must become gnats in all the land of Egypt.'"
1728And they proceeded to do this. So Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod and struck the dust of the earth, and the gnats came to be on man and beast. All the dust of the earth became gnats in all the land of Egypt.
1729And the magic-practicing priests tried to do the same by their secret arts, in order to bring forth gnats, but they were unable. And the gnats came to be on man and beast.
1730Hence the magic-practicing priests said to Phar'aoh: "It is the finger of God!" But Phar'aoh's heart continued to be obstinate, and he did not listen to them, just as Jehovah had spoken.
1731Then Jehovah said to Moses: "Get up early in the morning and take a position in front of Phar'aoh. Look! He is coming out to the water! And you must say to him, 'This is what Jehovah has said: "Send my people away that they may serve me.
1732But if you are not sending my people away, here I am sending upon you and your servants and your people and into your houses the gadfly; and the houses of Egypt will simply be full of the gadfly, and also the ground upon which they are.
1733And on that day I shall certainly make the land of Go'shen upon which my people are standing distinct, that no gadfly may exist there; in order that you may know that I am Jehovah in the midst of the earth.
1734And I shall indeed set a demarcation between my people and your people. Tomorrow this sign will take place."'"
1735And Jehovah proceeded to do so; and heavy swarms of gadflies began to invade the house of Phar'aoh and the houses of his servants and all the land of Egypt. The land came to ruin as a result of the gadflies.
1736Finally Phar'aoh called Moses and Aaron and said: "Go, sacrifice to YOUR God in the land."
1737But Moses said: "It is not admissible to do so, because we would sacrifice to Jehovah our God a thing detestable to the Egyptians. Suppose we would sacrifice a thing detestable to the Egyptians before their eyes; would they not stone us?
1738We shall go a journey of three days into the wilderness and we shall definitely sacrifice to Jehovah our God just as he has said to us."
1739Phar'aoh now said: "I-I shall send YOU away, and YOU will indeed sacrifice to Jehovah YOUR God in the wilderness. Only do not make it quite so far away that YOU are going. Make entreaty in my behalf."
1740Then Moses said: "Here I am going forth from you, and I shall indeed make entreaty to Jehovah, and the gadflies will certainly turn away from Phar'aoh, his servants and his people tomorrow. Only let not Phar'aoh trifle again in not sending the people away to sacrifice to Jehovah."
1741After that Moses went out from Phar'aoh and made entreaty to Jehovah.
1742So Jehovah did according to Moses' word, and the gadflies turned away from Phar'aoh, his servants and his people. Not one was left.
1743However, Phar'aoh made his heart unresponsive this time also and did not send the people away.
1744Consequently Jehovah said to Moses: "Go in to Phar'aoh and you must state to him, 'This is what Jehovah the God of the Hebrews has said: "Send my people away that they may serve me.
1745But if you continue refusing to send them away and you are still keeping hold of them,
1746look! Jehovah's hand is coming upon your livestock that is in the field. On the horses, the asses, the camels, the herd and the flock there will be a very heavy pestilence.
1747And Jehovah will certainly make a distinction between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt, and not a thing of all that belongs to the sons of Israel will die."'"
1748Moreover, Jehovah set an appointed time, saying: "Tomorrow Jehovah will do this thing in the land."
1749Accordingly Jehovah did this thing on the next day, and all sorts of livestock of Egypt began to die; but not one of the livestock of the sons of Israel died.
1750Then Phar'aoh sent, and, look! not so much as one of Israel's livestock had died. Nevertheless, Phar'aoh's heart continued to be unresponsive, and he did not send the people away.
1751After that Jehovah said to Moses and Aaron: "Take for yourselves both hands full of soot from a kiln, and Moses must toss it toward the heavens in Phar'aoh's sight.
1752And it must become a powder upon all the land of Egypt, and it must become boils breaking out with blisters upon man and beast in all the land of Egypt."
1753So they took the soot of a kiln and stood before Phar'aoh, and Moses tossed it toward the heavens, and it became boils with blisters, breaking out on man and beast.
1754And the magic-practicing priests were unable to stand before Moses as a result of the boils, because the boils had developed on the magic-practicing priests and on all the Egyptians.
1755But Jehovah let Phar'aoh's heart become obstinate, and he did not listen to them, just as Jehovah had stated to Moses.
1756Then Jehovah said to Moses: "Get up early in the morning and take a position in front of Phar'aoh, and you must say to him, 'This is what Jehovah the God of the Hebrews has said: "Send my people away that they may serve me.
1757For at this time I am sending all my blows against your heart and upon your servants and your people, to the end that you may know that there is none like me in all the earth.
1758For by now I could have thrust my hand out that I might strike you and your people with pestilence and that you might be effaced from the earth.
1759But, in fact, for this cause I have kept you in existence, for the sake of showing you my power and in order to have my name declared in all the earth.
1760Are you still behaving haughtily against my people in not sending them away?
1761Here I am causing it to rain down tomorrow about this time a very heavy hail, the like of which has never occurred in Egypt from the day it was founded until now.
1762And now send, bring all your livestock and all that is yours in the field under shelter. As for any man and beast that will be found in the field and not gathered into the house, the hail will have to come down upon them, and they will have to die."'"
1763Anyone who feared Jehovah's word among Phar'aoh's servants caused his own servants and his livestock to flee into the houses,
1764but whoever did not set his heart to have any regard for Jehovah's word left his servants and his livestock in the field.
1765Jehovah now said to Moses: "Stretch out your hand toward the heavens, that hail may come on all the land of Egypt, upon man and beast and all vegetation of the field in the land of Egypt."
1766So Moses stretched out his rod toward the heavens; and Jehovah gave thunders and hail, and fire would run down to the earth, and Jehovah kept making it rain down hail upon the land of Egypt.
1767Thus there came hail, and fire quivering in among the hail. It was very heavy, so that there had not occurred any like it in all the land of Egypt from the time it became a nation.
1768And the hail went striking at all the land of Egypt. The hail struck everything that was in the field, from man to beast, and all sorts of vegetation of the field; and it shattered all sorts of trees of the field.
1769Only in the land of Go'shen, where the sons of Israel were, there occurred no hail.
1770Eventually Phar'aoh sent and called Moses and Aaron and said to them: "I have sinned this time. Jehovah is righteous, and I and my people are in the wrong.
1771Entreat Jehovah that this may be enough of the occurring of God's thunders and hail. Then I am willing to send YOU away, and YOU will not stay any longer."
1772So Moses said to him: "As soon as I go out of the city I shall spread my hands up to Jehovah. The thunders will stop and the hail will not continue any longer, in order that you may know that the earth belongs to Jehovah.
1773As for you and your servants, I know already that YOU will not even then show fear because of Jehovah God."
1774As it was, the flax and the barley had been struck, because the barley was in the ear and the flax had flower buds.
1775But the wheat and the spelt had not been struck, because they were seasonally late.
1776Moses now went out of the city from Phar'aoh and spread his hands up to Jehovah, and the thunders and the hail began to stop and rain did not pour down on the earth.
1777When Phar'aoh got to see that the rain and the hail and the thunders had stopped, he went sinning again and making his heart unresponsive, he as well as his servants.
1778And Phar'aoh's heart continued obstinate, and he did not send the sons of Israel away, just as Jehovah had stated by means of Moses.
1779Then Jehovah said to Moses: "Go in to Phar'aoh, because I-I have let his heart and the hearts of his servants become unresponsive, in order that I may set these signs of mine right before him,
1780and in order that you may declare in the ears of your son and your son's son how severely I have dealt with Egypt and my signs that I have established among them; and YOU will certainly know that I am Jehovah."
1781So Moses and Aaron went in to Phar'aoh and said to him: "This is what Jehovah the God of the Hebrews has said, 'How long must you refuse to submit yourself to me? Send my people away that they may serve me.
1782For if you continue refusing to send my people away, here I am bringing locusts within your boundaries tomorrow.
1783And they will actually cover the visible surface of the earth and it will not be possible to see the earth; and they will simply eat up the rest of what has escaped, what has been left to YOU people by the hail, and they will certainly eat every sprouting tree of YOURS out of the field.
1784And your houses and the houses of all your servants and the houses of all Egypt will be filled to an extent that your fathers and your fathers' fathers have not seen it from the day of their existing upon the ground until this day.'" With that he turned and went out from Phar'aoh.
1785After that Phar'aoh's servants said to him: "How long will this man prove to be as a snare to us? Send the men away that they may serve Jehovah their God. Do you not yet know that Egypt has perished?"
1786So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Phar'aoh, and he said to them: "Go, serve Jehovah YOUR God. Who in particular are the ones going?"
1787Then Moses said: "With our young people and our old people we shall go. With our sons and our daughters, with our sheep and our cattle we shall go, for we have a festival to Jehovah."
1788In turn he said to them: "Let it prove to be so, that Jehovah is with YOU when I shall send YOU and YOUR little ones away! See, on the contrary, something evil is YOUR aim.
1789Not so! Go, please, YOU who are able-bodied men, and serve Jehovah, because that is what YOU are seeking to secure." With that they were driven out from before Phar'aoh.
1790Jehovah now said to Moses: "Stretch your hand out over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up over the land of Egypt and eat up all the vegetation of the land, everything that the hail has let remain."
1791At once Moses stretched his rod out over the land of Egypt, and Jehovah caused an east wind to blow upon the land all that day and all night. The morning came and the east wind carried the locusts.
1792And the locusts began to come up over all the land of Egypt and to settle down upon all the territory of Egypt. They were very burdensome. Before them there had never turned up in this way locusts like them, and there will never turn up any in this way after them.
1793And they went covering the visible surface of the entire land, and the land grew dark; and they went on eating up all the vegetation of the land and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left; and there was left nothing green on the trees or on the vegetation of the field in all the land of Egypt.
1794So Phar'aoh hurriedly called Moses and Aaron and said: "I have sinned against Jehovah YOUR God and against YOU.
1795And now pardon, please, my sin just this once and ENTREAT Jehovah YOUR God that he may turn away just this deadly plague from upon me."
1796So he went out from Phar'aoh and made entreaty to Jehovah.
1797Then Jehovah made a shift to a very stiff west wind, and it carried the locusts away and drove them into the Red Sea. Not a single locust was let remain in all the territory of Egypt.
1798However, Jehovah let Phar'aoh's heart become obstinate, and he did not send the sons of Israel away.
1799Jehovah then said to Moses: "Stretch your hand out toward the heavens, that darkness may occur over the land of Egypt and the darkness may be felt."
1800Moses immediately stretched his hand out toward the heavens, and a gloomy darkness began to occur in all the land of Egypt for three days.
1801They did not see one another, and none of them got up from his own place three days; but for all the sons of Israel there proved to be light in their dwellings.
1802After that Phar'aoh called Moses and said: "Go, SERVE Jehovah. Only YOUR sheep and YOUR cattle will be detained. YOUR little ones also may go with YOU."
1803But Moses said: "You yourself will also give into our hands sacrifices and burnt offerings, as we must render them to Jehovah our God.
1804And our livestock will also go with us. Not a hoof will be allowed to remain, because it is from them that we shall take some to worship Jehovah our God, and we ourselves do not know what we shall render in worship to Jehovah until our arriving there."
1805At this Jehovah let Phar'aoh's heart become obstinate, and he did not consent to send them away.
1806So Phar'aoh said to him: "Get out from me! Watch yourself! Do not try to see my face again, because on the day of your seeing my face you will die."
1807To this Moses said: "That is the way you have spoken. I shall not try to see your face anymore."
1808And Jehovah proceeded to say to Moses: "One plague more I am going to bring upon Phar'aoh and Egypt. After that he will send YOU away from here. At the time he sends YOU away altogether, he will literally drive YOU out from here.
1809Speak, now, in the ears of the people, that they should ask every man of his companion and every woman of her companion articles of silver and articles of gold."
1810Accordingly Jehovah gave the people favor in the eyes of the Egyptians. The man Moses too was very great in the land of Egypt, in the eyes of Phar'aoh's servants and in the eyes of the people.
1811And Moses went on to say: "This is what Jehovah has said, 'About midnight I am going out into the midst of Egypt,
1812and every firstborn in the land of Egypt must die, from the firstborn of Phar'aoh who is sitting on his throne to the firstborn of the maidservant who is at the hand mill and every firstborn of beast.
1813And there will certainly occur a great outcry in all the land of Egypt, the like of which has never yet occurred, and the like of which will never be brought about again.
1814But against any of the sons of Israel will no dog move eagerly its tongue, from man to beast; in order that YOU people may know that Jehovah can make a distinction between the Egyptians and the sons of Israel.'
1815And all these servants of yours will certainly come down to me and prostrate themselves to me, saying, 'Go, you and all the people who follow your steps.' And after that I shall go out." With that he went out from Phar'aoh in the heat of anger.
1816Then Jehovah said to Moses: "Phar'aoh will not listen to YOU men, in order for my miracles to be increased in the land of Egypt."
1817And Moses and Aaron performed all these miracles before Phar'aoh; but Jehovah would let Phar'aoh's heart become obstinate, so that he did not send the sons of Israel away from his land.
1818Jehovah now said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt:
1819"This month will be the start of the months for YOU. It will be the first of the months of the year for YOU.
1820Speak to the entire assembly of Israel, saying, 'On the tenth day of this month they are to take for themselves each one a sheep for the ancestral house, a sheep to a house.
1821But if the household proves to be too small for the sheep, then he and his neighbor close by must take it into his house according to the number of souls; YOU should compute each one proportionate to his eating as regards the sheep.
1822The sheep should prove to be sound, a male, a year old, for YOU. YOU may pick from the young rams or from the goats.
1823And it must continue under safeguard by YOU until the fourteenth day of this month, and the whole congregation of the assembly of Israel must slaughter it between the two evenings.
1824And they must take some of the blood and splash it upon the two doorposts and the upper part of the doorway belonging to the houses in which they will eat it.
1825"'And they must eat the flesh on this night. They should eat it roasted with fire and with unfermented cakes along with bitter greens.
1826Do not eat any of it raw or boiled, cooked in water, but roast with fire, its head together with its shanks and its interior parts.
1827And YOU must not leave any of it over till morning, but what is left over of it till morning YOU should burn with fire.
1828And in this way YOU should eat it, with YOUR hips girded, sandals on YOUR feet and YOUR staff in YOUR hand; and YOU must eat it in haste. It is Jehovah's passover.
1829And I must pass through the land of Egypt on this night and strike every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from man to beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I shall execute judgments. I am Jehovah.
1830And the blood must serve as YOUR sign upon the houses where YOU are; and I must see the blood and pass over YOU, and the plague will not come on YOU as a ruination when I strike at the land of Egypt.
1831"'And this day must serve as a memorial for YOU, and YOU must celebrate it as a festival to Jehovah throughout YOUR generations. As a statute to time indefinite YOU should celebrate it.
1832Seven days YOU are to eat unfermented cakes. Yes, on the first day YOU are to take away sourdough from YOUR houses, because anyone eating what is leavened, from the first day down to the seventh, that soul must be cut off from Israel.
1833And on the first day there is to take place for YOU a holy convention, and on the seventh day a holy convention. No work is to be done on them. Only what every soul needs to eat, that alone may be done for YOU.
1834"'And YOU must keep the festival of unfermented cakes, because on this very day I must bring YOUR armies out from the land of Egypt. And YOU must keep this day throughout YOUR generations as a statute to time indefinite.
1835In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, in the evening YOU are to eat unfermented cakes down till the twenty-first day of the month in the evening.
1836Seven days no sourdough is to be found in YOUR houses, because anyone tasting what is leavened, whether he is an alien resident or a native of the land, that soul must be cut off from the assembly of Israel.
1837Nothing leavened are YOU to eat. In all YOUR dwellings YOU are to eat unfermented cakes.'"
1838Promptly Moses called all the older men of Israel and said to them: "Draw out and take for yourselves small cattle according to YOUR families, and slaughter the passover victim.
1839And YOU must take a bunch of hyssop and dip it into the blood in a basin and strike upon the upper part of the doorway and upon the two doorposts some of the blood that is in the basin; and none of YOU should go out of the entrance of his house until morning.
1840Then when Jehovah does pass through to plague the Egyptians and does see the blood upon the upper part of the doorway and upon the two doorposts, Jehovah will certainly pass over the entrance, and he will not allow the ruination to enter into YOUR houses to plague YOU.
1841"And YOU must keep this thing as a regulation for you and your sons to time indefinite.
1842And it must occur that when YOU come into the land that Jehovah will give YOU, just as he has stated, then YOU must keep this service.
1843And it must occur that when YOUR sons say to YOU, 'What does this service mean to YOU?'
1844then YOU must say, 'It is the sacrifice of the passover to Jehovah, who passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt when he plagued the Egyptians, but he delivered our houses.'"Then the people bowed low and prostrated themselves.
1845Subsequently the sons of Israel went and did just as Jehovah had commanded Moses and Aaron. They did just so.
1846And it came about that at midnight Jehovah struck every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Phar'aoh sitting on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the prison hole, and every firstborn of beast.
1847Then Phar'aoh got up at night, he and all his servants and all [other] Egyptians; and there began arising a great outcry among the Egyptians, because there was not a house where there was not one dead.
1848At once he called Moses and Aaron by night and said: "Get up, get out from the midst of my people, both YOU and the [other] sons of Israel, and go, serve Jehovah, just as YOU have stated.
1849Take both YOUR flocks and YOUR herds, just as YOU have stated, and go. Also, YOU must bless me besides."
1850And the Egyptians began to urge the people in order to send them away quickly out of the land, "because," they said, "we are all as good as dead!"
1851Consequently the people carried their flour dough before it was leavened, with their kneading troughs wrapped up in their mantles upon their shoulder.
1852And the sons of Israel did according to the word of Moses in that they went asking from the Egyptians articles of silver and articles of gold and mantles.
1853And Jehovah gave the people favor in the eyes of the Egyptians, so that these granted them what was asked; and they stripped the Egyptians.
1854And the sons of Israel proceeded to depart from Ram'e·ses for Suc'coth, to the number of six hundred thousand able-bodied men on foot, besides little ones.
1855And a vast mixed company also went up with them, as well as flocks and herds, a very numerous stock of animals.
1856And they began to bake the flour dough that they had brought out from Egypt into round cakes, unfermented cakes, because it had not leavened, for they had been driven out of Egypt and had not been able to linger and too they had not prepared any provisions for themselves.
1857And the dwelling of the sons of Israel, who had dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.
1858And it came about at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, it even came about on this very day that all the armies of Jehovah went out of the land of Egypt.
1859It is a night for observance with regard to Jehovah for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. With regard to Jehovah this night is one for observance on the part of all the sons of Israel throughout their generations.
1860And Jehovah went on to say to Moses and Aaron: "This is the statute of the passover: No foreigner may eat of it.
1861But where there is any slave man purchased with money, you must circumcise him. Then first he may share in eating it.
1862A settler and a hired laborer may not eat of it.
1863In one house it is to be eaten. You must not take any of the flesh out of the house to some place outside. And YOU must not break a bone in it.
1864All the assembly of Israel are to celebrate it.
1865And in case an alien resident resides as an alien with you and he will actually celebrate the passover to Jehovah, let there be a circumcising of every male of his. First then he may come near to celebrate it; and he must become like a native of the land. But no uncircumcised man may eat of it.
1866One law is to exist for the native and for the alien resident who is residing as an alien in YOUR midst."
1867So all the sons of Israel did just as Jehovah had commanded Moses and Aaron. They did just so.
1868And it came about on this very day that Jehovah brought the sons of Israel together with their armies out of the land of Egypt.
1869And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
1870"Sanctify to me every male firstborn that opens each womb among the sons of Israel, among men and beasts. It is mine."
1871And Moses went on to say to the people: "Let there be a remembering of this day on which YOU went out of Egypt, from the house of slaves, because by strength of hand Jehovah brought YOU out from here. So nothing leavened may be eaten.
1872Today YOU are going out in the month of A'bib.
1873And it must occur that when Jehovah will have brought you into the land of the Ca'naan·ites and the Hit'tites and the Am'or·ites and the Hi'vites and the Jeb'u·sites, which he swore to your forefathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, then you must render this service in this month.
1874Seven days you are to eat unfermented cakes, and on the seventh day is a festival to Jehovah.
1875Unfermented cakes are to be eaten for the seven days; and nothing leavened is to be seen with you, and no sourdough is to be seen with you within all your boundaries.
1876And you must tell your son on that day, saying, 'It is because of that which Jehovah has done to me when I came out of Egypt.'
1877And it must serve for you as a sign upon your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, in order that Jehovah's law may prove to be in your mouth; because by a strong hand Jehovah brought you out of Egypt.
1878And you must keep this statute at its appointed time from year to year.
1879"And it must occur that when Jehovah brings you into the land of the Ca'naan·ites, just as he has sworn to you and to your forefathers, and when he does give it to you,
1880then you must devote everyone that opens the womb to Jehovah, and every firstling, the young of a beast, which will come to be yours. The males belong to Jehovah.
1881And every firstling ass you are to redeem with a sheep, and if you will not redeem it, then you must break its neck. And every firstborn of man among your sons you are to redeem.
1882"And it must occur that in case your son should inquire of you later on, saying, 'What does this mean?' then you must say to him, 'By strength of hand Jehovah brought us out of Egypt, from the house of slaves.
1883And it came about that Phar'aoh showed obstinacy toward sending us away, and Jehovah proceeded to kill every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of man to the firstborn of beast. That is why I am sacrificing to Jehovah all the males that open the womb, and every firstborn of my sons I redeem.'
1884And it must serve as a sign upon your hand and as a frontlet band between your eyes, because by strength of hand Jehovah brought us out of Egypt."
1885And it came about at the time of Phar'aoh's sending the people away that God did not lead them by the way of the land of the Phi·lis'tines just because it was near, for God said: "It might be the people will feel regret when they see war and will certainly return to Egypt."
1886Hence God made the people go round about by the way of the wilderness of the Red Sea. But it was in battle formation that the sons of Israel went up out of the land of Egypt.
1887And Moses was taking Joseph's bones with him, because he had made the sons of Israel solemnly swear, saying: "God will without fail turn his attention to YOU, and YOU must take my bones up out of here with YOU."
1888And they proceeded to depart from Suc'coth and to encamp at E'tham at the edge of the wilderness.
1889And Jehovah was going ahead of them in the daytime in a pillar of cloud to lead them by the way, and in the nighttime in a pillar of fire to give them light to go in the daytime and nighttime.
1890The pillar of cloud would not move away from before the people in the daytime nor the pillar of fire in the nighttime.
1891Jehovah now spoke to Moses, saying:
1892"Speak to the sons of Israel, that they should turn back and encamp before Pi·ha·hi'roth between Mig'dol and the sea in view of Ba'al-ze'phon. In front of it YOU are to encamp by the sea.
1893Then Phar'aoh will certainly say respecting the sons of Israel, 'They are wandering in confusion in the land. The wilderness has closed in upon them.'
1894So I shall indeed let Phar'aoh's heart become obstinate, and he will certainly chase after them and I shall get glory for myself by means of Phar'aoh and all his military forces; and the Egyptians will certainly know that I am Jehovah." Accordingly they did just that.
1895Later it was reported to the king of Egypt that the people had run away. Immediately the heart of Phar'aoh as well as his servants was changed regarding the people, so that they said: "What is this that we have done, in that we have sent Israel away from slaving for us?"
1896So he proceeded to make his war chariots ready, and he took his people with him.
1897And he proceeded to take six hundred chosen chariots and all the other chariots of Egypt and warriors upon every one of them.
1898Thus Jehovah let the heart of Phar'aoh the king of Egypt become obstinate, and he went chasing after the sons of Israel, while the sons of Israel were going out with uplifted hand.
1899And the Egyptians went chasing after them, and all the chariot horses of Phar'aoh and his cavalrymen and his military forces were overtaking them while camping by the sea, by Pi·ha·hi'roth in view of Ba'al-ze'phon.
1900When Phar'aoh got close by, the sons of Israel began to raise their eyes and here the Egyptians were marching after them; and the sons of Israel got quite afraid and began to cry out to Jehovah.
1901And they proceeded to say to Moses: "Is it because there are no burial places at all in Egypt that you have taken us here to die in the wilderness? What is this that you have done to us in leading us out of Egypt?
1902Is this not the word we spoke to you in Egypt, saying, 'Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians'? For it is better for us to serve the Egyptians than for us to die in the wilderness."
1903Then Moses said to the people: "Do not be afraid. Stand firm and see the salvation of Jehovah, which he will perform for YOU today. For the Egyptians whom YOU do see today YOU will not see again, no, never again.
1904Jehovah will himself fight for YOU, and YOU yourselves will be silent."
1905Jehovah now said to Moses: "Why do you keep crying out to me? Speak to the sons of Israel that they should break camp.
1906As for you, lift up your rod and stretch your hand out over the sea and split it apart, that the sons of Israel may go through the midst of the sea on dry land.
1907As for me, here I am letting the hearts of the Egyptians become obstinate, that they may go in after them and that I may get glory for myself by means of Phar'aoh and all his military forces, his war chariots and his cavalrymen.
1908And the Egyptians will certainly know that I am Jehovah when I get glory for myself by means of Phar'aoh, his war chariots and his cavalrymen."
1909Then the angel of the [true] God who was going ahead of the camp of Israel departed and went to their rear, and the pillar of cloud departed from their van and stood in the rear of them.
1910So it came in between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel. On the one hand it proved to be a cloud together with darkness. On the other hand it kept lighting up the night. And this group did not come near that group all night long.
1911Moses now stretched his hand out over the sea; and Jehovah began making the sea go back by a strong east wind all night long and converting the sea basin into dry ground, and the waters were being split apart.
1912At length the sons of Israel went through the midst of the sea on dry land, while the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
1913And the Egyptians took up the pursuit, and all the horses of Phar'aoh, his war chariots and his cavalrymen began going in after them, into the midst of the sea.
1914And it came about during the morning watch that Jehovah began to look out upon the camp of the Egyptians from within the pillar of fire and cloud, and he went throwing the camp of the Egyptians into confusion.
1915And he kept taking wheels off their chariots so that they were driving them with difficulty; and the Egyptians began to say: "Let us flee from any contact with Israel, because Jehovah certainly fights for them against the Egyptians."
1916Finally Jehovah said to Moses: "Stretch your hand out over the sea, that the waters may come back over the Egyptians, their war chariots and their cavalrymen."
1917Moses at once stretched his hand out over the sea, and the sea began to come back to its normal condition at the approaching of morning. All the while the Egyptians were fleeing from encountering it, but Jehovah shook the Egyptians off into the midst of the sea.
1918And the waters kept coming back. Finally they covered the war chariots and the cavalrymen belonging to all of Phar'aoh's military forces and who had gone into the sea after them. Not so much as one among them was let remain.
1919As for the sons of Israel, they walked on dry land in the midst of the seabed, and the waters were for them a wall on their right hand and on their left.
1920Thus on that day Jehovah saved Israel from the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel got to see the Egyptians dead on the seashore.
1921Israel also got to see the great hand that Jehovah put in action against the Egyptians; and the people began to fear Jehovah and to put faith in Jehovah and in Moses his servant.
1922At that time Moses and the sons of Israel proceeded to sing this song to Jehovah and to say the following:"Let me sing to Jehovah, for he has become highly exalted.The horse and its rider he has pitched into the sea.
1923My strength and [my] might is Jah, since he serves for my salvation.This is my God, and I shall laud him; my father's God, and I shall raise him on high.
1924Jehovah is a manly person of war. Jehovah is his name.
1925Phar'aoh's chariots and his military forces he has cast into the sea,And the choice of his warriors have been sunk in the Red Sea.
1926The surging waters proceeded to cover them; down they went into the depths like a stone.
1927Your right hand, O Jehovah, is proving itself powerful in ability,Your right hand, O Jehovah, can shatter an enemy.
1928And in the abundance of your superiority you can throw down those who rise up against you;You send out your burning anger, it eats them up like stubble.
1929And by a breath from your nostrils waters were heaped up;They stood still like a dam of floods;The surging waters were congealed in the heart of the sea.
1930The enemy said, 'I shall pursue! I shall overtake!I shall divide spoil! My soul will be filled with them!I shall draw my sword! My hand will drive them away!'
1931You blew with your breath, the sea covered them;They sank like lead in majestic waters.
1932Who among the gods is like you, O Jehovah?Who is like you, proving yourself mighty in holiness?The One to be feared with songs of praise, the One doing marvels.
1933You stretched out your right hand, the earth proceeded to swallow them up.
1934You in your loving-kindness have led the people whom you have recovered;You in your strength will certainly conduct them to your holy abiding place.
1935Peoples must hear, they will be agitated;Birth pangs must take hold on the inhabitants of Phi·lis'ti·a.
1936At that time the sheiks of E'dom will indeed be disturbed;As for the despots of Mo'ab, trembling will take hold on them.All the inhabitants of Ca'naan will indeed be disheartened.
1937Fright and dread will fall upon them.Because of the greatness of your arm they will be motionless like a stone,Until your people pass by, O Jehovah,Until the people whom you have produced pass by.
1938You will bring them and plant them in the mountain of your inheritance,An established place that you have made ready for you to inhabit, O Jehovah,A sanctuary, O Jehovah, that your hands have established.
1939Jehovah will rule as king to time indefinite, even forever.
1940When Phar'aoh's horses with his war chariots and his cavalrymen went into the sea,Then Jehovah brought back the waters of the sea upon them,While the sons of Israel walked on dry land through the midst of the sea."
1941And Mir'i·am the prophetess, Aaron's sister, proceeded to take a tambourine in her hand; and all the women began going out with her with tambourines and in dances.
1942And Mir'i·am kept responding to the men:"Sing to Jehovah, for he has become highly exalted.The horse and its rider he has pitched into the sea."
1943Later Moses caused Israel to depart from the Red Sea and they went out to the wilderness of Shur and marched on for three days in the wilderness, but they did not find water.
1944In time they came to Ma'rah, but they were not able to drink the water from Ma'rah because it was bitter. That is why he called its name Ma'rah.
1945And the people began to murmur against Moses, saying: "What are we to drink?"
1946Then he cried out to Jehovah. So Jehovah directed him to a tree, and he threw it into the water and the water became sweet.There He established for them a regulation and a case for judgment and there he put them to the test.
1947And he went on to say: "If you will strictly listen to the voice of Jehovah your God and will do what is right in his eyes and will indeed give ear to his commandments and keep all his regulations, I shall put none of the maladies upon you that I put upon the Egyptians; because I am Jehovah who is healing you."
1948After that they came to E'lim, where there were twelve springs of water and seventy palm trees. So they went camping there by the water.
1949Later they departed from E'lim, and the entire assembly of the sons of Israel finally came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between E'lim and Si'nai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their coming out of the land of Egypt.
1950And the entire assembly of the sons of Israel began to murmur against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness.
1951And the sons of Israel kept saying to them: "If only we had died by Jehovah's hand in the land of Egypt while we were sitting by the pots of meat, while we were eating bread to satisfaction, because YOU have brought us out into this wilderness to put this whole congregation to death by famine."
1952Then Jehovah said to Moses: "Here I am raining down bread for YOU from the heavens; and the people must go out and pick up each his amount day for day, in order that I may put them to the test as to whether they will walk in my law or not.
1953And it must occur on the sixth day that they must prepare what they will bring in, and it must prove double what they keep picking up day by day."
1954So Moses and Aaron said to all the sons of Israel: "At evening YOU will certainly know that it is Jehovah who has brought YOU out from the land of Egypt.
1955And in the morning YOU will indeed see Jehovah's glory, because he has heard YOUR murmurings against Jehovah. And what are we that YOU should murmur against us?"
1956And Moses continued: "It will be when Jehovah gives YOU in the evening meat to eat and in the morning bread to satisfaction, because Jehovah has heard YOUR murmurings that YOU are murmuring against him. And what are we? YOUR murmurings are not against us, but against Jehovah."
1957And Moses went on to say to Aaron: "Say to the entire assembly of the sons of Israel, 'Come near before Jehovah, because he has heard YOUR murmurings.'"
1958Then it occurred that as soon as Aaron had spoken to the entire assembly of the sons of Israel, they turned and faced toward the wilderness, and, look! Jehovah's glory appeared in the cloud.
1959And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
1960"I have heard the murmurings of the sons of Israel. Speak to them, saying, 'Between the two evenings YOU will eat meat and in the morning YOU will be satisfied with bread; and YOU will certainly know that I am Jehovah YOUR God.'"
1961Accordingly it occurred that in the evening the quails began to come up and cover the camp, and in the morning there had developed a layer of dew round about the camp.
1962In time the layer of dew evaporated and here upon the surface of the wilderness there was a fine flaky thing, fine like hoarfrost upon the earth.
1963When the sons of Israel got to see it, they began to say to one another: "What is it?" For they did not know what it was. Hence Moses said to them: "It is the bread that Jehovah has given YOU for food.
1964This is the word that Jehovah has commanded, 'Pick up some of it, each one in proportion to his eating. YOU are to take an omer measure for each individual according to the number of the souls that each of YOU has in his tent.'"
1965And the sons of Israel began to do so; and they went picking it up, some gathering much and some gathering little.
1966When they would measure it by the omer, he that had gathered much had no surplus and he that had gathered little had no shortage. They picked it up each one in proportion to his eating.
1967Then Moses said to them: "Let nobody leave any of it until the morning."
1968But they did not listen to Moses. When some men would leave some of it until the morning, it would breed worms and stink; so that Moses became indignant at them.
1969And they would pick it up morning by morning, each one in proportion to his eating. When the sun got hot, it melted.
1970And it came about on the sixth day that they picked up twice as much bread, two omer measures for one person. So all the chieftains of the assembly came and reported it to Moses.
1971At that he said to them: "It is what Jehovah has spoken. Tomorrow there will be a sabbath observance of a holy sabbath to Jehovah. What YOU can bake, bake, and what YOU can boil, boil, and all the surplus that there is save it up for YOU as something to be kept until the morning."
1972Accordingly they saved it up until the morning, just as Moses had commanded; and it did not stink nor did maggots develop in it.
1973Then Moses said: "Eat it today, because today is a sabbath to Jehovah. Today YOU will not find it in the field.
1974Six days YOU will pick it up, but on the seventh day is a sabbath. On it none will form."
1975However, it came about on the seventh day that some of the people did go out to pick [it] up, but they found none.
1976Consequently Jehovah said to Moses: "How long must YOU people refuse to keep my commandments and my laws?
1977Mark the fact that Jehovah has given YOU the sabbath. That is why he is giving YOU on the sixth day the bread of two days. Keep sitting each one in his own place. Let nobody go out from his locality on the seventh day."
1978And the people proceeded to observe the sabbath on the seventh day.
1979And the house of Israel began to call its name "manna." And it was white like coriander seed, and its taste was like that of flat cakes with honey.
1980Then Moses said: "This is the word that Jehovah has commanded, 'Fill an omer measure of it as something to be kept throughout YOUR generations, in order that they may see the bread that I made YOU eat in the wilderness when I was bringing YOU out of the land of Egypt.'"
1981So Moses said to Aaron: "Take a jar and put in it an omerful of manna and deposit it before Jehovah as something to be kept throughout YOUR generations."
1982Just as Jehovah had commanded Moses, Aaron proceeded to deposit it before the Testimony as something to be kept.
1983And the sons of Israel ate the manna forty years, until their coming to a land inhabited. The manna was what they ate until their coming to the frontier of the land of Ca'naan.
1984Now an omer is a tenth of an e'phah measure.
1985And the entire assembly of the sons of Israel proceeded to depart from the wilderness of Sin by stages, which they took according to the order of Jehovah, and went camping at Reph'i·dim. But there was no water for the people to drink.
1986And the people fell to quarreling with Moses and saying: "Give us water that we may drink." But Moses said to them: "Why are YOU quarreling with me? Why do YOU keep putting Jehovah to the test?"
1987And the people went on thirsting there for water, and the people kept murmuring against Moses and saying: "Why is it that you have brought us up out of Egypt to put us and our sons and our livestock to death by thirst?"
1988Finally Moses cried out to Jehovah, saying: "What shall I do with this people? A little longer and they will stone me!"
1989Then Jehovah said to Moses: "Pass in front of the people and take with you some of the older men of Israel and your rod with which you struck the Nile River. Take it in your hand and you must walk on.
1990Look! I am standing before you there on the rock in Ho'reb. And you must strike on the rock, and water must come out of it, and the people must drink it." Subsequently Moses did so under the eyes of the older men of Israel.
1991So he called the name of the place Mas'sah and Mer'i·bah, because of the quarreling of the sons of Israel and because of their putting Jehovah to the test, saying: "Is Jehovah in our midst or not?"
1992And the A·mal'ek·ites proceeded to come and fight against Israel in Reph'i·dim.
1993At this Moses said to Joshua: "Choose men for us and go out, fight against the A·mal'ek·ites. Tomorrow I am stationing myself upon the top of the hill, with the rod of the [true] God in my hand."
1994Then Joshua did just as Moses had said to him, in order to fight against the A·mal'ek·ites; and Moses, Aaron and Hur went up to the top of the hill.
1995And it occurred that as soon as Moses would lift his hand up, the Israelites proved superior; but as soon as he would let down his hand, the A·mal'ek·ites proved superior.
1996When the hands of Moses were heavy, then they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat upon it; and Aaron and Hur supported his hands, one on this side and the other on that side, so that his hands held steady until the sun set.
1997Hence Joshua vanquished Am'a·lek and his people with the edge of the sword.
1998Jehovah now said to Moses: "Write this as a memorial in the book and propound it in Joshua's ears, 'I shall completely wipe out the remembrance of Am'a·lek from under the heavens.'"
1999And Moses proceeded to build an altar and to call its name Je·ho'vah-nis'si,
2000saying: "Because a hand is against the throne of Jah, Jehovah will have war with Am'a·lek from generation to generation."
2001Now Jeth'ro the priest of Mid'i·an, Moses' father-in-law, got to hear about all that God had done for Moses and for Israel his people, how Jehovah had brought Israel out of Egypt.
2002So Jeth'ro, Moses' father-in-law, took Zip·po'rah, Moses' wife, after the sending of her away,
2003and her two sons, the name of one of whom was Ger'shom, "because," he said, "an alien resident I have come to be in a foreign land";
2004and the name of the other was E·li·e'zer, "because," to quote him, "the God of my father is my helper in that he delivered me from Phar'aoh's sword."
2005So Jeth'ro, Moses' father-in-law, and his sons and his wife came to Moses into the wilderness where he was camping, at the mountain of the [true] God.
2006Then he sent word to Moses: "I, your father-in-law, Jeth'ro, am come to you, and also your wife and her two sons with her."
2007At once Moses went on out to meet his father-in-law, and he proceeded to prostrate himself and to kiss him; and they each one began asking how the other was getting along. After that they went into the tent.
2008And Moses went to relating to his father-in-law all that Jehovah had done to Phar'aoh and Egypt on account of Israel, and all the hardship that had befallen them in the way, and yet Jehovah was delivering them.
2009Then Jeth'ro felt glad over all the good that Jehovah had done for Israel in that he had delivered them from the hand of Egypt.
2010Consequently Jeth'ro said: "Blessed be Jehovah, who has delivered YOU from the hand of Egypt and from the hand of Phar'aoh, and who has delivered the people from under the hand of Egypt.
2011Now I do know that Jehovah is greater than all the [other] gods by reason of this affair in which they acted presumptuously against them."
2012Then Jeth'ro, Moses' father-in-law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God; and Aaron and all the older men of Israel came to eat bread with Moses' father-in-law, before the [true] God.
2013And it came about on the next day that Moses sat down as usual to serve as judge for the people, and the people kept standing before Moses from the morning till the evening.
2014And Moses' father-in-law got to see all that he was doing for the people. So he said: "What kind of business is this that you are doing for the people? Why do you alone continue sitting and all the people continue taking their stand before you from morning till evening?"
2015Then Moses said to his father-in-law: "Because the people keep coming to me to inquire of God.
2016In the event that they have a case arise, it must come to me and I must judge between the one party and the other, and I must make known the decisions of the [true] God and his laws."
2017At this Moses' father-in-law said to him: "It is not good the way you are doing.
2018You will surely wear out, both you and this people who are with you, because this business is too big a load for you. You are unable to do it by yourself.
2019Now listen to my voice. I shall advise you, and God will prove to be with you. You yourself serve as representative for the people before the [true] God, and you yourself must bring the cases to the [true] God.
2020And you must warn them of what the regulations and the laws are, and you must make known to them the way in which they should walk and the work that they should do.
2021But you yourself should select out of all the people capable men, fearing God, trustworthy men, hating unjust profit; and you must set these over them as chiefs over thousands, chiefs over hundreds, chiefs over fifties and chiefs over tens.
2022And they must judge the people on every proper occasion; and it must occur that every big case they will bring to you, but every small case they themselves will handle as judges. So make it lighter for yourself, and they must carry the load with you.
2023If you do this very thing, and God has commanded you, you will then certainly be able to stand it and, besides, this people will all come to their own place in peace."
2024Immediately Moses listened to the voice of his father-in-law and did all that he had said.
2025And Moses proceeded to choose capable men out of all Israel and to give them positions as heads over the people, as chiefs of thousands, chiefs of hundreds, chiefs of fifties and chiefs of tens.
2026And they judged the people on every proper occasion. A hard case they would bring to Moses, but every small case they themselves would handle as judges.
2027After that Moses saw his father-in-law off, and he went his way to his land.
2028In the third month after the sons of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, on the same day, they came into the wilderness of Si'nai.
2029And they proceeded to pull away from Reph'i·dim and to come into the wilderness of Si'nai and to encamp in the wilderness; and Israel went camping there in front of the mountain.
2030And Moses went up to the [true] God, and Jehovah began to call to him out of the mountain, saying: "This is what you are to say to the house of Jacob and to tell the sons of Israel,
2031'YOU yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, that I might carry YOU on wings of eagles and bring YOU to myself.
2032And now if YOU will strictly obey my voice and will indeed keep my covenant, then YOU will certainly become my special property out of all [other] peoples, because the whole earth belongs to me.
2033And YOU yourselves will become to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words that you are to say to the sons of Israel."
2034So Moses came and called the older men of the people and set before them all these words that Jehovah had commanded him.
2035After that all the people answered unanimously and said: "All that Jehovah has spoken we are willing to do." Immediately Moses took back the words of the people to Jehovah.
2036At this Jehovah said to Moses: "Look! I am coming to you in a dark cloud, in order that the people may hear when I speak with you, and that in you also they may put faith to time indefinite." Then Moses reported the words of the people to Jehovah.
2037And Jehovah went on to say to Moses: "Go to the people, and you must sanctify them today and tomorrow, and they must wash their mantles.
2038And they must prove ready for the third day, because on the third day Jehovah will come down before the eyes of all the people upon Mount Si'nai.
2039And you must set bounds for the people round about, saying, 'Guard yourselves against going up into the mountain, and do not touch the edge of it. Anybody touching the mountain will positively be put to death.
2040No hand is to touch him, because he will positively be stoned or will positively be shot through. Whether beast or man, he will not live.' At the blowing of the ram's horn they themselves may come up to the mountain."
2041Then Moses went down from the mountain to the people, and he set about sanctifying the people; and they engaged in washing their mantles.
2042Accordingly he said to the people: "Get ready during the three days. Do not YOU men come near a woman."
2043And on the third day when it became morning it came about that thunders and lightnings began occurring, and a heavy cloud upon the mountain and a very loud sound of a horn, so that all the people who were in the camp began to tremble.
2044Moses now brought the people out of the camp to meet the [true] God, and they went taking their stand at the base of the mountain.
2045And Mount Si'nai smoked all over, due to the fact that Jehovah came down upon it in fire; and its smoke kept ascending like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain was trembling very much.
2046When the sound of the horn became continually louder and louder, Moses began to speak, and the [true] God began to answer him with a voice.
2047So Jehovah came down upon Mount Si'nai to the top of the mountain. Then Jehovah called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went on up.
2048Jehovah now said to Moses: "Go down, warn the people, that they do not try to break through to Jehovah to take a look and many of them have to fall.
2049And let the priests also who regularly come near to Jehovah sanctify themselves, that Jehovah may not break out upon them."
2050At this Moses said to Jehovah: "The people are not able to come up to Mount Si'nai, because you yourself already warned us, saying, 'Set bounds for the mountain and make it sacred.'"
2051However, Jehovah said to him: "Go, descend, and you must come up, you and Aaron with you; but let not the priests and the people break through to come up to Jehovah, that he may not break out upon them."
2052Accordingly Moses descended to the people and told them.
2053And God proceeded to speak all these words, saying:
2054"I am Jehovah your God, who have brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slaves.
2055You must not have any other gods against my face.
2056"You must not make for yourself a carved image or a form like anything that is in the heavens above or that is on the earth underneath or that is in the waters under the earth.
2057You must not bow down to them nor be induced to serve them, because I Jehovah your God am a God exacting exclusive devotion, bringing punishment for the error of fathers upon sons, upon the third generation and upon the fourth generation, in the case of those who hate me;
2058but exercising loving-kindness toward the thousandth generation in the case of those who love me and keep my commandments.
2059"You must not take up the name of Jehovah your God in a worthless way, for Jehovah will not leave the one unpunished who takes up his name in a worthless way.
2060"Remembering the sabbath day to hold it sacred,
2061you are to render service and you must do all your work six days.
2062But the seventh day is a sabbath to Jehovah your God. You must not do any work, you nor your son nor your daughter, your slave man nor your slave girl nor your domestic animal nor your alien resident who is inside your gates.
2063For in six days Jehovah made the heavens and the earth, the sea and everything that is in them, and he proceeded to rest on the seventh day. That is why Jehovah blessed the sabbath day and proceeded to make it sacred.
2064"Honor your father and your mother in order that your days may prove long upon the ground that Jehovah your God is giving you.
2065"You must not murder.
2066"You must not commit adultery.
2067"You must not steal.
2068"You must not testify falsely as a witness against your fellowman.
2069"You must not desire your fellowman's house. You must not desire your fellowman's wife, nor his slave man nor his slave girl nor his bull nor his ass nor anything that belongs to your fellowman."
2070Now all the people were seeing the thunders and the lightning flashes and the sound of the horn and the mountain smoking. When the people got to see it, then they quivered and stood at a distance.
2071And they began to say to Moses: "You speak with us, and let us listen; but let not God speak with us for fear we may die."
2072So Moses said to the people: "Do not be afraid, because for the sake of putting YOU to the test the [true] God has come, and in order that the fear of him may continue before YOUR faces that YOU may not sin."
2073And the people kept standing at a distance, but Moses went near to the dark cloud mass where the [true] God was.
2074And Jehovah went on to say to Moses: "This is what you are to say to the sons of Israel, 'YOU yourselves have seen that it was from the heavens I spoke with YOU.
2075YOU must not make along with me gods of silver, and YOU must not make gods of gold for yourselves.
2076An altar of ground you are to make for me, and you must sacrifice upon it your burnt offerings and your communion sacrifices, your flock and your herd. In every place where I shall cause my name to be remembered I shall come to you and shall certainly bless you.
2077And if you should make an altar of stones for me, you must not build them as hewn stones. In the event that you do wield your chisel upon it, then you will profane it.
2078And you must not go up by steps to my altar, that your private parts may not be exposed upon it.'
2079"And these are the judicial decisions that you are to set before them:
2080"In case you should buy a Hebrew slave, he will be a slave six years, but in the seventh he will go out as one set free without charge.
2081If he should come in by himself, by himself he will go out. If he is the owner of a wife, then his wife must go out with him.
2082If his master should give him a wife and she does bear him sons or daughters, the wife and her children will become her master's and he will go out by himself.
2083But if the slave should insistently say, 'I really love my master, my wife and my sons; I do not want to go out as one set free,'
2084then his master must bring him near to the [true] God and must bring him up against the door or the doorpost; and his master must pierce his ear through with an awl, and he must be his slave to time indefinite.
2085"And in case a man should sell his daughter as a slave girl, she will not go out in the way that the slave men go out.
2086If she is displeasing in the eyes of her master so that he does not designate her as a concubine but causes her to be redeemed, he will not be entitled to sell her to a foreign people in his treacherously dealing with her.
2087And if it should be to his son that he designates her, he is to do to her according to the due right of daughters.
2088If he should take another wife for himself, her sustenance, her clothing and her marriage due are not to be diminished.
2089If he will not render these three things to her, then she must go out for nothing, without money.
2090"One who strikes a man so that he actually dies is to be put to death without fail.
2091But where one does not lie in wait and the [true] God lets it occur at his hand, then I must fix for you a place where he can flee.
2092And in case a man becomes heated against his fellow to the point of killing him with craftiness, you are to take him even from being at my altar to die.
2093And one who strikes his father and his mother is to be put to death without fail.
2094"And one who kidnaps a man and who actually sells him or in whose hand he has been found is to be put to death without fail.
2095"And one who calls down evil upon his father and his mother is to be put to death without fail.
2096"And in case men should get into a quarrel and one does strike his fellow with a stone or a hoe and he does not die but must keep to his bed;
2097if he gets up and does walk about out of doors upon some support of his, then the one who struck him must be free from punishment; he will make compensation only for the time lost from that one's work until he gets him completely healed.
2098"And in case a man strikes his slave man or his slave girl with a stick and that one actually dies under his hand, that one is to be avenged without fail.
2099However, if he lingers for a day or two days, he is not to be avenged, because he is his money.
2100"And in case men should struggle with each other and they really hurt a pregnant woman and her children do come out but no fatal accident occurs, he is to have damages imposed upon him without fail according to what the owner of the woman may lay upon him; and he must give it through the justices.
2101But if a fatal accident should occur, then you must give soul for soul,
2102eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,
2103branding for branding, wound for wound, blow for blow.
2104"And in case a man should strike the eye of his slave man or the eye of his slave girl and he really ruins it, he is to send him away as one set free in compensation for his eye.
2105And if it should be the tooth of his slave man or the tooth of his slave girl that he knocks out, he is to send him away as one set free in compensation for his tooth.
2106"And in case a bull should gore a man or a woman and that one actually dies, the bull is to be stoned without fail, but its flesh is not to be eaten; and the owner of the bull is free from punishment.
2107But if a bull was formerly in the habit of goring and warning was served on its owner but he would not keep it under guard, and it did put a man or a woman to death, the bull is to be stoned and also its owner is to be put to death.
2108If a ransom should be imposed upon him, then he must give the redemption price for his soul according to all that may be imposed upon him.
2109Whether it gored a son or gored a daughter, it is to be done to him according to this judicial decision.
2110If it was a slave man or a slave girl that the bull gored, he will give the price of thirty shekels to that one's master, and the bull will be stoned.
2111"And in case a man should open a pit, or in case a man should excavate a pit and should not cover it, and a bull or an ass does fall into it,
2112the owner of the pit is to make compensation. The price he is to return to its owner, and the dead animal will become his own.
2113And in case a man's bull should hurt another's bull and it does die, then they must sell the live bull and divide the price paid for it; and also the dead one they should divide.
2114Or if it was known that a bull was in the habit of goring formerly but its owner would not keep it under guard, he should without fail make compensation with bull for bull, and the dead one will become his own.
2115"In case a man should steal a bull or a sheep and he does slaughter it or sell it, he is to compensate with five of the herd for the bull and four of the flock for the sheep.
2116("If a thief should be found in the act of breaking in and he does get struck and die, there is no bloodguilt for him.
2117If the sun has shone forth upon him, there is bloodguilt for him.)"He is to make compensation without fail. If he has nothing, then he must be sold for the things he stole.
2118If there should be unmistakably found in his hand what was stolen, from bull to ass and to sheep, alive, he is to make double compensation.
2119"If a man causes a field or a vineyard to be grazed over and he does send out his beasts of burden and cause a consuming in another field, he is to make compensation with the best of his own field or with the best of his own vineyard.
2120"In case a fire should spread out and it does catch thorns, and sheaves or standing grain or a field gets consumed, the one who started the fire is to make compensation without fail [for what was burned].
2121"In case a man should give his fellow money or articles to keep, and it gets stolen from the man's house, if the thief should be found, he is to make double compensation.
2122If the thief should not be found, then the owner of the house must be brought near to the [true] God to see whether he did not put his hand upon the goods of his fellow.
2123As regards any case of transgression, concerning a bull, an ass, a sheep, a garment, anything lost of which he may say, 'This is it!' the case of them both is to come to the [true] God. The one whom God will pronounce wicked is to make double compensation to his fellow.
2124"In case a man should give his fellow an ass or bull or sheep or any domestic animal to keep, and it does die or get maimed or gets led off while nobody is looking,
2125an oath by Jehovah is to take place between them both that he did not put his hand on the goods of his fellow; and their owner must accept it, and the other is not to make compensation.
2126But if they should for a fact be stolen from him, he is to make compensation to their owner.
2127If it should for a fact be torn by a wild beast, he is to bring it as evidence. For something torn by a wild beast he is not to make compensation.
2128"But in case anybody should ask for something of his fellow, and it does get maimed or die while its owner is not with it, he is to make compensation without fail.
2129If its owner is with it, he is not to make compensation. If it is hired, it must come in its hire.
2130"Now in case a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and he actually lies down with her, he is to obtain her without fail as his wife for the purchase price.
2131If her father flatly refuses to give her to him, he is to pay over the money at the rate of purchase money for virgins.
2132"You must not preserve a sorceress alive.
2133"Anyone lying down with a beast is positively to be put to death.
2134"One who sacrifices to any gods but Jehovah alone is to be devoted to destruction.
2135"And you must not maltreat an alien resident or oppress him, for YOU people became alien residents in the land of Egypt.
2136"YOU people must not afflict any widow or fatherless boy.
2137If you should afflict him at all, then if he cries out to me at all, I shall unfailingly hear his outcry;
2138and my anger will indeed blaze, and I shall certainly kill YOU with the sword, and YOUR wives must become widows and YOUR sons fatherless boys.
2139"If you should lend money to my people, to the afflicted alongside you, you must not become like a usurer to him. YOU must not lay interest upon him.
2140"If you should at all seize the garment of your fellow as a pledge, you are to return it to him at the setting of the sun.
2141For it is his only covering. It is his mantle for his skin. In what will he lie down? And it must occur that he will cry out to me, and I shall certainly hear, because I am gracious.
2142"You must not call down evil upon God nor curse a chieftain among your people.
2143"Your full produce and the overflow of your press you must not give hesitantly. The firstborn of your sons you are to give to me.
2144The way you are to do with your bull and your sheep is this: Seven days it will continue with its mother. On the eighth day you are to give it to me.
2145"And YOU should prove yourselves holy men to me; and YOU must not eat flesh in the field that is something torn by a wild beast. YOU should throw it to the dogs.
2146"You must not take up an untrue report. Do not cooperate with a wicked one by becoming a witness who schemes violence.
2147You must not follow after the crowd for evil ends; and you must not testify over a controversy so as to turn aside with the crowd in order to pervert justice.
2148As for the lowly one, you must not show preference in a controversy of his.
2149"Should you come upon your enemy's bull or his ass going astray, you are to return it without fail to him.
2150Should you see the ass of someone who hates you lying down under its load, then you must refrain from leaving him. With him you are without fail to get it loose.
2151"You are not to pervert the judicial decision of your poor man in his controversy.
2152"You are to keep far from a false word. And do not kill the innocent and the righteous, for I shall not declare the wicked one righteous.
2153"You are not to accept a bribe, for the bribe blinds clear-sighted men and can distort the words of righteous men.
2154"And you must not oppress an alien resident, as YOU yourselves have known the soul of the alien resident, because YOU became alien residents in the land of Egypt.
2155"And for six years you are to sow your land with seed and you must gather its produce.
2156But the seventh year you are to leave it uncultivated and you must let it lie fallow, and the poor ones of your people must eat of it; and what is left over by them the wild beasts of the field are to eat. That is the way you are to do with your vineyard and your olive grove.
2157"Six days you are to do your work; but on the seventh day you are to desist, in order that your bull and your ass may rest and the son of your slave girl and the alien resident may refresh themselves.
2158"And YOU are to be on your guard respecting all that I have said to YOU; and YOU must not mention the name of other gods. It should not be heard upon your mouth.
2159"Three times in the year you are to celebrate a festival to me.
2160You will keep the festival of unfermented cakes. You will eat unfermented cakes seven days, just as I have commanded you, at the appointed time in the month of A'bib, because in it you came out of Egypt. And they must not appear before me empty-handed.
2161Also, the festival of harvest of the first ripe fruits of your labors, of what you sow in the field; and the festival of ingathering at the outgoing of the year, when you gather in your labors from the field.
2162On three occasions in the year every male of yours will appear before the face of the [true] Lord, Jehovah.
2163"You must not sacrifice along with what is leavened the blood of my sacrifice. And the fat of my festival should not stay overnight until morning.
2164"The best of the first ripe fruits of your ground you are to bring to the house of Jehovah your God."You must not boil a kid in its mother's milk.
2165"Here I am sending an angel ahead of you to keep you on the road and to bring you into the place that I have prepared.
2166Watch yourself because of him and obey his voice. Do not behave rebelliously against him, for he will not pardon YOUR transgression; because my name is within him.
2167However, if you strictly obey his voice and really do all that I shall speak, then I shall certainly be hostile to your enemies and harass those who harass you.
2168For my angel will go ahead of you and will indeed bring you to the Am'or·ites and the Hit'tites and the Per'iz·zites and the Ca'naan·ites, the Hi'vites and the Jeb'u·sites, and I shall certainly efface them.
2169You must not bow down to their gods or be induced to serve them, and you must not make anything like their works, but you will without fail throw them down and you will without fail break down their sacred pillars.
2170And YOU must serve Jehovah YOUR God, and he will certainly bless your bread and your water; and I shall indeed turn malady away from your midst.
2171Neither a woman suffering an abortion nor a barren woman will exist in your land. I shall make the number of your days full.
2172"And I shall send the fright of me ahead of you, and I shall certainly throw into confusion all the people among whom you come, and I shall indeed give the back of the neck of all your enemies to you.
2173And I will send the feeling of dejection ahead of you, and it will simply drive the Hi'vites, the Ca'naan·ites and the Hit'tites out from before you.
2174I shall not drive them out from before you in one year, that the land may not become a desolate waste and the wild beasts of the field really multiply against you.
2175Little by little I shall drive them out from before you, until you become fruitful and really take possession of the land.
2176"And I will fix your boundary from the Red Sea to the sea of the Phi·lis'tines and from the wilderness to the River; because I shall give into YOUR hand the inhabitants of the land, and you will certainly drive them out from before yourself.
2177You are not to conclude a covenant with them or their gods.
2178They should not dwell in your land, that they may not cause you to sin against me. In case you should serve their gods, it would become a snare to you."
2179And to Moses he said: "Go up to Jehovah, you and Aaron, Na'dab and A·bi'hu and seventy of the older men of Israel, and YOU must bow down from a distance.
2180And Moses by himself must approach Jehovah; but they should not approach, and the people should not go up with him."
2181Then Moses came and related to the people all the words of Jehovah and all the judicial decisions, and all the people answered with one voice and said: "All the words that Jehovah has spoken we are willing to do."
2182Accordingly Moses wrote down all the words of Jehovah. Then he got up early in the morning and built at the foot of the mountain an altar and twelve pillars corresponding with the twelve tribes of Israel.
2183After that he sent young men of the sons of Israel and they offered up burnt offerings and sacrificed bulls as sacrifices, as communion sacrifices to Jehovah.
2184Then Moses took half the blood and put it in bowls, and half the blood he sprinkled upon the altar.
2185Finally he took the book of the covenant and read it in the ears of the people. Then they said: "All that Jehovah has spoken we are willing to do and be obedient."
2186So Moses took the blood and sprinkled it upon the people and said: "Here is the blood of the covenant that Jehovah has concluded with YOU as respects all these words."
2187And Moses and Aaron, Na'dab and A·bi'hu and seventy of the older men of Israel proceeded to go up,
2188and they got to see the God of Israel. And under his feet there was what seemed like a work of sapphire flagstones and like the very heavens for purity.
2189And he did not put out his hand against the distinguished men of the sons of Israel, but they got a vision of the [true] God and ate and drank.
2190Jehovah now said to Moses: "Come up to me in the mountain and stay there, as I want to give you the stone tablets and the law and the commandment that I must write in order to teach them."
2191So Moses and Joshua his minister got up and Moses went up into the mountain of the [true] God.
2192But to the older men he had said: "YOU wait for us in this place until we return to YOU. And, look! Aaron and Hur are with YOU. Whoever has a case at law, let him approach them."
2193Thus Moses went up into the mountain while the cloud was covering the mountain.
2194And Jehovah's glory continued to reside upon Mount Si'nai, and the cloud continued to cover it for six days. At length on the seventh day he called to Moses from the midst of the cloud.
2195And to the eyes of the sons of Israel the sight of Jehovah's glory was like a devouring fire on the mountaintop.
2196Then Moses entered into the midst of the cloud and went on up the mountain. And Moses continued in the mountain forty days and forty nights.
2197And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses, saying:
2198"Speak to the sons of Israel, that they may take up a contribution for me: From every man whose heart incites him YOU people are to take up the contribution of mine.
2199And this is the contribution that YOU are to take up from them: gold and silver and copper,
2200and blue thread, and wool dyed reddish purple, and coccus scarlet material, and fine linen, and goat's hair,
2201and ram skins dyed red, and sealskins, and acacia wood;
2202oil for the luminary, balsam oil for the anointing oil and for perfumed incense;
2203and onyx stones and setting stones for the eph'od and for the breastpiece.
2204And they must make a sanctuary for me, as I must tabernacle in the midst of them.
2205According to all that I am showing you as the pattern of the tabernacle and pattern of all its furnishings, that is the way YOU are to make it.
2206"And they must make an Ark of acacia wood, two and a half cubits its length and a cubit and a half its width and a cubit and a half its height.
2207And you must overlay it with pure gold. Inside and outside you are to overlay it, and you must make a border of gold round about upon it.
2208And you must cast four rings of gold for it and put them above its four feet, with two rings upon the one side of it and two rings upon its other side.
2209And you must make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.
2210And you must put the poles through the rings upon the sides of the Ark in order to carry the Ark with them.
2211In the rings of the Ark the poles are to stay. They are not to be removed from it.
2212And you must place in the Ark the testimony that I shall give you.
2213"And you must make a cover of pure gold, two and a half cubits its length and a cubit and a half its width.
2214And you must make two cherubs of gold. Of hammered work you are to make them on both ends of the cover.
2215And make one cherub on this end and one cherub on that end. On the cover YOU are to make the cherubs at its two ends.
2216And the cherubs must be spreading out their two wings upward, screening over the cover with their wings, with their faces one toward the other. Toward the cover the faces of the cherubs should be.
2217And you must place the cover above upon the Ark, and in the Ark you will place the testimony that I shall give you.
2218And I will present myself to you there and speak with you from above the cover, from between the two cherubs that are upon the ark of the testimony, even all that I shall command you for the sons of Israel.
2219"And you must make a table of acacia wood, two cubits its length and a cubit its width and a cubit and a half its height.
2220And you must overlay it with pure gold, and you must make for it a border of gold round about.
2221And you must make for it a rim of a handbreadth round about, and you must make the border of gold for its rim round about.
2222And you must make for it four rings of gold and place the rings on the four corners that are for the four feet.
2223The rings should be close by the rim as supports for the poles to carry the table.
2224And you must make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold, and they must carry the table with them.
2225"And you must make its dishes and its cups and its pitchers and its bowls with which they will pour [libations]. You are to make them out of pure gold.
2226And you must put the showbread upon the table before me constantly.
2227"And you must make a lampstand of pure gold. Of hammered work the lampstand is to be made. Its base, its branches, its cups, its knobs and its blossoms are to proceed out from it.
2228And six branches are running out from its sides, three branches of the lampstand from its one side and three branches of the lampstand from its other side.
2229Three cups shaped like flowers of almond are on the one set of branches, with knobs and blossoms alternating, and three cups shaped like flowers of almond on the other set of branches, with knobs and blossoms alternating. This is the way it is with the six branches running out from the lampstand.
2230And on the lampstand are four cups shaped like flowers of almond, with its knobs and its blossoms alternating.
2231And the knob under two branches is out of it and the knob under the two other branches is out of it and the knob under two more branches is out of it, for the six branches running out from the lampstand.
2232Their knobs and their branches are to proceed out from it. All of it is one piece of hammered work, of pure gold.
2233And you must make seven lamps for it; and the lamps must be lit up, and they must shine upon the area in front of it.
2234And its snuffers and its fire holders are of pure gold.
2235Of a talent of pure gold he should make it with all these utensils of it.
2236And see that you make them after their pattern that was shown to you in the mountain.
2237"And the tabernacle you are to make of ten tent cloths, of fine twisted linen and blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material. With cherubs, the work of an embroiderer, you will make them.
2238The length of each tent cloth is twenty-eight cubits and the width of each tent cloth is four cubits. There is one measure for all the tent cloths.
2239Five tent cloths are to form a series with the one joined to the other, and five tent cloths a series with the one joined to the other.
2240And you must make loops of blue thread upon the edge of the one tent cloth at the end of the series; and you are to do the same upon the edge of the outermost tent cloth at the other place of junction.
2241You will make fifty loops on the one tent cloth, and fifty loops you will make on the extremity of the tent cloth that is at the other place of junction, the loops being opposite one to the other.
2242And you must make fifty hooks of gold and join the tent cloths one to the other by means of the hooks, and it must become one tabernacle.
2243"And you must make cloths of goat's hair for the tent upon the tabernacle. You will make eleven tent cloths.
2244The length of each tent cloth is thirty cubits, and the width of each tent cloth is four cubits. There is one measure for the eleven tent cloths.
2245And you must join five tent cloths by themselves and six tent cloths by themselves, and you must fold double the sixth tent cloth at the forefront of the tent.
2246And you must make fifty loops upon the edge of the one tent cloth, the outermost one in the series, and fifty loops upon the edge of the tent cloth at the other place of junction.
2247And you must make fifty hooks of copper and put the hooks in the loops and join the tent together, and it must become one.
2248And what remains over of the cloths of the tent is an overhanging. Half of the tent cloth that remains over is to hang over the back of the tabernacle.
2249And the cubit on this side and the cubit on that side in what remains over in the length of the cloths of the tent will serve as an overhanging on the sides of the tabernacle, to cover it on this side and on that.
2250"And you must make a covering for the tent of ram skins dyed red and a covering of sealskins up on top.
2251"And you must make the panel frames for the tabernacle of acacia wood, standing on end.
2252Ten cubits is the length of a panel frame, and a cubit and a half is the width of each panel frame.
2253Each panel frame has two tenons joined one to the other. That is the way you will do with all the panel frames of the tabernacle.
2254And you must make the panel frames for the tabernacle, twenty panel frames for the side toward the Neg'eb, to the south.
2255"And you will make forty socket pedestals of silver under the twenty panel frames; two socket pedestals under the one panel frame with its two tenons, and two socket pedestals under the other panel frame with its two tenons.
2256And for the other side of the tabernacle, the northern side, twenty panel frames,
2257and their forty socket pedestals of silver, two socket pedestals under the one panel frame and two socket pedestals under the other panel frame.
2258And for the rear sections of the tabernacle to the west you will make six panel frames.
2259And you will make two panel frames as corner posts of the tabernacle on its two rear sections.
2260And they should be duplicates at the bottom, and together they should be duplicates up to the top of each one at the first ring. That is the way it should be for the two of them. They will serve as two corner posts.
2261And there must be eight panel frames and their socket pedestals of silver, sixteen pedestals, two socket pedestals under the one panel frame and two socket pedestals under the other panel frame.
2262"And you must make bars of acacia wood, five for the panel frames of the one side of the tabernacle,
2263and five bars for the panel frames of the other side of the tabernacle and five bars for the panel frames of the side of the tabernacle for the two rear sections to the west.
2264And the middle bar at the center of the panel frames is running through from end to end.
2265"And you will overlay the panel frames with gold, and their rings you will make of gold as supports for the bars; and you must overlay the bars with gold.
2266And you must set up the tabernacle according to the plan of it that you have been shown in the mountain.
2267"And you must make a curtain of blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine twisted linen. He will make it with cherubs, the work of an embroiderer.
2268And you must put it upon four pillars of acacia overlaid with gold. Their pegs are of gold. They are upon four socket pedestals of silver.
2269And you must put the curtain under the hooks and bring the ark of the testimony there within the curtain; and the curtain must make a division for YOU between the Holy and the Most Holy.
2270And you must put the cover upon the ark of the testimony in the Most Holy.
2271"And you must set the table outside the curtain, and the lampstand opposite the table on the side of the tabernacle toward the south; and the table you will put on the north side.
2272And you must make a screen for the entrance of the tent of blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine twisted linen, the work of a weaver.
2273And you must make for the screen five pillars of acacia and overlay them with gold. Their pegs are of gold. And you must cast for them five socket pedestals of copper.
2274"And you must make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits its length and five cubits its width. The altar should be foursquare, and its height three cubits.
2275And you must make its horns upon its four corners. Its horns will proceed out of it, and you must overlay it with copper.
2276And you must make its cans for clearing away its fatty ashes, and its shovels, and its bowls, and its forks, and its fire holders; and you will make all its utensils of copper.
2277And you must make a grating for it, a network of copper; and you must make upon the net four rings of copper at its four extremities.
2278And you must put it under the altar's rim down within, and the net must be toward the center of the altar.
2279And you must make poles for the altar, its poles being of acacia wood, and you must overlay them with copper.
2280And its poles must be put into the rings, and the poles must be upon the two sides of the altar when carrying it.
2281A hollow chest of planks you will make it. Just as he showed you in the mountain, so they will make it.
2282"And you must make the courtyard of the tabernacle. For the side toward the Neg'eb, to the south, the courtyard has hangings of fine twisted linen, a hundred cubits being the length for the one side.
2283And its twenty pillars and their twenty socket pedestals are of copper. The pegs of the pillars and their joints are of silver.
2284So, too, it is for the north side in length, the hangings being for a hundred cubits of length, and its twenty pillars and their twenty socket pedestals being of copper, the pegs of the pillars and their joints being of silver.
2285As for the width of the courtyard, on the west side the hangings are of fifty cubits, their pillars being ten and their socket pedestals ten.
2286And the width of the courtyard on the east side toward the sunrising is fifty cubits.
2287And there are fifteen cubits of hangings to one side, their pillars being three and their socket pedestals three.
2288And for the other side there are fifteen cubits of hangings, their pillars being three and their socket pedestals three.
2289"And for the gate of the courtyard there is a screen twenty cubits long, of blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine twisted linen, the work of a weaver, their pillars being four and their socket pedestals four.
2290All the pillars of the courtyard round about have fastenings of silver, and their pegs are of silver but their socket pedestals of copper.
2291The length of the courtyard is a hundred cubits, and the width fifty cubits, and the height five cubits, of fine twisted linen, and their socket pedestals being of copper.
2292And all the utensils of the tabernacle in all its service, and all its tent pins, and all the pins of the courtyard are of copper.
2293"As for you, you are to command the sons of Israel that they get for you pure, beaten olive oil for the luminary, in order to light up the lamps constantly.
2294In the tent of meeting, outside the curtain that is by the Testimony, Aaron and his sons will set it in order from evening till morning before Jehovah. It is a statute to time indefinite for their generations, to be performed by the sons of Israel.
2295"And as for you, bring near to yourself Aaron your brother and his sons with him from the midst of the sons of Israel that he may act as priest to me, Aaron, Na'dab and A·bi'hu, El·e·a'zar and Ith'a·mar, the sons of Aaron.
2296And you must make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and beauty.
2297And you yourself are to speak to all the ones wise with a heart that I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, and they must make Aaron's garments for sanctifying him, that he may act as priest to me.
2298"And these are the garments that they will make: a breastpiece, and an eph'od and a sleeveless coat and a robe of checkerwork, a turban and a sash; and they must make the holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may act as priest to me.
2299And they themselves will take the gold and the blue thread and the wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and the fine linen.
2300"And they must make the eph'od of gold, blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple, coccus scarlet material and fine twisted linen, the work of an embroiderer.
2301And it is to have two shoulder pieces to be joined at its two extremities, and it must be joined.
2302And the girdle, which is upon it for tying it close, according to its workmanship should be of its materials, of gold, blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine twisted linen.
2303"And you must take two onyx stones and engrave upon them the names of the sons of Israel,
2304six of their names upon the one stone and the names of the six remaining ones upon the other stone in the order of their births.
2305With the work of a craftsman in stones, with the engravings of a seal, you are to engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel. Set in settings of gold is how you will make them.
2306And you must put the two stones upon the shoulder pieces of the eph'od as memorial stones for the sons of Israel; and Aaron must carry their names before Jehovah upon his two shoulder pieces as a memorial.
2307And you must make settings of gold,
2308and two chains of pure gold. As cords you will make them, with the workmanship of a rope; and you must attach the ropelike chains to the settings.
2309"And you must make the breastpiece of judgment with the workmanship of an embroiderer. Like the workmanship of the eph'od you will make it. Of gold, blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine twisted linen you will make it.
2310It should be foursquare when doubled, a span of the hand being its length and a span of the hand its width.
2311And you must fill it with a filling of stones, there being four rows of stones. A row of ruby, topaz and emerald is the first row.
2312And the second row is turquoise, sapphire and jasper.
2313And the third row is lesh'em stone, agate and amethyst.
2314And the fourth row is chrys'o·lite and onyx and jade. Sockets of gold should be in their fillings.
2315And the stones should be according to the names of the sons of Israel, the twelve according to their names. With the engravings of a seal they should be, each one according to its name, for the twelve tribes.
2316"And you must make upon the breastpiece wreathed chains, in ropework, of pure gold.
2317And you must make upon the breastpiece two rings of gold, and you must put the two rings upon the two extremities of the breastpiece.
2318And you must put the two ropes of gold through the two rings at the extremities of the breastpiece.
2319And you will put the two ends of the two ropes through the two settings, and you must put them upon the shoulder pieces of the eph'od, at the forefront of it.
2320And you must make two rings of gold and set them at the two extremities of the breastpiece upon its edge that is on the side toward the eph'od inward.
2321And you must make two rings of gold and put them upon the two shoulder pieces of the eph'od from below, on its forefront, near its place of joining, above the girdle of the eph'od.
2322And they will bind the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the eph'od with a blue string, that it may continue above the girdle of the eph'od and the breastpiece may not get displaced from on top the eph'od.
2323"And Aaron must carry the names of the sons of Israel on the breastpiece of judgment over his heart when he comes into the Holy as a memorial before Jehovah constantly.
2324And you must put the U'rim and the Thum'mim into the breastpiece of judgment, and they must prove to be over Aaron's heart when he comes in before Jehovah; and Aaron must carry the judgments of the sons of Israel over his heart before Jehovah constantly.
2325"And you must make the sleeveless coat of the eph'od completely of blue thread.
2326And there must be an opening at its top in the middle of it. Its opening should have a border round about, the product of a loom worker. Like the opening of a coat of mail it should be for it, that it may not be torn.
2327And you must make upon the hem of it pomegranates of blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material, upon its hem round about, and bells of gold in between them round about;
2328a bell of gold and a pomegranate, a bell of gold and a pomegranate upon the hem of the sleeveless coat round about.
2329And it must be upon Aaron that he may minister, and the sound from him must be heard when he goes into the sanctuary before Jehovah and when he comes out, that he may not die.
2330"And you must make a shining plate of pure gold and engrave upon it with the engravings of a seal, 'Holiness belongs to Jehovah.'
2331And you must fasten it with a blue string, and it must come to be upon the turban. On the forefront of the turban it should come to be.
2332And it must come to be upon Aaron's forehead, and Aaron must answer for the error committed against the holy objects, which the sons of Israel will sanctify, that is to say, all their holy gifts; and it must stay upon his forehead constantly, to gain approval for them before Jehovah.
2333"And you must weave in checkerwork the robe of fine linen and make a turban of fine linen, and you will make a sash, the work of a weaver.
2334"And for Aaron's sons you will make robes, and you must make sashes for them, and you will make headgears for them for glory and beauty.
2335And with them you must clothe Aaron your brother and his sons with him, and you must anoint them and fill their hand with power and sanctify them, and they must act as priests to me.
2336And make drawers of linen for them to cover the naked flesh. From the hips and to the thighs they are to extend.
2337And they must be upon Aaron and his sons when they come into the tent of meeting or when they go near to the altar to minister in the holy place, that they may not incur error and certainly die. It is a statute to time indefinite for him and his offspring after him.
2338"And this is the thing that you are to do to them to sanctify them for acting as priests to me: Take a young bull, and two rams, sound ones,
2339and unfermented bread and unfermented ring-shaped cakes moistened with oil and unfermented wafers smeared with oil. Out of fine wheat flour you will make them.
2340And you must put them upon a basket and present them in the basket, and also the bull and the two rams.
2341"And you will present Aaron and his sons at the entrance of the tent of meeting, and you must wash them with water.
2342Then you must take the garments and clothe Aaron with the robe and the sleeveless coat of the eph'od and with the eph'od and the breastpiece, and you must tie it closely to him with the girdle of the eph'od.
2343And you must set the turban upon his head and put the holy sign of dedication upon the turban.
2344And you must take the anointing oil and pour it upon his head and anoint him.
2345"Then you will bring his sons near and you must clothe them with the robes.
2346And you must gird them with the sashes, Aaron as well as his sons, and you must wrap the headgear upon them; and the priesthood must become theirs as a statute to time indefinite. So you must fill the hand of Aaron and the hand of his sons with power.
2347"You must now present the bull before the tent of meeting, and Aaron and his sons must lay their hands upon the bull's head.
2348And you must slaughter the bull before Jehovah, at the entrance of the tent of meeting.
2349And you must take some of the bull's blood and put it with your finger upon the horns of the altar, and all the rest of the blood you will pour out at the base of the altar.
2350And you must take all the fat that covers the intestines, and the appendage upon the liver, and the two kidneys and the fat that is upon them, and you must make them smoke upon the altar.
2351But the bull's flesh and its skin and its dung you will burn with fire outside the camp. It is a sin offering.
2352"Then you will take the one ram, and Aaron and his sons must lay their hands upon the ram's head.
2353And you must slaughter the ram and take its blood and sprinkle it round about upon the altar.
2354And you will cut up the ram into its pieces, and you must wash its intestines and its shanks and put its pieces to one another and up to its head.
2355And you must make the entire ram smoke upon the altar. It is a burnt offering to Jehovah, a restful odor. It is an offering made by fire to Jehovah.
2356"Next you must take the other ram, and Aaron and his sons must lay their hands upon the ram's head.
2357And you must slaughter the ram and take some of its blood and put it upon the lobe of Aaron's right ear and upon the lobe of his sons' right ear and upon the thumb of their right hand and the big toe of their right foot, and you must sprinkle the blood round about upon the altar.
2358And you must take some of the blood that is upon the altar and some of the anointing oil, and you must spatter it upon Aaron and his garments and upon his sons and the garments of his sons with him, that he and his garments and his sons and the garments of his sons with him may indeed be holy.
2359"And you must take from the ram the fat and the fat tail and the fat that covers the intestines, and the appendage of the liver, and the two kidneys and the fat that is upon them, and the right leg, for it is a ram of installation;
2360also a round loaf of bread and a ring-shaped cake of oiled bread and a wafer out of the basket of unfermented cakes that is before Jehovah.
2361And you must place them all upon the palms of Aaron and upon the palms of his sons, and you must wave them to and fro as a wave offering before Jehovah.
2362And you must take them off their hands and make them smoke upon the altar upon the burnt offering as a restful odor before Jehovah. It is an offering made by fire to Jehovah.
2363"And you must take the breast of the ram of installation, which is for Aaron, and wave it to and fro as a wave offering before Jehovah, and it must become your portion.
2364And you must sanctify the breast of the wave offering and the leg of the sacred portion that was waved and that was contributed from the ram of installation, from what was for Aaron and from what was for his sons.
2365And it must become Aaron's and his sons' by a regulation to time indefinite to be performed by the sons of Israel, because it is a sacred portion; and it will become a sacred portion to be rendered by the sons of Israel. From their communion sacrifices it is their sacred portion for Jehovah.
2366"And the holy garments that are Aaron's will serve for his sons after him to anoint them in them and to fill their hand with power in them.
2367Seven days the priest who succeeds him from among his sons and who comes into the tent of meeting to minister in the holy place will wear them.
2368"And you will take the ram of installation, and you must boil its flesh in a holy place.
2369And Aaron and his sons must eat the flesh of the ram and the bread that is in the basket at the entrance of the tent of meeting.
2370And they must eat the things with which atonement has been made to fill their hand with power, in order to sanctify them. But a stranger may not eat them, because they are something holy.
2371And if any of the flesh of the installation sacrifice and of the bread should be left over until the morning, then you must burn what is left over with fire. It must not be eaten, because it is something holy.
2372"And you must do this way to Aaron and his sons according to all that I have commanded you. You will take seven days to fill their hand with power.
2373And you will offer the bull of the sin offering daily for an atonement, and you must purify the altar from sin by your making atonement over it, and you must anoint it to sanctify it.
2374You will take seven days to make atonement over the altar, and you must sanctify it that it may indeed become a most holy altar. Anyone who touches the altar is to be holy.
2375"And this is what you will offer upon the altar: young rams each a year old, two a day constantly.
2376And you will offer the one young ram in the morning, and you will offer the other young ram between the two evenings.
2377And a tenth part of an e'phah measure of fine flour moistened with the fourth of a hin of beaten oil, and a drink offering of the fourth of a hin of wine, will go for the first young ram.
2378And you will offer the second young ram between the two evenings. With a grain offering like that of the morning and with a drink offering like its, you will render it as a restful odor, an offering made by fire to Jehovah.
2379It is a constant burnt offering throughout YOUR generations at the entrance of the tent of meeting before Jehovah, where I shall present myself to YOU people to speak to you there.
2380"And I will present myself there to the sons of Israel, and it will certainly be sanctified by my glory.
2381And I will sanctify the tent of meeting and the altar; and I shall sanctify Aaron and his sons for them to act as priests to me.
2382And I will tabernacle in the midst of the sons of Israel, and I will prove to be their God.
2383And they will certainly know that I am Jehovah their God, who brought them out of the land of Egypt that I may tabernacle in the midst of them. I am Jehovah their God.
2384"And you must make an altar as a place for burning incense; out of acacia wood you will make it.
2385A cubit in length and a cubit in width, it should be foursquare, and its height two cubits. Its horns extend out of it.
2386And you must overlay it with pure gold, its top surface and its sides round about and its horns; and you must make a border of gold round about for it.
2387You will also make for it two rings of gold. Down below its border upon two of its sides you will make them, upon two opposite sides of it, as they must serve as supports for the poles with which to carry it.
2388And you must make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.
2389And you must put it before the curtain that is near the ark of the testimony, before the cover that is over the Testimony, where I shall present myself to you.
2390"And Aaron must make perfumed incense smoke upon it. Morning by morning, when he dresses the lamps, he will make it smoke.
2391And when Aaron lights up the lamps between the two evenings, he will make it smoke. It is an incense constantly before Jehovah during YOUR generations.
2392YOU must not offer upon it illegitimate incense or a burnt offering or a grain offering; and YOU must not pour a drink offering upon it.
2393And Aaron must make atonement upon its horns once a year. With some of the blood of the sin offering of the atonement he will make atonement for it once a year during YOUR generations. It is most holy to Jehovah."
2394And Jehovah went on to speak to Moses, saying:
2395"Whenever you take the sum of the sons of Israel as a census of them, then they must each give a ransom for his soul to Jehovah when taking a census of them, that there may come to be no plague upon them when taking a census of them.
2396This is what all those will give who pass over to those numbered: a half shekel by the shekel of the holy place. Twenty ge'rahs equal a shekel. A half shekel is the contribution to Jehovah.
2397Everyone passing over to those registered from twenty years old and upward will give Jehovah's contribution.
2398The rich should not give more, and the lowly must not give less than the half shekel, in order to give Jehovah's contribution so as to make atonement for YOUR souls.
2399And you must take the silver money of the atonement from the sons of Israel and give it in behalf of the service of the tent of meeting, that it may indeed serve as a memorial before Jehovah for the sons of Israel, to make atonement for YOUR souls."
2400And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
2401"You must make a basin of copper and its stand of copper for washing, and you must put it between the tent of meeting and the altar and put water into it.
2402And Aaron and his sons must wash their hands and their feet at it.
2403When they go into the tent of meeting they will wash with water that they may not die, or when they go near the altar to minister in order to make an offering made by fire smoke to Jehovah.
2404And they must wash their hands and their feet that they may not die, and it must serve as a regulation to time indefinite for them, for him and his offspring throughout their generations."
2405And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
2406"As for you, take to yourself the choicest perfumes: myrrh in congealed drops five hundred units, and sweet cinnamon in half that amount, two hundred and fifty units, and sweet calamus two hundred and fifty units,
2407and cassia five hundred units by the shekel of the holy place, and olive oil a hin.
2408Then you must make out of it a holy anointing oil, an ointment, a mixture that is the work of an ointment maker. It is to be a holy anointing oil.
2409"And you must anoint with it the tent of meeting and the ark of the testimony,
2410and the table and all its utensils and the lampstand and its utensils and the altar of incense,
2411and the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils and the basin and its stand.
2412And you must sanctify them that they may indeed become most holy. Anyone touching them is to be holy.
2413And you will anoint Aaron and his sons, and you must sanctify them for acting as priests to me.
2414"And you will speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'This is to continue as a holy anointing oil to me during YOUR generations.
2415It is not to be rubbed in the flesh of mankind, and with its composition YOU must not make any like it. It is something holy. It is to continue as something holy for YOU.
2416Anyone who makes an ointment like it and who puts some of it upon a stranger must be cut off from his people.'"
2417And Jehovah went on to say to Moses: "Take to yourself perfumes: stacte drops and onycha and perfumed galbanum and pure frankincense. There should be the same portion of each.
2418And you must make it into an incense, a spice mixture, the work of an ointment maker, salted, pure, something holy.
2419And you must pound some of it into fine powder and put some of it before the Testimony in the tent of meeting, where I shall present myself to you. It should be most holy to YOU people.
2420And the incense that you will make with this composition, YOU must not make for yourselves. For you it is to continue as something holy to Jehovah.
2421Whoever makes any like it to enjoy its smell must be cut off from his people."
2422And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
2423"See, I do call by name Bez'al·el the son of U'ri the son of Hur of the tribe of Judah.
2424And I shall fill him with the spirit of God in wisdom and in understanding and in knowledge and in every kind of craftsmanship,
2425for designing devices, for working in gold and silver and copper,
2426and in working of stones to set them and in working of wood to make products of every kind.
2427As for me, look! I do put with him O·ho'li·ab the son of A·his'a·mach of the tribe of Dan, and in the heart of everyone wise of heart I do put wisdom, that they may indeed make everything I have commanded you:
2428the tent of meeting and the Ark for the testimony and the cover that is upon it, and all the utensils of the tent,
2429and the table and its utensils, and the lampstand of pure gold and all its utensils, and the altar of incense,
2430and the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils, and the basin and its stand,
2431and the garments of knitted work and the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments of his sons for acting as priests;
2432and the anointing oil and the perfumed incense for the sanctuary. According to everything I have commanded you they will do."
2433And Jehovah said further to Moses:
2434"As for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'Especially my sabbaths YOU are to keep, for it is a sign between me and YOU during YOUR generations that YOU may know that I Jehovah am sanctifying YOU.
2435And YOU must keep the sabbath, for it is something holy to YOU. A profaner of it will positively be put to death. In case there is anyone doing work on it, then that soul must be cut off from the midst of his people.
2436Six days may work be done, but on the seventh day is a sabbath of complete rest. It is something holy to Jehovah. Anyone doing work on the sabbath day will positively be put to death.
2437And the sons of Israel must keep the sabbath, so as to carry out the sabbath during their generations. It is a covenant to time indefinite.
2438Between me and the sons of Israel it is a sign to time indefinite, because in six days Jehovah made the heavens and the earth and on the seventh day he rested and proceeded to refresh himself.'"
2439Now as soon as he had finished speaking with him on Mount Si'nai he proceeded to give Moses two tablets of the Testimony, tablets of stone written on by God's finger.
2440Meanwhile the people got to see that Moses was taking a long time about coming down from the mountain. So the people congregated themselves about Aaron and said to him: "Get up, make for us a god who will go ahead of us, because as regards this Moses, the man who led us up out of the land of Egypt, we certainly do not know what has happened to him."
2441At this Aaron said to them: "Tear off the gold earrings that are in the ears of YOUR wives, of YOUR sons and of YOUR daughters and bring them to me."
2442And all the people began tearing off the gold earrings that were in their ears and bringing them to Aaron.
2443Then he took [the gold] from their hands, and he formed it with a graving tool and proceeded to make it into a molten statue of a calf. And they began to say: "This is your God, O Israel, who led you up out of the land of Egypt."
2444When Aaron got to see this, he went to building an altar before it. Finally Aaron called out and said: "There is a festival to Jehovah tomorrow."
2445So on the next day they were early in rising, and they began offering up burnt offerings and presenting communion sacrifices. After that the people sat down to eat and drink. Then they got up to have a good time.
2446Jehovah now said to Moses: "Go, descend, because your people whom you led up out of the land of Egypt have acted ruinously.
2447They have turned aside in a hurry from the way I have commanded them to go. They have made a molten statue of a calf for themselves and keep bowing down to it and sacrificing to it and saying, 'This is your God, O Israel, who led you up out of the land of Egypt.'"
2448And Jehovah went on to say to Moses: "I have looked at this people and here it is a stiff-necked people.
2449So now let me be, that my anger may blaze against them and I may exterminate them, and let me make you into a great nation."
2450And Moses proceeded to soften the face of Jehovah his God and to say: "Why, O Jehovah, should your anger blaze against your people whom you brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a strong hand?
2451Why should the Egyptians say, 'With evil intent he brought them out in order to kill them among the mountains and to exterminate them from the surface of the ground'? Turn from your burning anger and feel regret over the evil against your people.
2452Remember Abraham, Isaac and Israel your servants, to whom you swore by yourself, in that you said to them, 'I shall multiply YOUR seed like the stars of the heavens, and all this land that I have designated I shall give to YOUR seed, that they may indeed take possession of it to time indefinite.'"
2453And Jehovah began to feel regret over the evil that he had spoken of doing to his people.
2454After that Moses turned and went down from the mountain with the two tablets of the Testimony in his hand, tablets written upon on both their sides. On this side and on that they were written upon.
2455And the tablets were the workmanship of God, and the writing was the writing of God engraved upon the tablets.
2456And Joshua began to hear the noise of the people because of their shouting, and he proceeded to say to Moses: "There is a noise of battle in the camp."
2457But he said:"It is not the sound of the singing over mighty performance,And it is not the sound of the singing of defeat;It is the sound of other singing that I am hearing."
2458So it came about that as soon as he got near the camp and could see the calf and the dances, Moses' anger began to blaze, and he at once threw the tablets from his hands and shattered them at the foot of the mountain.
2459Then he took the calf that they had made and he burnt it with fire and crushed it till it was fine, after which he scattered it upon the surface of the waters and made the sons of Israel drink it.
2460After that Moses said to Aaron: "What did this people do to you that you have brought a great sin upon it?"
2461To this Aaron said: "Do not let the anger of my lord blaze. You yourself well know the people, that they are evil-inclined.
2462So they said to me, 'Make for us a god who will go ahead of us, because as regards this Moses, the man who led us up out of the land of Egypt, we certainly do not know what has happened to him.'
2463Hence I said to them, 'Who have any gold? They must tear it off themselves that they may give it to me.' And I proceeded to throw it into the fire and this calf came on out."
2464And Moses got to see that the people went unrestrained, because Aaron had let them go unrestrained for a disgrace among their opposers.
2465Then Moses took his stand in the gate of the camp and said: "Who is on Jehovah's side? To me!" And all the sons of Le'vi began gathering themselves to him.
2466He now said to them: "This is what Jehovah the God of Israel has said, 'Put each one of YOU his sword on his side. Pass through and return from gate to gate in the camp and kill each one his brother and each one his fellow and each one his intimate acquaintance.'"
2467And the sons of Le'vi proceeded to do as Moses had said, so that there fell of the people on that day about three thousand men.
2468And Moses went on to say: "Fill YOUR hand today with power for Jehovah, because each one of YOU is against his own son and his own brother, and that he may confer a blessing upon YOU today."
2469And it came about on the very next day that Moses proceeded to say to the people: "YOU-YOU have sinned with a great sin, and now I shall go up to Jehovah. Perhaps I can make amends for YOUR sin."
2470So Moses returned to Jehovah and said: "Ah, but this people has sinned with a great sin, in that they made a god of gold for themselves!
2471But now if you will pardon their sin,-and if not, wipe me out, please, from your book that you have written."
2472However, Jehovah said to Moses: "Whoever has sinned against me, I shall wipe him out of my book.
2473And now, come, lead the people to where I have spoken to you of. Look! My angel will go ahead of you, and on the day of my bringing punishment I shall certainly bring punishment upon them for their sin."
2474And Jehovah began plaguing the people because they had made the calf, which Aaron had made.
2475And Jehovah said further to Moses: "Go, move up from here, you and the people whom you led up out of the land of Egypt, to the land about which I swore to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, saying, 'To your seed I shall give it.'
2476And I will send an angel ahead of you and drive out the Ca'naan·ites, the Am'or·ites, and the Hit'tites and the Per'iz·zites, the Hi'vites and the Jeb'u·sites;
2477to a land flowing with milk and honey, for I shall not go up in the midst of you, because you are a stiff-necked people, that I may not exterminate you on the way."
2478When the people got to hear this evil word, they began to mourn; and none of them put his ornaments on himself.
2479And Jehovah went on to say to Moses: "Say to the sons of Israel, 'YOU are a stiff-necked people. In one moment I could go up into the midst of you and certainly exterminate you. So now put down your ornaments off yourself, as I want to know what I am going to do to you.'"
2480And the sons of Israel went stripping their ornaments off themselves from Mount Ho'reb onward.
2481As for Moses, he proceeded to take his tent away and he pitched it outside the camp, far away from the camp; and he called it a tent of meeting. And it occurred that everyone inquiring of Jehovah would go out to the tent of meeting, which was outside the camp.
2482And it occurred that as soon as Moses went out to the tent, all the people would rise, and they stationed themselves each one at the entrance of his own tent, and they gazed after Moses until he went into the tent.
2483It also occurred that as soon as Moses had gone into the tent, the pillar of cloud would come down, and it stood at the entrance of the tent and he spoke with Moses.
2484And all the people saw the pillar of cloud standing at the entrance of the tent, and all the people rose and bowed down each one at the entrance of his own tent.
2485And Jehovah spoke to Moses face to face, just as a man would speak to his fellow. When he returned to the camp, his minister Joshua, the son of Nun, as attendant, would not withdraw from the midst of the tent.
2486Now Moses said to Jehovah: "See, you are saying to me, 'Lead this people up,' but you yourself have not let me know whom you will send with me. Moreover, you yourself have said, 'I do know you by name and, besides, you have found favor in my eyes.'
2487And now, if, please, I have found favor in your eyes, make me know, please, your ways, that I may know you, in order that I may find favor in your eyes. And consider that this nation is your people."
2488So he said: "My own person will go along and I shall certainly give you rest."
2489At this he said to him: "If your own person is not going along, do not lead us up from here.
2490And by what, now, will it be known that I have found favor in your eyes, I and your people? Is it not by your going along with us, in that I and your people have been made distinct from all the other people who are upon the surface of the ground?"
2491And Jehovah went on to say to Moses: "This thing, too, of which you have spoken, I shall do, because you have found favor in my eyes and I know you by name."
2492At this he said: "Cause me to see, please, your glory."
2493But he said: "I myself shall cause all my goodness to pass before your face, and I will declare the name of Jehovah before you; and I will favor the one whom I may favor, and I will show mercy to the one to whom I may show mercy."
2494And he added: "You are not able to see my face, because no man may see me and yet live."
2495And Jehovah said further: "Here is a place with me, and you must station yourself upon the rock.
2496And it has to occur that while my glory is passing by I must place you in a hole in the rock, and I must put my palm over you as a screen until I have passed by.
2497After that I must take my palm away, and you will indeed see my back. But my face may not be seen."
2498Then Jehovah said to Moses: "Carve out for yourself two tablets of stone like the first ones, and I must write upon the tablets the words that appeared on the first tablets, which you shattered.
2499And get ready for the morning, as you must go up in the morning into Mount Si'nai and station yourself by me there on the top of the mountain.
2500But nobody may go up with you and, too, let nobody else be seen in all the mountain. What is more, no flock or herd should be pasturing in front of that mountain."
2501Accordingly Moses carved out two tablets of stone like the first ones and got up early in the morning and went on up into Mount Si'nai, just as Jehovah had commanded him, and he was taking the two tablets of stone in his hand.
2502And Jehovah proceeded to come down in the cloud and station himself with him there and declare the name of Jehovah.
2503And Jehovah went passing by before his face and declaring: "Jehovah, Jehovah, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger and abundant in loving-kindness and truth,
2504preserving loving-kindness for thousands, pardoning error and transgression and sin, but by no means will he give exemption from punishment, bringing punishment for the error of fathers upon sons and upon grandsons, upon the third generation and upon the fourth generation."
2505Moses at once hurried to bow low to the earth and prostrate himself.
2506Then he said: "If, now, I have found favor in your eyes, O Jehovah, let Jehovah, please, go along in the midst of us, because it is a stiff-necked people, and you have to forgive our error and our sin, and you must take us as your possession."
2507In turn he said: "Here I am concluding a covenant: Before all your people I shall do wonderful things that have never been created in all the earth or among all the nations; and all the people in the midst of whom you are will indeed see the work of Jehovah, because it is a fear-inspiring thing that I am doing with you.
2508"For your part keep what I am commanding you today. Here I am driving out from before you the Am'or·ites and the Ca'naan·ites and the Hit'tites and the Per'iz·zites and the Hi'vites and the Jeb'u·sites.
2509Watch yourself that you do not conclude a covenant with the inhabitants of the land to which you are going, for fear it may prove itself a snare in your midst.
2510But their altars YOU people are to pull down, and their sacred pillars YOU are to shatter, and their sacred poles YOU are to cut down.
2511For you must not prostrate yourself to another god, because Jehovah, whose name is Jealous, he is a jealous God;
2512for fear that you may conclude a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, as they will certainly have immoral intercourse with their gods and sacrifice to their gods, and someone will be certain to invite you, and you will certainly eat some of his sacrifice.
2513Then you will have to take some of their daughters for your sons, and their daughters will be certain to have immoral intercourse with their gods and make your sons have immoral intercourse with their gods.
2514"You must not make molten idol gods for yourself.
2515"The festival of unfermented cakes you are to keep. You will eat unfermented cakes, just as I have commanded you, seven days at the appointed time in the month of A'bib, because it was in the month of A'bib that you came out of Egypt.
2516"Everything that first opens the womb is mine, and, as regards all your livestock, the male firstling of bull and of sheep.
2517And the firstling of an ass you are to redeem with a sheep. But if you will not redeem it, then you must break its neck. Every firstborn of your sons you are to redeem. And they must not appear before me empty-handed.
2518"Six days you are to labor, but on the seventh day you will keep sabbath. In plowing time and in harvest you will keep sabbath.
2519"And you will carry on your festival of weeks with the first ripe fruits of the wheat harvest, and the festival of ingathering at the turn of the year.
2520"Three times in the year every male of yours is to appear before the [true] Lord, Jehovah, the God of Israel.
2521For I shall drive the nations away from before you, and I will make your territory spacious; and nobody will desire your land while you are going up to see the face of Jehovah your God three times in the year.
2522"You must not slaughter along with what is leavened the blood of my sacrifice. And the sacrifice of the festival of the passover should not stay overnight until the morning.
2523"The best of the first ripe fruits of your soil you are to bring to the house of Jehovah your God."You must not boil a kid in its mother's milk."
2524And Jehovah went on to say to Moses: "Write down for yourself these words, because it is in accordance with these words that I do conclude a covenant with you and Israel."
2525And he continued there with Jehovah forty days and forty nights. He ate no bread and he drank no water. And he proceeded to write upon the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Words.
2526Now it came about when Moses came down from Mount Si'nai that the two tablets of the Testimony were in the hand of Moses when he came down from the mountain, and Moses did not know that the skin of his face emitted rays because of his having spoken with him.
2527When Aaron and all the sons of Israel got to see Moses, why, look! the skin of his face emitted rays and they grew afraid of coming near to him.
2528And Moses proceeded to call them. So Aaron and all the chieftains among the assembly came back to him, and Moses began to speak to them.
2529First after that all the sons of Israel came near to him, and he began commanding them all that Jehovah had spoken with him on Mount Si'nai.
2530When Moses would finish speaking with them, he would put a veil over his face.
2531But when Moses would go in before Jehovah to speak with him, he would take away the veil until his going out. And he went out and spoke to the sons of Israel what he would be commanded.
2532And the sons of Israel saw Moses' face, that the skin of Moses' face emitted rays; and Moses put the veil back over his face until he went in to speak with him.
2533Later Moses called the entire assembly of the sons of Israel together and said to them: "These are the words that Jehovah has commanded, to do them:
2534Six days may work be done, but on the seventh day it will become something holy to YOU, a sabbath of complete rest to Jehovah. Anybody doing work on it will be put to death.
2535YOU must not light a fire in any of YOUR dwelling places on the sabbath day."
2536And Moses went on to say to the entire assembly of the sons of Israel: "This is the word that Jehovah has commanded, saying,
2537'From among yourselves take up a contribution for Jehovah. Let every willing-hearted one bring it as Jehovah's contribution, namely, gold and silver and copper
2538and blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine linen and goat's hair
2539and ram skins dyed red and sealskins and acacia wood
2540and oil for the luminary and balsam oil for the anointing oil and for the perfumed incense
2541and onyx stones and setting stones for the eph'od and for the breastpiece.
2542"'And let all the wise-hearted ones among YOU come and make all that Jehovah has commanded,
2543namely, the tabernacle with its tent and its covering, its hooks and its panel frames, its bars, its pillars and its socket pedestals;
2544the Ark and its poles, the cover and the curtain of the screen;
2545the table and its poles and all its utensils and the showbread;
2546and the lampstand of illumination and its utensils and its lamps and the oil for illumination;
2547and the altar of incense and its poles; and the anointing oil and the perfumed incense; and the screen of the entrance for the tabernacle's entrance;
2548the altar of burnt offering and the copper grating that is for it, its poles and all its utensils; the basin and its stand;
2549the hangings of the courtyard, its pillars and its socket pedestals; and the screen of the gate of the courtyard;
2550the tent pins of the tabernacle and the tent pins of the courtyard and their cords;
2551the garments of knitted work for ministering in the sanctuary, the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments of his sons for acting as priests.'"
2552Accordingly all the assembly of the sons of Israel went out from before Moses.
2553Then they came, everyone whose heart impelled him, and they brought, everyone whose spirit incited him, Jehovah's contribution for the work of the tent of meeting and for all its service and for the holy garments.
2554And they kept coming, the men along with the women, every willing-hearted one. They brought brooches and earrings and rings and female ornaments, all sorts of articles of gold, that is, everyone who presented the wave offering of gold to Jehovah.
2555And all those with whom there were found blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine linen and goat's hair and ram skins dyed red and sealskins, brought them.
2556All those contributing the contribution of silver and copper brought Jehovah's contribution, and all those with whom there was found acacia wood for all the work of the service brought it.
2557And all the women who were wise of heart spun with their hands, and they kept bringing as yarn the blue thread and the wool dyed reddish purple, the coccus scarlet material and the fine linen.
2558And all the women whose hearts impelled them with wisdom spun the goat's hair.
2559And the chieftains brought onyx stones and setting stones for the eph'od and the breastpiece,
2560and the balsam oil and the oil for illumination and for the anointing oil and for the perfumed incense.
2561Every man and woman whose hearts incited them to bring something for all the work that Jehovah had commanded to make by means of Moses did so; the sons of Israel brought a voluntary offering to Jehovah.
2562Then Moses said to the sons of Israel: "See, Jehovah has called by name Bez'al·el the son of U'ri the son of Hur of the tribe of Judah.
2563And he proceeded to fill him with the spirit of God in wisdom, in understanding and in knowledge and in every sort of craftsmanship
2564and for designing devices, for working in gold and silver and copper,
2565and in working of stones to set them and in working of wood to make ingenious products of every sort.
2566And he has put it into his heart that he should teach, he and O·ho'li·ab the son of A·his'a·mach of the tribe of Dan.
2567He has filled them with wisdom of heart to do all the work of a craftsman and an embroiderer and of a weaver in blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple, in coccus scarlet material and fine linen, and of a loom worker, men doing every sort of work and designing devices.
2568"And Bez'al·el must work, also O·ho'li·ab and every wise-hearted man to whom Jehovah has given wisdom and understanding in these things in order to know how to do all the work of the holy service according to all that Jehovah has commanded."
2569And Moses proceeded to call Bez'al·el and O·ho'li·ab and every wise-hearted man into whose heart Jehovah had put wisdom, everyone whose heart impelled him to approach the work in order to do it.
2570Then they took from before Moses all the contribution that the sons of Israel had brought for the work of the holy service so as to do it, and, as for the latter, they still brought to him a voluntary offering morning after morning.
2571And all the wise ones who were doing all the holy work began to come, one man after another, from their work that they were doing,
2572and to say to Moses: "The people are bringing much more than what the service needs for the work that Jehovah has commanded to be done."
2573So Moses commanded that they should cause an announcement to pass through the camp, saying: "Men and women, do not produce any more stuff for the holy contribution." With that the people were restrained from bringing it in.
2574And the stuff proved to be enough for all the work to be done, and more than enough.
2575And all the wise-hearted among those doing the work went making the tabernacle, the ten tent cloths of fine twisted linen and blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material; with cherubs, the work of an embroiderer, he made them.
2576The length of each tent cloth was twenty-eight cubits, and the width of each tent cloth four cubits. There was one measure for all the tent cloths.
2577Then he joined five tent cloths one to another, and the five other tent cloths he joined one to another.
2578After that he made loops of blue thread upon the edge of the one tent cloth at the junction end. He did the same on the edge of the outermost tent cloth at the other place of junction.
2579He made fifty loops on the one tent cloth, and he made fifty loops on the extremity of the tent cloth that was at the other place of junction, the loops being opposite one another.
2580Finally he made fifty hooks of gold and joined the tent cloths to one another by the hooks, so that it became one tabernacle.
2581And he went on to make tent cloths of goat's hair for the tent upon the tabernacle. Eleven tent cloths were what he made.
2582The length of each tent cloth was thirty cubits, and the width of each tent cloth four cubits. There was one measure for the eleven tent cloths.
2583Then he joined five tent cloths together by themselves and the six other tent cloths by themselves.
2584Next he made fifty loops upon the edge of the outermost tent cloth at the place of junction, and he made fifty loops upon the edge of the other tent cloth that joined with it.
2585After that he made fifty hooks of copper for joining the tent together to become one piece.
2586And he proceeded to make a covering for the tent out of ram skins dyed red and a covering out of sealskins up on top.
2587Then he made the panel frames for the tabernacle out of acacia wood, standing on end.
2588Ten cubits was the length of a panel frame, and one cubit and a half the width of each panel frame.
2589Each panel frame had two tenons fitted one to the other. That is the way he did to all the panel frames of the tabernacle.
2590So he made the panel frames for the tabernacle, twenty panel frames for the side toward the Neg'eb, to the south.
2591And he made forty socket pedestals of silver for beneath the twenty panel frames, two socket pedestals beneath the one panel frame with its two tenons and two socket pedestals beneath the other panel frame with its two tenons.
2592And for the other side of the tabernacle, the northern side, he made twenty panel frames
2593and their forty socket pedestals of silver, two socket pedestals beneath the one panel frame and two socket pedestals beneath the other panel frame.
2594And for the rear sections of the tabernacle to the west he made six panel frames.
2595And he made two panel frames as corner posts of the tabernacle on its two rear sections.
2596And they proved to be duplicates at the bottom and together they came to be twins to the top of each one at the first ring. That is what he did to them both, to the two corner posts.
2597So they amounted to eight panel frames and their socket pedestals of silver to sixteen, two socket pedestals next to two socket pedestals beneath each panel frame.
2598And he went on to make bars of acacia wood, five for the panel frames of the one side of the tabernacle
2599and five bars for the panel frames of the other side of the tabernacle and five bars for the panel frames of the tabernacle for the two rear sections to the west.
2600Then he made the middle bar to run through at the middle of the panel frames from one end to the other.
2601And he overlaid the panel frames with gold, and he made their rings of gold as supports for the bars, and he went on to overlay the bars with gold.
2602And he proceeded to make a curtain of blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine twisted linen. With the work of an embroiderer he made it with cherubs.
2603Then he made for it four acacia pillars and overlaid them with gold, their pegs being of gold, and cast four socket pedestals of silver for them.
2604And he went on to make a screen for the entrance of the tent out of blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine twisted linen, the work of a weaver,
2605and its five pillars and their pegs. And he overlaid their tops and their joints with gold, but their five socket pedestals were of copper.
2606Bez'al·el now made the Ark of acacia wood. Two cubits and a half was its length, and a cubit and a half its width, and a cubit and a half its height.
2607Then he overlaid it with pure gold inside and outside and made a border of gold round about for it.
2608After that he cast four rings of gold for it, for above its four feet, with two rings on its one side and two rings on its other side.
2609He next made poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with gold.
2610Then he put the poles through the rings on the sides of the Ark for carrying the Ark.
2611And he went on to make the cover of pure gold. Two cubits and a half was its length, and a cubit and a half its width.
2612He further made two cherubs of gold. Of hammered work he made them on both ends of the cover.
2613One cherub was on the end over there, and the other cherub on the end over here. He made the cherubs on the cover on both of its ends.
2614And they came to be cherubs spreading out two wings upward, screening over the cover with their wings, and their faces were one to the other. The faces of the cherubs proved to be toward the cover.
2615And he proceeded to make the table of acacia wood. Two cubits was its length, and a cubit its width, and a cubit and a half its height.
2616Then he overlaid it with pure gold and made a border of gold round about for it.
2617Next he made for it a rim of a handbreadth round about and made a border of gold for its rim round about.
2618Further, he cast four rings of gold for it and put the rings upon the four corners that were for the four feet.
2619The rings proved to be near the rim, as supports for the poles for carrying the table.
2620Then he made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with gold for carrying the table.
2621After that he made the utensils that are upon the table, its dishes and its cups and its bowls and its pitchers with which [libations] would be poured, out of pure gold.
2622Then he made the lampstand of pure gold. Of hammered work he made the lampstand. Its sides and its branches, its cups, its knobs and its blossoms proceeded out of it.
2623And six branches were running out from its sides, three branches of the lampstand out from its one side and three branches of the lampstand out from its other side.
2624Three cups shaped like flowers of almond were on the one set of branches, with knobs and blossoms alternating; and three cups shaped like flowers of almond were on the other set of branches, with knobs and blossoms alternating. That is the way it was for the six branches running out from the lampstand.
2625And on the lampstand there were four cups shaped like flowers of almond, with its knobs and its blossoms alternating.
2626And the knob under two branches was out of it, and the knob under two other branches was out of it, and the knob under two more branches was out of it, for the six branches running out from the lampstand.
2627Their knobs and their branches proceeded out from it. All of it was one piece of hammered work, of pure gold.
2628Then he made its seven lamps and its snuffers and its fire holders out of pure gold.
2629Of a talent of pure gold he made it and all its utensils.
2630He now made the altar of incense out of acacia wood. A cubit was its length and a cubit its width, it being foursquare, and two cubits was its height. Its horns proceeded out of it.
2631Then he overlaid it with pure gold, its top surface and its sides round about and its horns, and he made a border of gold round about for it.
2632And he made for it two rings of gold down below its border upon two of its sides, upon two opposite sides of it, as supports for the poles with which to carry it.
2633After that he made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with gold.
2634He made additionally the holy anointing oil and the pure, perfumed incense, the work of an ointment maker.
2635And he went on to make the altar of burnt offering out of acacia wood. Five cubits was its length, and five cubits its width, it being foursquare, and three cubits was its height.
2636Then he made its horns upon its four corners. Its horns proceeded out of it. Next he overlaid it with copper.
2637After that he made all the utensils of the altar, the cans and the shovels and the bowls, the forks and the fire holders. All its utensils he made of copper.
2638He further made for the altar a grating, a network of copper, under its rim, down toward its center.
2639Then he cast four rings on the four extremities near the grating of copper, as supports for the poles.
2640After that he made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with copper.
2641Then he put the poles into the rings on the sides of the altar for carrying it with them. He made it a hollow chest of planks.
2642Then he made the basin of copper and its stand of copper, by the use of the mirrors of the women servants who did organized service at the entrance of the tent of meeting.
2643And he proceeded to make the courtyard. For the side toward the Neg'eb, to the south, the hangings of the courtyard were of fine twisted linen, for a hundred cubits.
2644Their twenty pillars and their twenty socket pedestals were of copper. The pegs of the pillars and their joints were of silver.
2645Also, for the north side there were a hundred cubits. Their twenty pillars and their twenty socket pedestals were of copper. The pegs of the pillars and their joints were of silver.
2646But for the west side the hangings were for fifty cubits. Their pillars were ten and their socket pedestals ten. The pegs of the pillars and their joints were of silver.
2647And for the east side toward the sunrising there were fifty cubits.
2648The hangings were for fifteen cubits to the one wing. Their pillars were three and their socket pedestals three.
2649And for the other wing, on this as well as that side, of the gate of the courtyard, the hangings were for fifteen cubits. Their pillars were three and their socket pedestals three.
2650All the hangings of the courtyard round about were of fine twisted linen.
2651And the socket pedestals for the pillars were of copper. The pegs of the pillars and their joints were of silver and the overlaying of their tops was of silver, and there were silver joinings for all the pillars of the courtyard.
2652And the screen of the gate of the courtyard was the work of a weaver, of blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine twisted linen, and twenty cubits was the length, and the height throughout its extent was five cubits equally with the hangings of the courtyard.
2653And their four pillars and their four socket pedestals were of copper. Their pegs were of silver and the overlaying of their heads and their joints were of silver.
2654And all the tent pins for the tabernacle and for the courtyard round about were of copper.
2655The following are the things inventoried of the tabernacle, the tabernacle of the Testimony, which was inventoried at the command of Moses, as the service of the Levites under the guidance of Ith'a·mar the son of Aaron the priest.
2656And Bez'al·el the son of U'ri the son of Hur of the tribe of Judah did all that Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2657And with him was O·ho'li·ab the son of A·his'a·mach of the tribe of Dan, a craftsman and embroiderer and weaver in the blue thread and the wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine linen.
2658All the gold that was used for the work in all the work of the holy place came to the amount of the gold of the wave offering, twenty-nine talents and seven hundred and thirty shekels by the shekel of the holy place.
2659And the silver of the ones registered of the assembly was a hundred talents and one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five shekels by the shekel of the holy place.
2660The half shekel for an individual was the half of a shekel by the shekel of the holy place, for every man who was passing over to those who were registered from twenty years of age and upward, amounting to six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty.
2661And a hundred talents of silver went into the casting of the socket pedestals of the holy place and the socket pedestals of the curtain. A hundred socket pedestals equaled a hundred talents, a talent to a socket pedestal.
2662And out of the thousand seven hundred and seventy-five shekels he made pegs for the pillars and overlaid their tops and joined them together.
2663And the copper of the wave offering was seventy talents and two thousand four hundred shekels.
2664And with this he proceeded to make the socket pedestals of the entrance of the tent of meeting and the copper altar and the copper grating that belonged to it, and all the utensils of the altar,
2665and the socket pedestals of the courtyard round about, and the socket pedestals of the gate of the courtyard, and all the tent pins of the tabernacle and all the tent pins of the courtyard round about.
2666And out of the blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material they made garments of knitted work for ministering in the holy place. So they made the holy garments that were for Aaron, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2667Accordingly he made the eph'od of gold, blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine twisted linen.
2668Then they beat plates of gold to thin sheets, and he cut out threads to work in among the blue thread and the wool dyed reddish purple and the coccus scarlet material and the fine linen, as the work of an embroiderer.
2669They made shoulder pieces for it that were joined. It was joined at its two extremities.
2670And the girdle, which was upon it for tying it close, was of the same material according to its workmanship, of gold, blue thread, and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine twisted linen, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2671Then they made the onyx stones set with settings of gold, engraved with the engravings of a seal according to the names of the sons of Israel.
2672So he placed them upon the shoulder pieces of the eph'od as memorial stones for the sons of Israel, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2673Then he made the breastpiece with the workmanship of an embroiderer, like the workmanship of the eph'od, out of gold, blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material and fine twisted linen.
2674It proved to be foursquare when doubled. They made the breastpiece, when doubled, a span of the hand in its length and a span in its width.
2675Then they filled it with four rows of stones. A row of ruby, topaz and emerald was the first row.
2676And the second row was turquoise, sapphire and jasper.
2677And the third row was lesh'em stone, agate and amethyst.
2678And the fourth row was chrys'o·lite and onyx and jade. They were set with settings of gold in their fillings.
2679And the stones were according to the names of the sons of Israel. They were twelve according to their names, with the engravings of a seal, each according to its name for the twelve tribes.
2680And they proceeded to make upon the breastpiece wreathed chains, in ropework, of pure gold.
2681Then they made two settings of gold and two rings of gold and put the two rings upon the two extremities of the breastpiece.
2682After that they put the two ropes of gold through the two rings at the extremities of the breastpiece.
2683And they put the two ends of the two ropes through the two settings. Then they put them upon the shoulder pieces of the eph'od, at the forefront of it.
2684Next they made two rings of gold and set them at the two extremities of the breastpiece upon its edge that is on the side toward the eph'od inward.
2685Then they made two rings of gold and put them upon the two shoulder pieces of the eph'od from below, on its forefront, near its place of joining, above the girdle of the eph'od.
2686Finally they bound the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the eph'od with a blue string, that it might continue above the girdle of the eph'od and the breastpiece might not get displaced from on top the eph'od, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2687Then he made the sleeveless coat of the eph'od, the workmanship of a loom worker, all of blue thread.
2688And the opening of the sleeveless coat was in the middle of it, like the opening of a coat of mail. Its opening had a border round about that it might not be torn.
2689Then they made upon the hem of the sleeveless coat pomegranates of blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material, twisted together.
2690Further, they made bells of pure gold and put the bells in between the pomegranates upon the hem of the sleeveless coat round about, in between the pomegranates;
2691a bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate upon the hem of the sleeveless coat round about, for ministering, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2692Next they made the robes of fine linen, the workmanship of a loom worker, for Aaron and his sons,
2693and the turban of fine linen and the ornamental headgears of fine linen and the linen drawers of fine twisted linen,
2694and the sash of fine twisted linen and blue thread and wool dyed reddish purple and coccus scarlet material, the work of a weaver, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2695Finally they made the shining plate, the holy sign of dedication, out of pure gold and inscribed upon it an inscription with the engravings of a seal: "Holiness belongs to Jehovah."
2696Then they put a string of blue thread to it in order to put it upon the turban up above, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2697So the work for the tabernacle of the tent of meeting all came to its completion, in that the sons of Israel kept doing according to all that Jehovah had commanded Moses. They did just so.
2698And they proceeded to bring the tabernacle to Moses, the tent and all its utensils, its hooks, its panel frames, its bars and its pillars and its socket pedestals,
2699and its covering of ram skins dyed red and its covering of sealskins and the curtain of the screen,
2700and the ark of the testimony and its poles and the cover,
2701the table, all its utensils and the showbread,
2702the lampstand of pure gold, its lamps, the row of lamps, and all its utensils and the oil of illumination,
2703and the altar of gold and the anointing oil and the perfumed incense and the screen for the entrance of the tent,
2704the altar of copper and the grating of copper that belonged to it, its poles and all its utensils, the basin and its stand,
2705the hangings of the courtyard, its pillars and its socket pedestals and the screen for the gate of the courtyard, its tent cords and its tent pins and all the utensils for the service of the tabernacle, for the tent of meeting,
2706the garments of knitted work for ministering in the sanctuary, the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments of his sons for acting as priests.
2707According to all that Jehovah had commanded Moses, that was the way the sons of Israel did all the service.
2708And Moses got to see all the work, and, look! they had done it just as Jehovah had commanded. That was the way they had done. Consequently Moses blessed them.
2709Then Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
2710"On the day of the first month, on the first of the month, you are to set up the tabernacle of the tent of meeting.
2711And you must place the ark of the testimony in it and shut off approach to the Ark with the curtain.
2712And you must bring the table in and set its arrangement in order, and you must bring in the lampstand and light up its lamps.
2713And you must put the golden altar for incense before the ark of the testimony and put the screen of the entrance for the tabernacle in place.
2714"And you must put the altar of burnt offering before the entrance of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting,
2715and you must put the basin between the tent of meeting and the altar and put water in it.
2716And you must place the courtyard round about and put up the screen of the gate of the courtyard.
2717And you must take the anointing oil and anoint the tabernacle and all that is in it, and you must sanctify it and all its utensils, and so it must become something holy.
2718And you must anoint the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils and sanctify the altar, and so it must become a most holy altar.
2719And you must anoint the basin and its stand and sanctify it.
2720"Then you must bring Aaron and his sons near to the entrance of the tent of meeting and wash them with water.
2721And you must clothe Aaron with the holy garments and anoint him and sanctify him, and so he must act as priest to me.
2722After that you will bring his sons near and you must clothe them with robes.
2723And you must anoint them just as you anointed their father, and so they must act as priests to me, and their anointing must serve continually for them as a priesthood to time indefinite during their generations."
2724And Moses proceeded to do according to all that Jehovah had commanded him. He did just so.
2725Accordingly it came about that in the first month, in the second year, on the first day of the month, the tabernacle was set up.
2726When Moses proceeded to set up the tabernacle, he went putting its socket pedestals down and placing its panel frames and putting its bars in and setting up its pillars.
2727Then he spread out the tent over the tabernacle and placed the covering of the tent above upon it, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2728After that he took the Testimony and put it into the Ark and placed the poles on the Ark and put the cover above upon the Ark.
2729Then he brought the Ark into the tabernacle and put the curtain of the screen in place and shut off approach to the ark of the testimony, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2730Next he put the table in the tent of meeting on the side of the tabernacle to the north outside the curtain,
2731and he arranged the row of bread upon it before Jehovah, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2732Then he placed the lampstand in the tent of meeting in front of the table, on the side of the tabernacle to the south.
2733He then lit up the lamps before Jehovah, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2734He next placed the golden altar in the tent of meeting before the curtain,
2735that he might make perfumed incense smoke upon it, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2736Finally he put the screen of the entrance of the tabernacle in place.
2737And he placed the altar of burnt offering at the entrance of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting, that he might offer up the burnt offering and the grain offering upon it, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2738Then he placed the basin between the tent of meeting and the altar and put water in it for washing.
2739And Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and their feet at it.
2740When they went into the tent of meeting and when they went near to the altar they would wash, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2741Finally he set up the courtyard round about the tabernacle and the altar and put up the screen of the gate of the courtyard.So Moses finished the work.
2742And the cloud began to cover the tent of meeting, and Jehovah's glory filled the tabernacle.
2743And Moses was not able to go into the tent of meeting, because the cloud resided over it and Jehovah's glory filled the tabernacle.
2744And when the cloud lifted itself up from over the tabernacle the sons of Israel would break camp during all their stages of journey.
2745However, if the cloud did not lift itself up, then they would not break camp until the day when it lifted itself up.
2746For Jehovah's cloud was over the tabernacle by day, and a fire continued upon it by night in the sight of all the house of Israel during all their stages of journey.
2747And Jehovah proceeded to call Moses and speak to him out of the tent of meeting, saying:
2748"Speak to the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'In case some man of YOU would present an offering to Jehovah from the domestic animals, YOU should present YOUR offering from the herd and from the flock.
2749"'If his offering is a burnt offering from the herd, a male, a sound one, is what he should present. At the entrance of the tent of meeting he should present it of his own free will before Jehovah.
2750And he must lay his hand upon the head of the burnt offering, and it must be graciously accepted for him to make atonement for him.
2751"'Then the young bull must be slaughtered before Jehovah; and the sons of Aaron, the priests, must present the blood and sprinkle the blood round about upon the altar, which is at the entrance of the tent of meeting.
2752And the burnt offering must be skinned and cut up into its parts.
2753And the sons of Aaron, the priests, must put fire on the altar and set wood in order on the fire.
2754And the sons of Aaron, the priests, must set the pieces in order with the head and the suet over the wood that is on the fire that is on the altar.
2755And its intestines and its shanks will be washed with water; and the priest must make all of it smoke on the altar as a burnt offering, an offering made by fire of a restful odor to Jehovah.
2756"'And if his offering for a burnt offering is from the flock, from the young rams or the goats, a male, a sound one, is what he will present.
2757And it must be slaughtered at the side of the altar to the north before Jehovah, and the sons of Aaron, the priests, must sprinkle its blood round about upon the altar.
2758And he must cut it up into its parts and its head and its suet, and the priest must set them in order over the wood that is on the fire that is on the altar.
2759And he will wash the intestines and the shanks with water; and the priest must present all of it and make it smoke on the altar. It is a burnt offering, an offering made by fire of a restful odor to Jehovah.
2760"'However, if his offering as a burnt offering to Jehovah is from the fowls, then he must present his offering from the turtledoves or the young pigeons.
2761And the priest must present it at the altar and nip off its head and make it smoke upon the altar, but its blood must be drained out upon the side of the altar.
2762And he must remove its crop with its feathers and throw it beside the altar, to the east, to the place for the fatty ashes.
2763And he must cleave it at its wings. He must not divide it. Then the priest must make it smoke on the altar over the wood that is on the fire. It is a burnt offering, an offering made by fire of a restful odor to Jehovah.
2764"'Now in case some soul would present as an offering a grain offering to Jehovah, his offering should prove to be fine flour; and he must pour oil over it and put frankincense upon it.
2765And he must bring it to the sons of Aaron, the priests, and the priest must grasp from it his handful of its fine flour and its oil along with all its frankincense; and he must make it smoke as a remembrancer of it upon the altar, as an offering made by fire of a restful odor to Jehovah.
2766And what is left of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons, as something most holy from Jehovah's offerings made by fire.
2767"'And in case you would present as an offering a grain offering in the way of something baked in the oven, it should be of fine flour, unfermented ring-shaped cakes moistened with oil or unfermented wafers smeared with oil.
2768"'And if your offering is a grain offering from off the griddle, it should prove to be of fine flour moistened with oil, unfermented.
2769There should be a breaking of it up into pieces, and you must pour oil upon it. It is a grain offering.
2770"'And if your offering is a grain offering out of the deep-fat kettle, it should be made of fine flour with oil.
2771And you must bring the grain offering that was made of these to Jehovah; and it must be presented to the priest and he must bring it near to the altar.
2772And the priest must lift off some of the grain offering as a remembrancer of it and must make it smoke on the altar, as an offering made by fire of a restful odor to Jehovah.
2773And what is left of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons, as something most holy of Jehovah's offerings by fire.
2774"'No grain offering that YOU will present to Jehovah should be made a leavened thing, because YOU must make no sourdough and no honey at all smoke as an offering made by fire to Jehovah.
2775"'As an offering of the firstfruits, YOU will present them to Jehovah, and they must not come up onto the altar for a restful odor.
2776"'And every offering of your grain offering you will season with salt; and you must not allow the salt of the covenant of your God to be missing upon your grain offering. Along with every offering of yours you will present salt.
2777"'And if you would present the grain offering of the first ripe fruits to Jehovah, you should present green ears roasted with fire, the grits of new grain, as the grain offering of your first ripe fruits.
2778And you must put oil upon it and place frankincense upon it. It is a grain offering.
2779And the priest must make the remembrancer of it smoke, that is, some of its grits and oil, along with all its frankincense, as an offering made by fire to Jehovah.
2780"'And if his offering is a communion sacrifice, if he is presenting it from the herd, whether a male or a female, a sound one is what he will present before Jehovah.
2781And he must lay his hand upon the head of his offering, and it must be slaughtered at the entrance of the tent of meeting; and Aaron's sons, the priests, must sprinkle the blood round about upon the altar.
2782And he must present some of the communion sacrifice as an offering made by fire to Jehovah, namely, the fat that covers the intestines, even all the fat that is over the intestines,
2783and the two kidneys and the fat that is upon them, the same as that upon the loins. And as for the appendage upon the liver, he will remove it along with the kidneys.
2784And Aaron's sons must make it smoke on the altar, upon the burnt offering that is over the wood that is on the fire, as an offering made by fire of a restful odor to Jehovah.
2785"'And if his offering is from the flock for a communion sacrifice to Jehovah, a male or a female, a sound one is what he will present.
2786If he is presenting a young ram as his offering, then he must present it before Jehovah.
2787And he must lay his hand upon the head of his offering, and it must be slaughtered before the tent of meeting; and Aaron's sons must sprinkle its blood round about upon the altar.
2788And from the communion sacrifice he must present its fat as an offering made by fire to Jehovah. The entire fatty tail is what he will remove near the backbone, and the fat that covers the intestines, even all the fat that is upon the intestines,
2789and the two kidneys and the fat that is upon them, the same as that upon the loins. And as for the appendage upon the liver, he will remove it along with the kidneys.
2790And the priest must make it smoke on the altar as food, an offering made by fire to Jehovah.
2791"'And if his offering is a goat, then he must present it before Jehovah.
2792And he must lay his hand upon its head, and it must be slaughtered before the tent of meeting; and Aaron's sons must sprinkle its blood round about upon the altar.
2793And from it he must present as his offering, as an offering made by fire to Jehovah, the fat that covers the intestines, even all the fat that is upon the intestines,
2794and the two kidneys and the fat that is upon them, the same as that upon the loins. And as for the appendage upon the liver, he will remove it along with the kidneys.
2795And the priest must make them smoke upon the altar as food, an offering made by fire for a restful odor. All the fat belongs to Jehovah.
2796"'It is a statute to time indefinite for YOUR generations, in all YOUR dwelling places: YOU must not eat any fat or any blood at all.'"
2797And Jehovah went on to speak to Moses, saying:
2798"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'In case a soul sins by mistake in any of the things that Jehovah commands should not be done, and he actually does one of them:
2799"'If the priest, the anointed one, sins so as to bring guiltiness upon the people, then he must present for his sin that he has committed a sound young bull to Jehovah as a sin offering.
2800And he must bring the bull to the entrance of the tent of meeting before Jehovah and must lay his hand upon the bull's head, and he must slaughter the bull before Jehovah.
2801And the priest, the anointed one, must take some of the bull's blood and bring it into the tent of meeting;
2802and the priest must dip his finger in the blood and spatter some of the blood seven times before Jehovah in front of the curtain of the holy place.
2803And the priest must put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar of perfumed incense before Jehovah, which is in the tent of meeting, and all the rest of the bull's blood he will pour at the base of the altar of burnt offering, which is at the entrance of the tent of meeting.
2804"'As to all the fat of the bull of the sin offering, he will lift up from it the fat that covers over the intestines, even all the fat that is over the intestines,
2805and the two kidneys and the fat that is upon them, the same as that upon the loins. And as for the appendage upon the liver, he will remove it along with the kidneys.
2806It will be the same as what is lifted up of a bull of the communion sacrifice. And the priest must make them smoke upon the altar of burnt offering.
2807"'But as for the skin of the bull and all its flesh along with its head and its shanks and its intestines and its dung,
2808he must have the entire bull taken out to the outskirts of the camp to a clean place where the fatty ashes are poured out, and he must burn it upon wood in the fire. Where the fatty ashes are poured out it should be burned.
2809"'Now if the entire assembly of Israel makes a mistake and the matter has been hidden from the eyes of the congregation in that they have done one of all the things that Jehovah commands should not be done and so have become guilty,
2810and the sin that they have committed against it has become known, then the congregation must present a young bull for a sin offering and must bring it before the tent of meeting.
2811And the older men of the assembly must lay their hands upon the bull's head before Jehovah, and the bull must be slaughtered before Jehovah.
2812"'Then the priest, the anointed one, must bring some of the bull's blood into the tent of meeting.
2813And the priest must dip his finger into some of the blood and spatter it seven times before Jehovah in front of the curtain.
2814And he will put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar that is before Jehovah, which is in the tent of meeting; and all the rest of the blood he will pour at the base of the altar of burnt offering, which is at the entrance of the tent of meeting.
2815And he will lift up all its fat from it, and he must make it smoke on the altar.
2816And he must do to the bull just as he did to the other bull of the sin offering. That is the way he will do to it; and the priest must make an atonement for them, and so it must be forgiven them.
2817And he must have the bull taken out to the outskirts of the camp and must burn it, just as he burned the first bull. It is a sin offering for the congregation.
2818"'When a chieftain sins and he does commit unintentionally one of all the things that Jehovah his God commands should not be done, and so has become guilty,
2819or his sin that he has committed against the commandment has been made known to him, then he must bring as his offering a male kid of the goats, a sound one.
2820And he must lay his hand upon the head of the young goat and slaughter it in the place where the burnt offering is regularly slaughtered before Jehovah. It is a sin offering.
2821And the priest must take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and he will pour the rest of its blood at the base of the altar of burnt offering.
2822And he will make all its fat smoke on the altar like the fat of the communion sacrifice; and the priest must make an atonement for him for his sin, and so it must be forgiven him.
2823"'And if any soul of the people of the land sins unintentionally by his doing one of the things that Jehovah commands should not be done and he does become guilty,
2824or his sin that he has committed has been made known to him, then he must bring as his offering a female kid of the goats, a sound one, for his sin that he has committed.
2825And he must lay his hand upon the head of the sin offering and slaughter the sin offering in the same place as the burnt offering.
2826And the priest must take some of its blood with his finger and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and he will pour all the rest of its blood at the base of the altar.
2827And he will remove all its fat, just as the fat was removed from off the communion sacrifice; and the priest must make it smoke on the altar as a restful odor to Jehovah; and the priest must make an atonement for him, and so it must be forgiven him.
2828"'But if he would bring a lamb as his offering for a sin offering, a sound female lamb is what he should bring.
2829And he must lay his hand upon the head of the sin offering and slaughter it as a sin offering in the place where the burnt offering is regularly slaughtered.
2830And the priest must take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and he will pour all the rest of its blood at the base of the altar.
2831And he will remove all its fat the same as the fat of the young ram of the communion sacrifice is regularly removed, and the priest must make them smoke on the altar upon Jehovah's offerings made by fire; and the priest must make an atonement for him for his sin that he has committed, and so it must be forgiven him.
2832"'Now in case a soul sins in that he has heard public cursing and he is a witness or he has seen it or has come to know of it, if he does not report it, then he must answer for his error.
2833"'Or when a soul touches some unclean thing, whether the dead body of an unclean wild beast or the dead body of an unclean domestic animal or the dead body of an unclean swarming creature, although it has been hidden from him, still he is unclean and has become guilty.
2834Or in case he touches the uncleanness of a man as respects any uncleanness of his with which he may become unclean, although it had been hidden from him, and yet he himself has come to know it, then he has become guilty.
2835"'Or in case a soul swears to the extent of speaking thoughtlessly with his lips to do evil or to do good as respects anything at all that the man might speak thoughtlessly in a sworn statement, although it had been hidden from him, and yet he himself has come to know it, then he has become guilty as respects one of these things.
2836"'And it must occur that in case he becomes guilty as respects one of these things, then he must confess in what way he has sinned.
2837And he must bring his guilt offering to Jehovah for his sin that he has committed, namely, a female from the flock, a female lamb or a female kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest must make an atonement for him for his sin.
2838"'If, though, he cannot afford enough for a sheep, then he must bring as his guilt offering for the sin that he has committed two turtledoves or two young pigeons to Jehovah, one for a sin offering and one for a burnt offering.
2839And he must bring them to the priest, who must present first the one for the sin offering and nip off its head at the front of its neck, but he should not sever it.
2840And he must spatter some of the blood of the sin offering upon the side of the altar, but the remainder of the blood will be drained out at the base of the altar. It is a sin offering.
2841And the other one he will handle as a burnt offering according to the regular procedure; and the priest must make an atonement for him for his sin that he has committed, and so it must be forgiven him.
2842"'Now if he does not have the means for two turtledoves or two young pigeons, then he must bring as his offering for the sin he has committed the tenth of an e'phah of fine flour for a sin offering. He must not put oil upon it and he must not place frankincense upon it, for it is a sin offering.
2843And he must bring it to the priest, and the priest must grasp from it his handful as a remembrancer of it and must make it smoke on the altar upon Jehovah's offerings made by fire. It is a sin offering.
2844And the priest must make an atonement for him for his sin that he has committed, any one of these sins, and so it must be forgiven him; and it must become the priest's the same as a grain offering.'"
2845And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
2846"In case a soul behaves unfaithfully in that he actually sins by mistake against the holy things of Jehovah, then he must bring as his guilt offering to Jehovah a sound ram from the flock, according to the estimated value in silver shekels, by the shekel of the holy place, as a guilt offering.
2847And he will make compensation for the sin he has committed against the holy place and he will add to it a fifth of it, and he must give it to the priest, that the priest may make an atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering, and so it must be forgiven him.
2848"And if a soul sins in that he does do one of all the things that Jehovah commands should not be done, although he did not know it, yet he has become guilty and must answer for his error.
2849And he must bring a sound ram from the flock according to the estimated value, for a guilt offering, to the priest; and the priest must make an atonement for him for his mistake that he committed unintentionally, although he himself did not know it, and so it must be forgiven him.
2850It is a guilt offering. He has positively become guilty against Jehovah."
2851And Jehovah went on to speak to Moses, saying:
2852"In case a soul sins in that he does behave unfaithfully toward Jehovah and does deceive his associate about something in his charge or a deposit in hand or a robbery or he does defraud his associate,
2853or he does find something lost and is actually deceptive about it and does swear falsely over any of all the things that the man might do to sin by them;
2854then it must occur that in case he sins and indeed becomes guilty, he must return the robbed thing which he has robbed or the extorted thing which he has taken by fraud or the thing in his charge which was put in his charge or the thing lost that he has found,
2855or anything at all over which he might swear falsely, and he must make compensation for it in its full amount, and he will add to it a fifth of it. To the one whose it is he will give it on the day his guilt is proved.
2856And as his guilt offering he will bring to Jehovah a sound ram from the flock according to the estimated value, for a guilt offering, to the priest.
2857And the priest must make an atonement for him before Jehovah, and so it must be forgiven him regarding any of all the things that he might do resulting in guiltiness by it."
2858And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
2859"Command Aaron and his sons, saying, 'This is the law of the burnt offering: The burnt offering will be on the hearth upon the altar all night long until the morning, and the fire of the altar will be kindled in it.
2860And the priest must clothe himself with his official dress of linen, and he will put the linen drawers on over his flesh. Then he must lift up the fatty ashes of the burnt offering that the fire regularly consumes upon the altar, and he must place them beside the altar.
2861And he must strip off his garments and put on other garments, and he must take the fatty ashes out to a clean place outside the camp.
2862And the fire on the altar will be kept burning on it. It must not go out. And the priest must burn wood on it morning by morning and set the burnt offering in order over it, and he must make the fatty pieces of the communion sacrifices smoke over it.
2863Fire will be kept constantly burning on the altar. It must not go out.
2864"'Now this is the law of the grain offering: YOU sons of Aaron, present it before Jehovah in front of the altar.
2865And one of them must lift up by his handful some of the fine flour of the grain offering and some of its oil and all the frankincense that is upon the grain offering, and he must make it smoke upon the altar as a restful odor for a remembrancer of it to Jehovah.
2866And what is left of it Aaron and his sons will eat. It will be eaten as unfermented cakes in a holy place. They will eat it in the courtyard of the tent of meeting.
2867It should not be baked with anything leavened. I have given it as their share out of my offerings made by fire. It is something most holy, like the sin offering and like the guilt offering.
2868Every male among the sons of Aaron will eat it. It is an allowance to time indefinite throughout YOUR generations from Jehovah's offerings made by fire. Everything that may touch them will become holy.'"
2869And Jehovah went on speaking to Moses, saying:
2870"This is the offering of Aaron and his sons that they will present to Jehovah on the day of his being anointed: the tenth of an e'phah of fine flour as a grain offering constantly, half of it in the morning and half of it in the evening.
2871It will be made with oil upon a griddle. You will bring it well mixed. You will present the pastries of the grain offering in pieces as a restful odor to Jehovah.
2872And the priest, the one anointed in place of him from among his sons, will make it. It is a regulation to time indefinite: As a whole offering it will be made to smoke to Jehovah.
2873And every grain offering of a priest should prove to be a whole offering. It must not be eaten."
2874And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
2875"Speak to Aaron and his sons, saying, 'This is the law of the sin offering: In the place where the burnt offering is regularly slaughtered the sin offering will be slaughtered before Jehovah. It is a most holy thing.
2876The priest who offers it for sin will eat it. In a holy place it will be eaten in the courtyard of the tent of meeting.
2877"'Everything that may touch its flesh will become holy, and when anyone spatters some of its blood upon the garment, you will wash what he spatters blood upon in a holy place.
2878And the earthenware vessel in which it may be boiled is to be shattered. But if it was boiled in a copper vessel, then it must be scoured and rinsed with water.
2879"'Every male among the priests will eat it. It is something most holy.
2880However, no sin offering of which some of the blood will be brought into the tent of meeting to make atonement in the holy place must be eaten. It is to be burned with fire.
2881"'And this is the law of the guilt offering: It is something most holy.
2882In the place where they regularly slaughter the burnt offering they will slaughter the guilt offering, and its blood one will sprinkle round about upon the altar.
2883As for all its fat, he will present of it the fatty tail and the fat that covers the intestines,
2884and the two kidneys and the fat that is upon them the same as that upon the loins. And as for the appendage upon the liver, he will remove it along with the kidneys.
2885And the priest must make them smoke on the altar as an offering made by fire to Jehovah. It is a guilt offering.
2886Every male among the priests will eat it. In a holy place it will be eaten. It is something most holy.
2887Like the sin offering, so is the guilt offering. There is one law for them. The priest who will make atonement with it, his it will become.
2888"'As for the priest who presents the burnt offering of any man, the skin of the burnt offering that he has presented to the priest will become his.
2889"'And every grain offering that may be baked in the oven and every one made in the deep-fat kettle and upon the griddle belongs to the priest who presents it. It will become his.
2890But every grain offering that is moistened with oil or dry will come to be for all of Aaron's sons, for the one the same as for the other.
2891"'Now this is the law of the communion sacrifice that anyone will present to Jehovah:
2892If he would present it in expression of thanksgiving, then he must present along with the sacrifice of thanksgiving unfermented ring-shaped cakes moistened with oil and unfermented wafers smeared with oil and well-mixed fine flour as ring-shaped cakes moistened with oil.
2893Along with ring-shaped cakes of leavened bread he will present his offering together with the thanksgiving sacrifice of his communion sacrifices.
2894And out of it he must present one of each offering as a sacred portion to Jehovah; as for the priest who sprinkles the blood of the communion sacrifices, it will become his.
2895And the flesh of the thanksgiving sacrifice of his communion sacrifices is to be eaten on the day of his offering. He must not save up any of it until morning.
2896"'And if the sacrifice of his offering is a vow or a voluntary offering, it is to be eaten on the day of his presenting his sacrifice, and on the next day what is left of it also may be eaten.
2897But what is left of the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day is to be burned with fire.
2898However, if any of the flesh of his communion sacrifice should at all be eaten on the third day, the one presenting it will not be accepted with approval. It will not be put to his account. It will become a foul thing, and the soul that eats some of it will answer for his error.
2899And the flesh that may touch anything unclean is not to be eaten. It is to be burned with fire. As for the flesh, everybody clean may eat the flesh.
2900"'And the soul who eats the flesh of the communion sacrifice, which is for Jehovah, while his uncleanness is upon him, that soul must be cut off from his people.
2901And in case a soul touches anything unclean, the uncleanness of a man or an unclean beast or any unclean loathsome thing, and actually eats some of the flesh of the communion sacrifice, which is for Jehovah, that soul must be cut off from his people.'"
2902And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
2903"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'YOU must not eat any fat of a bull or a young ram or a goat.
2904Now the fat of a body [already] dead and the fat of an animal torn to pieces may be used for anything else conceivable, but YOU must not eat it at all.
2905For anyone eating fat from the beast from which he presents it as an offering made by fire to Jehovah, the soul that eats must be cut off from his people.
2906"'And YOU must not eat any blood in any places where YOU dwell, whether that of fowl or that of beast.
2907Any soul who eats any blood, that soul must be cut off from his people.'"
2908And Jehovah went on to speak to Moses, saying:
2909"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'He who presents his communion sacrifice to Jehovah will bring his offering to Jehovah from his communion sacrifice.
2910His hands will bring as Jehovah's offerings made by fire the fat upon the breast. He will bring it with the breast to wave it to and fro as a wave offering before Jehovah.
2911And the priest must make the fat smoke upon the altar, but the breast must become Aaron's and his sons'.
2912"'And YOU will give the right leg as a sacred portion to the priest from YOUR communion sacrifices.
2913That one of Aaron's sons who presents the blood of the communion sacrifices and the fat, the right leg will become his as a portion.
2914For the breast of the wave offering and the leg of the sacred portion I do take from the sons of Israel from their communion sacrifices, and I shall give them to Aaron the priest and his sons, as a regulation to time indefinite, from the sons of Israel.
2915"'This was the priestly share of Aaron and the priestly share of his sons from Jehovah's offerings made by fire, on the day that he presented them to act as priests to Jehovah,
2916just as Jehovah had commanded to give it to them on the day of his anointing them from among the sons of Israel. It is a statute to time indefinite for their generations.'"
2917This is the law concerning the burnt offering, the grain offering and the sin offering and the guilt offering and the installation sacrifice and the communion sacrifice,
2918just as Jehovah had commanded Moses in Mount Si'nai in the day of his commanding the sons of Israel to present their offerings to Jehovah in the wilderness of Si'nai.
2919And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses, saying:
2920"Take Aaron and his sons with him and the garments and the anointing oil and the bull of the sin offering and the two rams and the basket of unfermented cakes,
2921and make all the assembly congregate at the entrance of the tent of meeting."
2922Then Moses did just as Jehovah had commanded him, and the assembly congregated at the entrance of the tent of meeting.
2923Moses now said to the assembly: "This is the thing that Jehovah has given command to do."
2924So Moses brought Aaron and his sons near and washed them with water.
2925After that he put the robe upon him and girded him with the sash and clothed him with the sleeveless coat and put the eph'od upon him and girded him with the girdle of the eph'od and bound it closely to him with it.
2926Next he placed the breastpiece upon him and put in the breastpiece the U'rim and the Thum'mim.
2927Then he placed the turban upon his head and placed upon the turban at the forefront of it the shining plate of gold, the holy sign of dedication, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2928Moses now took the anointing oil and anointed the tabernacle and all that was in it and sanctified them.
2929After that he spattered some of it seven times upon the altar and anointed the altar and all its utensils and the basin and its stand so as to sanctify them.
2930Finally he poured some of the anointing oil upon Aaron's head and anointed him so as to sanctify him.
2931Moses then brought Aaron's sons near and clothed them with robes and girded them with sashes and wrapped the headgear upon them, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2932Then he led up the bull of the sin offering and Aaron and his sons laid their hands upon the head of the bull of the sin offering.
2933And Moses proceeded to slaughter it and take the blood and put it with his finger upon the horns of the altar round about and purify the altar from sin, but the rest of the blood he poured at the base of the altar, that he might sanctify it to make atonement upon it.
2934After that he took all the fat that was upon the intestines, and the appendage of the liver and the two kidneys and their fat and Moses made them smoke upon the altar.
2935And he had the bull and its skin and its flesh and its dung burned with fire outside the camp, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2936He now brought the ram of the burnt offering near, and Aaron and his sons then laid their hands upon the head of the ram.
2937After that Moses slaughtered it and sprinkled the blood round about upon the altar.
2938And he cut up the ram into its pieces, and Moses proceeded to make the head and the pieces and the suet smoke.
2939And the intestines and the shanks he washed with water, and Moses then made the entire ram smoke upon the altar. It was a burnt offering for a restful odor. It was an offering made by fire to Jehovah, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2940Then he brought the second ram, the ram of the installation, near, and Aaron and his sons laid their hands upon the ram's head.
2941After that Moses slaughtered it and took some of its blood and put it upon the lobe of Aaron's right ear and upon the thumb of his right hand and upon the big toe of his right foot.
2942Next Moses brought Aaron's sons near and put some of the blood upon the lobe of their right ear and upon the thumb of their right hand and upon the big toe of their right foot; but Moses sprinkled the rest of the blood round about upon the altar.
2943Then he took the fat and the fat tail and all the fat that was upon the intestines, and the appendage of the liver and the two kidneys and their fat and the right leg.
2944And out of the basket of unfermented cakes that was before Jehovah he took one unfermented ring-shaped cake and one ring-shaped cake of oiled bread and one wafer. He then placed them upon the fatty pieces and the right leg.
2945After that he put all of them upon the palms of Aaron and the palms of his sons and began to wave them to and fro as a wave offering before Jehovah.
2946Then Moses took them off their palms and made them smoke upon the altar on top of the burnt offering. They were an installation sacrifice for a restful odor. It was an offering made by fire to Jehovah.
2947And Moses proceeded to take the breast and to wave it to and fro as a wave offering before Jehovah. From the installation ram it became the portion for Moses, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2948After that Moses took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood that was upon the altar and spattered it upon Aaron and his garments and upon his sons and the garments of his sons with him. Thus he sanctified Aaron and his garments and his sons and the garments of his sons with him.
2949Then Moses said to Aaron and his sons: "Boil the flesh at the entrance of the tent of meeting, and there is where YOU will eat it and the bread that is in the installation basket, just as I was given the command, saying, 'Aaron and his sons will eat it.'
2950And what is left over of the flesh and the bread YOU will burn with fire.
2951And YOU must not go out from the entrance of the tent of meeting for seven days, until the day of fulfilling the days of YOUR installation, because it will take seven days to fill YOUR hand with power.
2952Just as it has been done this day, Jehovah has commanded to be done so as to make atonement for YOU.
2953And YOU will stay at the entrance of the tent of meeting day and night for seven days, and YOU must keep the obligatory watch of Jehovah, that YOU may not die; for so I have been commanded."
2954And Aaron and his sons proceeded to do all the things that Jehovah had commanded by means of Moses.
2955And it came about on the eighth day that Moses called Aaron and his sons and the older men of Israel.
2956Then he said to Aaron: "Take for yourself a young calf for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering, sound ones, and present them before Jehovah.
2957But to the sons of Israel you will speak, saying, 'Take a male goat for a sin offering and a calf and a young ram, each a year old, sound ones, for a burnt offering,
2958and a bull and a ram for communion sacrifices to sacrifice them before Jehovah, and a grain offering moistened with oil, because today is when Jehovah will certainly appear to YOU.'"
2959Accordingly they took what Moses had commanded before the tent of meeting. Then the whole assembly came near and stood before Jehovah.
2960And Moses went on to say: "This is the thing that Jehovah has commanded YOU should do, that the glory of Jehovah may appear to YOU."
2961Then Moses said to Aaron: "Go near to the altar and render up your sin offering and your burnt offering, and make atonement in your own behalf and in behalf of your house; and render up the offering of the people and make atonement in their behalf, just as Jehovah has commanded."
2962Aaron immediately went near to the altar and slaughtered the calf of the sin offering that was for him.
2963Then Aaron's sons presented the blood to him and he dipped his finger in the blood and put it upon the horns of the altar, and the rest of the blood he poured at the base of the altar.
2964And he made the fat and the kidneys and the appendage of the liver from the sin offering smoke upon the altar, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
2965And he burned the flesh and the skin with fire outside the camp.
2966Then he slaughtered the burnt offering and Aaron's sons handed him the blood and he sprinkled it round about upon the altar.
2967And they handed him the burnt offering in its pieces and the head, and he proceeded to make them smoke upon the altar.
2968Further, he washed the intestines and the shanks and made them smoke upon the burnt offering on the altar.
2969He now went presenting the offering of the people and took the goat of the sin offering that was for the people and slaughtered it and made an offering for sin with it as with the first.
2970Then he presented the burnt offering and handled it according to the regular procedure.
2971He next presented the grain offering and filled his hand with some of it and made it smoke upon the altar, apart from the burnt offering of the morning.
2972After that he slaughtered the bull and the ram of the communion sacrifice that was for the people. Then Aaron's sons handed him the blood and he sprinkled it round about upon the altar.
2973As for the fatty pieces of the bull and the fat tail of the ram and the fat covering and the kidneys and the appendage of the liver,
2974they now placed the fatty pieces upon the breasts, after which he made the fatty pieces smoke upon the altar.
2975But the breasts and the right leg Aaron waved to and fro as a wave offering before Jehovah, just as Moses had commanded.
2976Then Aaron raised his hands toward the people and blessed them and came down from rendering the sin offering and the burnt offering and the communion sacrifices.
2977Finally Moses and Aaron went into the tent of meeting and came out and blessed the people.Then Jehovah's glory appeared to all the people,
2978and fire came out from before Jehovah and began consuming the burnt offering and the fatty pieces upon the altar. When all the people got to see it, they broke out into shouting and went falling upon their faces.
2979Later on Aaron's sons Na'dab and A·bi'hu took up and brought each one his fire holder and put fire in them and placed incense upon it, and they began offering before Jehovah illegitimate fire, which he had not prescribed for them.
2980At this a fire came out from before Jehovah and consumed them, so that they died before Jehovah.
2981Then Moses said to Aaron: "This is what Jehovah has spoken, saying, 'Among those near to me let me be sanctified, and before the face of all the people let me be glorified.'" And Aaron kept silent.
2982So Moses called Mish'a·el and El·za'phan, the sons of Uz'zi·el, Aaron's uncle, and said to them: "Come near, carry YOUR brothers from in front of the holy place to outside the camp."
2983They accordingly came near and carried them in their robes to outside the camp, just as Moses had spoken.
2984Subsequently Moses said to Aaron and to El·e·a'zar and Ith'a·mar his [other] sons: "Do not let YOUR heads go ungroomed, and YOU must not tear YOUR garments, that YOU may not die and that he may not become indignant against all the assembly; but YOUR brothers of the whole house of Israel will do the weeping over the burning, which Jehovah has made burn.
2985And from the entrance of the tent of meeting YOU must not go out for fear YOU may die, because Jehovah's anointing oil is upon YOU." So they did according to Moses' word.
2986And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Aaron, saying:
2987"Do not drink wine or intoxicating liquor, you and your sons with you, when YOU come into the tent of meeting, that YOU may not die. It is a statute to time indefinite for YOUR generations,
2988both in order to make a distinction between the holy thing and the profane and between the unclean thing and the clean,
2989and in order to teach the sons of Israel all the regulations that Jehovah has spoken to them by means of Moses."
2990Then Moses spoke to Aaron and to El·e·a'zar and Ith'a·mar, his sons that were left: "Take the grain offering that was left over from Jehovah's offerings made by fire and eat it unfermented near the altar, because it is something most holy.
2991And YOU must eat it in a holy place, because it is your allowance and the allowance of your sons from Jehovah's offerings made by fire; for so I have been commanded.
2992And YOU will eat the breast of the wave offering and the leg of the sacred portion in a clean place, you and your sons and your daughters with you, because they have been given as your allowance and the allowance of your sons from the communion sacrifices of the sons of Israel.
2993They will bring the leg of the sacred portion and the breast of the wave offering along with the offerings made by fire, of the fatty pieces, in order to wave the wave offering to and fro before Jehovah; and it must serve as an allowance to time indefinite for you and your sons with you, just as Jehovah has commanded."
2994And Moses searched thoroughly for the goat of the sin offering, and, look! it had been burned up. So he grew indignant at El·e·a'zar and Ith'a·mar, Aaron's sons that were left, saying:
2995"Why did YOU not eat the sin offering in the place that is holy, since it is something most holy and he has given it to YOU that YOU may answer for the error of the assembly so as to make atonement for them before Jehovah?
2996Look! Its blood has not been brought into the holy place within. YOU should have eaten it without fail in the holy place, just as I had been commanded."
2997At this Aaron spoke to Moses: "Look! Today they have presented their sin offering and their burnt offering before Jehovah, while such things as these began to befall me; and had I eaten the sin offering today, would it prove satisfactory in Jehovah's eyes?"
2998When Moses got to hear that, then it proved satisfactory in his eyes.
2999And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses and Aaron, saying to them:
3000"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'This is the living creature that YOU may eat of all the beasts that are upon the earth:
3001Every creature that splits the hoof and forms a cleft in the hoofs and chews the cud among the beasts, that is what YOU may eat.
3002"'Only this is what YOU must not eat among the chewers of the cud and the splitters of the hoof: the camel, because it is a chewer of the cud but is no splitter of the hoof. It is unclean for YOU.
3003Also the rock badger, because it is a chewer of the cud but does not split the hoof. It is unclean for YOU.
3004Also the hare, because it is a chewer of the cud but it does not have the hoof split. It is unclean for YOU.
3005Also the pig, because it is a splitter of the hoof and a former of a cleft in the hoof, but it itself does not chew the cud. It is unclean for YOU.
3006YOU must not eat any of their flesh, and YOU must not touch their dead body. They are unclean for YOU.
3007"'This is what YOU may eat of everything that is in the waters: Everything that has fins and scales in the waters, in the seas and in the torrents, those YOU may eat.
3008And everything in the seas and the torrents that has no fins and scales, out of every swarming creature of the waters and out of every living soul that is in the waters, they are a loathsome thing for YOU.
3009Yes, they will become a loathsome thing to YOU. YOU must not eat any of their flesh, and YOU are to loathe their dead body.
3010Everything in the waters that has no fins and scales is a loathsome thing to YOU.
3011"'And these are what YOU will loathe among the flying creatures. They should not be eaten. They are a loathsome thing: the eagle and the osprey and the black vulture,
3012and the red kite and the black kite according to its kind,
3013and every raven according to its kind,
3014and the ostrich and the owl and the gull and the falcon according to its kind,
3015and the little owl and the cormorant and the long-eared owl,
3016and the swan and the pelican and the vulture,
3017and the stork, the heron according to its kind, and the hoopoe and the bat.
3018Every winged swarming creature that goes on all fours is a loathsome thing to YOU.
3019"'Only this is what YOU may eat of all the winged swarming creatures that go upon all fours, those that have leaper legs above their feet with which to leap upon the earth.
3020These are the ones of them YOU may eat of: the migratory locust according to its kind, and the edible locust after its kind, and the cricket according to its kind, and the grasshopper according to its kind.
3021And every other winged swarming creature that does have four legs is a loathsome thing to YOU.
3022So by these YOU would make yourselves unclean. Everyone touching their dead bodies will be unclean until the evening.
3023And everyone carrying any of their dead bodies will wash his garments, and he must be unclean until the evening.
3024"'As for any beast that is a splitter of the hoof but is not a former of a cleft and is not a chewer of the cud, they are unclean for YOU. Everyone touching them will be unclean.
3025As for every creature going upon its paws among all the living creatures that go on all fours, they are unclean to YOU. Everyone touching their dead bodies will be unclean until the evening.
3026And he who carries their dead bodies will wash his garments, and he must be unclean until the evening. They are unclean to YOU.
3027"'And this is what is unclean to YOU among the swarming creatures that swarm upon the earth: the mole rat and the jerboa and the lizard according to its kind,
3028and the gecko fanfoot and the large lizard and the newt and the sand lizard and the chameleon.
3029These are unclean to YOU among all the swarming creatures. Everyone touching them in their death state will be unclean until the evening.
3030"'Now anything upon which any of them should fall in its death state will be unclean, whether it be some wooden vessel or a garment or a skin or sackcloth. Any vessel of which some use is made will be put in water, and it must be unclean until the evening and then be clean.
3031As for any earthenware vessel into which any of them should fall, anything that is within it will be unclean, and YOU will smash it.
3032Any sort of food that may be eaten upon which water may come from it will be unclean, and any drink that may be drunk in any vessel will be unclean.
3033And everything upon which any of their dead bodies may fall will be unclean. Whether oven or jar stand, it is to be broken down. They are unclean, and they will become unclean to YOU.
3034Only a spring and a pit of impounded waters will continue clean, but anyone touching their dead bodies will be unclean.
3035And should any of their dead bodies fall upon any seed of a plant that is to be sown, it is clean.
3036But in case water should be put upon seed and something of their dead bodies had fallen upon it, it is unclean to YOU.
3037"'Now in case any beast that is YOURS for food should die, he who touches its dead body will be unclean until the evening.
3038And he who eats any of its dead body will wash his garments, and he must be unclean until the evening; and he who carries off its dead body will wash his garments, and he must be unclean until the evening.
3039And every swarming creature that swarms upon the earth is a loathsome thing. It must not be eaten.
3040As for any creature that goes upon the belly and any creature that goes on all fours or any great number of feet of all the swarming creatures that swarm upon the earth, YOU must not eat them, because they are a loathsome thing.
3041Do not make YOUR souls loathsome with any swarming creature that swarms, and YOU must not make yourselves unclean by them and actually get unclean by them.
3042For I am Jehovah YOUR God; and YOU must sanctify yourselves and YOU must prove yourselves holy, because I am holy. So YOU must not make YOUR souls unclean by any swarming creature that moves upon the earth.
3043For I am Jehovah who is leading YOU up out of the land of Egypt to prove myself God to YOU; and YOU must prove yourselves holy, because I am holy.
3044"'This is the law about the beast and the flying creature and every living soul that moves about in the waters and concerning every soul that swarms upon the earth,
3045in order to make a distinction between the unclean and the clean and between the living creature that is eatable and the living creature that may not be eaten.'"
3046And Jehovah went on to speak to Moses, saying:
3047"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'In case a woman conceives seed and does bear a male, she must be unclean seven days; as in the days of the impurity when she is menstruating she will be unclean.
3048And on the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin will be circumcised.
3049For thirty-three days more she will stay in the blood of purification. She should not touch any holy thing, and she should not come into the holy place until the fulfilling of the days of her purification.
3050"'Now if she should bear a female, she must then be unclean fourteen days, as during her menstruation. For sixty-six days more she will stay with the blood of purification.
3051Then at the fulfilling of the days of her purification for a son or for a daughter she will bring a young ram in its first year for a burnt offering and a young pigeon or a turtledove for a sin offering to the entrance of the tent of meeting to the priest.
3052And he must present it before Jehovah and make atonement for her, and she must be clean from the source of her blood. This is the law about her who bears either a male or a female.
3053But if she cannot afford enough for a sheep, she must then take two turtledoves or two young pigeons, one for a burnt offering and one for a sin offering, and the priest must make atonement for her, and she must be clean.'"
3054And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses and Aaron, saying:
3055"In case a man develops in the skin of his flesh an eruption or a scab or a blotch and it does develop in the skin of his flesh into the plague of leprosy, he must then be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons the priests.
3056And the priest must look at the plague in the skin of the flesh. When the hair in the plague has turned white and the appearance of the plague is deeper than the skin of his flesh, it is the plague of leprosy. And the priest must look at it, and he must declare him unclean.
3057But if the blotch is white in the skin of his flesh and its appearance is not deeper than the skin and its hair has not turned white, the priest must then quarantine the plague seven days.
3058And the priest must look at him on the seventh day, and if in the way it looks the plague has stopped, the plague has not spread in the skin, the priest must also quarantine him another seven days.
3059"And the priest must look at him on the seventh day the second time, and if the plague has grown dull and the plague has not spread in the skin, the priest must also pronounce him clean. It was a scab. And he must wash his garments and be clean.
3060But if the scab has unquestionably spread in the skin after his appearing before the priest for the establishment of his purification, he must then appear the second time before the priest,
3061and the priest must take a look; and if the scab has spread in the skin, the priest must then declare him unclean. It is leprosy.
3062"In case the plague of leprosy develops in a man, he must then be brought to the priest.
3063And the priest must take a look; and if there is a white eruption in the skin and it has turned the hair white and the raw of the living flesh is in the eruption,
3064it is chronic leprosy in the skin of his flesh; and the priest must declare him unclean. He should not quarantine him, for he is unclean.
3065Now if the leprosy unquestionably breaks out in the skin, and the leprosy does cover all the skin of the one with the plague from his head to his feet to the full sight of the priest's eyes;
3066and the priest has looked and there the leprosy has covered all his flesh, he must then pronounce the plague clean. All of it has turned white. He is clean.
3067But on the day the living flesh appears in it, he will be unclean.
3068And the priest must see the living flesh, and he must declare him unclean. The living flesh is unclean. It is leprosy.
3069Or in case the living flesh goes back and it does change to white, he must then come to the priest.
3070And the priest must look at him, and if the plague has been changed to white, the priest must then pronounce the plague clean. He is clean.
3071"As for the flesh, in case a boil develops in its skin and it does get healed,
3072and in the place of the boil a white eruption has developed or a reddish-white blotch, he must then show himself to the priest.
3073And the priest must look, and if its appearance is lower than the skin and its hair has turned white, the priest must then declare him unclean. It is the plague of leprosy. It has broken out in the boil.
3074But if the priest looks at it, and, there now, there is no white hair in it and it is not deeper than the skin and it is dull, the priest must then quarantine him seven days.
3075And if it unmistakably spreads in the skin, the priest must then declare him unclean. It is a plague.
3076But if in its place the blotch should stand, it has not spread, it is the inflammation of the boil; and the priest must pronounce him clean.
3077"Or in case there comes to be a scar in the skin of the flesh from the fire, and the raw flesh of the scar does become a reddish-white blotch or a white one,
3078the priest must then look at it; and if the hair has been changed white in the blotch and its appearance is deeper than the skin, it is leprosy. It has broken out in the scar, and the priest must declare him unclean. It is the plague of leprosy.
3079But if the priest looks at it, and, there now, there is no white hair in the blotch and it is not lower than the skin and it is dull, the priest must then quarantine him seven days.
3080And the priest must look at him on the seventh day. If it unmistakably spreads in the skin, the priest must then declare him unclean. It is the plague of leprosy.
3081But if the blotch stands in its place, it has not spread in the skin and it is dull, it is an eruption of the scar; and the priest must pronounce him clean, because it is an inflammation of the scar.
3082"As for a man or a woman, in case a plague develops in such one on the head or on the chin,
3083the priest must then see the plague; and if its appearance is deeper than the skin, and the hair is yellow and scarce in it, the priest must then declare such one unclean. It is an abnormal falling off of hair. It is leprosy of the head or of the chin.
3084But in case the priest sees the plague of abnormal falling off of hair, and, look! its appearance is not deeper than the skin and there is no black hair in it, the priest must then quarantine the plague of abnormal falling off of hair seven days.
3085And the priest must look at the plague on the seventh day; and if the abnormal falling off of hair has not spread, and no yellow hair has developed in it and the appearance of the abnormal falling off of hair is not deeper than the skin,
3086he must then have himself shaved, but he will not have the abnormal falling off of hair shaved; and the priest must quarantine the abnormal falling off of hair seven days again.
3087"And the priest must look at the abnormal falling off of hair on the seventh day; and if the abnormal falling off of hair has not spread in the skin, and its appearance is not deeper than the skin, the priest must then pronounce him clean, and he must wash his garments and be clean.
3088But if the abnormal falling off of hair unmistakably spreads in the skin after the establishment of his purification,
3089the priest must then see him; and if the abnormal falling off of hair has spread in the skin, the priest need not make examination for yellow hair; he is unclean.
3090But if in its look the abnormal falling off of hair has stood and black hair has grown in it, the abnormal falling off of hair has been healed. He is clean, and the priest must pronounce him clean.
3091"As for a man or a woman, in case blotches develop in the skin of their flesh, white blotches,
3092the priest must then take a look; and if the blotches in the skin of their flesh are dull white, it is a harmless eruption. It has broken out in the skin. He is clean.
3093"As for a man, in case his head grows bald, it is baldness. He is clean.
3094And if his head grows bald up in front, it is forehead baldness. He is clean.
3095But in case a reddish-white plague develops in the baldness of the crown or of the forehead, it is leprosy breaking out in the baldness of his crown or of his forehead.
3096And the priest must look at him; and if there is an eruption of the reddish-white plague in the baldness of his crown or of his forehead like the appearance of leprosy in the skin of the flesh,
3097he is a leper. He is unclean. Unclean is what the priest should declare him. His plague is on his head.
3098As for the leprous one in whom the plague is, his garments should be torn, and his head should become ungroomed, and he should cover over the mustache and call out, 'Unclean, unclean!'
3099All the days that the plague is in him he will be unclean. He is unclean. He should dwell isolated. Outside the camp is his dwelling place.
3100"As for a garment, in case the plague of leprosy develops in it, whether in a woolen garment or in a linen garment,
3101or in the warp or in the woof of the linen and of the wool, or in a skin or in anything made of skin,
3102and the yellowish-green or reddish plague does develop in the garment or in the skin or in the warp or in the woof or in any article of skin, it is the plague of leprosy, and it must be shown to the priest.
3103And the priest must see the plague, and he must quarantine the plague seven days.
3104When he has seen the plague on the seventh day, that the plague has spread in the garment or in the warp or in the woof or in the skin for any use for which the skin may be made, the plague is malignant leprosy. It is unclean.
3105And he must burn the garment or the warp or the woof in the wool or in the linen, or any article of skin in which the plague may develop, because it is malignant leprosy. It should be burned in the fire.
3106"But if the priest takes a look, and, there now, the plague has not spread in the garment or in the warp or in the woof or in any article of skin,
3107the priest must also command that they should wash that in which the plague is, and he must quarantine it a second seven days.
3108And the priest must look at the plague after it has been washed out, and if the plague has not changed its look and yet the plague has not spread, it is unclean. You should burn it in the fire. It is a low spot in a threadbare patch on either its underside or its outside.
3109"But if the priest has taken a look, and, there now, the plague is dull after it has been washed out, he must then tear it out of the garment or the skin or the warp or the woof.
3110However, if it still appears in the garment or in the warp or in the woof or in any article of skin, it is breaking out. You should burn in the fire whatever it is in which the plague is.
3111As for the garment or the warp or the woof or any article of skin that you may wash, when the plague has disappeared from them, it must then be washed a second time; and it must be clean.
3112"This is the law of the plague of leprosy in a garment of wool or of linen, or in the warp or in the woof, or in any article of skin, in order to pronounce it clean or to declare it unclean."
3113And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
3114"This will become the law of the leper in the day for establishing his purification, when he must be brought to the priest.
3115And the priest must go forth outside the camp, and the priest must look; and if the plague of leprosy has been cured in the leprous one,
3116the priest must then give command; and he must take for cleansing himself two live clean birds and cedarwood and coccus scarlet material and hyssop.
3117And the priest must give command, and the one bird must be killed in an earthenware vessel over running water.
3118As for the living bird, he should take it and the cedarwood and the coccus scarlet material and the hyssop, and he must dip them and the living bird in the blood of the bird that was killed over the running water.
3119Then he must spatter it seven times upon the one cleansing himself from the leprosy and he must pronounce him clean, and he must send away the living bird over the open field.
3120"And the one cleansing himself must wash his garments and shave off all his hair and bathe in water and must be clean, and afterward he may come into the camp. And he must dwell outside his tent seven days.
3121And it must occur on the seventh day that he should shave off all his hair on his head and his chin and his eyebrows. Yes, he should shave off all his hair, and he must wash his garments and bathe his flesh in water; and he must be clean.
3122"And on the eighth day he will take two sound young rams and one sound female lamb, in its first year, and three tenths of an e'phah of fine flour as a grain offering moistened with oil and one log measure of oil;
3123and the priest who pronounces him clean must present the man who is cleansing himself, and the things, before Jehovah at the entrance of the tent of meeting.
3124And the priest must take the one young ram and offer it for a guilt offering together with the log measure of oil and must wave them to and fro as a wave offering before Jehovah.
3125And he must slaughter the young ram in the place where the sin offering and the burnt offering are regularly slaughtered, in a holy place, because, like the sin offering, the guilt offering belongs to the priest. It is something most holy.
3126"And the priest must take some of the blood of the guilt offering, and the priest must put it upon the lobe of the right ear of the one cleansing himself and upon the thumb of his right hand and upon the big toe of his right foot.
3127And the priest must take some of the log measure of oil and pour it upon the priest's left palm.
3128And the priest must dip his right finger into the oil that is upon his left palm and must spatter some of the oil with his finger seven times before Jehovah.
3129And of the rest of the oil that is upon his palm the priest will put some upon the lobe of the right ear of the one cleansing himself and upon the thumb of his right hand and upon the big toe of his right foot over the blood of the guilt offering.
3130And what is left over of the oil that is upon the priest's palm he will put upon the head of the one cleansing himself, and the priest must make atonement for him before Jehovah.
3131"And the priest must render up the sin offering and make atonement for the one cleansing himself from his impurity, and afterward he will slaughter the burnt offering.
3132And the priest must offer up the burnt offering and the grain offering upon the altar, and the priest must make atonement for him; and he must be clean.
3133"However, if he is lowly and does not have enough means, he must then take one young ram as a guilt offering for a wave offering in order to make atonement for him and one tenth of an e'phah of fine flour moistened with oil as a grain offering and a log measure of oil,
3134and two turtledoves or two young pigeons, according as he may have the means, and the one must serve as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering.
3135And on the eighth day he must bring them for establishing his purification to the priest at the entrance of the tent of meeting before Jehovah.
3136"And the priest must take the young ram of the guilt offering and the log measure of oil, and the priest must wave them to and fro as a wave offering before Jehovah.
3137And he must slaughter the young ram of the guilt offering, and the priest must take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it upon the lobe of the right ear of the one cleansing himself and upon the thumb of his right hand and upon the big toe of his right foot.
3138And the priest will pour some of the oil upon the priest's left palm.
3139And the priest must spatter with his right finger some of the oil that is upon his left palm seven times before Jehovah.
3140And the priest must put some of the oil that is on his palm upon the lobe of the right ear of the one cleansing himself and upon the thumb of his right hand and upon the big toe of his right foot over the place of the blood of the guilt offering.
3141And what is left over of the oil that is on the priest's palm he will put upon the head of the one cleansing himself in order to make atonement for him before Jehovah.
3142"And he must render up the one of the turtledoves or of the young pigeons for which he may have the means,
3143the one of them for which he may have the means as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering along with the grain offering; and the priest must make atonement for the one cleansing himself before Jehovah.
3144"This is the law for the one in whom the plague of leprosy was who may not have the means when establishing his purification."
3145And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses and Aaron, saying:
3146"When YOU come into the land of Ca'naan, which I am giving YOU as a possession, and I do put the plague of leprosy in a house of the land of YOUR possession,
3147the one to whom the house belongs must then come and tell the priest, saying, 'Something like a plague has appeared to me in the house.'
3148And the priest must give orders, and they must clear out the house before the priest may come in to see the plague, that he may not declare unclean everything that is in the house; and after that the priest will come in to see the house.
3149When he has seen the plague, then if the plague is in the walls of the house, with yellowish-green or reddish depressions, and their appearance is lower than the wall surface,
3150the priest must then go out of the house to the entrance of the house and he must quarantine the house seven days.
3151"And the priest must return on the seventh day and must take a look; and if the plague has spread in the walls of the house,
3152the priest must then give orders, and they must tear out the stones in which the plague is, and they must throw them outside the city into an unclean place.
3153And he will have the house scraped off all around inside, and they must pour the clay mortar that they cut off outside the city into an unclean place.
3154And they must take other stones and insert them in the place of the former stones; and he will have different clay mortar taken, and he must have the house plastered.
3155"If, though, the plague returns and it does break out in the house after having torn out the stones and after having cut off the house and plastered it,
3156the priest must then come in and take a look; and if the plague has spread in the house, it is malignant leprosy in the house. It is unclean.
3157And he must have the house pulled down with its stones and its timbers and all the clay mortar of the house and must have it carried forth outside the city to an unclean place.
3158But whoever comes into the house any of the days of quarantining it will be unclean until the evening;
3159and whoever lies down in the house should wash his garments, and whoever eats in the house should wash his garments.
3160"However, if the priest comes at all and he does take a look, and, there now, the plague has not spread in the house after having plastered the house, the priest must then pronounce the house clean, because the plague has been healed.
3161And to purify the house from sin he must take two birds and cedarwood and coccus scarlet material and hyssop.
3162And he must kill the one bird in an earthenware vessel over running water.
3163And he must take the cedarwood and the hyssop and the coccus scarlet material and the live bird and dip them in the blood of the bird that was killed and in the running water, and he must spatter it toward the house seven times.
3164And he must purify the house from sin with the blood of the bird and the running water and the live bird and the cedarwood and the hyssop and the coccus scarlet material.
3165And he must send the live bird away outside the city into the open field and must make atonement for the house; and it must be clean.
3166"This is the law respecting any plague of leprosy and respecting the abnormal falling off of hair
3167and respecting the leprosy of the garment and in the house,
3168and respecting the eruption and the scab and the blotch,
3169in order to give instructions when something is unclean and when something is clean. This is the law about leprosy."
3170And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses and Aaron, saying:
3171"Speak to the sons of Israel, and YOU must say to them, 'In case any man has a running discharge occur from his genital organ, his discharge is unclean.
3172And this will become his uncleanness by his discharge: Whether his genital organ has flowed with a running discharge or his genital organ is obstructed from his running discharge, it is his uncleanness.
3173"'Any bed upon which the one having a running discharge may lie down will be unclean, and any article upon which he may sit will be unclean.
3174And a man who may touch his bed should wash his garments, and he must bathe in water and be unclean until the evening.
3175And whoever sits upon the article upon which the one having a running discharge was sitting should wash his garments, and he must bathe in water and be unclean until the evening.
3176And whoever touches the flesh of the one having a running discharge should wash his garments, and he must bathe in water and be unclean until the evening.
3177And in the case of the one who has a running discharge spitting upon someone clean, he must in that case wash his garments and bathe in water and be unclean until the evening.
3178And any saddle upon which the one having a running discharge was riding will be unclean.
3179And anyone touching anything that happens to be under him will be unclean until the evening; and he who carries them will wash his garments, and he must bathe in water and be unclean until the evening.
3180And anyone whom the one having a running discharge might touch when he has not rinsed his hands in water must then wash his garments and bathe in water and be unclean until the evening.
3181And an earthenware vessel that the one having a running discharge might touch should be smashed; and any wooden vessel should be rinsed with water.
3182"'Now in case the one having a running discharge would become clean from his running discharge, he must then count for himself seven days for his purification, and he must wash his garments and bathe his flesh in running water; and he must be clean.
3183And on the eighth day he should take for himself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, and he must come before Jehovah to the entrance of the tent of meeting and give them to the priest.
3184And the priest must offer them, the one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering; and the priest must make atonement for him before Jehovah concerning his running discharge.
3185"'Now in case a man has an emission of semen go out from him, he must then bathe all his flesh in water and be unclean until the evening.
3186And any garment and any skin upon which the emission of semen gets to be must be washed with water and be unclean until the evening.
3187"'As for a woman with whom a man may lie down with an emission of semen, they must bathe in water and be unclean until the evening.
3188"'And in case a woman is having a running discharge, and her running discharge in her flesh proves to be blood, she should continue seven days in her menstrual impurity, and anyone touching her will be unclean until the evening.
3189And anything upon which she may lie down in her menstrual impurity will be unclean, and everything upon which she may sit will be unclean.
3190And anyone touching her bed should wash his garments, and he must bathe in water and be unclean until the evening.
3191And anyone touching any article upon which she was sitting should wash his garments, and he must bathe in water and be unclean until the evening.
3192And if it was upon the bed or upon another article that she was sitting, by his touching it he will be unclean until the evening.
3193And if a man lies down with her at all and her menstrual impurity comes to be upon him, he must then be unclean seven days, and any bed upon which he might lie down will be unclean.
3194"'As for a woman, in case the running discharge of her blood should be flowing many days when it is not the regular time of her menstrual impurity, or in case she should have a flow longer than her menstrual impurity, all the days of her unclean running discharge will prove as in the days of her menstrual impurity. She is unclean.
3195Any bed upon which she may lie any of the days of her running discharge will become for her as the bed of her menstrual impurity, and any article upon which she may sit will become unclean like the uncleanness of her menstrual impurity.
3196And anyone touching them will be unclean, and he must wash his garments and bathe in water and be unclean until the evening.
3197"'However, if she has become clean from her running discharge, she must also count for herself seven days, and afterward she will be clean.
3198And on the eighth day she should take for herself two turtledoves or two young pigeons, and she must bring them to the priest at the entrance of the tent of meeting.
3199And the priest must make the one a sin offering and the other a burnt offering; and the priest must make atonement for her before Jehovah concerning her unclean running discharge.
3200"'And YOU must keep the sons of Israel separate from their uncleanness, that they may not die in their uncleanness for their defiling of my tabernacle, which is in their midst.
3201"'This is the law about the man having a running discharge and the man from whom an emission of semen may go out so that he becomes unclean by it;
3202and the menstruating woman in her uncleanness, and anyone who has a flow of his running discharge, whether a male or a female, and whether a man who lies down with an unclean woman.'"
3203And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses after the death of Aaron's two sons for their approaching before Jehovah so that they died.
3204And Jehovah proceeded to say to Moses: "Speak to Aaron your brother, that he should not at all times come into the holy place inside the curtain, in front of the cover which is upon the Ark, that he may not die; because in a cloud I shall appear over the cover.
3205"With the following Aaron should come into the holy place: with a young bull for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering.
3206He should put on the holy linen robe, and the linen drawers should come upon his flesh, and he should gird himself with the linen sash and wrap himself with the linen turban. They are holy garments. And he must bathe his flesh in water and put them on.
3207"And from the assembly of the sons of Israel he should take two male kids of the goats for a sin offering and one ram for a burnt offering.
3208"And Aaron must present the bull of the sin offering, which is for himself, and he must make atonement in behalf of himself and his house.
3209"And he must take the two goats and make them stand before Jehovah at the entrance of the tent of meeting.
3210And Aaron must draw lots over the two goats, the one lot for Jehovah and the other lot for A·za'zel.
3211And Aaron must present the goat over which the lot came up for Jehovah, and he must make it a sin offering.
3212But the goat over which the lot came up for A·za'zel should be stood alive before Jehovah to make atonement for it, so as to send it away for A·za'zel into the wilderness.
3213"And Aaron must present the bull of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make an atonement in behalf of himself and his house; and he must slaughter the bull of the sin offering, which is for himself.
3214"And he must take the fire holder full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before Jehovah, and the hollows of both his hands full of fine perfumed incense, and he must bring them inside the curtain.
3215He must also put the incense upon the fire before Jehovah, and the cloud of the incense must overspread the Ark cover, which is upon the Testimony, that he may not die.
3216"And he must take some of the bull's blood and spatter it with his finger in front of the cover on the east side, and he will spatter some of the blood with his finger seven times before the cover.
3217"And he must slaughter the goat of the sin offering, which is for the people, and he must bring its blood inside the curtain and do with its blood the same as he did with the bull's blood; and he must spatter it toward the cover and before the cover.
3218"And he must make atonement for the holy place concerning the uncleannesses of the sons of Israel and concerning their revolts in all their sins; and that is the way he should do for the tent of meeting, which is residing with them in the midst of their uncleannesses.
3219"And no other man should happen to be in the tent of meeting from when he goes in to make atonement in the holy place until he comes out; and he must make atonement in behalf of himself and in behalf of his house and in behalf of the entire congregation of Israel.
3220"And he must come out to the altar, which is before Jehovah, and make atonement for it, and he must take some of the bull's blood and some of the goat's blood and put it upon the horns of the altar round about.
3221He must also spatter some of the blood upon it with his finger seven times and cleanse it and sanctify it from the uncleannesses of the sons of Israel.
3222"When he has finished making atonement for the holy place and the tent of meeting and the altar, he must also present the live goat.
3223And Aaron must lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat and confess over it all the errors of the sons of Israel and all their revolts in all their sins, and he must put them upon the head of the goat and send it away by the hand of a ready man into the wilderness.
3224And the goat must carry upon itself all their errors into a desert land, and he must send the goat away into the wilderness.
3225"And Aaron must come into the tent of meeting and strip off the linen garments that he put on when he went into the holy place, and he must lay them down there.
3226And he must bathe his flesh in water in a holy place and put on his garments and come out and render up his burnt offering and the people's burnt offering and make atonement in his own behalf and in behalf of the people.
3227And he will make the fat of the sin offering smoke upon the altar.
3228"As for the one who sent the goat away for A·za'zel, he should wash his garments, and he must bathe his flesh in water, and after that he may come into the camp.
3229"However, he will have the bull of the sin offering and the goat of the sin offering, the blood of both of which was brought in to make atonement in the holy place, taken forth outside the camp; and they must burn their skins and their flesh and their dung in the fire.
3230And the one who burned them should wash his garments, and he must bathe his flesh in water, and after that he may come into the camp.
3231"And it must serve as a statute to time indefinite for YOU people: In the seventh month on the tenth of the month YOU should afflict YOUR souls, and YOU must not do any work, either the native or the alien resident who is residing as an alien in YOUR midst.
3232For on this day atonement will be made for YOU to pronounce YOU clean. YOU will be clean from all YOUR sins before Jehovah.
3233It is a sabbath of complete rest for YOU, and YOU must afflict YOUR souls. It is a statute to time indefinite.
3234"And the priest who will be anointed and whose hand will be filled with power to act as priest as successor of his father must make an atonement and must put on the linen garments. They are holy garments.
3235And he must make atonement for the holy sanctuary, and for the tent of meeting and for the altar he will make atonement; and for the priests and for all the people of the congregation he will make atonement.
3236And this must serve as a statute to time indefinite for YOU, in order to make atonement for the sons of Israel concerning all their sins once in the year."Accordingly he did just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
3237And Jehovah went on to speak to Moses, saying:
3238"Speak to Aaron and his sons and all the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'This is the thing that Jehovah has commanded, saying:
3239"'"As for any man of the house of Israel who slaughters a bull or a young ram or a goat in the camp or who slaughters it outside the camp
3240and does not actually bring it to the entrance of the tent of meeting to present it as an offering to Jehovah before the tabernacle of Jehovah, bloodguilt will be counted to that man. He has shed blood, and that man must be cut off from among his people,
3241in order that the sons of Israel may bring their sacrifices, which they are sacrificing in the open field, and they must bring them to Jehovah to the entrance of the tent of meeting to the priest, and they must sacrifice these as communion sacrifices to Jehovah.
3242And the priest must sprinkle the blood upon Jehovah's altar at the entrance of the tent of meeting, and he must make the fat smoke as a restful odor to Jehovah.
3243So they should no longer sacrifice their sacrifices to the goat-shaped demons with which they are having immoral intercourse. This will serve as a statute to time indefinite for YOU, throughout YOUR generations."'
3244"And you should say to them, 'As for any man of the house of Israel or some alien resident who may be residing as an alien in YOUR midst who offers up a burnt offering or a sacrifice
3245and does not bring it to the entrance of the tent of meeting to render it to Jehovah, that man must be cut off from his people.
3246"'As for any man of the house of Israel or some alien resident who is residing as an alien in YOUR midst who eats any sort of blood, I shall certainly set my face against the soul that is eating the blood, and I shall indeed cut him off from among his people.
3247For the soul of the flesh is in the blood, and I myself have put it upon the altar for YOU to make atonement for YOUR souls, because it is the blood that makes atonement by the soul [in it].
3248That is why I have said to the sons of Israel: "No soul of YOU must eat blood and no alien resident who is residing as an alien in YOUR midst should eat blood."
3249"'As for any man of the sons of Israel or some alien resident who is residing as an alien in YOUR midst who in hunting catches a wild beast or a fowl that may be eaten, he must in that case pour its blood out and cover it with dust.
3250For the soul of every sort of flesh is its blood by the soul in it. Consequently I said to the sons of Israel: "YOU must not eat the blood of any sort of flesh, because the soul of every sort of flesh is its blood. Anyone eating it will be cut off."
3251As for any soul that eats a body [already] dead or something torn by a wild beast, whether a native or an alien resident, he must in that case wash his garments and bathe in water and be unclean until the evening; and he must be clean.
3252But if he will not wash them and will not bathe his flesh, he must then answer for his error.'"
3253And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
3254"Speak to the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'I am Jehovah YOUR God.
3255The way the land of Egypt does, in which YOU dwelt, YOU must not do; and the way the land of Ca'naan does, into which I am bringing YOU, YOU must not do; and in their statutes YOU must not walk.
3256My judicial decisions YOU should carry out, and my statutes YOU should keep so as to walk in them. I am Jehovah YOUR God.
3257And YOU must keep my statutes and my judicial decisions, which if a man will do, he must also live by means of them. I am Jehovah.
3258"'YOU people must not come near, any man of YOU, to any close fleshly relative of his to lay bare nakedness. I am Jehovah.
3259The nakedness of your father and the nakedness of your mother you must not lay bare. She is your mother. You must not lay bare her nakedness.
3260"'The nakedness of your father's wife you must not lay bare. It is your father's nakedness.
3261"'As for the nakedness of your sister, the daughter of your father or the daughter of your mother, whether born in the same household or born outside it, you must not lay bare their nakedness.
3262"'As for the nakedness of the daughter of your son or the daughter of your daughter, you must not lay bare their nakedness, because they are your nakedness.
3263"'As for the nakedness of the daughter of your father's wife, the offspring of your father, she being your sister, you must not lay bare her nakedness.
3264"'The nakedness of your father's sister you must not lay bare. She is the blood relation of your father.
3265"'The nakedness of your mother's sister you must not lay bare, because she is a blood relation of your mother.
3266"'The nakedness of your father's brother you must not lay bare. You must not come near his wife. She is your aunt.
3267"'The nakedness of your daughter-in-law you must not lay bare. She is your son's wife. You must not lay her nakedness bare.
3268"'The nakedness of your brother's wife you must not lay bare. It is your brother's nakedness.
3269"'The nakedness of a woman and her daughter you must not lay bare. The daughter of her son and the daughter of her daughter you must not take in order to lay her nakedness bare. They are cases of blood relationship. It is loose conduct.
3270"'And you must not take a woman in addition to her sister as a rival to uncover her nakedness, that is, besides her during her lifetime.
3271"'And you must not come near a woman during the menstruation of her impurity to lay her nakedness bare.
3272"'And you must not give your emission as semen to the wife of your associate to become unclean by it.
3273"'And you must not allow the devoting of any of your offspring to Mo'lech. You must not profane the name of your God that way. I am Jehovah.
3274"'And you must not lie down with a male the same as you lie down with a woman. It is a detestable thing.
3275"'And you must not give your emission to any beast to become unclean by it, and a woman should not stand before a beast to have connection with it. It is a violation of what is natural.
3276"'Do not make yourselves unclean by any of these things, because by all these things the nations whom I am sending out from before YOU have made themselves unclean.
3277Consequently the land is unclean, and I shall bring punishment for its error upon it, and the land will vomit its inhabitants out.
3278And YOU yourselves must keep my statutes and my judicial decisions, and YOU must not do any of all these detestable things, whether a native or an alien resident who is residing as an alien in YOUR midst.
3279For all these detestable things the men of the land who were before YOU have done, so that the land is unclean.
3280Then the land will not vomit YOU out for YOUR defiling it the same way as it will certainly vomit the nations out who were before YOU.
3281In case anyone does any of all these detestable things, then the souls doing them must be cut off from among their people.
3282And YOU must keep YOUR obligation to me not to carry on any of the detestable customs that have been carried on before YOU, that YOU may not make yourselves unclean by them. I am Jehovah YOUR God.'"
3283And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
3284"Speak to the entire assembly of the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'YOU should prove yourselves holy, because I Jehovah YOUR God am holy.
3285"'YOU should fear each one his mother and his father, and my sabbaths YOU should keep. I am Jehovah YOUR God.
3286Do not turn yourselves to valueless gods, and YOU must not make molten gods for yourselves. I am Jehovah YOUR God.
3287"'Now in case YOU should sacrifice a communion sacrifice to Jehovah, YOU should sacrifice it to gain approval for yourselves.
3288On the day of YOUR sacrifice and directly the next day it should be eaten, but what is left over till the third day should be burned in the fire.
3289If, though, it should at all be eaten on the third day, it is a foul thing. It will not be accepted with approval.
3290And the one eating it will answer for his error, because he has profaned a holy thing of Jehovah; and that soul must be cut off from his people.
3291"'And when YOU people reap the harvest of YOUR land, you must not reap the edge of your field completely, and the gleaning of your harvest you must not pick up.
3292Also, you must not gather the leftovers of your vineyard, and you must not pick up the scattered grapes of your vineyard. For the afflicted one and the alien resident you should leave them. I am Jehovah YOUR God.
3293"'YOU people must not steal, and YOU must not deceive, and YOU must not deal falsely anyone with his associate.
3294And YOU must not swear in my name to a lie, so that you do profane the name of your God. I am Jehovah.
3295You must not defraud your fellow, and you must not rob. The wages of a hired laborer should not stay all night with you until morning.
3296"'You must not call down evil upon a deaf man, and before a blind man you must not put an obstacle; and you must be in fear of your God. I am Jehovah.
3297"'YOU people must not do injustice in the judgment. You must not treat the lowly with partiality, and you must not prefer the person of a great one. With justice you should judge your associate.
3298"'You must not go around among your people for the sake of slandering. You must not stand up against your fellow's blood. I am Jehovah.
3299"'You must not hate your brother in your heart. You should by all means reprove your associate, that you may not bear sin along with him.
3300"'You must not take vengeance nor have a grudge against the sons of your people; and you must love your fellow as yourself. I am Jehovah.
3301"'YOU people should keep my statutes: You must not interbreed your domestic animals of two sorts. You must not sow your field with seeds of two sorts, and you must not put upon yourself a garment of two sorts of thread, mixed together.
3302"'Now in case a man lies down with a woman and has an emission of semen, when she is a maidservant designated for another man, and she has not in any way been redeemed nor has freedom been given her, punishment should take place. They should not be put to death, because she was not set free.
3303And he must bring his guilt offering to Jehovah to the entrance of the tent of meeting, a ram of guilt offering.
3304And the priest must make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering before Jehovah for his sin that he committed; and his sin that he committed must be forgiven him.
3305"'And in case YOU people come into the land, and YOU must plant any tree for food, YOU must also consider its fruitage impure as its "foreskin." For three years it will continue uncircumcised for YOU. It should not be eaten.
3306But in the fourth year all its fruit will become a holy thing of festal exultation to Jehovah.
3307And in the fifth year YOU may eat its fruit in order to add its produce to yourselves. I am Jehovah YOUR God.
3308"'YOU must eat nothing along with blood."'YOU must not look for omens, and YOU must not practice magic.
3309"'YOU must not cut YOUR sidelocks short around, and you must not destroy the extremity of your beard.
3310"'And YOU must not make cuts in YOUR flesh for a deceased soul, and YOU must not put tattoo marking upon yourselves. I am Jehovah.
3311"'Do not profane your daughter by making her a prostitute, in order that the land may not commit prostitution and the land actually be filled with loose morals.
3312"'My sabbaths YOU should keep, and YOU should stand in awe of my sanctuary. I am Jehovah.
3313"'Do not turn yourselves to the spirit mediums, and do not consult professional foretellers of events, so as to become unclean by them. I am Jehovah YOUR God.
3314"'Before gray hair you should rise up, and you must show consideration for the person of an old man, and you must be in fear of your God. I am Jehovah.
3315"'And in case an alien resident resides with you as an alien in YOUR land, YOU must not mistreat him.
3316The alien resident who resides as an alien with YOU should become to YOU like a native of YOURS; and you must love him as yourself, for YOU became alien residents in the land of Egypt. I am Jehovah YOUR God.
3317"'YOU must not commit injustice in judging, in measuring, in weighing or in measuring liquids.
3318YOU should prove to have accurate scales, accurate weights, an accurate e'phah and an accurate hin. Jehovah YOUR God I am, who have brought YOU out of the land of Egypt.
3319So YOU must keep all my statutes and all my judicial decisions, and YOU must do them. I am Jehovah.'"
3320And Jehovah went on speaking to Moses, saying:
3321"You are to say to the sons of Israel, 'Any man of the sons of Israel, and any alien resident who resides as an alien in Israel, who gives any of his offspring to Mo'lech, should be put to death without fail. The people of the land should pelt him to death with stones.
3322And as for me, I shall set my face against that man, and I will cut him off from among his people, because he has given some of his offspring to Mo'lech for the purpose of defiling my holy place and to profane my holy name.
3323And if the people of the land should deliberately hide their eyes from that man when he gives any of his offspring to Mo'lech by not putting him to death,
3324then I, for my part, shall certainly fix my face against that man and his family, and I shall indeed cut him and all those who have immoral intercourse along with him in having immoral intercourse with Mo'lech off from among their people.
3325"'As for the soul who turns himself to the spirit mediums and the professional foretellers of events so as to have immoral intercourse with them, I shall certainly set my face against that soul and cut him off from among his people.
3326"'And YOU must sanctify yourselves and prove yourselves holy, because I am Jehovah YOUR God.
3327And YOU must keep my statutes and do them. I am Jehovah who is sanctifying YOU.
3328"'In case there should be any man who calls down evil upon his father and his mother, he should be put to death without fail. It is his father and his mother upon whom he has called down evil. His own blood is upon him.
3329"'Now a man who commits adultery with another man's wife is one who commits adultery with the wife of his fellowman. He should be put to death without fail, the adulterer and the adulteress as well.
3330And a man who lies down with his father's wife has laid bare the nakedness of his father. Both of them should be put to death without fail. Their own blood is upon them.
3331And where a man lies down with his daughter-in-law, both of them should be put to death without fail. They have committed a violation of what is natural. Their own blood is upon them.
3332"'And when a man lies down with a male the same as one lies down with a woman, both of them have done a detestable thing. They should be put to death without fail. Their own blood is upon them.
3333"'And where a man takes a woman and her mother, it is loose conduct. They should burn him and them in the fire, in order that loose conduct may not continue in YOUR midst.
3334"'And where a man gives his seminal emission to a beast, he should be put to death without fail, and YOU should kill the beast.
3335And where a woman approaches any beast to have a connection with it, you must kill the woman and the beast. They should be put to death without fail. Their own blood is upon them.
3336"'And where a man takes his sister, the daughter of his father or the daughter of his mother, and he does see her nakedness, and she herself sees his nakedness, it is shame. So they must be cut off before the eyes of the sons of their people. It is the nakedness of his sister that he has laid bare. He should answer for his error.
3337"'And where a man lies down with a menstruating woman and does lay bare her nakedness, he has exposed her source, and she herself has laid bare the source of her blood. So both of them must be cut off from among their people.
3338"'And the nakedness of your mother's sister and of your father's sister you must not lay bare, because it is his blood relation that one has exposed. They should answer for their error.
3339And a man who lies down with his uncle's wife has laid bare the nakedness of his uncle. They should answer for their sin. They should die childless.
3340And where a man takes his brother's wife, it is something abhorrent. It is the nakedness of his brother that he has laid bare. They should become childless.
3341"'And YOU people must keep all my statutes and all my judicial decisions and do them, that the land to which I am bringing YOU to dwell in it may not vomit YOU out.
3342And YOU must not walk in the statutes of the nations whom I am sending out from before YOU, because they have done all these things and I abhor them.
3343Hence I said to YOU: "YOU, for YOUR part, will take possession of their ground, and I, for my part, shall give it to YOU to take possession of it, a land flowing with milk and honey. Jehovah YOUR God I am, who have divided YOU off from the peoples."
3344And YOU must make a distinction between the clean beast and the unclean and between the unclean fowl and the clean; and YOU must not make YOUR souls loathsome with the beast and the fowl and anything that moves on the ground that I have divided off for YOU in declaring them unclean.
3345And YOU must prove yourselves holy to me, because I Jehovah am holy; and I am proceeding to divide YOU off from the peoples to become mine.
3346"'And as for a man or woman in whom there proves to be a mediumistic spirit or spirit of prediction, they should be put to death without fail. They should pelt them to death with stones. Their own blood is upon them.'"
3347And Jehovah went on to say to Moses: "Talk to the priests, Aaron's sons, and you must say to them, 'For a deceased soul no one may defile himself among his people.
3348But for a blood relation of his who is close to him, for his mother and for his father and for his son and for his daughter and for his brother
3349and for his sister, a virgin who is close to him, who has not become a man's, for her he may defile himself.
3350He may not defile himself for a woman possessed by an owner among his people so as to make himself profane.
3351They should not produce baldness upon their heads, and the extremity of their beard they should not shave, and on their flesh they should not make an incision.
3352They should prove themselves holy to their God, and they should not profane the name of their God, because they are those presenting Jehovah's offerings made by fire, the bread of their God; and they must prove themselves holy.
3353A prostitute or a violated woman they should not take; and a woman divorced from her husband they should not take, because he is holy to his God.
3354So you must sanctify him, because he is one presenting the bread of your God. He should prove to be holy to you, because I Jehovah, who am sanctifying YOU, am holy.
3355"'Now in case the daughter of a priest should make herself profane by committing prostitution, it is her father that she is profaning. She should be burned in the fire.
3356"'And as for the high priest of his brothers upon whose head the anointing oil would be poured and whose hand was filled with power to wear the garments, he should not let his head go ungroomed, and he should not tear his garments.
3357And he should not come to any dead soul. For his father and his mother he may not defile himself.
3358He should also not go out from the sanctuary and not profane the sanctuary of his God, because the sign of dedication, the anointing oil of his God, is upon him. I am Jehovah.
3359"'And for his part, he should take a woman in her virginity.
3360As for a widow or a divorced woman and one violated, a prostitute, none of these may he take, but he should take a virgin from his people as a wife.
3361And he should not profane his seed among his people, because I am Jehovah who is sanctifying him.'"
3362And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
3363"Speak to Aaron, saying, 'No man of your seed throughout their generations in whom there proves to be a defect may come near to present the bread of his God.
3364In case there is any man in whom there is a defect, he may not come near: a man blind or lame or with his nose slit or with one member too long,
3365or a man in whom there proves to be a fracture of the foot or a fracture of the hand,
3366or hunchback or thin or diseased in his eyes or scabby or having ringworms or having his testicles broken.
3367Any man of the seed of Aaron the priest in whom there is a defect may not approach to present Jehovah's offerings made by fire. There is a defect in him. He may not approach to present the bread of his God.
3368He may eat the bread of his God from the most holy things and from the holy things.
3369However, he may not come in near the curtain, and he may not approach the altar, because there is a defect in him; and he should not profane my sanctuary, for I am Jehovah who is sanctifying them.'"
3370Accordingly Moses spoke to Aaron and his sons and all the sons of Israel.
3371And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
3372"Speak to Aaron and his sons, that they may keep themselves separate from the holy things of the sons of Israel and not profane my holy name in the things they are sanctifying to me. I am Jehovah.
3373Say to them, 'Throughout YOUR generations any man of all YOUR offspring who comes near to the holy things, which the sons of Israel will sanctify to Jehovah, while his uncleanness is upon him, that soul must be cut off from before me. I am Jehovah.
3374No man of Aaron's offspring when he is leprous or has a running discharge may eat of the holy things until he becomes clean, neither he who touches anyone unclean by a deceased soul or a man from whom there goes out a seminal emission,
3375nor a man who touches any swarming thing that is unclean for him or touches a man who is unclean for him as respects any uncleanness of his.
3376The soul who touches any such must be unclean until the evening and may not eat any of the holy things, but he must bathe his flesh in water.
3377When the sun has set, he must also be clean, and afterward he may eat some of the holy things, because it is his bread.
3378He should also not eat any body [already] dead or anything torn by wild beasts so as to become unclean by it. I am Jehovah.
3379"'And they must keep their obligation to me, that they may not carry sin because of it and have to die for it because they were profaning it. I am Jehovah who is sanctifying them.
3380"'And no stranger at all may eat anything holy. No settler with a priest nor a hired laborer may eat anything holy.
3381But in case a priest should purchase a soul, as a purchase with his money, he as such may share in eating it. As for slaves born in his house, they as such may share in eating his bread.
3382And in case the daughter of a priest should become a man's who is a stranger, she as such may not eat of the contribution of the holy things.
3383But in case the daughter of a priest should become a widow or divorced when she has no offspring, and she must return to her father's house as in her youth, she may eat some of her father's bread; but no stranger at all may feed on it.
3384"'Now in case a man eats a holy thing by mistake, he must then add the fifth of it to it and must give the holy thing to the priest.
3385So they should not profane the holy things of the sons of Israel, which they may contribute to Jehovah,
3386and actually cause them to bear the punishment of guiltiness because of their eating their holy things; for I am Jehovah who is sanctifying them.'"
3387And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
3388"Speak to Aaron and his sons and all the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'As for any man of the house of Israel or some alien resident in Israel who presents his offering, for any of their vows or for any of their voluntary offerings, which they may present to Jehovah for a burnt offering,
3389to gain approval for YOU it must be sound, a male among the herd, among the young rams or among the goats.
3390Anything in which there is a defect YOU must not present, because it will not serve to gain approval for YOU.
3391"'And in case a man should present a communion sacrifice to Jehovah in order to pay a vow or as a voluntary offering, it should prove to be a sound one among the herd or the flock, in order to gain approval. No defect at all should prove to be in it.
3392No case of blindness or fracture or having a cut or wart or scabbiness or ringworm, none of these must YOU present to Jehovah, and no offering made by fire from them must YOU put upon the altar for Jehovah.
3393As for a bull or a sheep having a member too long or too short, you may make it a voluntary offering; but for a vow it will not be accepted with approval.
3394But one having the testicles squeezed or crushed or pulled off or cut off YOU must not present to Jehovah, and in YOUR land YOU should not render them up.
3395And any of all these from the hand of a foreigner YOU must not present as the bread of YOUR God, because their corruption is in them. There is a defect in them. They will not be accepted with approval of YOU.'"
3396And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
3397"Should a bull or a young ram or a goat be born, then it must continue under its mother seven days, but from the eighth day and forward it will be accepted with approval as an offering, an offering made by fire to Jehovah.
3398As for a bull and a sheep, YOU must not slaughter it and its young one on the one day.
3399"And in case YOU should sacrifice a thanksgiving sacrifice to Jehovah, YOU should sacrifice it to gain approval for YOU.
3400On that day it should be eaten. YOU must not leave any of it until morning. I am Jehovah.
3401"And YOU must keep my commandments and do them. I am Jehovah.
3402And YOU must not profane my holy name, and I must be sanctified in the midst of the sons of Israel. I am Jehovah who is sanctifying YOU,
3403the One bringing YOU out of the land of Egypt to prove myself God to YOU. I am Jehovah."
3404And Jehovah went on speaking to Moses, saying:
3405"Speak to the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'The seasonal festivals of Jehovah that YOU should proclaim are holy conventions. These are my seasonal festivals:
3406"'Six days may work be done, but on the seventh day is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convention. YOU may do no sort of work. It is a sabbath to Jehovah in all places where YOU dwell.
3407"'These are the seasonal festivals of Jehovah, holy conventions, which YOU should proclaim at their appointed times:
3408In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, between the two evenings is the passover to Jehovah.
3409"'And on the fifteenth day of this month is the festival of unfermented cakes to Jehovah. Seven days YOU should eat unfermented cakes.
3410On the first day YOU will have a holy convention occur. No sort of laborious work may YOU do.
3411But YOU must present an offering made by fire to Jehovah seven days. On the seventh day there will be a holy convention. No sort of laborious work may YOU do.'"
3412And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
3413"Speak to the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'When YOU eventually come into the land that I am giving YOU, and YOU have reaped its harvest, YOU must also bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of YOUR harvest to the priest.
3414And he must wave the sheaf to and fro before Jehovah to gain approval for YOU. Directly the day after the sabbath the priest should wave it to and fro.
3415And on the day of YOUR having the sheaf waved to and fro YOU must render up a sound young ram, in its first year, for a burnt offering to Jehovah;
3416and as its grain offering two tenths of an e'phah of fine flour moistened with oil, as an offering made by fire to Jehovah, a restful odor; and as its drink offering a fourth of a hin of wine.
3417And YOU must eat no bread nor roasted grain nor new grain until this very day, until YOUR bringing the offering of YOUR God. It is a statute to time indefinite for YOUR generations in all places where YOU dwell.
3418"'And YOU must count for yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day of YOUR bringing the sheaf of the wave offering, seven sabbaths. They should prove to be complete.
3419To the day after the seventh sabbath YOU should count, fifty days, and YOU must present a new grain offering to Jehovah.
3420Out of YOUR dwelling places YOU should bring two loaves as a wave offering. Of two tenths of an e'phah of fine flour they should prove to be. They should be baked leavened, as first ripe fruits to Jehovah.
3421And YOU must present along with the loaves seven sound male lambs, each a year old, and one young bull and two rams. They should serve as a burnt offering to Jehovah along with their grain offering and their drink offerings as an offering made by fire, of a restful odor to Jehovah.
3422And YOU must render up one kid of the goats as a sin offering and two male lambs, each a year old, as a communion sacrifice.
3423And the priest must wave them to and fro along with the loaves of the first ripe fruits, as a wave offering before Jehovah, along with the two male lambs. They should serve as something holy to Jehovah for the priest.
3424And YOU must make a proclamation on this very day; there will be a holy convention for yourselves. No sort of laborious work may YOU do. It is a statute to time indefinite in all YOUR dwelling places for YOUR generations.
3425"'And when YOU people reap the harvest of YOUR land, you must not do completely the edge of your field when you are reaping, and the gleaning of your harvest you must not pick up. You should leave them for the afflicted one and the alien resident. I am Jehovah YOUR God.'"
3426And Jehovah went on speaking to Moses, saying:
3427"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'In the seventh month, on the first of the month, there should occur for YOU a complete rest, a memorial by the trumpet blast, a holy convention.
3428No sort of laborious work may YOU do, and YOU must present an offering made by fire to Jehovah.'"
3429And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
3430"However, on the tenth of this seventh month is the day of atonement. A holy convention should take place for YOU, and YOU must afflict YOUR souls and present an offering made by fire to Jehovah.
3431And YOU must do no sort of work on this very day, because it is a day of atonement to make atonement for YOU before Jehovah YOUR God;
3432because every soul that will not be afflicted on this very day must be cut off from his people.
3433As for any soul that will do any sort of work on this very day, I must destroy that soul from among his people.
3434YOU must do no sort of work. It is a statute to time indefinite for YOUR generations in all places where YOU dwell.
3435It is a sabbath of complete rest for YOU, and YOU must afflict YOUR souls on the ninth of the month in the evening. From evening to evening YOU should observe YOUR sabbath."
3436And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
3437"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'On the fifteenth day of this seventh month is the festival of booths for seven days to Jehovah.
3438On the first day is a holy convention. No sort of laborious work may YOU do.
3439Seven days YOU should present an offering made by fire to Jehovah. On the eighth day there should occur a holy convention for YOU, and YOU must present an offering made by fire to Jehovah. It is a solemn assembly. No sort of laborious work may YOU do.
3440"'These are the seasonal festivals of Jehovah that YOU should proclaim as holy conventions, for presenting an offering made by fire to Jehovah: the burnt offering and the grain offering of the sacrifice and the drink offerings according to the daily schedule,
3441besides the sabbaths of Jehovah and besides YOUR gifts and besides all YOUR vow offerings and besides all YOUR voluntary offerings, which YOU should give to Jehovah.
3442However, on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when YOU have gathered the produce of the land, YOU should celebrate the festival of Jehovah seven days. On the first day is a complete rest and on the eighth day is a complete rest.
3443And YOU must take for yourselves on the first day the fruit of splendid trees, the fronds of palm trees and the boughs of branchy trees and poplars of the torrent valley, and YOU must rejoice before Jehovah YOUR God seven days.
3444And YOU must celebrate it as a festival to Jehovah seven days in the year. As a statute to time indefinite during YOUR generations, YOU should celebrate it in the seventh month.
3445It is in the booths YOU should dwell seven days. All the natives in Israel should dwell in the booths,
3446in order that YOUR generations may know that it was in the booths that I made the sons of Israel to dwell when I was bringing them out of the land of Egypt. I am Jehovah YOUR God.'"
3447Accordingly Moses spoke of the seasonal festivals of Jehovah to the sons of Israel.
3448And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses, saying:
3449"Command the sons of Israel that they get for you pure, beaten olive oil for the luminary, to light up the lamp constantly.
3450Outside the curtain of the Testimony in the tent of meeting Aaron should set it in order from evening to morning before Jehovah constantly. It is a statute to time indefinite during YOUR generations.
3451Upon the lampstand of pure gold he should set the lamps in order before Jehovah constantly.
3452"And you must take fine flour and bake it up into twelve ring-shaped cakes. Two tenths of an e'phah should go to each ring-shaped cake.
3453And you must place them in two sets of layers, six to the layer set, upon the table of pure gold before Jehovah.
3454And you must put pure frankincense upon each layer set, and it must serve as the bread for a remembrancer, an offering made by fire to Jehovah.
3455On one sabbath day after another he should set it in order before Jehovah constantly. It is a covenant to time indefinite with the sons of Israel.
3456And it must become Aaron's and his sons', and they must eat it in a holy place, because it is something most holy for him from Jehovah's offerings made by fire, as a regulation to time indefinite."
3457Now a son of an Israelite woman, who, however, was the son of an Egyptian man, went out into the midst of the sons of Israel, and the son of the Israelitess and an Israelite man began to struggle with each other in the camp.
3458And the son of the Israelite woman began to abuse the Name and to call down evil upon it. So they brought him to Moses. Incidentally, his mother's name was She·lo'mith, the daughter of Dib'ri of the tribe of Dan.
3459Then they committed him into custody till there should be a distinct declaration to them according to the saying of Jehovah.
3460And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses, saying:
3461"Bring forth the one who called down evil to the outside of the camp; and all those who heard him must lay their hands upon his head, and the entire assembly must pelt him [with stones].
3462And you should speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'In case any man calls down evil upon his God, he must then answer for his sin.
3463So the abuser of Jehovah's name should be put to death without fail. The entire assembly should without fail pelt him with stones. The alien resident the same as the native should be put to death for his abusing the Name.
3464"'And in case a man strikes any soul of mankind fatally, he should be put to death without fail.
3465And the fatal striker of the soul of a domestic animal should make compensation for it, soul for soul.
3466And in case a man should cause a defect in his associate, then just as he has done, so it should be done to him.
3467Fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; the same sort of defect he may cause in the man, that is what should be caused in him.
3468And the fatal striker of a beast should make compensation for it, but the fatal striker of a man should be put to death.
3469"'One judicial decision should hold good for YOU. The alien resident should prove to be the same as the native, because I am Jehovah YOUR God.'"
3470After that Moses spoke to the sons of Israel, and they brought forth the one who had called down evil to the outside of the camp, and they pelted him with stones. Thus the sons of Israel did just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
3471And Jehovah spoke further to Moses in Mount Si'nai, saying:
3472"Speak to the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'When YOU eventually come into the land that I am giving YOU, then the land must observe a sabbath to Jehovah.
3473Six years you should sow your field with seed, and six years you should prune your vineyard, and you must gather the land's produce.
3474But in the seventh year there should occur a sabbath of complete rest for the land, a sabbath to Jehovah. Your field you must not sow with seed, and your vineyard you must not prune.
3475The growth from spilled kernels of your harvest you must not reap, and the grapes of your unpruned vine you must not gather. There should occur a year of complete rest for the land.
3476And the sabbath of the land must serve YOU people for food, for you and your slave man and your slave girl and your hired laborer and the settler with you, those who are residing as aliens with you,
3477and for your domestic animal and for the wild beast that is in your land. All its produce should serve for eating.
3478"'And you must count for yourself seven sabbaths of years, seven times seven years, and the days of the seven sabbaths of years must amount to forty-nine years for you.
3479And you must cause the horn of loud tone to sound in the seventh month on the tenth of the month; on the day of atonement YOU people should cause the horn to sound in all YOUR land.
3480And YOU must sanctify the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty in the land to all its inhabitants. It will become a Jubilee for YOU, and YOU must return each one to his possession and YOU should return each one to his family.
3481A Jubilee is what that fiftieth year will become for YOU. YOU must not sow seed nor reap the land's growth from spilled kernels nor gather the grapes of its unpruned vines.
3482For it is a Jubilee. It should become something holy to YOU. From the field YOU may eat what the land produces.
3483"'In this year of the Jubilee YOU should return each one to his possession.
3484Now in case YOU should sell merchandise to your associate or be buying from your associate's hand, do not YOU wrong one another.
3485By the number of the years after the Jubilee you should buy from your associate; by the number of the years of the crops he should sell to you.
3486In proportion to the great number of years he should increase its purchase value, and in proportion to the fewness of years he should reduce its purchase value, because the number of the crops is what he is selling to you.
3487And YOU must not wrong anyone his associate, and you must be in fear of your God, because I am Jehovah YOUR God.
3488So YOU must carry out my statutes and YOU should keep my judicial decisions and YOU must carry them out. Then YOU will certainly dwell on the land in security.
3489And the land will indeed give its fruitage, and YOU will certainly eat to satisfaction and dwell in security on it.
3490"'But in case YOU should say: "What are we going to eat in the seventh year seeing that we may not sow seed or gather our crops?"
3491in that case I shall certainly command my blessing for YOU in the sixth year, and it must yield its crop for three years.
3492And YOU must sow seed the eighth year and YOU must eat from the old crop until the ninth year. Until the coming of its crop YOU will eat the old.
3493"'So the land should not be sold in perpetuity, because the land is mine. For YOU are alien residents and settlers from my standpoint.
3494And in all the land of YOUR possession YOU should grant to the land the right of buying back.
3495"'In case your brother grows poor and has to sell some of his possession, a repurchaser closely related to him must also come and buy back what his brother sold.
3496And in case anyone proves to have no repurchaser and his own hand does make gain and he does find enough for its repurchase,
3497he must also calculate the years from when he sold it and he must return what money remains over to the man to whom he made the sale, and he must return to his possession.
3498"'But if his hand does not find enough to give back to him, what he sold must also continue in the hand of its purchaser until the Jubilee year; and it must go out in the Jubilee, and he must return to his possession.
3499"'Now in case a man should sell a dwelling house in a walled city, his right of repurchase must also continue till the year from the time of his sale finishes out; his right of repurchase should continue a whole year.
3500But if it should not be bought back before the complete year has come to the full for him, the house that is in the city that has a wall must also stand in perpetuity as the property of its purchaser during his generations. It should not go out in the Jubilee.
3501However, the houses of settlements that have no wall about them should be accounted as part of the field of the country. Right of repurchase should continue for it, and in the Jubilee it should go out.
3502"'As for cities of the Levites with the houses of the cities of their possession, the right of repurchase should continue to time indefinite for the Levites.
3503And where property of the Levites is not bought back, the house sold in the city of his possession must also go out in the Jubilee; because the houses of the cities of the Levites are their possession in the midst of the sons of Israel.
3504Moreover, the field of pasture ground of their cities may not be sold, because it is a possession to time indefinite for them.
3505"'And in case your brother grows poor and so he is financially weak alongside you, you must also sustain him. As an alien resident and a settler, he must keep alive with you.
3506Do not take interest and usury from him, but you must be in fear of your God; and your brother must keep alive with you.
3507You must not give him your money on interest, and you must not give your food out on usury.
3508I am Jehovah YOUR God, who brought YOU out of the land of Egypt to give YOU the land of Ca'naan, to prove myself YOUR God.
3509"'And in case your brother grows poor alongside you and he has to sell himself to you, you must not use him as a worker in slavish service.
3510He should prove to be with you like a hired laborer, like a settler. He should serve with you till the Jubilee year.
3511And he must go out from you, he and his sons with him, and he must return to his family, and he should return to the possession of his forefathers.
3512For they are my slaves whom I brought out of the land of Egypt. They must not sell themselves the way a slave is sold.
3513You must not tread down upon him with tyranny, and you must be in fear of your God.
3514As for your slave man and your slave girl who become yours from the nations that are round about YOU people, from them YOU may buy a slave man and a slave girl.
3515And also from the sons of the settlers who are residing as aliens with YOU, from them YOU may buy, and from their families that are with YOU whom they had born to them in YOUR land; and they must become YOUR possession.
3516And YOU must pass them on as an inheritance to YOUR sons after YOU to inherit as a possession to time indefinite. YOU may use them as workers, but upon YOUR brothers the sons of Israel, you must not tread, the one upon the other, with tyranny.
3517"'But in case the hand of the alien resident or the settler with you becomes wealthy, and your brother has become poor alongside him and must sell himself to the alien resident or the settler with you, or to a member of the family of the alien resident,
3518after he has sold himself, the right of repurchase will continue in his case. One of his brothers may buy him back.
3519Or his uncle or the son of his uncle may buy him back, or any blood relative of his flesh, one of his family, may buy him back."'Or if his own hand has become wealthy, he must also buy himself back.
3520And he must reckon with his purchaser from the year he sold himself to him till the Jubilee year, and the money of his sale must correspond with the number of years. The way workdays of a hired laborer are reckoned he should continue with him.
3521If there are yet many years, he should in proportion to them pay his repurchase price over from the money of his purchase.
3522But if only a few remain of the years until the Jubilee year, he must then make a calculation for himself. In proportion to the years of his he should pay over his repurchase price.
3523He should continue with him like a hired laborer from year to year. He may not tread him down with tyranny before your eyes.
3524However, if he cannot buy himself back on these terms, he must then go out in the year of Jubilee, he and his sons with him.
3525"'For to me the sons of Israel are slaves. They are my slaves whom I brought out of the land of Egypt. I am Jehovah YOUR God.
3526"'YOU must not make valueless gods for yourselves, and YOU must not set up a carved image or a sacred pillar for yourselves, and YOU must not put a stone as a showpiece in YOUR land in order to bow down toward it; for I am Jehovah YOUR God.
3527YOU should keep my sabbaths and stand in awe of my sanctuary. I am Jehovah.
3528"'If YOU continue walking in my statutes and keeping my commandments and YOU do carry them out,
3529I shall also certainly give YOUR showers of rain at their proper time, and the land will indeed give its yield, and the tree of the field will give its fruit.
3530And YOUR threshing will certainly reach to YOUR grape gathering, and the grape gathering will reach to the sowing of seed; and YOU will indeed eat YOUR bread to satisfaction and dwell in security in YOUR land.
3531And I will put peace in the land, and YOU will indeed lie down, with no one making [YOU] tremble; and I will make the injurious wild beast cease out of the land, and a sword will not pass through YOUR land.
3532And YOU will certainly chase YOUR enemies, and they will indeed fall before YOU by the sword.
3533And five of YOU will certainly chase a hundred, and a hundred of YOU will chase ten thousand, and YOUR enemies will indeed fall before YOU by the sword.
3534"'And I will turn myself to YOU and make YOU fruitful and multiply YOU, and I will carry out my covenant with YOU.
3535And YOU will certainly eat the old of the preceding year, and YOU will bring out the old ahead of the new.
3536And I shall certainly put my tabernacle in the midst of YOU, and my soul will not abhor YOU.
3537And I shall indeed walk in the midst of YOU and prove myself YOUR God, and YOU, on YOUR part, will prove yourselves my people.
3538I am Jehovah YOUR God, who brought YOU out of the land of Egypt from acting as slaves to them, and I proceeded to break the bars of YOUR yoke and make YOU walk erect.
3539"'However, if YOU will not listen to me nor do all these commandments,
3540and if YOU will reject my statutes, and if YOUR souls will abhor my judicial decisions so as not to do all my commandments, to the extent of YOUR violating my covenant,
3541then I, for my part, shall do the following to YOU, and in punishment I shall certainly bring upon YOU disturbance with tuberculosis and burning fever, causing the eyes to fail and making the soul pine away. And YOU will simply sow YOUR seed for nothing, as YOUR enemies will certainly eat it up.
3542And I shall indeed set my face against YOU, and YOU will certainly be defeated before YOUR enemies; and those who hate YOU will just tread down upon YOU, and YOU will actually flee when no one is pursuing YOU.
3543"'If, though, despite these things, YOU will not listen to me, I shall then have to chastise YOU seven times as much for YOUR sins.
3544And I shall have to break the pride of YOUR strength and make YOUR heavens like iron and YOUR earth like copper.
3545And YOUR power will simply be expended for nothing, as YOUR earth will not give its yield, and the tree of the earth will not give its fruit.
3546"'But if YOU keep walking in opposition to me and not wishing to listen to me, I shall then have to inflict seven times more blows upon YOU according to YOUR sins.
3547And I will send the wild beasts of the field among YOU, and they will certainly bereave YOU of children and cut off YOUR domestic animals and reduce the number of YOU, and YOUR roads will actually be desolated.
3548"'Nevertheless, if with these things YOU do not let yourselves be corrected by me and YOU just have to walk in opposition to me,
3549I, yes, I, shall then have to walk in opposition to YOU; and I, even I, shall have to strike YOU seven times for YOUR sins.
3550And I shall certainly bring upon YOU a sword wreaking vengeance for the covenant; and YOU will indeed gather yourselves into YOUR cities, and I shall certainly send pestilence into the midst of YOU, and YOU must be given into the hand of an enemy.
3551When I have broken for YOU the rods around which ring-shaped loaves are suspended, ten women will then actually bake YOUR bread in but one oven and give back YOUR bread by weight; and YOU must eat but YOU will not be satisfied.
3552"'If, however, with this YOU will not listen to me and YOU just must walk in opposition to me,
3553I shall then have to walk in heated opposition to YOU, and I, yes, I, shall have to chastise YOU seven times for YOUR sins.
3554So YOU will have to eat the flesh of YOUR sons, and YOU will eat the flesh of YOUR daughters.
3555And I shall certainly annihilate YOUR sacred high places and cut off YOUR incense stands and lay YOUR own carcasses upon the carcasses of YOUR dungy idols; and my soul will simply abhor YOU.
3556And I shall indeed give YOUR cities to the sword and lay YOUR sanctuaries desolate, and I shall not smell YOUR restful odors.
3557And I, for my part, will lay the land desolate, and YOUR enemies who are dwelling in it will simply stare in amazement over it.
3558And YOU I shall scatter among the nations, and I will unsheathe a sword after YOU; and YOUR land must become a desolation, and YOUR cities will become a desolate ruin.
3559"'At that time the land will pay off its sabbaths all the days of its lying desolated, while YOU are in the land of YOUR enemies. At that time the land will keep sabbath, as it must repay its sabbaths.
3560All the days of its lying desolated it will keep sabbath, for the reason that it did not keep sabbath during YOUR sabbaths when YOU were dwelling upon it.
3561"'As for those remaining among YOU, I shall certainly bring timidity into their hearts in the lands of their enemies; and the sound of a leaf driven about will indeed chase them away, and they will actually flee as in flight from a sword and fall without anyone chasing.
3562And they will certainly stumble against one another as if from before a sword without anyone chasing, and for YOU there will prove to be no ability to stand [in resistance] before YOUR enemies.
3563And YOU must perish among the nations, and the land of YOUR enemies must eat YOU up.
3564As for those remaining among YOU, they will rot away because of their error in the lands of YOUR enemies. Yes, even because of the errors of their fathers, with them they will rot away.
3565And they will certainly confess their own error and the error of their fathers in their unfaithfulness when they behaved unfaithfully toward me, yes, even when they walked in opposition to me.
3566Yet I, for my part, proceeded to walk in opposition to them, and I had to bring them into the land of their enemies."'Perhaps at that time their uncircumcised heart will be humbled, and at that time they will pay off their error.
3567And I shall indeed remember my covenant with Jacob; and even my covenant with Isaac and even my covenant with Abraham I shall remember, and the land I shall remember.
3568All the while the land was left abandoned by them and was paying off its sabbaths while it was lying desolated without them and they themselves were paying for their error, because, even because, they had rejected my judicial decisions, and their souls had abhorred my statutes.
3569And yet for all this, while they continue in the land of their enemies, I shall certainly not reject them nor abhor them so as to exterminate them, to violate my covenant with them; for I am Jehovah their God.
3570And I will remember in their behalf the covenant of the ancestors whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt under the eyes of the nations, in order to prove myself their God. I am Jehovah.'"
3571These are the regulations and the judicial decisions and the laws that Jehovah set between himself and the sons of Israel in Mount Si'nai by means of Moses.
3572And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
3573"Speak to the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'In case a man makes a special vow offering of souls to Jehovah according to the estimated value,
3574and the estimated value has to be of a male from twenty years old up to sixty years old, the estimated value must then become fifty shekels of silver by the shekel of the holy place.
3575But if it is a female, the estimated value must then become thirty shekels.
3576And if the age is from five years old up to twenty years old, the estimated value of the male must then become twenty shekels and for the female ten shekels.
3577And if the age is from a month old up to five years old, the estimated value of the male must then become five shekels of silver and for the female the estimated value must be three shekels of silver.
3578"'Now if the age is from sixty years old upward, if it is a male, the estimated value must then become fifteen shekels and for the female ten shekels.
3579But if he has become too poor for the estimated value, he must then stand the person before the priest, and the priest must put a valuation upon him. According to what the vower can afford, the priest will put a valuation upon him.
3580"'And if it is a beast such as one presents in offering to Jehovah, everything of what he may give to Jehovah will become something holy.
3581He may not replace it, and he may not exchange it with good for bad or with bad for good. But if he should exchange it at all with beast for beast, it itself must then become and what is exchanged for it should become something holy.
3582And if it is any unclean beast such as one may not present in offering to Jehovah, he must then stand the beast before the priest.
3583And the priest must put a valuation upon it whether it is good or bad. According to the value estimated by the priest, so it should become.
3584But if he wants to buy it back at all, he must then give a fifth of it in addition to the estimated value.
3585"'Now in case a man should sanctify his house as something holy to Jehovah, the priest must then make a valuation of it whether it is good or bad. According to what valuation the priest makes of it, so much it should cost.
3586But if the sanctifier wants to buy his house back, he must then give a fifth of the money of the estimated value in addition to it; and it must become his.
3587"'And if it is some of the field of his possession that a man would sanctify to Jehovah, the value must then be estimated in proportion to its seed: if a ho'mer of barley seed, then at fifty shekels of silver.
3588If he should sanctify his field from the year of Jubilee on, it should cost according to the estimated value.
3589And if it is after the Jubilee that he sanctifies his field, the priest must then calculate for him the price in proportion to the years that are left over until the next year of Jubilee, and a deduction should be made from the estimated value.
3590But if the sanctifier of it would at all buy the field back, he must then give a fifth of the money of the estimated value in addition to it, and it must stand fast as his.
3591Now if he should not buy the field back but if the field is sold to another man, it may not be bought back again.
3592And the field when it goes out in the Jubilee must become something holy to Jehovah, as a field that is devoted. The possession of it will become the priest's.
3593"'And if he sanctifies to Jehovah a field purchased by him that is no part of the field of his possession,
3594the priest must then calculate for him the amount of the valuation up till the year of Jubilee, and he must give the estimated value on that day. It is something holy to Jehovah.
3595In the year of Jubilee the field will return to the one from whom he bought it, to the one to whom the possession of the land belongs.
3596"'Now every value should be estimated in the shekel of the holy place. The shekel should amount to twenty ge'rahs.
3597"'Only the firstborn among beasts, which is born as the firstborn for Jehovah, no man should sanctify it. Whether bull or sheep, it belongs to Jehovah.
3598And if it is among the unclean beasts and he must redeem it according to the estimated value, he must then give a fifth of it in addition to it. But if it should not be bought back, it must then be sold according to the estimated value.
3599"'Only no sort of devoted thing that a man might devote to Jehovah for destruction out of all that is his, whether from mankind or beasts or from the field of his possession, may be sold, and no sort of devoted thing may be bought back. It is something most holy to Jehovah.
3600No devoted person who might be devoted to destruction from among mankind may be redeemed. He should be put to death without fail.
3601"'And every tenth part of the land, out of the seed of the land and the fruit of the tree, belongs to Jehovah. It is something holy to Jehovah.
3602And if a man wants to buy any of his tenth part back at all, he should give a fifth of it in addition to it.
3603As for every tenth part of the herd and flock, everything that passes under the crook, the tenth head should become something holy to Jehovah.
3604He should not examine whether it is good or bad, neither should he exchange it. But if he would exchange it at all, it itself must then become and what is exchanged for it should become something holy. It may not be bought back.'"
3605These are the commandments that Jehovah gave Moses as commands to the sons of Israel in Mount Si'nai.
3606And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses in the wilderness of Si'nai, in the tent of meeting, on the first day of the second month in the second year of their coming out of the land of Egypt, and he said:
3607"TAKE the sum of the whole assembly of the sons of Israel according to their families, according to the house of their fathers, by the number of names, all the males, head by head of them,
3608from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army in Israel. YOU should register them according to their armies, you and Aaron.
3609"And some men should be with YOU, one man to a tribe; each is a head to the house of his fathers.
3610And these are the names of the men who will stand with YOU: Of Reu'ben, E·li'zur the son of Shed'e·ur;
3611of Sim'e·on, She·lu'mi·el the son of Zu·ri·shad'dai;
3612of Judah, Nah'shon the son of Am·min'a·dab;
3613of Is'sa·char, Ne·than'el the son of Zu'ar;
3614of Zeb'u·lun, E·li'ab the son of He'lon;
3615of the sons of Joseph: of E'phra·im, E·lish'a·ma the son of Am·mi'hud; of Ma·nas'seh, Ga·ma'li·el the son of Pe·dah'zur;
3616of Benjamin, Ab'i·dan the son of Gid·e·o'ni;
3617of Dan, A·hi·e'zer the son of Am·mi·shad'dai;
3618of Ash'er, Pa'gi·el the son of Och'ran;
3619of Gad, E·li'a·saph the son of Deu'el;
3620of Naph'ta·li, A·hi'ra the son of E'nan.
3621These are the ones called of the assembly, the chieftains of the tribes of their fathers. They are the heads of the thousands of Israel."
3622So Moses and Aaron took these men who had been designated by names.
3623And they congregated all the assembly on the first day of the second month, that they might have their descent acknowledged as regards their families in the house of their fathers, by the number of the names, from twenty years old upward, head by head of them,
3624just as Jehovah had commanded Moses; and he proceeded to register them in the wilderness of Si'nai.
3625And the sons of Reu'ben, Israel's firstborn, their births according to their families in the house of their fathers, came to be by the number of names, head by head of them, all the males from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army,
3626those registered of them of the tribe of Reu'ben, forty-six thousand five hundred.
3627Of the sons of Sim'e·on, their births according to their families in the house of their fathers, those registered ones of his by the number of names, head by head of them, all the males from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army,
3628those registered of them of the tribe of Sim'e·on were fifty-nine thousand three hundred.
3629Of the sons of Gad, their births according to their families in the house of their fathers by the number of names from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army,
3630those registered of them of the tribe of Gad were forty-five thousand six hundred and fifty.
3631Of the sons of Judah, their births according to their families in the house of their fathers by the number of names from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army,
3632those registered of them of the tribe of Judah were seventy-four thousand six hundred.
3633Of the sons of Is'sa·char, their births according to their families in the house of their fathers by the number of names from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army,
3634those registered of them of the tribe of Is'sa·char were fifty-four thousand four hundred.
3635Of the sons of Zeb'u·lun, their births according to their families in the house of their fathers by the number of names from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army,
3636those registered of them of the tribe of Zeb'u·lun were fifty-seven thousand four hundred.
3637Of the sons of Joseph: of the sons of E'phra·im, their births according to their families in the house of their fathers by the number of names from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army,
3638those registered of them of the tribe of E'phra·im were forty thousand five hundred.
3639Of the sons of Ma·nas'seh, their births according to their families in the house of their fathers by the number of names from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army,
3640those registered of them of the tribe of Ma·nas'seh were thirty-two thousand two hundred.
3641Of the sons of Benjamin, their births according to their families in the house of their fathers by the number of names from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army,
3642those registered of them of the tribe of Benjamin were thirty-five thousand four hundred.
3643Of the sons of Dan, their births according to their families in the house of their fathers by the number of names from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army,
3644those registered of them of the tribe of Dan were sixty-two thousand seven hundred.
3645Of the sons of Ash'er, their births according to their families in the house of their fathers by the number of names from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army,
3646those registered of them of the tribe of Ash'er were forty-one thousand five hundred.
3647Of the sons of Naph'ta·li, their births according to their families in the house of their fathers by the number of names from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army,
3648those registered of them of the tribe of Naph'ta·li were fifty-three thousand four hundred.
3649These are the ones registered, whom Moses registered, together with Aaron and the chieftains of Israel, twelve men. They represented one each the house of his fathers.
3650And all those registered of the sons of Israel according to the house of their fathers from twenty years old upward, everyone going out to the army in Israel, came to be,
3651yes, all those registered came to be six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty.
3652However, the Levites according to the tribe of their fathers did not get registered in among them.
3653Accordingly Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
3654"Only the tribe of Le'vi you must not register, and the sum of them you must not take in among the sons of Israel.
3655And you yourself appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of the Testimony and over all its utensils and over everything that belongs to it. They themselves will carry the tabernacle and all its utensils, and they themselves will minister at it; and around the tabernacle they are to camp.
3656And whenever the tabernacle is setting out, the Levites should take it down; and when the tabernacle encamps, the Levites should set it up; and any stranger coming near should be put to death.
3657"And the sons of Israel must encamp each with reference to his camp, and each man by his [three-tribe] division by their armies.
3658And the Levites should encamp around the tabernacle of the Testimony, that no indignation may arise against the assembly of the sons of Israel; and the Levites must keep the service due to the tabernacle of the Testimony."
3659And the sons of Israel proceeded to do according to all that Jehovah had commanded Moses. They did just so.
3660Jehovah now spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
3661"The sons of Israel should encamp, each man by his [three-tribe] division, by the signs for the house of their fathers. Round about in front of the tent of meeting they should encamp.
3662"And those camping eastward toward the sunrising will be the [three-tribe] division of the camp of Judah in their armies, and the chieftain for the sons of Judah is Nah'shon the son of Am·min'a·dab.
3663And his army and the ones registered of them are seventy-four thousand six hundred.
3664And those camping alongside him will be the tribe of Is'sa·char, and the chieftain for the sons of Is'sa·char is Ne·than'el the son of Zu'ar.
3665And his army and his registered ones are fifty-four thousand four hundred.
3666And the tribe of Zeb'u·lun; and the chieftain for the sons of Zeb'u·lun is E·li'ab the son of He'lon.
3667And his army and his registered ones are fifty-seven thousand four hundred.
3668"All the registered ones of the camp of Judah are one hundred eighty-six thousand four hundred in their armies. They should set out first.
3669"The [three-tribe] division of the camp of Reu'ben will be toward the south in their armies, and the chieftain for the sons of Reu'ben is E·li'zur the son of Shed'e·ur.
3670And his army and his registered ones are forty-six thousand five hundred.
3671And those camping alongside him will be the tribe of Sim'e·on, and the chieftain for the sons of Sim'e·on is She·lu'mi·el the son of Zu·ri·shad'dai.
3672And his army and the ones registered of them are fifty-nine thousand three hundred.
3673And the tribe of Gad; and the chieftain for the sons of Gad is E·li'a·saph the son of Reu'el.
3674And his army and the ones registered of them are forty-five thousand six hundred and fifty.
3675"All the registered ones of the camp of Reu'ben are one hundred and fifty-one thousand four hundred and fifty in their armies, and they should set out second.
3676"When the tent of meeting must set out, the camp of the Levites will be in the middle of the camps."Just as they should encamp, so they should set out, each one at his place, according to their [three-tribe] divisions.
3677"The [three-tribe] division of the camp of E'phra·im in their armies will be toward the west, and the chieftain for the sons of E'phra·im is E·lish'a·ma the son of Am·mi'hud.
3678And his army and the ones registered of them are forty thousand five hundred.
3679And alongside him will be the tribe of Ma·nas'seh, and the chieftain for the sons of Ma·nas'seh is Ga·ma'li·el the son of Pe·dah'zur.
3680And his army and the ones registered of them are thirty-two thousand two hundred.
3681And the tribe of Benjamin; and the chieftain for the sons of Benjamin is Ab'i·dan the son of Gid·e·o'ni.
3682And his army and the ones registered of them are thirty-five thousand four hundred.
3683"All the registered ones of the camp of E'phra·im are one hundred and eight thousand one hundred in their armies, and they should set out third.
3684"The [three-tribe] division of the camp of Dan will be toward the north in their armies, and the chieftain for the sons of Dan is A·hi·e'zer the son of Am·mi·shad'dai.
3685And his army and the ones registered of them are sixty-two thousand seven hundred.
3686And the ones camping alongside him will be the tribe of Ash'er, and the chieftain for the sons of Ash'er is Pa'gi·el the son of Och'ran.
3687And his army and the ones registered of them are forty-one thousand five hundred.
3688And the tribe of Naph'ta·li; and the chieftain for the sons of Naph'ta·li is A·hi'ra the son of E'nan.
3689And his army and the ones registered of them are fifty-three thousand four hundred.
3690"All the registered ones of the camp of Dan are one hundred fifty-seven thousand six hundred. They should set out last-according to their [three-tribe] divisions."
3691These were the registered ones of the sons of Israel according to the house of their fathers; all the registered ones of the camps in their armies were six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty.
3692But the Levites did not get registered in among the sons of Israel, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
3693And the sons of Israel proceeded to do according to all that Jehovah had commanded Moses. That is the way they encamped in their [three-tribe] divisions, and that is the way they set out, each one in his families with regard to the house of his fathers.
3694Now these were the generations of Aaron and Moses in the day that Jehovah spoke with Moses in Mount Si'nai.
3695And these were the names of Aaron's sons: the firstborn Na'dab and A·bi'hu, El·e·a'zar and Ith'a·mar.
3696These were the names of Aaron's sons, the anointed priests whose hands had been filled with power to act as priests.
3697However, Na'dab and A·bi'hu died before Jehovah when they offered illegitimate fire before Jehovah in the wilderness of Si'nai; and they did not come to have any sons. But El·e·a'zar and Ith'a·mar continued to act as priests along with Aaron their father.
3698And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses, saying:
3699"Bring the tribe of Le'vi near, and you must stand them before Aaron the priest, and they must minister to him.
3700And they must keep their obligation to him and their obligation to all the assembly before the tent of meeting in discharging the service of the tabernacle.
3701And they must take care of all the utensils of the tent of meeting, even the obligation of the sons of Israel in discharging the service of the tabernacle.
3702And you must give the Levites to Aaron and his sons. They are given ones, given to him from the sons of Israel.
3703And you should appoint Aaron and his sons, and they must take care of their priesthood; and any stranger coming near should be put to death."
3704And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
3705"As for me, look! I do take the Levites from among the sons of Israel in place of all the firstborn opening the womb of the sons of Israel; and the Levites must become mine.
3706For every firstborn is mine. In the day that I struck every firstborn in the land of Egypt I sanctified to myself every firstborn in Israel from man to beast. They should become mine. I am Jehovah."
3707And Jehovah spoke further to Moses in the wilderness of Si'nai, saying:
3708"Register the sons of Le'vi according to the house of their fathers by their families. Every male from a month old upward you should register."
3709And Moses began to register them at the order of Jehovah, just as he had been commanded.
3710And these came to be the sons of Le'vi by their names: Ger'shon and Ko'hath and Me·rar'i.
3711Now these were the names of the sons of Ger'shon by their families: Lib'ni and Shim'e·i.
3712And the sons of Ko'hath by their families were Am'ram and Iz'har, He'bron and Uz'zi·el.
3713And the sons of Me·rar'i by their families were Mah'li and Mu'shi.These were the families of the Levites according to the house of their fathers.
3714Of Ger'shon there were the family of the Lib'nites and the family of the Shim'e·ites. These were the families of the Ger'shon·ites.
3715Their registered ones were by number of all males from a month old upward. Their registered ones were seven thousand five hundred.
3716The families of the Ger'shon·ites were behind the tabernacle. They were encamped to the west.
3717And the chieftain of the paternal house for the Ger'shon·ites was E·li'a·saph the son of La'el.
3718And the obligation of the sons of Ger'shon in the tent of meeting was the tabernacle and the tent, its covering and the screen of the entrance of the tent of meeting,
3719and the hangings of the courtyard and the screen of the entrance of the courtyard that is round about the tabernacle and the altar, and its tent cords, for all its service.
3720And of Ko'hath there were the family of the Am'ram·ites and the family of the Iz'har·ites and the family of the He'bron·ites and the family of the Uz·zi'el·ites. These were the families of the Ko'hath·ites.
3721Among the number of all the males from a month old upward there were eight thousand six hundred, taking care of the obligation to the holy place.
3722The families of the sons of Ko'hath were encamped on the side of the tabernacle to the south.
3723And the chieftain of the paternal house for the families of the Ko'hath·ites was E·li·za'phan the son of Uz'zi·el.
3724And their obligation was the Ark and the table and the lampstand and the altars and the utensils of the holy place with which they would minister and the screen, and all its service.
3725And the chieftain of the chieftains of the Levites was El·e·a'zar the son of Aaron the priest, who had the oversight of those taking care of the obligation to the holy place.
3726Of Me·rar'i there were the family of the Mah'lites and the family of the Mu'shites. These were the families of Me·rar'i.
3727And their registered ones by the number of all the males from a month old upward were six thousand two hundred.
3728And the chieftain of the paternal house for the families of Me·rar'i was Zu'ri·el the son of Ab'i·ha·il. They were encamped on the side of the tabernacle toward the north.
3729And the oversight for which the sons of Me·rar'i were obligated was over the panel frames of the tabernacle and its bars and its pillars and its socket pedestals and all its utensils and all its service,
3730and the pillars of the courtyard round about and their socket pedestals and their tent pins and their tent cords.
3731And those camping before the tabernacle toward the east, before the tent of meeting toward the sunrising, were Moses and Aaron and his sons, those taking care of the obligation to the sanctuary, as the obligation for the sons of Israel. And any stranger coming near would be put to death.
3732All the registered ones of the Levites whom Moses and Aaron registered at the order of Jehovah by their families, all the males from a month old upward, were twenty-two thousand.
3733Then Jehovah said to Moses: "Register all the firstborn males of the sons of Israel from a month old upward, and take the number of their names.
3734And you must take the Levites for me-I am Jehovah-in place of all the firstborn among the sons of Israel, and the domestic animals of the Levites in place of all the firstborn among the domestic animals of the sons of Israel."
3735And Moses proceeded, just as Jehovah had commanded him, to register all the firstborn among the sons of Israel.
3736And all the firstborn males by the number of the names from a month old upward of their registered ones came to be twenty-two thousand two hundred and seventy-three.
3737And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
3738"Take the Levites in place of all the firstborn among the sons of Israel, and the domestic animals of the Levites in place of their domestic animals; and the Levites must become mine. I am Jehovah.
3739And as the ransom price of the two hundred and seventy-three from the firstborn of the sons of Israel, who are in excess of the Levites,
3740you must take five shekels for each individual. In the shekel of the holy place you should take it. A shekel is twenty ge'rahs.
3741And you must give the money to Aaron and his sons as the ransom price of those who are in excess of them."
3742So Moses took the money of the redemption price from those who were in excess of the ransom price of the Levites.
3743From the firstborn of the sons of Israel he took the money, a thousand three hundred and sixty-five shekels, in the shekel of the holy place.
3744Then Moses gave the money of the ransom price to Aaron and his sons according to the order of Jehovah, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
3745Jehovah now spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
3746"There will be a taking of the sum of the sons of Ko'hath from among the sons of Le'vi, according to their families in the house of their fathers,
3747from thirty years old upward to fifty years old, all those going into the service group to do the work in the tent of meeting.
3748"This is the service of the sons of Ko'hath in the tent of meeting. It is something most holy:
3749And Aaron and his sons must come in when the camp is departing, and they must take down the screening curtain and must cover the ark of the testimony with it.
3750And they must put a covering of sealskins over it and spread out an entire cloth of blue on top and put in its poles.
3751"And they will spread out a cloth of blue over the table of showbread, and they must put upon it the dishes and the cups and the bowls and the pitchers of the drink offering; and the constant bread should continue on it.
3752And they must spread out a cloth of coccus scarlet over them, and they must cover it with a covering of sealskins and put in its poles.
3753And they must take a cloth of blue and cover the lampstand of the luminary and its lamps and its snuffers and its fire holders and all its vessels for oil with which they regularly minister to it.
3754And they must put it and all its utensils into a covering of sealskins and put it upon a bar.
3755And over the golden altar they will spread out a cloth of blue, and they must cover it with a covering of sealskins and put in its poles.
3756And they must take all the utensils of the ministry with which they regularly minister in the holy place, and they must put them in a cloth of blue and cover them with a covering of sealskins and put them upon a bar.
3757"And they must clear away the fatty ashes of the altar and spread out a cloth of wool dyed reddish purple over it.
3758And they must put upon it all its utensils with which they regularly minister at it, the fire holders, the forks and the shovels and the bowls, all the utensils of the altar; and they must spread out over it a covering of sealskins and put in its poles.
3759"And Aaron and his sons must finish covering the holy place and all the utensils of the holy place when the camp is departing, and after that the sons of Ko'hath will come in to carry them, but they must not touch the holy place so that they have to die. These things are the load of the sons of Ko'hath in the tent of meeting.
3760"And the oversight of El·e·a'zar the son of Aaron the priest is over the oil of the luminary and the perfumed incense and the constant grain offering and the anointing oil, the oversight of all the tabernacle and all that is in it, namely, the holy place and its utensils."
3761And Jehovah spoke further to Moses and Aaron, saying:
3762"Do not let the tribe of the families of the Ko'hath·ites be cut off from among the Levites.
3763But do this for them that they may indeed keep alive and may not die for their approaching the most holy things. Aaron and his sons will come in, and they must assign them each one to his service and to his load.
3764And they must not come in to see the holy things for the least moment of time, and so they have to die."
3765Then Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
3766"There will be a taking of the sum of the sons of Ger'shon, yes, them by the house of their fathers according to their families.
3767From thirty years old upward to fifty years you will register them, all who come to enter into the service group to render service in the tent of meeting.
3768This is the service of the families of the Ger'shon·ites as to serving and as to carrying.
3769And they must carry the tent cloths of the tabernacle and the tent of meeting, its covering and the sealskin covering that is on top over it, and the screen of the entrance of the tent of meeting,
3770and the hangings of the courtyard and the entrance screen of the gate of the courtyard that is round about the tabernacle and the altar, and their tent cords and all their service utensils, and all things with which work is regularly done. Thus they must serve.
3771At the order of Aaron and his sons all the service of the sons of the Ger'shon·ites should take place as regards all their loads and all their service, and YOU must assign all their loads to them by obligation.
3772This is the service of the families of the sons of the Ger'shon·ites in the tent of meeting, and their obligatory service is under the hand of Ith'a·mar the son of Aaron the priest.
3773"As for the sons of Me·rar'i, you will register them by their families in the house of their fathers.
3774From thirty years old upward to fifty years you will register them, all who enter into the service group to render the service of the tent of meeting.
3775And this is their obligation, their load, according to all their service in the tent of meeting: the panel frames of the tabernacle and its bars and its pillars and its socket pedestals,
3776and the pillars of the courtyard round about and their socket pedestals and their tent pins and their tent cords together with all their equipment and all their service. And by their names YOU will assign the equipment for which they are obligated, as their load.
3777This is the service of the families of the sons of Me·rar'i according to all their service in the tent of meeting, under the hand of Ith'a·mar the son of Aaron the priest."
3778And Moses and Aaron and the chieftains of the assembly proceeded to register the sons of the Ko'hath·ites by their families and by the house of their fathers,
3779from thirty years old upward to fifty years, all who entered into the service group for the service in the tent of meeting.
3780And the ones registered of them by their families came to be two thousand seven hundred and fifty.
3781These are the registered ones of the families of the Ko'hath·ites, all those serving in the tent of meeting, whom Moses and Aaron registered at the order of Jehovah by means of Moses.
3782As for the registered ones of the sons of Ger'shon by their families and by the house of their fathers,
3783from thirty years old upward to fifty years, all who entered into the service group for the service in the tent of meeting,
3784the ones registered of them by their families, by the house of their fathers, came to be two thousand six hundred and thirty.
3785These were the registered ones of the families of the sons of Ger'shon, all those serving in the tent of meeting, whom Moses and Aaron registered at the order of Jehovah.
3786As for the registered ones of the families of the sons of Me·rar'i by their families, by the house of their fathers,
3787from thirty years old upward to fifty years old, all those entering into the service group for the service in the tent of meeting,
3788the ones registered of them by their families came to be three thousand two hundred.
3789These were the registered ones of the families of the sons of Me·rar'i, whom Moses and Aaron registered at the order of Jehovah by means of Moses.
3790All the registered ones whom Moses and Aaron and the chieftains of Israel registered as Levites by their families and by the house of their fathers,
3791from thirty years old upward to fifty years old, all those coming to render the laborious service and the service of carrying loads in the tent of meeting,
3792their registered ones came to be eight thousand five hundred and eighty.
3793At the order of Jehovah they were registered by means of Moses, each one according to his service and his load; and they were registered just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
3794And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
3795"Command the sons of Israel that they send out of the camp every leprous person and everyone having a running discharge and everyone unclean by a deceased soul.
3796Whether a male or a female YOU should send them out. YOU should send them outside the camp, that they may not contaminate the camps of those in the midst of whom I am tabernacling."
3797And the sons of Israel proceeded to do so, even to send them outside the camp. Just as Jehovah had spoken to Moses, so the sons of Israel did.
3798And Jehovah continued speaking to Moses, saying:
3799"Speak to the sons of Israel, 'As for a man or a woman, in case they do any of all the sins of mankind in committing an act of unfaithfulness against Jehovah, that soul has also become guilty.
3800And they must confess their sin that they have done, and he must return the amount of his guilt in its principal, also adding a fifth of it to it, and he must give it to the one against whom he did wrong.
3801But if the latter has no near relative to whom to return the amount of the guilt, the amount of the guilt that is being returned to Jehovah belongs to the priest, except the ram of atonement with which he will make atonement for him.
3802"'And every contribution of all the holy things of the sons of Israel, which they will present to the priest, should become his.
3803And the holy things of each one will remain his own. Whatever each one may give to the priest, that will become his.'"
3804And Jehovah went on to speak to Moses, saying:
3805"Speak to the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'In case any man's wife turns aside in that she does commit an act of unfaithfulness against him,
3806and another man actually lies down with her and has an emission of semen, and it has been hidden from the eyes of her husband and has remained undiscovered, and she, on her part, has defiled herself but there is no witness against her, and she herself has not been caught;
3807and the spirit of jealousy has passed upon him, and he has become suspicious of his wife's faithfulness, and she in fact has defiled herself, or the spirit of jealousy has passed upon him, and he has become suspicious of his wife's faithfulness, but she in fact has not defiled herself;
3808then the man must bring his wife to the priest and bring her offering along with her, a tenth of an e'phah of barley flour. He must not pour oil upon it nor put frankincense upon it, because it is a grain offering of jealousy, a memorial grain offering bringing error to remembrance.
3809"'And the priest must bring her forward and make her stand before Jehovah.
3810And the priest must take holy water in an earthenware vessel, and the priest will take some of the dust that happens to be on the floor of the tabernacle, and he must put it in the water.
3811And the priest must make the woman stand before Jehovah and loosen the hair of the woman's head and put upon her palms the memorial grain offering, that is, the grain offering of jealousy, and in the hand of the priest there should be the bitter water that brings a curse.
3812"'And the priest must make her swear, and he must say to the woman: "If no man has lain down with you and if while under your husband you have not turned aside in any uncleanness, be free of the effect of this bitter water that brings a curse.
3813But you, in case you have turned aside while under your husband and in case you have defiled yourself and some man has put in you his seminal emission, besides your husband,-"
3814The priest must now make the woman swear with an oath involving cursing, and the priest must say to the woman: "May Jehovah set you for a cursing and an oath in the midst of your people by Jehovah's letting your thigh fall away, and your belly swell.
3815And this water that brings a curse must enter into your intestines to cause your belly to swell and the thigh to fall away." To this the woman must say: "Amen! Amen!"
3816"'And the priest must write these cursings in the book and must wipe them out into the bitter water.
3817And he must make the woman drink the bitter water that brings a curse, and the water that brings a curse must enter into her as something bitter.
3818And the priest must take the grain offering of jealousy from the woman's hand and wave the grain offering to and fro before Jehovah, and he must bring it near the altar.
3819And the priest must grasp some of the grain offering as a remembrancer of it and must make it smoke upon the altar, and afterward he will make the woman drink the water.
3820When he has made her drink the water, it must also occur that if she has defiled herself in that she committed an act of unfaithfulness toward her husband, the water that brings a curse must then enter into her as something bitter, and her belly must swell, and her thigh must fall away, and the woman must become a cursing in among her people.
3821However, if the woman has not defiled herself but she is clean, she must then be free from such punishment; and she must be made pregnant with semen.
3822"'This is the law about jealousy, where a woman may turn aside while under her husband, and she does defile herself,
3823or in the case of a man where the spirit of jealousy may pass upon him, and he does suspect his wife of unfaithfulness; and he must make the wife stand before Jehovah, and the priest must carry out toward her all this law.
3824And the man must be innocent of error, but that wife will answer for her error.'"
3825And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
3826"Speak to the sons of Israel and you must say to them, 'In case a man or a woman takes a special vow to live as a Naz'i·rite to Jehovah,
3827he should keep away from wine and intoxicating liquor. He should not drink the vinegar of wine or the vinegar of intoxicating liquor, nor drink any liquid made from grapes, nor eat grapes either fresh or dried.
3828All the days of his Naziriteship he should not eat anything at all that is made from the wine vine, from the unripe grapes to the skins.
3829"'All the days of the vow of his Naziriteship no razor should pass over his head; until the days that he should be separated to Jehovah come to the full, he should prove holy by letting the locks of the hair of his head grow.
3830All the days of his keeping separate to Jehovah he may not come toward any dead soul.
3831Not even for his father or his mother or his brother or his sister may he defile himself when they die, because the sign of his Naziriteship to his God is upon his head.
3832"'All the days of his Naziriteship he is holy to Jehovah.
3833But in case anyone dying should die quite suddenly alongside him so that he has defiled the head of his Naziriteship, he must then shave his head in the day of establishing his purification. On the seventh day he should shave it.
3834And on the eighth day he should bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons to the priest to the entrance of the tent of meeting.
3835And the priest must handle one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering and make atonement for him, since he has sinned because of the [dead] soul. Then he must sanctify his head on that day.
3836And he must live as a Naz'i·rite to Jehovah for the days of his Naziriteship, and he must bring a young ram in its first year as a guilt offering; and the former days will go uncounted because he defiled his Naziriteship.
3837"'Now this is the law about the Naz'i·rite: On the day that the days of his Naziriteship come to the full, he will be brought to the entrance of the tent of meeting.
3838And he must present as his offering to Jehovah one sound young ram in its first year as a burnt offering and one sound female lamb in its first year as a sin offering and one sound ram as a communion sacrifice,
3839and a basket of unfermented ring-shaped cakes of fine flour, moistened with oil, and unfermented wafers smeared with oil, and their grain offering and their drink offerings.
3840And the priest must present them before Jehovah and render up his sin offering and his burnt offering.
3841And he will render up the ram as a communion sacrifice to Jehovah along with the basket of unfermented cakes; and the priest must render up its grain offering and its drink offering.
3842"'And the Naz'i·rite must shave the head of his Naziriteship at the entrance of the tent of meeting, and he must take the hair of the head of his Naziriteship and put it upon the fire that is under the communion sacrifice.
3843And the priest must take a boiled shoulder from the ram and one unfermented ring-shaped cake out of the basket, and one unfermented wafer, and put them upon the palms of the Naz'i·rite after he has had the sign of his Naziriteship shaved off.
3844And the priest must wave them to and fro as a wave offering before Jehovah. It is something holy for the priest, along with the breast of the wave offering and the leg of the contribution. And afterward the Naz'i·rite may drink wine.
3845"'This is the law about the Naz'i·rite who vows-his offering to Jehovah over his Naziriteship, besides that which he can afford. According to his vow that he may make, so he should do because of the law of his Naziriteship.'"
3846Then Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
3847"Speak to Aaron and his sons, saying, 'This is the way YOU should bless the sons of Israel, saying to them:
3848"May Jehovah bless you and keep you.
3849May Jehovah make his face shine toward you, and may he favor you.
3850May Jehovah lift up his face toward you and assign peace to you."'
3851And they must place my name upon the sons of Israel, that I myself may bless them."
3852Now it came about on the day that Moses finished setting up the tabernacle that he proceeded to anoint it and to sanctify it and all its furnishings and the altar and all its utensils. Thus he anointed them and sanctified them.
3853Then the chieftains of Israel, the heads of the house of their fathers, made a presentation, they being the chieftains of the tribes and standing over the ones registered,
3854and they brought their offering before Jehovah, six covered wagons and twelve cattle, a wagon for two chieftains and a bull for each one; and they presented them before the tabernacle.
3855At this Jehovah said to Moses:
3856"Accept them from them, as they must serve for carrying on the service of the tent of meeting, and you must give them to the Levites, each one in proportion to his own service."
3857So Moses accepted the wagons and the cattle and gave them to the Levites.
3858Two wagons and four cattle he gave to the sons of Ger'shon in proportion to their service,
3859and four wagons and eight cattle he gave to the sons of Me·rar'i in proportion to their service, under the hand of Ith'a·mar the son of Aaron the priest.
3860But to the sons of Ko'hath he gave none, because the service of the holy place was upon them. They did their carrying on the shoulder.
3861Now the chieftains made their presentation at the inauguration of the altar on the day of its being anointed, and the chieftains proceeded with presenting their offering before the altar.
3862So Jehovah said to Moses: "One chieftain on one day and another chieftain on another day is the way they will present their offering for the inauguration of the altar."
3863Now the one presenting his offering on the first day proved to be Nah'shon the son of Am·min'a·dab of the tribe of Judah.
3864And his offering was one silver dish, its weight being a hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels by the shekel of the holy place, both of them full of fine flour moistened with oil for a grain offering;
3865one gold cup of ten shekels, full of incense;
3866one young bull, one ram, one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
3867one kid of the goats for a sin offering;
3868and for a communion sacrifice two cattle, five rams, five he-goats, five male lambs each a year old. This was the offering of Nah'shon the son of Am·min'a·dab.
3869On the second day Ne·than'el the son of Zu'ar, the chieftain of Is'sa·char, made a presentation.
3870He presented as his offering one silver dish, its weight being a hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels by the shekel of the holy place, both of them full of fine flour moistened with oil for a grain offering;
3871one gold cup of ten shekels, full of incense;
3872one young bull, one ram, one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
3873one kid of the goats for a sin offering;
3874and for a communion sacrifice two cattle, five rams, five he-goats, five male lambs each a year old. This was the offering of Ne·than'el the son of Zu'ar.
3875On the third day there was the chieftain for the sons of Zeb'u·lun, E·li'ab the son of He'lon.
3876His offering was one silver dish, its weight being a hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels by the shekel of the holy place, both of them full of fine flour moistened with oil for a grain offering;
3877one gold cup of ten shekels, full of incense;
3878one young bull, one ram, one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
3879one kid of the goats for a sin offering;
3880and for a communion sacrifice two cattle, five rams, five he-goats, five male lambs each a year old. This was the offering of E·li'ab the son of He'lon.
3881On the fourth day there was the chieftain for the sons of Reu'ben, E·li'zur the son of Shed'e·ur.
3882His offering was one silver dish, its weight being a hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels by the shekel of the holy place, both of them full of fine flour moistened with oil for a grain offering;
3883one gold cup of ten shekels, full of incense;
3884one young bull, one ram, one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
3885one kid of the goats for a sin offering;
3886and for a communion sacrifice two cattle, five rams, five he-goats, five male lambs each a year old. This was the offering of E·li'zur the son of Shed'e·ur.
3887On the fifth day there was the chieftain for the sons of Sim'e·on, She·lu'mi·el the son of Zu·ri·shad'dai.
3888His offering was one silver dish, its weight being a hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels by the shekel of the holy place, both of them full of fine flour moistened with oil for a grain offering;
3889one gold cup of ten shekels, full of incense;
3890one young bull, one ram, one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
3891one kid of the goats for a sin offering;
3892and for a communion sacrifice two cattle, five rams, five he-goats, five male lambs each a year old. This was the offering of She·lu'mi·el the son of Zu·ri·shad'dai.
3893On the sixth day there was the chieftain for the sons of Gad, E·li'a·saph the son of Deu'el.
3894His offering was one silver dish, its weight being a hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels by the shekel of the holy place, both of them full of fine flour moistened with oil for a grain offering;
3895one gold cup of ten shekels, full of incense;
3896one young bull, one ram, one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
3897one kid of the goats for a sin offering;
3898and for a communion sacrifice two cattle, five rams, five he-goats, five male lambs each a year old. This was the offering of E·li'a·saph the son of Deu'el.
3899On the seventh day there was the chieftain for the sons of E'phra·im, E·lish'a·ma the son of Am·mi'hud.
3900His offering was one silver dish, its weight being a hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels by the shekel of the holy place, both of them full of fine flour moistened with oil for a grain offering;
3901one gold cup of ten shekels, full of incense;
3902one young bull, one ram, one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
3903one kid of the goats for a sin offering;
3904and for a communion sacrifice two cattle, five rams, five he-goats, five male lambs each a year old. This was the offering of E·lish'a·ma the son of Am·mi'hud.
3905On the eighth day there was the chieftain for the sons of Ma·nas'seh, Ga·ma'li·el the son of Pe·dah'zur.
3906His offering was one silver dish, its weight being a hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels by the shekel of the holy place, both of them full of fine flour moistened with oil for a grain offering;
3907one gold cup of ten shekels, full of incense;
3908one young bull, one ram, one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
3909one kid of the goats for a sin offering;
3910and for a communion sacrifice two cattle, five rams, five he-goats, five male lambs each a year old. This was the offering of Ga·ma'li·el the son of Pe·dah'zur.
3911On the ninth day there was the chieftain for the sons of Benjamin, Ab'i·dan the son of Gid·e·o'ni.
3912His offering was one silver dish, its weight being a hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels by the shekel of the holy place, both of them full of fine flour moistened with oil for a grain offering;
3913one gold cup of ten shekels, full of incense;
3914one young bull, one ram, one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
3915one kid of the goats for a sin offering;
3916and for a communion sacrifice two cattle, five rams, five he-goats, five male lambs each a year old. This was the offering of Ab'i·dan the son of Gid·e·o'ni.
3917On the tenth day there was the chieftain for the sons of Dan, A·hi·e'zer the son of Am·mi·shad'dai.
3918His offering was one silver dish, its weight being a hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels by the shekel of the holy place, both of them full of fine flour moistened with oil for a grain offering;
3919one gold cup of ten shekels, full of incense;
3920one young bull, one ram, one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
3921one kid of the goats for a sin offering;
3922and for a communion sacrifice two cattle, five rams, five he-goats, five male lambs each a year old. This was the offering of A·hi·e'zer the son of Am·mi·shad'dai.
3923On the eleventh day there was the chieftain for the sons of Ash'er, Pa'gi·el the son of Och'ran.
3924His offering was one silver dish, its weight being a hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels by the shekel of the holy place, both of them full of fine flour moistened with oil for a grain offering;
3925one gold cup of ten shekels, full of incense;
3926one young bull, one ram, one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
3927one kid of the goats for a sin offering;
3928and for a communion sacrifice two cattle, five rams, five he-goats, five male lambs each a year old. This was the offering of Pa'gi·el the son of Och'ran.
3929On the twelfth day there was the chieftain for the sons of Naph'ta·li, A·hi'ra the son of E'nan.
3930His offering was one silver dish, its weight being a hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels by the shekel of the holy place, both of them full of fine flour moistened with oil for a grain offering;
3931one gold cup of ten shekels, full of incense;
3932one young bull, one ram, one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
3933one kid of the goats for a sin offering;
3934and for a communion sacrifice two cattle, five rams, five he-goats, five male lambs each a year old. This was the offering of A·hi'ra the son of E'nan.
3935This was the inauguration offering of the altar on the day of its being anointed, on the part of the chieftains of Israel: twelve silver dishes, twelve silver bowls, twelve gold cups;
3936a hundred and thirty shekels to each silver dish, and seventy to each bowl, all the silver of the vessels being two thousand four hundred shekels by the shekel of the holy place;
3937the twelve gold cups full of incense being ten shekels respectively to a cup by the shekel of the holy place, all the gold of the cups being a hundred and twenty shekels;
3938all the cattle for the burnt offering being twelve bulls, twelve rams, twelve male lambs each a year old and their grain offerings, and twelve kids of the goats for a sin offering;
3939and all the cattle of the communion sacrifice being twenty-four bulls, sixty rams, sixty he-goats, sixty male lambs each a year old. This was the inauguration offering of the altar after its being anointed.
3940Now whenever Moses went into the tent of meeting to speak with him, then he would hear the voice conversing with him from above the cover that was upon the ark of the testimony, from between the two cherubs; and he would speak to him.
3941And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses, saying:
3942"Speak to Aaron, and you must say to him, 'Whenever you light up the lamps, the seven lamps should shine on the area in front of the lampstand.'"
3943And Aaron began to do so. He lit up its lamps for the area in front of the lampstand, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
3944Now this was the workmanship of the lampstand. It was hammered work of gold. Up to its sides and up to its blossoms it was hammered work. According to the vision that Jehovah had shown Moses, so he had made the lampstand.
3945And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
3946"Take the Levites from among the sons of Israel, and you must cleanse them.
3947And this is what you should do to them to cleanse them: Spatter sin-cleansing water upon them, and they must have a razor pass over all their flesh and must wash their garments and cleanse themselves.
3948Then they must take a young bull and its grain offering of fine flour moistened with oil, and you will take another young bull for a sin offering.
3949And you must present the Levites before the tent of meeting and congregate all the assembly of the sons of Israel.
3950And you must present the Levites before Jehovah, and the sons of Israel must lay their hands upon the Levites.
3951And Aaron must cause the Levites to move to and fro before Jehovah as a wave offering from the sons of Israel, and they must serve for carrying on the service of Jehovah.
3952"Then the Levites will lay their hands upon the heads of the bulls. After that, render up the one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering to Jehovah to make atonement for the Levites.
3953And you must have the Levites stand before Aaron and his sons and must cause them to move to and fro as a wave offering to Jehovah.
3954And you must separate the Levites from among the sons of Israel, and the Levites must become mine.
3955And afterward the Levites will come in to serve at the tent of meeting. So you must cleanse them and cause them to move to and fro as a wave offering.
3956For they are given ones, given to me from among the sons of Israel. In place of those opening all wombs, all the firstborn of the sons of Israel, I must take them for myself.
3957For every firstborn among the sons of Israel is mine, among man and among beast. On the day of my striking every firstborn in the land of Egypt I sanctified them to myself.
3958And I shall take the Levites in place of all the firstborn among the sons of Israel.
3959And I shall give the Levites as given ones to Aaron and his sons from among the sons of Israel, to carry on the service of the sons of Israel in the tent of meeting and to make atonement for the sons of Israel, that no plague may occur among the sons of Israel because the sons of Israel approach the holy place."
3960And Moses and Aaron and all the assembly of the sons of Israel proceeded to do so to the Levites. In accord with all that Jehovah had commanded Moses as regards the Levites, that is the way the sons of Israel did to them.
3961So the Levites purified themselves and washed their garments, after which Aaron caused them to move to and fro as a wave offering before Jehovah. Then Aaron made an atonement for them to cleanse them.
3962First after that the Levites came in to carry on their service in the tent of meeting before Aaron and his sons. Just as Jehovah had commanded Moses respecting the Levites, so they did to them.
3963Jehovah now spoke to Moses, saying:
3964"This is what applies to the Levites: From twenty-five years old upward he will come to enter into the company in the service of the tent of meeting.
3965But after the age of fifty years he will retire from the service company and serve no longer.
3966And he must minister to his brothers in the tent of meeting in taking care of the obligation, but he must render no service. In accord with this you will do to the Levites in their obligations."
3967And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses in the wilderness of Si'nai in the second year of their coming out of the land of Egypt, in the first month, saying:
3968"Now the sons of Israel should prepare the passover sacrifice at its appointed time.
3969On the fourteenth day in this month between the two evenings YOU should prepare it at its appointed time. According to all its statutes and all its regular procedures YOU should prepare it."
3970So Moses spoke to the sons of Israel to prepare the passover sacrifice.
3971Then they prepared the passover sacrifice in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month between the two evenings, in the wilderness of Si'nai. According to all that Jehovah had commanded Moses, so the sons of Israel did.
3972Now there happened to be men who had become unclean by a human soul so that they were not able to prepare the passover sacrifice on that day. Hence they presented themselves before Moses and Aaron on that day.
3973Then those men said to him: "We are unclean by a human soul. Why should we be restrained from presenting the offering to Jehovah at its appointed time in the midst of the sons of Israel?"
3974At this Moses said to them: "Stand there, and let me hear what Jehovah may command regarding YOU."
3975Then Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
3976"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'Although any man of YOU or of YOUR generations should happen to be unclean by a soul or off on a distant journey, he too must prepare the passover sacrifice to Jehovah.
3977In the second month, on the fourteenth day between the two evenings, they should prepare it. Together with unfermented cakes and bitter greens they should eat it.
3978They must not let any of it remain until morning, and they should break no bone in it. According to the whole statute of the passover they should prepare it.
3979But when the man was clean or did not happen to be off on a journey and neglected to prepare the passover sacrifice, that soul must then be cut off from his people, because the offering of Jehovah he did not present at its appointed time. For his sin that man will answer.
3980"'And in case an alien resident should be residing with YOU as an alien, he also must prepare the passover sacrifice to Jehovah. According to the statute of the passover and according to its regular procedure is the way he should do. There should exist one statute for YOU people, both for the alien resident and for the native of the land.'"
3981Now on the day of setting up the tabernacle the cloud covered the tabernacle of the tent of the Testimony, but in the evening what appeared to be fire continued over the tabernacle until morning.
3982That is the way it went on constantly: The cloud would cover it by day, and the appearance of fire by night.
3983And whenever the cloud would go up from over the tent, the sons of Israel would pull away right afterward, and in the place where the cloud would reside, there is where the sons of Israel would encamp.
3984At the order of Jehovah the sons of Israel would pull away, and at the order of Jehovah they would encamp. All the days that the cloud would reside over the tabernacle, they would remain encamped.
3985And when the cloud prolonged its stay over the tabernacle many days, the sons of Israel also kept their obligation to Jehovah that they should not pull away.
3986And sometimes the cloud would continue a few days over the tabernacle. At the order of Jehovah they would remain encamped, and at the order of Jehovah they would pull away.
3987And sometimes the cloud would continue from evening to morning; and the cloud lifted itself in the morning, and they pulled away. Whether it was by day or by night that the cloud lifted itself, they also pulled away.
3988Whether it was two days or a month or more days during which the cloud prolonged its stay over the tabernacle by residing over it, the sons of Israel remained encamped and would not pull away, but when it lifted itself they would pull away.
3989At the order of Jehovah they would encamp, and at the order of Jehovah they would pull away. They kept their obligation to Jehovah at the order of Jehovah by means of Moses.
3990And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses, saying:
3991"Make for yourself two trumpets of silver. You will make them of hammered work, and they must be at your service for convening the assembly and for breaking up the camps.
3992And they must blow on them both, and the whole assembly must keep their appointment with you at the entrance of the tent of meeting.
3993And if they should blow on just one, the chieftains as heads of the thousands of Israel must also keep their appointment with you.
3994"And YOU men must blow a fluctuating blast, and the camps of those camping to the east must pull away.
3995And YOU must blow a fluctuating blast a second time, and the camps of those camping to the south must pull away. They should blow a fluctuating blast for each time one of them pulls away.
3996"Now when calling the congregation together, YOU should blow, but YOU must not sound a fluctuating blast.
3997And Aaron's sons, the priests, should blow on the trumpets, and the use of them must serve as a statute for YOU men to time indefinite during YOUR generations.
3998"And in case YOU should enter into war in YOUR land against the oppressor who is harassing YOU, YOU must also sound a war call on the trumpets, and YOU will certainly be remembered before Jehovah YOUR God and be saved from YOUR enemies.
3999"And in the day of YOUR rejoicing and in YOUR festal seasons and at the commencements of YOUR months, YOU must blow on the trumpets over YOUR burnt offerings and YOUR communion sacrifices; and their use must serve as a memorial for YOU before YOUR God. I am Jehovah YOUR God."
4000Now it came about that in the second year, in the second month, on the twentieth day in the month, the cloud lifted itself from over the tabernacle of the Testimony.
4001And the sons of Israel began to pull away in the manner of their departures from the wilderness of Si'nai, and the cloud proceeded to reside in the wilderness of Pa'ran.
4002And they began pulling away for the first time, according to the order of Jehovah by means of Moses.
4003So the [three-tribe] division of the camp of the sons of Judah pulled away first of all in their armies, and Nah'shon the son of Am·min'a·dab was over its army.
4004And over the army of the tribe of the sons of Is'sa·char there was Ne·than'el the son of Zu'ar.
4005And over the army of the tribe of the sons of Zeb'u·lun there was E·li'ab the son of He'lon.
4006And the tabernacle was taken down, and the sons of Ger'shon and the sons of Me·rar'i as carriers of the tabernacle pulled away.
4007And the [three-tribe] division of the camp of Reu'ben pulled away in their armies, and E·li'zur the son of Shed'e·ur was over its army.
4008And over the army of the tribe of the sons of Sim'e·on there was She·lu'mi·el the son of Zu·ri·shad'dai.
4009And over the army of the tribe of the sons of Gad there was E·li'a·saph the son of Deu'el.
4010And the Ko'hath·ites as carriers of the sanctuary pulled away, as they will have set up the tabernacle by the time of their coming.
4011And the [three-tribe] division of the camp of the sons of E'phra·im pulled away in their armies, and E·lish'a·ma the son of Am·mi'hud was over its army.
4012And over the army of the tribe of the sons of Ma·nas'seh there was Ga·ma'li·el the son of Pe·dah'zur.
4013And over the army of the tribe of the sons of Benjamin there was Ab'i·dan the son of Gid·e·o'ni.
4014And the [three-tribe] division of the camp of the sons of Dan pulled away as forming the rear guard for all the camps in their armies, and A·hi·e'zer the son of Am·mi·shad'dai was over its army.
4015And over the army of the tribe of the sons of Ash'er there was Pa'gi·el the son of Och'ran.
4016And over the army of the tribe of the sons of Naph'ta·li there was A·hi'ra the son of E'nan.
4017In this manner were the departures of the sons of Israel in their armies when they would pull away.
4018Then Moses said to Ho'bab the son of Reu'el the Mid'i·an·ite, the father-in-law of Moses: "We are pulling away for the place about which Jehovah said, 'I shall give it to YOU.' Do come with us, and we shall certainly do good to you, because Jehovah has spoken good concerning Israel."
4019But he said to him: "I shall not go along, but I shall go to my own country and to my relatives."
4020At this he said: "Please, do not leave us, because, for the reason that you well know where we may encamp in the wilderness, you must serve as eyes for us.
4021And it must occur that in case you should come with us, yes, it must occur that with what goodness Jehovah will do good with us, we, in turn, will do good to you."
4022So they went marching from the mountain of Jehovah for a journey of three days, and the ark of Jehovah's covenant was marching before them for a journey of three days to search out a resting-place for them.
4023And Jehovah's cloud was over them by day at their marching out from the encampment.
4024And it would occur that when the Ark would set out, Moses would say: "Do arise, O Jehovah, and let your enemies be scattered; and let those who intensely hate you flee from before you."
4025And when it would rest, he would say: "Do return, O Jehovah, to the myriads of thousands of Israel."
4026Now the people became as men having something evil to complain about in the ears of Jehovah. When Jehovah got to hear it, then his anger grew hot, and a fire of Jehovah began to blaze against them and to consume some in the extremity of the camp.
4027When the people began to cry out to Moses, then he made supplication to Jehovah, and the fire sank down.
4028And the name of that place got to be called Tab'e·rah, because a fire of Jehovah had blazed against them.
4029And the mixed crowd that was in the midst of them expressed selfish longing, and the sons of Israel too began to weep again and say: "Who will give us meat to eat?
4030How we remember the fish that we used to eat in Egypt for nothing, the cucumbers and the watermelons and the leeks and the onions and the garlic!
4031But now our soul is dried away. Our eyes are on nothing at all except the manna."
4032Incidentally, the manna was like coriander seed, and its look was like the look of bdellium gum.
4033The people spread out and picked it up and ground it in hand mills or pounded it in a mortar, and they boiled it in cooking pots or made it into round cakes, and its taste proved to be like the taste of an oiled sweet cake.
4034And when the dew descended upon the camp by night, the manna would descend upon it.
4035And Moses got to hear the people weeping in their families, each man at the entrance of his tent. And Jehovah's anger began growing very hot, and in the eyes of Moses it was bad.
4036Then Moses said to Jehovah: "Why have you caused evil to your servant, and why have I not found favor in your eyes, in placing the load of all this people upon me?
4037Have I myself conceived all this people? Is it I who have given them birth, so that you should say to me, 'Carry them in your bosom, just as the male nurse carries the suckling,' to the soil about which you swore to their forefathers?
4038From where do I have meat to give to all this people? For they keep weeping toward me, saying, 'Do give us meat, and let us eat!'
4039I am not able, I by myself, to carry all this people, because they are too heavy for me.
4040So if this is the way you are doing to me, please kill me off altogether, if I have found favor in your eyes, and let me not look upon my calamity."
4041In turn Jehovah said to Moses: "Gather for me seventy men of the older men of Israel, whom you do know that they are older men of the people and officers of theirs, and you must take them to the tent of meeting, and they must station themselves there with you.
4042And I shall have to come down and speak with you there; and I shall have to take away some of the spirit that is upon you and place it upon them, and they will have to help you in carrying the load of the people that you may not carry it, just you alone.
4043And to the people you should say, 'Sanctify yourselves for tomorrow, as YOU will certainly eat meat, because YOU have wept in the ears of Jehovah, saying: "Who will give us meat to eat, for it was well with us in Egypt?" And Jehovah will certainly give YOU meat, and YOU will indeed eat.
4044YOU will eat, not one day nor two days nor five days nor ten days nor twenty days,
4045but up to a month of days, until it comes out of YOUR nostrils and it has become a loathing to YOU, just because YOU rejected Jehovah, who is in YOUR midst, and YOU went weeping before him, saying: "Why is it that we have come out of Egypt?"'"
4046Then Moses said: "The people in the midst of whom I am are six hundred thousand men on foot, and yet you-you have said, 'Meat I shall give them, and they will certainly eat for a month of days'!
4047Will flocks and herds be slaughtered for them, for it to be adequate for them? Or will all the fish of the sea be caught for them, for it to be adequate for them?"
4048At this Jehovah said to Moses: "The hand of Jehovah is cut short, is it? Now you will see whether what I say befalls you or not."
4049After that Moses went out and spoke to the people the words of Jehovah. And he went gathering seventy men from the older men of the people and proceeded to have them stand round about the tent.
4050Then Jehovah came down in a cloud and spoke to him and took away some of the spirit that was upon him and put it upon each of the seventy older men. And it came about that as soon as the spirit settled down upon them, then they proceeded to act as prophets; but they did not do it again.
4051Now there were two of the men remaining in the camp. The name of the one was El'dad, and the name of the other was Me'dad. And the spirit began to settle down upon them, as they were among those written down, but they had not gone out to the tent. So they proceeded to act as prophets in the camp.
4052And a young man went running and reporting to Moses and saying: "El'dad and Me'dad are acting as prophets in the camp!"
4053Then Joshua the son of Nun, the minister of Moses from his young manhood on, responded and said: "My lord Moses, restrain them!"
4054However, Moses said to him: "Are you feeling jealous for me? No, I wish that all of Jehovah's people were prophets, because Jehovah would put his spirit upon them!"
4055Later Moses withdrew to the camp, he and the older men of Israel.
4056And a wind burst forth from Jehovah and began driving quails from the sea and letting them fall above the camp about a day's journey this way and about a day's journey that way, all around the camp, and about two cubits above the surface of the earth.
4057Then the people got up all that day and all night and all the next day and kept gathering the quail. The one collecting least gathered ten ho'mers, and they kept spreading them extensively all around the camp for themselves.
4058The meat was yet between their teeth, before it could be chewed, when Jehovah's anger blazed against the people, and Jehovah began striking at the people with a very great slaughter.
4059The name of that place came to be called Kib'roth-hat·ta'a·vah, because there they buried the people who showed selfish craving.
4060From Kib'roth-hat·ta'a·vah the people pulled away for Ha·ze'roth, and they continued in Ha·ze'roth.
4061Now Mir'i·am and Aaron began to speak against Moses on account of the Cush'ite wife whom he had taken, because it was a Cush'ite wife he had taken.
4062And they kept saying: "Is it just by Moses alone that Jehovah has spoken? Is it not by us also that he has spoken?" And Jehovah was listening.
4063And the man Moses was by far the meekest of all the men who were upon the surface of the ground.
4064Then Jehovah suddenly said to Moses and Aaron and Mir'i·am: "Go out, the three of YOU, to the tent of meeting." So the three of them went out.
4065After that Jehovah came down in the pillar of cloud and stood at the entrance of the tent and called Aaron and Mir'i·am. At this both of them went out.
4066And he went on to say: "Hear my words, please. If there came to be a prophet of YOURS for Jehovah, it would be in a vision I would make myself known to him. In a dream I would speak to him.
4067Not so my servant Moses! He is being entrusted with all my house.
4068Mouth to mouth I speak to him, thus showing him, and not by riddles; and the appearance of Jehovah is what he beholds. Why, then, did YOU not fear to speak against my servant, against Moses?"
4069And Jehovah's anger got to be hot against them, and he went his way.
4070And the cloud turned away from over the tent, and, look! Mir'i·am was struck with leprosy as white as snow. Then Aaron turned toward Mir'i·am, and, look! she was struck with leprosy.
4071Immediately Aaron said to Moses: "Excuse me, my lord! Do not, please, attribute to us the sin in which we have acted foolishly and which we have committed!
4072Please, do not let her continue like someone dead, whose flesh at the time of his coming out of his mother's womb is half eaten off!"
4073And Moses began to cry out to Jehovah, saying: "O God, please! Heal her, please!"
4074Then Jehovah said to Moses: "Were her father to spit directly in her face, would she not be humiliated seven days? Let her be quarantined seven days outside the camp, and afterward let her be received in."
4075Accordingly Mir'i·am was quarantined outside the camp seven days, and the people did not pull away until Mir'i·am was received in.
4076And afterward the people pulled away from Ha·ze'roth and took up camping in the wilderness of Pa'ran.
4077Jehovah now spoke to Moses, saying:
4078"Send out for yourself men that they may spy out the land of Ca'naan, which I am giving to the sons of Israel. YOU will send out one man for each tribe of his fathers, each one a chieftain among them."
4079So Moses sent them out from the wilderness of Pa'ran at the order of Jehovah. All the men were heads of the sons of Israel.
4080And these are their names: Of the tribe of Reu'ben, Sham·mu'a the son of Zac'cur;
4081of the tribe of Sim'e·on, Sha'phat the son of Ho'ri;
4082of the tribe of Judah, Ca'leb the son of Je·phun'neh;
4083of the tribe of Is'sa·char, I'gal the son of Joseph;
4084of the tribe of E'phra·im, Ho·she'a the son of Nun;
4085of the tribe of Benjamin, Pal'ti the son of Ra'phu;
4086of the tribe of Zeb'u·lun, Gad'di·el the son of So'di;
4087of the tribe of Joseph, for the tribe of Ma·nas'seh, Gad'di the son of Su'si;
4088of the tribe of Dan, Am'mi·el the son of Ge·mal'li;
4089of the tribe of Ash'er, Se'thur the son of Mi'cha·el;
4090of the tribe of Naph'ta·li, Nah'bi the son of Voph'si;
4091of the tribe of Gad, Geu'el the son of Ma'chi.
4092These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses continued to call Ho·she'a the son of Nun Je·hosh'u·a.
4093When Moses was sending them to spy out the land of Ca'naan, he proceeded to say to them: "Go up here into the Neg'eb, and YOU must go up into the mountainous region.
4094And YOU must see what the land is and the people who are dwelling on it, whether they are strong or weak, whether they are few or many;
4095and what the land is in which they are dwelling, whether it is good or bad, and what the cities are in which they are dwelling, whether it is in encampments or in fortifications;
4096and what the land is, whether it is fat or lean, whether there are trees in it or not. And YOU must show yourselves courageous and take some of the fruitage of the land." Now the days were the days of the first ripe fruits of the grapes.
4097So they went up and spied out the land from the wilderness of Zin to Re'hob to the entering in of Ha'math.
4098When they went up into the Neg'eb, they then came to He'bron. Now A·hi'man, She'shai and Tal'mai, those born of A'nak, were there. Incidentally, He'bron had been built seven years before Zo'an of Egypt.
4099When they came to the torrent valley of Esh'col, they then proceeded to cut down from there a shoot with one cluster of grapes. And they went carrying it with a bar on two of the men, and also some of the pomegranates and some of the figs.
4100They called that place the torrent valley of Esh'col, on account of the cluster that the sons of Israel cut down from there.
4101Finally at the end of forty days they returned from spying out the land.
4102So they walked and came to Moses and Aaron and all the assembly of the sons of Israel in the wilderness of Pa'ran, at Ka'desh. And they came bringing back word to them and all the assembly and showing them the fruitage of the land.
4103And they went on to report to him and say: "We entered into the land to which you sent us out, and it is indeed flowing with milk and honey, and this is its fruitage.
4104Nevertheless, the facts are that the people who dwell in the land are strong, and the fortified cities are very great; and, too, those born of A'nak we saw there.
4105The A·mal'ek·ites are dwelling in the land of the Neg'eb, and the Hit'tites and the Jeb'u·sites and the Am'or·ites are dwelling in the mountainous region, and the Ca'naan·ites are dwelling by the sea and by the side of the Jordan."
4106Then Ca'leb tried to still the people toward Moses and went on to say: "Let us go up directly, and we are bound to take possession of it, because we can surely prevail over it."
4107But the men who went up with him said: "We are not able to go up against the people, because they are stronger than we are."
4108And they kept on bringing forth to the sons of Israel a bad report of the land that they had spied out, saying: "The land, which we passed through to spy it out, is a land that eats up its inhabitants; and all the people whom we saw in the midst of it are men of extraordinary size.
4109And there we saw the Neph'i·lim, the sons of A'nak, who are from the Neph'i·lim; so that we became in our own eyes like grasshoppers, and the same way we became in their eyes."
4110Then all the assembly raised their voice, and the people continued giving vent to their voice and weeping all through that night.
4111And all the sons of Israel began to murmur against Moses and Aaron, and all the assembly began to say against them: "If only we had died in the land of Egypt, or if only we had died in this wilderness!
4112And why is Jehovah bringing us to this land to fall by the sword? Our wives and our little ones will become plunder. Is it not better for us to return to Egypt?"
4113They even went to saying to one another: "Let us appoint a head, and let us return to Egypt!"
4114At this Moses and Aaron fell upon their faces before all the congregation of the assembly of the sons of Israel.
4115And Joshua the son of Nun and Ca'leb the son of Je·phun'neh, who were of those who spied out the land, ripped their garments apart,
4116and they proceeded to say this to all the assembly of the sons of Israel: "The land that we passed through to spy it out is a very, very good land.
4117If Jehovah has found delight in us, then he will certainly bring us into this land and give it to us, a land that is flowing with milk and honey.
4118Only against Jehovah do not rebel; and YOU, do not YOU fear the people of the land, for they are bread to us. Their shelter has turned away from over them, and Jehovah is with us. Do not fear them."
4119However, all the assembly talked of pelting them with stones. And Jehovah's glory appeared on the tent of meeting to all the sons of Israel.
4120Finally Jehovah said to Moses: "How long will this people treat me without respect, and how long will they not put faith in me for all the signs that I performed in among them?
4121Let me strike them with pestilence and drive them away, and let me make you a nation greater and mightier than they are."
4122But Moses said to Jehovah: "Then the Egyptians will be bound to hear that you by your power have led this people up out of their midst.
4123And they will be bound to tell it to the inhabitants of this land. They have heard that you are Jehovah in among this people, who has appeared face to face. You are Jehovah, and your cloud is standing over them, and you are going before them in the pillar of cloud by day and in the pillar of fire by night.
4124Were you to put this people to death as one man, then the nations who have heard of your fame would certainly say this,
4125'Because of Jehovah's not being able to bring this people into the land about which he swore to them he proceeded to slaughter them in the wilderness.'
4126And now, please, let your power become great, O Jehovah, just as you have spoken, saying,
4127'Jehovah, slow to anger and abundant in loving-kindness, pardoning error and transgression, but by no means will he give exemption from punishment, bringing punishment for the error of the fathers upon sons, upon the third generation and upon the fourth generation.'
4128Forgive, please, the error of this people according to the greatness of your loving-kindness, and just as you have pardoned this people from Egypt onward until now."
4129Then Jehovah said: "I do forgive according to your word.
4130And, on the other hand, as I live, all the earth will be filled with the glory of Jehovah.
4131But all the men who have been seeing my glory and my signs that I have performed in Egypt and in the wilderness and yet kept testing me these ten times, and have not listened to my voice,
4132will never see the land about which I swore to their fathers, yes, all those treating me without respect will not see it.
4133As for my servant Ca'leb, because a different spirit has proved to be with him and he kept following wholly after me, I shall certainly bring him into the land where he has gone, and his offspring will take possession of it.
4134While the A·mal'ek·ites and the Ca'naan·ites are dwelling in the low plain, YOU people make a turn tomorrow and pull away to march to the wilderness by way of the Red Sea."
4135And Jehovah went on to speak to Moses and Aaron, saying:
4136"How long will this evil assembly have this murmuring that they are carrying on against me? I have heard the murmurings of the sons of Israel that they are murmuring against me.
4137Say to them, '"As I live," is the utterance of Jehovah, "if I shall not do to YOU just that way as YOU have spoken in my ears!
4138In this wilderness YOUR carcasses will fall, yes, all YOUR registered ones of all YOUR number from twenty years old upward, YOU who have murmured against me.
4139As for YOU, YOU will not enter into the land in which I lifted up my hand [in oath] to reside with YOU, except Ca'leb the son of Je·phun'neh and Joshua the son of Nun.
4140"'"And YOUR little ones who YOU said would become plunder, these also I shall certainly bring in, and they will indeed know the land that YOU have rejected.
4141But the carcasses of YOU yourselves will fall in this wilderness.
4142And YOUR sons will become shepherds in the wilderness forty years, and they will have to answer for YOUR acts of fornication, until YOUR carcasses come to their end in the wilderness.
4143By the number of the days that YOU spied out the land, forty days, a day for a year, a day for a year, YOU will answer for YOUR errors forty years, as YOU must know what my being estranged means.
4144"'"I Jehovah have spoken if this is not what I shall do to all this evil assembly, those who have gathered together against me: In this wilderness they will come to their end, and there they will die.
4145And the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land and who, when they returned, began making the whole assembly murmur against him, by bringing forth a bad report against the land,
4146yes, the men bringing forth the bad report about the land will die by the scourge before Jehovah.
4147But Joshua the son of Nun and Ca'leb the son of Je·phun'neh will certainly live on, of those men who went to spy out the land."'"
4148When Moses proceeded to speak these words to all the sons of Israel, then the people began to mourn a great deal.
4149Moreover, they got up early in the morning and tried to go up to the top of the mountain, saying: "Here we are, and we have to go up to the place that Jehovah mentioned. For we have sinned."
4150But Moses said: "Why is it that YOU are passing beyond the order of Jehovah? But that will not succeed.
4151Do not go up, because Jehovah is not in YOUR midst, that YOU may not be defeated before YOUR enemies.
4152For the A·mal'ek·ites and the Ca'naan·ites are there before YOU; and YOU are certain to fall by the sword, because, for the reason that YOU turned back from following Jehovah, Jehovah will not continue with YOU."
4153However, they presumed to go up to the top of the mountain, but the ark of Jehovah's covenant and Moses did not move away from the midst of the camp.
4154Then the A·mal'ek·ites and the Ca'naan·ites who were dwelling in that mountain came on down and began striking them and went scattering them as far as Hor'mah.
4155And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
4156"Speak to the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'When YOU eventually come into the land of YOUR dwelling places, which I am giving YOU,
4157and YOU must render up an offering made by fire to Jehovah, a burnt offering or a sacrifice to perform a special vow or voluntarily or during YOUR seasonal festivals, in order to make a restful odor to Jehovah, from the herd or from the flock;
4158the one presenting his offering must also present to Jehovah a grain offering of fine flour, a tenth of an e'phah, moistened with a fourth of a hin of oil.
4159And you should render up wine as a drink offering, the fourth of a hin, together with the burnt offering or for the sacrifice of each male lamb.
4160Or for a ram you should render up a grain offering of two tenths of fine flour, moistened with a third of a hin of oil.
4161And you should present wine as a drink offering, a third of a hin, as a restful odor to Jehovah.
4162"'But in case you should render up a male of the herd as a burnt offering or a sacrifice to perform a special vow or communion sacrifices to Jehovah,
4163one must also present together with the male of the herd a grain offering of three tenths of fine flour, moistened with half a hin of oil.
4164And you should present wine as a drink offering, half a hin, as an offering made by fire, of a restful odor to Jehovah.
4165This is the way it should be done for each bull or for each ram or for one head among the male lambs or among the goats.
4166Whatever may be the number that YOU may render up, that is the way YOU should do for each one according to the number of them.
4167Every native should render up these in this way in presenting an offering made by fire, of a restful odor to Jehovah.
4168"'And in case there should be residing as an alien with YOU an alien resident or one who is in YOUR midst for generations of YOU, and he must render up an offering made by fire, of a restful odor to Jehovah, just as YOU should do, so he should do.
4169YOU who are of the congregation and the alien resident who is residing as an alien will have one statute. It will be a statute to time indefinite for YOUR generations. The alien resident should prove to be the same as YOU before Jehovah.
4170There should prove to be one law and one judicial decision for YOU and for the alien resident who is residing as an alien with YOU.'"
4171And Jehovah went on to speak to Moses, saying:
4172"Speak to the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'On YOUR coming into the land where I am bringing YOU,
4173it must also occur that when YOU eat any of the bread of the land, YOU should make a contribution to Jehovah.
4174YOU should make a contribution of the firstfruits of YOUR coarse meal as ring-shaped cakes. Like the contribution of a threshing floor is the way YOU should contribute it.
4175Some of the firstfruits of YOUR coarse meal YOU should give as a contribution to Jehovah throughout YOUR generations.
4176"'Now in case YOU should make a mistake and not do all these commandments, which Jehovah has spoken to Moses,
4177all that Jehovah has commanded YOU by means of Moses from the day that Jehovah commanded and onward for YOUR generations,
4178it must then occur that if it has been done far from the eyes of the assembly by mistake, the whole assembly must then render up one young bull as a burnt offering for a restful odor to Jehovah, and its grain offering and its drink offering according to the regular procedure, and one kid of the goats as a sin offering.
4179And the priest must make atonement for the whole assembly of the sons of Israel, and it must be forgiven them; because it was a mistake, and they, for their part, brought as their offering an offering made by fire to Jehovah and their sin offering before Jehovah for their mistake.
4180And it must be forgiven the whole assembly of the sons of Israel and the alien resident who is residing as an alien in their midst, because it was by mistake on the part of all the people.
4181"'And if any soul should sin by mistake, then he must present a female goat in its first year for a sin offering.
4182And the priest must make atonement for the soul who made a mistake by a sin unintentionally before Jehovah, so as to make atonement for it, and it must be forgiven him.
4183As to the native among the sons of Israel and the alien resident who is residing as an alien in their midst, there should prove to be one law for YOU as respects doing something unintentionally.
4184"'But the soul that does something deliberately, whether he is a native or an alien resident, he speaking abusively of Jehovah, in that case that soul must be cut off from among his people.
4185Because it is Jehovah's word that he has despised and his commandment that he has broken, that soul should be cut off without fail. His own error is upon him.'"
4186While the sons of Israel were continuing in the wilderness, they once found a man collecting pieces of wood on the sabbath day.
4187Then those who found him collecting pieces of wood brought him up to Moses and Aaron and the whole assembly.
4188So they committed him into custody, because it had not been distinctly stated what should be done to him.
4189In time Jehovah said to Moses: "Without fail the man should be put to death, the whole assembly pelting him with stones outside the camp."
4190Accordingly the whole assembly brought him forth outside the camp and pelted him with stones so that he died, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
4191And Jehovah went on to say this to Moses:
4192"Speak to the sons of Israel, and you must say to them that they must make for themselves fringed edges upon the skirts of their garments throughout their generations, and they must put a blue string above the fringed edge of the skirt,
4193'And it must serve as a fringed edge for YOU, and YOU must see it and remember all the commandments of Jehovah and do them, and YOU must not go about following YOUR hearts and YOUR eyes, which YOU are following in immoral intercourse.
4194The purpose is that YOU may remember and may certainly do all my commandments and indeed prove to be holy to YOUR God.
4195I am Jehovah YOUR God, who have brought YOU out of the land of Egypt in order to prove myself YOUR God. I am Jehovah YOUR God.'"
4196And Ko'rah the son of Iz'har, the son of Ko'hath, the son of Le'vi, proceeded to get up, together with Da'than and A·bi'ram the sons of E·li'ab, and On the son of Pe'leth, the sons of Reu'ben.
4197And they proceeded to rise up before Moses, they and two hundred and fifty men of the sons of Israel, chieftains of the assembly, summoned ones of the meeting, men of fame.
4198So they congregated themselves against Moses and Aaron and said to them: "That is enough of YOU, because the whole assembly are all of them holy and Jehovah is in their midst. Why, then, should YOU lift yourselves up above the congregation of Jehovah?"
4199When Moses got to hear it he at once fell upon his face.
4200Then he spoke to Ko'rah and to his entire assembly, saying: "In the morning Jehovah will make known who belongs to him and who is holy and who must come near to him, and whoever he may choose will come near to him.
4201Do this: Take fire holders for yourselves, Ko'rah and his entire assembly,
4202and put fire in them and place incense upon them before Jehovah tomorrow, and it must occur that the man whom Jehovah will choose, he is the holy one. That is enough of YOU, YOU sons of Le'vi!"
4203And Moses went on to say to Ko'rah: "Listen, please, YOU sons of Le'vi.
4204Is it such a little thing for YOU men that the God of Israel has separated YOU men from the assembly of Israel to present YOU to himself to carry on the service of Jehovah's tabernacle and to stand before the assembly to minister to them,
4205and that he should bring you and all your brothers the sons of Le'vi with you near? So must YOU men also try to secure the priesthood?
4206For that reason you and all your assembly who are gathering together are against Jehovah. As for Aaron, what is he that YOU men should murmur against him?"
4207Later Moses sent to call Da'than and A·bi'ram the sons of E·li'ab, but they said: "We are not going to come up!
4208Is it so little a thing that you have brought us up out of a land flowing with milk and honey to put us to death in the wilderness, that you should also try to play the prince over us to the limit?
4209As it is, you have not brought us into any land flowing with milk and honey, that you may give us an inheritance of field and vineyard. Is it the eyes of those men that you want to bore out? We are not going to come up!"
4210At this Moses became very angry and said to Jehovah: "Do not turn to look at their grain offering. Not one male ass have I taken away from them, nor have I harmed one of them."
4211Then Moses said to Ko'rah: "You and all your assembly, be present before Jehovah, you and they and Aaron, tomorrow.
4212And take each one his fire holder, and YOU men must put incense upon them and present each one his fire holder before Jehovah, two hundred and fifty fire holders, and you and Aaron each his fire holder."
4213So they took each one his fire holder and put fire upon them and placed incense upon them and stood at the entrance of the tent of meeting together with Moses and Aaron.
4214When Ko'rah got all the assembly together against them at the entrance of the tent of meeting, then Jehovah's glory appeared to all the assembly.
4215Jehovah now spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
4216"Separate yourselves from the midst of this assembly, that I may exterminate them in an instant."
4217At this they fell upon their faces and said: "O God, the God of the spirits of every sort of flesh, will just one man sin and you become indignant against the entire assembly?"
4218In turn Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
4219"Speak to the assembly, saying, 'Get away from around the tabernacles of Ko'rah, Da'than and A·bi'ram!'"
4220After that Moses got up and went to Da'than and A·bi'ram, and the older men of Israel went with him.
4221Then he spoke to the assembly, saying: "Turn aside, please, from before the tents of these wicked men and do not touch anything that belongs to them, that YOU may not be swept away in all their sin."
4222Immediately they got away from before the tabernacle of Ko'rah, Da'than and A·bi'ram, from every side, and Da'than and A·bi'ram came out, taking their stand at the entrance of their tents, together with their wives, and their sons and their little ones.
4223Then Moses said: "By this YOU will know that Jehovah has sent me to do all these deeds, that it is not of my own heart:
4224If it is according to the death of all mankind that these people will die and with the punishment of all mankind that punishment will be brought upon them, then it is not Jehovah that has sent me.
4225But if it is something created that Jehovah will create, and the ground has to open its mouth and swallow up them and everything that belongs to them and they have to go down alive into She'ol, YOU will then know for certain that these men have treated Jehovah disrespectfully."
4226And it came about that as soon as he had finished speaking all these words, the ground that was under them began to be split apart.
4227And the earth proceeded to open its mouth and to swallow up them and their households and all humankind that belonged to Ko'rah and all the goods.
4228So down they went, and all who belonged to them, alive into She'ol, and the earth went covering them over, so that they perished from the midst of the congregation.
4229And all the Israelites who were round about them fled at the screaming of them, for they began to say: "We are afraid that the earth may swallow us up!"
4230And a fire came out from Jehovah and proceeded to consume the two hundred and fifty men offering the incense.
4231Jehovah now spoke to Moses, saying:
4232"Say to El·e·a'zar the son of Aaron the priest that he should take up the fire holders from within the conflagration, 'And you scatter the fire over there; for they are holy,
4233even the fire holders of these men who sinned against their own souls. And they must make them into thin metal plates as an overlaying for the altar, because they presented them before Jehovah, so that they became holy; and they should serve as a sign to the sons of Israel.'"
4234Accordingly El·e·a'zar the priest took the copper fire holders, which those who had been burned up had presented, and they proceeded to beat them out into an overlaying for the altar,
4235as a memorial for the sons of Israel, to the end that no strange man who is not of the offspring of Aaron should come near to make incense smoke before Jehovah, and no one might become like Ko'rah and his assembly, just as Jehovah had spoken to him by means of Moses.
4236And directly the next day the whole assembly of the sons of Israel began to murmur against Moses and Aaron, saying: "YOU men, YOU have put Jehovah's people to death."
4237And it came about that when the assembly had congregated themselves together against Moses and Aaron, they then turned toward the tent of meeting; and, look! the cloud covered it, and Jehovah's glory began to appear.
4238And Moses and Aaron proceeded to come before the tent of meeting.
4239Then Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
4240"YOU men, rise up from the midst of this assembly, that I may exterminate them in an instant." At this they fell upon their faces.
4241After that Moses said to Aaron: "Take the fire holder and put fire from upon the altar in it and put on incense and go to the assembly in a hurry and make atonement for them, because the indignation has gone out from the face of Jehovah. The plague has started!"
4242Aaron at once took it, just as Moses had spoken, and went running into the midst of the congregation; and, look! the plague had started among the people. So he put the incense on and began making atonement for the people.
4243And he kept standing between the dead and the living. Eventually the scourge was stopped.
4244And those dead from the scourge amounted to fourteen thousand seven hundred, aside from those dead on account of Ko'rah.
4245When at last Aaron returned to Moses at the entrance of the tent of meeting, the scourge had been stopped.
4246Jehovah now spoke to Moses, saying:
4247"Speak to the sons of Israel and take from them one rod for each paternal house from all their chieftains, by the house of their fathers, twelve rods. You will write the name of each one upon his rod.
4248And Aaron's name you will write upon Le'vi's rod, because there is one rod for the head of the house of their fathers.
4249And you must deposit them in the tent of meeting before the Testimony, where I regularly present myself to YOU.
4250And what must occur is that the man whom I shall choose, his rod will bud, and I shall certainly make subside from against me the murmurings of the sons of Israel, which they are murmuring against YOU."
4251So Moses spoke to the sons of Israel, and all their chieftains went giving him a rod for each chieftain, a rod for each chieftain, by the house of their fathers, twelve rods; and Aaron's rod was in among their rods.
4252Then Moses deposited the rods before Jehovah in the tent of the Testimony.
4253And it came about the next day that when Moses went into the tent of the Testimony, look! Aaron's rod for the house of Le'vi had budded, and it was bringing forth buds and blossoming flowers and was bearing ripe almonds.
4254Moses then brought out all the rods from before Jehovah to all the sons of Israel, and they went looking and taking each man his own rod.
4255Subsequently Jehovah said to Moses: "Put Aaron's rod back before the Testimony as something to be kept for a sign to the sons of rebelliousness, that their murmurings may cease from against me, that they may not die."
4256At once Moses did just as Jehovah had commanded him. He did just so.
4257And the sons of Israel began to say this to Moses: "Now we are bound to expire, we are bound to perish, we are all of us bound to perish.
4258Anyone approaching, coming near to Jehovah's tabernacle, will die! Must we end up in expiring that way?"
4259And Jehovah proceeded to say to Aaron: "You and your sons and the house of your father with you will answer for error against the sanctuary, and you and your sons with you will answer for error against YOUR priesthood.
4260And bring near, also, your brothers of the tribe of Le'vi, the clan of your father, with you, that they may be joined to you and may minister to you, to both you and your sons with you, before the tent of the Testimony.
4261And they must keep their obligation to you and their obligation to the entire tent. Only to the utensils of the holy place and to the altar they must not come near that they may not die, neither they nor YOU men.
4262And they must be joined to you and must keep their obligation to the tent of meeting as respects all the service of the tent, and no stranger may come near to YOU men.
4263And YOU must keep YOUR obligation to the holy place and YOUR obligation to the altar, that no further indignation may occur against the sons of Israel.
4264And I, look! I have taken YOUR brothers, the Levites, from among the sons of Israel, as a gift for YOU, as those given to Jehovah to carry on the service of the tent of meeting.
4265And you and your sons with you should safeguard YOUR priesthood as regards every concern of the altar and as regards what is inside the curtain; and YOU men must render service. As a service of gift I shall give YOUR priesthood, and the stranger drawing near should be put to death."
4266And Jehovah spoke further to Aaron: "As for me, look! I have given you the custody of the contributions made to me. Of all the holy things of the sons of Israel I have given them to you and to your sons as a portion, as an allowance to time indefinite.
4267This should become yours out of the most holy things, out of the offering made by fire, every offering of theirs together with every grain offering of theirs and every sin offering of theirs and every guilt offering of theirs, which they will return to me. It is something most holy for you and for your sons.
4268In a most holy place you should eat it. Every male should eat it. It should become something holy to you.
4269And this belongs to you: the contribution of their gift together with all the wave offerings of the sons of Israel. I have given them to you and your sons and your daughters with you, as an allowance to time indefinite. Everyone clean in your house may eat it.
4270"All the best of the oil and all the best of the new wine and the grain, their firstfruits, which they will give to Jehovah, I have given them to you.
4271The first ripe fruits of all that is on their land, which they will bring to Jehovah, yours it should become. Everyone clean in your house may eat it.
4272"Every devoted thing in Israel should become yours.
4273"Everything opening the womb, of every sort of flesh, which they will present to Jehovah, among man and among beast, should become yours. However, you should without fail redeem the firstborn of mankind; and the firstborn of the unclean beast you should redeem.
4274And with a redemption price for it from a month old onward you should redeem it, by the estimated value, five silver shekels by the shekel of the holy place. It is twenty ge'rahs.
4275Only the firstborn bull or firstborn male lamb or firstborn goat you should not redeem. They are something holy. Their blood you should sprinkle upon the altar, and their fat you should make smoke as an offering made by fire for a restful odor to Jehovah.
4276And their flesh should become yours. Like the breast of the wave offering and like the right leg, it should become yours.
4277All the holy contributions, which the sons of Israel will contribute to Jehovah, I have given to you and your sons and your daughters with you, as an allowance to time indefinite. It is a covenant of salt to time indefinite before Jehovah for you and your offspring with you."
4278And Jehovah went on to say to Aaron: "In their land you will not have an inheritance, and no share will become yours in their midst. I am your share and your inheritance in the midst of the sons of Israel.
4279"And to the sons of Le'vi, look! I have given every tenth part in Israel as an inheritance in return for their service that they are carrying on, the service of the tent of meeting.
4280And the sons of Israel should no more come near to the tent of meeting to incur sin so as to die.
4281And the Levites themselves must carry on the service of the tent of meeting, and they are the ones who should answer for their error. It is a statute to time indefinite during YOUR generations that in the midst of the sons of Israel they should not get possession of an inheritance.
4282For the tenth part of the sons of Israel, which they will contribute to Jehovah as a contribution, I have given to the Levites as an inheritance. That is why I have said to them, 'In the midst of the sons of Israel they should not get possession of an inheritance.'"
4283Then Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
4284"And you should speak to the Levites, and you must say to them, 'YOU will receive from the sons of Israel the tenth part that I have given to YOU from them for YOUR inheritance, and YOU must contribute from it as a contribution to Jehovah a tenth part of the tenth part.
4285And it must be reckoned to YOU as YOUR contribution, like the grain of the threshing floor and like the full produce of the wine or oil press.
4286In this way YOU yourselves also will contribute a contribution to Jehovah from all YOUR tenth parts that YOU will receive from the sons of Israel, and from them YOU must give the contribution to Jehovah to Aaron the priest.
4287From all the gifts to YOU, YOU will contribute every sort of contribution to Jehovah, of the very best of it, as some holy thing from them.'
4288"And you must say to them, 'When YOU contribute the best of them, then it will certainly be reckoned to the Levites as the produce of the threshing floor and as the produce of the wine or oil press.
4289And YOU must eat it in every place, YOU and YOUR household, because it is YOUR wages in return for YOUR service in the tent of meeting.
4290And YOU must not incur sin for it when YOU contribute the best from them, and YOU must not profane the holy things of the sons of Israel, that YOU may not die.'"
4291And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses and Aaron, saying:
4292"This is a statute of the law that Jehovah has commanded, saying, 'Speak to the sons of Israel that they should take for you a sound red cow in which there is no defect and upon which no yoke has come.
4293And YOU must give it to El·e·a'zar the priest, and he must lead it forth outside the camp, and it must be slaughtered before him.
4294Then El·e·a'zar the priest must take some of its blood with his finger and spatter some of its blood straight toward the front of the tent of meeting seven times.
4295And the cow must be burned under his eyes. Its skin and its flesh and its blood together with its dung will be burned.
4296And the priest must take cedarwood and hyssop and coccus scarlet material and throw it into the midst of the burning of the cow.
4297And the priest must wash his garments and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he may come into the camp; but the priest must be unclean until the evening.
4298"'And the one who burned it will wash his garments in water and must bathe his flesh in water, and he must be unclean until the evening.
4299"'And a clean man must gather up the ashes of the cow and deposit them outside the camp in a clean place; and they must serve the assembly of the sons of Israel as something to be kept for the water for cleansing. It is a sin offering.
4300And the one gathering the ashes of the cow must wash his garments and be unclean until the evening."'And it must serve the sons of Israel and the alien resident who is residing as an alien in their midst as a statute to time indefinite.
4301Anyone touching the corpse of any human soul must also be unclean seven days.
4302Such one should purify himself with it on the third day, and on the seventh day he will be clean. But if he will not purify himself on the third day, then on the seventh day he will not be clean.
4303Everyone touching a corpse, the soul of whatever man may die, and who will not purify himself, has defiled Jehovah's tabernacle, and that soul must be cut off from Israel. Because the water for cleansing has not been sprinkled upon him, he continues unclean. His uncleanness is still upon him.
4304"'This is the law in case a man should die in a tent: Everyone coming into the tent, and everyone who is in the tent, will be unclean seven days.
4305And every opened vessel upon which there is no lid tied down is unclean.
4306And everyone who on the open field may touch someone slain with the sword or a corpse or a bone of a man or a burial place will be unclean seven days.
4307And they must take for the unclean one some of the dust of the burning of the sin offering and put running water upon it in a vessel.
4308Then a clean man must take hyssop and dip it into the water and spatter it upon the tent and all the vessels and the souls that happened to be there and upon the one who touched the bone or the slain one or the corpse or the burial place.
4309And the clean person must spatter it upon the unclean one on the third day and on the seventh day and must purify him from sin on the seventh day; and he must wash his garments and bathe in water, and he must be clean in the evening.
4310"'But the man who may be unclean and who will not purify himself, well, that soul must be cut off from the midst of the congregation, because it is Jehovah's sanctuary that he has defiled. The water for cleansing was not sprinkled upon him. He is unclean.
4311"'And it must serve as a statute to time indefinite for them, that the one spattering the water for cleansing should wash his garments, also the one touching the water for cleansing. He will be unclean until the evening.
4312And anything the unclean one may touch will be unclean, and the soul who touches it will be unclean until the evening.'"
4313And the sons of Israel, the entire assembly, proceeded to come into the wilderness of Zin in the first month, and the people took up dwelling in Ka'desh. It was there that Mir'i·am died and there that she was buried.
4314Now there proved to be no water for the assembly, and they began to congregate themselves against Moses and Aaron.
4315And the people went quarreling with Moses and saying: "If only we had expired when our brothers expired before Jehovah!
4316And why have YOU men brought Jehovah's congregation into this wilderness for us and our beasts of burden to die there?
4317And why have YOU conducted us up out of Egypt to bring us into this evil place? It is no place of seed and figs and vines and pomegranates, and there is no water to drink."
4318Then Moses and Aaron came from before the congregation to the entrance of the tent of meeting and fell upon their faces, and Jehovah's glory began to appear to them.
4319Then Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
4320"Take the rod and call the assembly together, you and Aaron your brother, and YOU must speak to the crag before their eyes that it may indeed give its water; and you must bring out water for them from the crag and give the assembly and their beasts of burden drink."
4321So Moses took the rod from before Jehovah, just as he had commanded him.
4322After that Moses and Aaron called the congregation together before the crag, and he proceeded to say to them: "Hear, now, YOU rebels! Is it from this crag that we shall bring out water for YOU?"
4323With that Moses lifted his hand up and struck the crag with his rod twice; and much water began to come out, and the assembly and their beasts of burden began to drink.
4324Later Jehovah said to Moses and Aaron: "Because YOU did not show faith in me to sanctify me before the eyes of the sons of Israel, therefore YOU will not bring this congregation into the land that I shall certainly give them."
4325These are the waters of Mer'i·bah, because the sons of Israel quarreled with Jehovah, so that he was sanctified among them.
4326Subsequently Moses sent messengers from Ka'desh to the king of E'dom: "This is what your brother Israel has said, 'You yourself well know all the hardship that has overtaken us.
4327And our fathers proceeded to go down to Egypt, and we continued to dwell in Egypt many days; and the Egyptians began doing harm to us and our fathers.
4328Finally we cried out to Jehovah and he heard our voice and sent an angel and brought us out of Egypt; and here we are in Ka'desh, a city at the extremity of your territory.
4329Let us pass, please, through your land. We shall not pass through a field or a vineyard, and we shall not drink the water of a well. On the king's road we shall march. We shall not bend toward the right or the left, until we shall pass through your territory.'"
4330However, E'dom said to him: "You must not pass through me, for fear I may come out with the sword to meet you."
4331In turn the sons of Israel said to him: "By the highway we shall go up; and if I and my livestock should drink your water, I shall also certainly give the value of it. I want nothing more than to pass through on my feet."
4332Still he said: "You must not pass through." With that E'dom came on out to encounter him with a great many people and a strong hand.
4333So E'dom refused to grant Israel to pass through his territory. Hence Israel turned away from him.
4334And the sons of Israel, the entire assembly, proceeded to pull away from Ka'desh and come to Mount Hor.
4335Then Jehovah said this to Moses and Aaron in Mount Hor by the border of the land of E'dom:
4336"Aaron will be gathered to his people, for he will not enter into the land that I shall certainly give to the sons of Israel, on the ground that YOU men rebelled against my order respecting the waters of Mer'i·bah.
4337Take Aaron and El·e·a'zar his son and bring them up into Mount Hor.
4338And strip Aaron of his garments, and you must clothe with them El·e·a'zar his son; and Aaron will be gathered and must die there."
4339So Moses did just as Jehovah had commanded; and before the eyes of all the assembly they went climbing Mount Hor.
4340Then Moses stripped Aaron of his garments and clothed El·e·a'zar his son with them, after which Aaron died there on the top of the mountain. And Moses and El·e·a'zar came on down from the mountain.
4341And all the assembly got to see that Aaron had expired, and all the house of Israel continued weeping for Aaron thirty days.
4342Now the Ca'naan·ite the king of A'rad, who dwelt in the Neg'eb, got to hear that Israel had come by the way of Ath'a·rim, and he began to fight with Israel and carry away some of them as captives.
4343Consequently Israel made a vow to Jehovah and said: "If you will without fail give this people into my hand, I shall also certainly devote their cities to destruction."
4344So Jehovah listened to Israel's voice and gave the Ca'naan·ites over; and they devoted them and their cities to destruction. Hence they called the name of the place Hor'mah.
4345While they continued trekking from Mount Hor by the way of the Red Sea to go around the land of E'dom, the soul of the people began tiring out because of the way.
4346And the people kept speaking against God and Moses: "Why have YOU brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? For there is no bread and no water, and our soul has come to abhor the contemptible bread."
4347So Jehovah sent poisonous serpents among the people, and they kept biting the people, so that many people of Israel died.
4348Finally the people came to Moses and said: "We have sinned, because we have spoken against Jehovah and against you. Intercede with Jehovah that he may remove the serpents from upon us." And Moses went interceding in behalf of the people.
4349Then Jehovah said to Moses: "Make for yourself a fiery snake and place it upon a signal pole. And it must occur that when anyone has been bitten, he then has to look at it and so must keep alive."
4350Moses at once made a serpent of copper and placed it upon the signal pole; and it did occur that if a serpent had bitten a man and he gazed at the copper serpent, he then kept alive.
4351After that the sons of Israel pulled away and encamped in O'both.
4352Then they pulled away from O'both and encamped in I'ye-ab'a·rim, in the wilderness that is toward the front of Mo'ab, toward the rising of the sun.
4353From there they pulled away and took up camping by the torrent valley of Ze'red.
4354From there they pulled away and went camping in the region of the Ar'non, which is in the wilderness that extends from the border of the Am'or·ites; for the Ar'non is the boundary of Mo'ab, between Mo'ab and the Am'or·ites.
4355That is why it is said in the book of the Wars of Jehovah:"Va'heb in Su'phah and the torrent valleys of Ar'non,
4356and the mouth of the torrent valleys, which has bent itself toward the seat of Ar and has leaned against the border of Mo'ab."
4357Next from there on to Be'er. This is the well about which Jehovah said to Moses: "Gather the people, and let me give them water."
4358At that time Israel proceeded to sing this song:"Spring up, O well! Respond to it, YOU people!
4359A well, princes dug it. The nobles of the people excavated it,With a commander's staff, with their own staffs."Then from the wilderness on to Mat'ta·nah.
4360And from Mat'ta·nah on to Na·hal'i·el, and from Na·hal'i·el on to Ba'moth.
4361And from Ba'moth on to the valley that is in the field of Mo'ab, at the head of Pis'gah, and it projects over toward the face of Je·shi'mon.
4362Israel now sent messengers to Si'hon the king of the Am'or·ites, saying:
4363"Let me pass through your land. We shall not turn off into a field or a vineyard. We shall drink water of no well. On the king's road we shall march until we pass through your territory."
4364And Si'hon did not allow Israel to pass through his territory, but Si'hon gathered all his people and went out to meet Israel in the wilderness, and came to Ja'haz and began fighting with Israel.
4365At that Israel struck him with the edge of the sword and took possession of his land from the Ar'non to the Jab'bok, near the sons of Am'mon; because Ja'zer is the border of the sons of Am'mon.
4366So Israel took all these cities, and Israel began dwelling in all the cities of the Am'or·ites, in Hesh'bon and all its dependent towns.
4367For Hesh'bon was the city of Si'hon. He was the king of the Am'or·ites, and it was he who fought with the king of Mo'ab formerly and went taking all his land out of his hand as far as the Ar'non.
4368That is why the sayers of mock verses would say:"Come to Hesh'bon.Let the city of Si'hon be built and be proved firmly set up.
4369For a fire has come out of Hesh'bon, a flame from the town of Si'hon.It has consumed Ar of Mo'ab, the owners of the high places of the Ar'non.
4370Woe to you, Mo'ab! You will certainly perish, O people of Che'mosh!He will certainly give his sons as escaped ones and his daughters in the captivity to the king of the Am'or·ites, Si'hon.
4371So let us shoot at them.Hesh'bon will certainly perish up to Di'bon,And the women up to No'phah, the men up to Med'e·ba."
4372And Israel began to dwell in the land of the Am'or·ites.
4373Then Moses sent some to spy on Ja'zer. So they captured its dependent towns and dispossessed the Am'or·ites who were there.
4374After that they turned and went up by the way of Ba'shan. At this Og the king of Ba'shan came out to meet them, he and all his people, to the battle of Ed're·i.
4375Jehovah now said to Moses: "Do not be afraid of him, for into your hand I shall certainly give him and all his people and his land; and you must do to him just as you did to Si'hon, the king of the Am'or·ites, who used to dwell in Hesh'bon."
4376So they went striking him and his sons and all his people, until there was no survivor remaining to him; and they went taking possession of his land.
4377Then the sons of Israel pulled away and encamped on the desert plains of Mo'ab across the Jordan from Jer'i·cho.
4378And Ba'lak the son of Zip'por got to see all that Israel had done to the Am'or·ites.
4379And Mo'ab became very frightened at the people, because they were many; and Mo'ab began to feel a sickening dread of the sons of Israel.
4380And Mo'ab proceeded to say to the older men of Mid'i·an: "Now this congregation will lick up all our surroundings like the bull licking up the green growth of the field."And Ba'lak the son of Zip'por was king of Mo'ab at that particular time.
4381He now sent messengers to Ba'laam the son of Be'or at Pe'thor, which is by the River of the land of the sons of his people, to call him, saying: "Look! A people has come out of Egypt. Look! They have covered the earth as far as one can see, and they are dwelling right in front of me.
4382And now do come, please; do curse this people for me, for they are mightier than I am. Perhaps I may be able to strike them and I may drive them out of the land; for I well know that the one whom you bless is a blessed one and the one whom you curse is cursed."
4383So the older men of Mo'ab and the older men of Mid'i·an traveled with the payments for divination in their hands and went to Ba'laam and spoke to him Ba'lak's words.
4384At that he said to them: "Lodge here tonight, and I shall certainly return YOU word just as Jehovah may speak to me." Accordingly the princes of Mo'ab stayed with Ba'laam.
4385Then God came to Ba'laam and said: "Who are these men with you?"
4386So Ba'laam said to the [true] God: "Ba'lak the son of Zip'por, the king of Mo'ab, has sent to me, saying,
4387'Look! The people who are coming out of Egypt, and they go covering the earth as far as the eye can see. Now do come, do execrate them for me. Perhaps I may be able to fight against them and I shall actually drive them out.'"
4388But God said to Ba'laam: "You must not go with them. You must not curse the people, for they are blessed."
4389After that Ba'laam got up in the morning and said to the princes of Ba'lak: "Go to YOUR country, because Jehovah has refused to let me go with YOU."
4390So the princes of Mo'ab got up and came to Ba'lak and said: "Ba'laam has refused to come with us."
4391However, Ba'lak sent again other princes in greater number and more honorable than the former.
4392In turn they came to Ba'laam and said to him: "This is what Ba'lak the son of Zip'por has said, 'Do not be detained, please, from coming to me.
4393For I shall without fail honor you greatly, and everything you may say to me I shall do. So do come, please. Do execrate this people for me.'"
4394But Ba'laam answered and said to the servants of Ba'lak: "If Ba'lak were to give me his house full of silver and gold, I should not be able to pass beyond the order of Jehovah my God, so as to do something small or great.
4395And now YOU men also stay here, please, tonight that I may know what further Jehovah will speak with me."
4396Then God came to Ba'laam by night and said to him: "If it is to call you that the men have come, get up, go with them. But only the word that I shall speak to you is what you may speak."
4397After that Ba'laam got up in the morning and saddled his she-ass and went with the princes of Mo'ab.
4398And the anger of God began to blaze because he was going; and Jehovah's angel proceeded to station himself in the road to resist him. And he was riding upon his she-ass, and two attendants of his were with him.
4399And the ass got to see Jehovah's angel stationed in the road with his drawn sword in his hand; and the ass tried to turn aside from the road that she might go into the field, but Ba'laam began to strike the ass in order to turn her aside to the road.
4400And Jehovah's angel kept standing in the narrow way between the vineyards, with a stone wall on this side and a stone wall on that side.
4401And the she-ass kept seeing Jehovah's angel and began to squeeze herself against the wall and so to squeeze Ba'laam's foot against the wall; and he went beating her some more.
4402Jehovah's angel now passed by again and stood in a narrow place, where there was no way to turn aside to the right or the left.
4403When the ass got to see Jehovah's angel she now lay down under Ba'laam; so that Ba'laam's anger blazed, and he kept beating the ass with his staff.
4404Finally Jehovah opened the mouth of the ass and she said to Ba'laam: "What have I done to you so that you have beaten me these three times?"
4405At this Ba'laam said to the ass: "It is because you have dealt ruthlessly with me. If only there were a sword in my hand, for now I should have killed you!"
4406Then the she-ass said to Ba'laam: "Am I not your she-ass that you have ridden upon all your life long until this day? Have I ever been used to do to you this way?" To which he said: "No!"
4407And Jehovah proceeded to uncover Ba'laam's eyes, so that he saw Jehovah's angel stationed in the road with his drawn sword in his hand. At once he bowed low and prostrated himself on his face.
4408Then Jehovah's angel said to him: "Why have you beaten your she-ass these three times? Look! I-I have come out to offer resistance, because your way has been headlong against my will.
4409And the she-ass got to see me and tried to turn aside before me these three times. Supposing she had not turned aside from before me! For by now even you I should have killed, but her I should have preserved alive."
4410At this Ba'laam said to Jehovah's angel: "I have sinned, because I did not know that it was you stationed in the road to meet me. And now, if it is bad in your eyes, let me go my way back."
4411But Jehovah's angel said to Ba'laam: "Go with the men; and nothing but the word that I shall speak to you is what you may speak." And Ba'laam continued going with the princes of Ba'lak.
4412When Ba'lak got to hear that Ba'laam had come, he at once went out to meet him at the city of Mo'ab, which is on the bank of the Ar'non, which is on the extremity of the territory.
4413Then Ba'lak said to Ba'laam: "Have I not for a fact sent to you to call you? Why did you not come to me? Am I not really and truly able to honor you?"
4414At this Ba'laam said to Ba'lak: "Here I have come to you now. Shall I be able at all to speak something? The word that God will place in my mouth is what I shall speak."
4415So Ba'laam went with Ba'lak and they came to Kir'i·ath-hu'zoth.
4416And Ba'lak proceeded to sacrifice cattle and sheep and to send some to Ba'laam and the princes who were with him.
4417And it came about in the morning that Ba'lak went taking Ba'laam and bringing him up to Ba'moth-ba'al, that he might see from there the whole of the people.
4418Then Ba'laam said to Ba'lak: "Build for me on this spot seven altars and make ready for me on this spot seven bulls and seven rams."
4419Ba'lak immediately did just as Ba'laam had spoken. After that Ba'lak and Ba'laam offered up a bull and a ram on each altar.
4420And Ba'laam went on to say to Ba'lak: "Station yourself by your burnt offering, and let me go. Perhaps Jehovah will get in touch and meet with me. In that case whatever he will show me, I shall certainly tell you." So he went to a bare hill.
4421When God got in touch with Ba'laam, he then said to Him: "I set the seven altars in rows, and I proceeded to offer up a bull and a ram on each altar."
4422Accordingly Jehovah put a word in the mouth of Ba'laam and said: "Return to Ba'lak, and this is what you will speak."
4423So he returned to him, and, look! he and all the princes of Mo'ab were stationed by his burnt offering.
4424Then he took up his proverbial utterance and said:"From A'ram Ba'lak the king of Mo'ab tried to conduct me,From the mountains of the east:'Do come, do curse Jacob for me.Yes, do come, do denounce Israel.'
4425How could I execrate those whom God has not execrated?And how could I denounce those whom Jehovah has not denounced?
4426For from the top of the rocks I see them,And from the hills I behold them.There as a people they keep tabernacling isolated,And among the nations they do not reckon themselves.
4427Who has numbered the dust particles of Jacob,And who has counted the fourth part of Israel?Let my soul die the death of the upright ones,And let my end turn out afterward like theirs."
4428At this Ba'lak said to Ba'laam: "What have you done to me? It was in order to execrate my enemies that I took you, and here you have blessed them to the limit."
4429In turn he answered and said: "Is it not whatever Jehovah may put in my mouth that I should take care to speak?"
4430Then Ba'lak said to him: "Do come, please, with me to another place from which you can see them. Only the extremity of them you will see, and you will not see all of them. And execrate them for me from there."
4431So he took him to the field of Zo'phim, to the top of Pis'gah, and proceeded to build seven altars and to offer up a bull and a ram on each altar.
4432After that he said to Ba'lak: "Station yourself here by your burnt offering, and, as for me, let me get in touch with him there."
4433Subsequently Jehovah got in touch with Ba'laam and put a word in his mouth and said: "Return to Ba'lak, and this is what you will speak."
4434So he came to him, and, look! he was stationed by his burnt offering, and the princes of Mo'ab with him. Then Ba'lak said to him: "What has Jehovah spoken?"
4435At this he took up his proverbial utterance and said:"Get up, Ba'lak, and listen.Do give ear to me, O son of Zip'por.
4436God is not a man that he should tell lies,Neither a son of mankind that he should feel regret.Has he himself said it and will he not do it,And has he spoken and will he not carry it out?
4437Look! I have been taken to bless,And He has blessed, and I shall not reverse it.
4438He has not looked upon any uncanny power against Jacob,And no trouble has he seen against Israel.Jehovah his God is with him,And the loud hailing of a king is in his midst.
4439God is bringing them out of Egypt.The swift course like that of a wild bull is his.
4440For there is no unlucky spell against Jacob,Nor any divination against Israel.At this time it may be said respecting Jacob and Israel,'What has God worked out!'
4441Behold, a people will get up like a lion,And like the lion it will lift itself up.It will not lie down until it may eat prey,And the blood of slain ones it will drink."
4442At this Ba'lak said to Ba'laam: "If, on the one hand, you cannot execrate him at all, then, on the other hand, you should not bless him at all."
4443In turn Ba'laam answered and said to Ba'lak: "Did I not speak to you, saying, 'All that Jehovah will speak is what I shall do'?"
4444Then Ba'lak said to Ba'laam: "O come, please. Let me take you to still another place. Perhaps it will be right in the eyes of the [true] God so that you will certainly execrate him for me from there."
4445With that Ba'lak took Ba'laam to the top of Pe'or, which looks toward Je·shi'mon.
4446Then Ba'laam said to Ba'lak: "Build for me on this spot seven altars and make ready for me on this spot seven bulls and seven rams."
4447So Ba'lak did just as Ba'laam had said, and he went offering up a bull and a ram on each altar.
4448When Ba'laam got to see that it was good in the eyes of Jehovah to bless Israel, he did not go away as at the other times to come upon any unlucky omens, but he directed his face to the wilderness.
4449When Ba'laam raised his eyes and saw Israel tabernacling by his tribes, then the spirit of God came to be upon him.
4450Hence he took up his proverbial utterance and said:"The utterance of Ba'laam the son of Be'or,And the utterance of the able-bodied man with the eye unsealed,
4451The utterance of the one hearing the sayings of God,Who got to see a vision of the AlmightyWhile falling down with the eyes uncovered:
4452How good-looking are your tents, O Jacob, your tabernacles, O Israel!
4453Like torrent valleys they have extended a long way,Like gardens by the river.Like aloe plants that Jehovah has planted,Like cedars by the waters.
4454Water keeps trickling from his two leather buckets,And his seed is by many waters.His king also will be higher than A'gag,And his kingdom will be lifted up.
4455God is bringing him out of Egypt;The swift course of a wild bull is his.He will consume the nations, his oppressors,And their bones he will gnaw, and he will break them to pieces with his arrows.
4456He bowed down, he lay down like the lion,And, like a lion, who dares rouse him?Those blessing you are the ones blessed,And those cursing you are the ones cursed."
4457At that Ba'lak's anger blazed against Ba'laam and he clapped his hands, and Ba'lak went on to say to Ba'laam: "It was to execrate my enemies that I called you, and, look! you have blessed them to the limit these three times.
4458And now run your way off to your place. I had said to myself I was without fail going to honor you, but, look! Jehovah has held you back from honor."
4459In turn Ba'laam said to Ba'lak: "Was it not also to your messengers whom you sent to me that I spoke, saying,
4460'If Ba'lak were to give me his house full of silver and gold, I should not be able to pass beyond the order of Jehovah so as to do something good or bad out of my own heart. Whatever Jehovah may speak is what I shall speak'?
4461And now here I am going away to my people. Do come, let me advise you what this people will do to your people afterward in the end of the days."
4462So he took up his proverbial utterance and said:"The utterance of Ba'laam the son of Be'or,And the utterance of the able-bodied man with the eye unsealed,
4463The utterance of the one hearing the sayings of God,And the one knowing the knowledge of the Most High-A vision of the Almighty he got to seeWhile falling down with the eyes uncovered:
4464I shall see him, but not now;I shall behold him, but not near.A star will certainly step forth out of Jacob,And a scepter will indeed rise out of Israel.And he will certainly break apart the temples of Mo'ab's [head]And the cranium of all the sons of tumult of war.
4465And E'dom must become a possession,Yes, Se'ir must become the possession of his enemies,While Israel is displaying his courage.
4466And out of Jacob one will go subduing,And he must destroy any survivor from the city."
4467When he got to see Am'a·lek, he carried further his proverbial utterance and went on to say:"Am'a·lek was the first one of the nations,But his end afterward will be even his perishing."
4468When he got to see the Ken'ites, he carried further his proverbial utterance and went on to say:"Durable is your dwelling, and set on the crag is your abode.
4469But there will come to be one to burn Ka'in down.How long will it be till As·syr'i·a will carry you away captive?"
4470And he carried further his proverbial utterance and went on to say:"Woe! Who will survive when God causes it?
4471And there will be ships from the coast of Kit'tim,And they will certainly afflict As·syr'i·a,And they will indeed afflict E'ber.But he too will eventually perish."
4472After that Ba'laam got up and went and returned to his place. And Ba'lak also went his own way.
4473Now Israel was dwelling in Shit'tim. Then the people started to have immoral relations with the daughters of Mo'ab.
4474And the women came calling the people to the sacrifices of their gods, and the people began to eat and to bow down to their gods.
4475So Israel attached itself to the Ba'al of Pe'or; and the anger of Jehovah began to blaze against Israel.
4476Hence Jehovah said to Moses: "Take all the head ones of the people and expose them to Jehovah toward the sun, that the burning anger of Jehovah may turn back from Israel."
4477Then Moses said to the judges of Israel: "Each one of YOU kill his men who have an attachment with the Ba'al of Pe'or."
4478But, look! a man of the sons of Israel came, and he was bringing near to his brothers a Mid'i·an·ite woman before Moses' eyes and before the eyes of all the assembly of the sons of Israel, while they were weeping at the entrance of the tent of meeting.
4479When Phin'e·has the son of El·e·a'zar the son of Aaron the priest caught sight of it, he at once got up from the midst of the assembly and took a lance in his hand.
4480Then he went after the man of Israel into the vaulted tent and pierced both of them through, the man of Israel and the woman through her genital parts. At that the scourge was halted from upon the sons of Israel.
4481And those who died from the scourge amounted to twenty-four thousand.
4482Then Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
4483"Phin'e·has the son of El·e·a'zar the son of Aaron the priest has turned back my wrath from upon the sons of Israel by his tolerating no rivalry at all toward me in the midst of them, so that I have not exterminated the sons of Israel in my insistence on exclusive devotion.
4484For that reason say, 'Here I am giving him my covenant of peace.
4485And it must serve as the covenant of a priesthood to time indefinite for him and his offspring after him, due to the fact that he tolerated no rivalry toward his God and proceeded to make atonement for the sons of Israel.'"
4486Incidentally the name of the fatally struck Israelite man who was fatally struck with the Mid'i·an·i·tess was Zim'ri the son of Sa'lu, a chieftain of a paternal house of the Sim'e·on·ites.
4487And the name of the Mid'i·an·ite woman fatally struck was Coz'bi the daughter of Zur; he was a head one of the clans of a paternal house in Mid'i·an.
4488Later Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
4489"Let there be a harassing of the Mid'i·an·ites, and YOU men must strike them,
4490because they are harassing YOU with their deeds of cunning that they committed against YOU cunningly in the affair of Pe'or and in the affair of Coz'bi the daughter of a chieftain of Mid'i·an, their sister who was fatally struck in the day of the scourge over the affair of Pe'or."
4491And it came about after the scourge, that Jehovah went on to say this to Moses and El·e·a'zar the son of Aaron the priest:
4492"TAKE the sum of the whole assembly of the sons of Israel from twenty years of age and upward, according to the house of their fathers, all those going out to the army in Israel."
4493And Moses and El·e·a'zar the priest proceeded to speak with them in the desert plains of Mo'ab by the Jordan at Jer'i·cho, saying:
4494"[Take the sum of them] from the age of twenty years and upward, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses."Now the sons of Israel who went out of the land of Egypt were:
4495Reu'ben, Israel's firstborn; Reu'ben's sons: Of Ha'noch the family of the Ha'noch·ites; of Pal'lu the family of the Pal'lu·ites;
4496of Hez'ron the family of the Hez'ron·ites; of Car'mi the family of the Car'mites.
4497These were the families of the Reu'ben·ites, and their registered ones amounted to forty-three thousand seven hundred and thirty.
4498And the son of Pal'lu was E·li'ab.
4499And the sons of E·li'ab: Nem'u·el and Da'than and A·bi'ram. This Da'than and A·bi'ram were summoned ones of the assembly, who engaged in a struggle against Moses and Aaron in the assembly of Ko'rah, when they engaged in a struggle against Jehovah.
4500Then the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up. As for Ko'rah, [he died] at the death of the assembly when the fire consumed two hundred and fifty men. And they came to be a symbol.
4501However, the sons of Ko'rah did not die.
4502The sons of Sim'e·on by their families: Of Nem'u·el the family of the Nem'u·el·ites; of Ja'min the family of the Ja'min·ites; of Ja'chin the family of the Ja'chin·ites;
4503of Ze'rah the family of the Ze'rah·ites; of Sha'ul the family of the Sha·u'lites.
4504These were the families of the Sim'e·on·ites: twenty-two thousand two hundred.
4505The sons of Gad by their families: Of Ze'phon the family of the Ze'phon·ites; of Hag'gi the family of the Hag'gites; of Shu'ni the family of the Shu'nites;
4506of Oz'ni the family of the Oz'nites; of E'ri the family of the E'rites;
4507of Ar'od the family of the Ar'od·ites; of A·re'li the family of the A·re'lites.
4508These were the families of the sons of Gad, of their registered ones: forty thousand five hundred.
4509The sons of Judah were Er and O'nan. However, Er and O'nan died in the land of Ca'naan.
4510And the sons of Judah came to be, by their families: Of She'lah the family of the She·la'nites; of Pe'rez the family of the Per'e·zites; of Ze'rah the family of the Ze'rah·ites.
4511And the sons of Pe'rez came to be: Of Hez'ron the family of the Hez'ron·ites; of Ha'mul the family of the Ha·mu'lites.
4512These were the families of Judah, of their registered ones: seventy-six thousand five hundred.
4513The sons of Is'sa·char by their families were: Of To'la the family of the To'la·ites; of Pu'vah the family of the Pu'nites;
4514of Ja'shub the family of the Jash'u·bites; of Shim'ron the family of the Shim'ron·ites.
4515These were the families of Is'sa·char, of their registered ones: sixty-four thousand three hundred.
4516The sons of Zeb'u·lun by their families were: Of Se'red the family of the Ser'e·dites; of E'lon the family of the E'lon·ites; of Jah'le·el the family of the Jah'le·el·ites.
4517These were the families of the Ze·bu'lu·nites, of their registered ones: sixty thousand five hundred.
4518The sons of Joseph by their families were Ma·nas'seh and E'phra·im.
4519The sons of Ma·nas'seh were: Of Ma'chir the family of the Ma'chir·ites. And Ma'chir became father to Gil'e·ad. Of Gil'e·ad the family of the Gil'e·ad·ites.
4520These were the sons of Gil'e·ad: Of Ie'zer the family of the Ie'zer·ites; of He'lek the family of the He'lek·ites;
4521of As'ri·el the family of the As'ri·el·ites; of She'chem the family of the She'chem·ites;
4522of She·mi'da the family of the She·mi'da·ites; of He'pher the family of the He'pher·ites.
4523Now Ze·lo'phe·had the son of He'pher proved to have no sons, but daughters, and the names of the daughters of Ze·lo'phe·had were Mah'lah and Noah, Hog'lah, Mil'cah and Tir'zah.
4524These were the families of Ma·nas'seh, and their registered ones were fifty-two thousand seven hundred.
4525These were the sons of E'phra·im by their families: Of Shu'the·lah the family of the Shu'thel·a'hites; of Be'cher the family of the Be'cher·ites; of Ta'han the family of the Ta'han·ites.
4526And these were the sons of Shu'the·lah: Of E'ran the family of the E'ran·ites.
4527These were the families of the sons of E'phra·im, of their registered ones: thirty-two thousand five hundred. These were the sons of Joseph by their families.
4528The sons of Benjamin by their families were: Of Be'la the family of the Be'la·ites; of Ash'bel the family of the Ash'bel·ites; of A·hi'ram the family of the A·hi'ram·ites;
4529of She·phu'pham the family of the Shu'pham·ites; of Hu'pham the family of the Hu'pham·ites.
4530The sons of Be'la came to be Ard and Na'a·man: [Of Ard] the family of the Ard'ites; of Na'a·man the family of the Na'a·mites.
4531These were the sons of Benjamin by their families, and their registered ones were forty-five thousand six hundred.
4532These were the sons of Dan by their families: Of Shu'ham the family of the Shu'ham·ites. These were the families of Dan by their families.
4533All the families of the Shu'ham·ites, of their registered ones, were sixty-four thousand four hundred.
4534The sons of Ash'er by their families were: Of Im'nah the family of the Im'nites; of Ish'vi the family of the Ish'vites; of Be·ri'ah the family of the Be·ri'ites;
4535of the sons of Be·ri'ah: Of He'ber the family of the He'ber·ites; of Mal'chi·el the family of the Mal'chi·el·ites.
4536And the name of Ash'er's daughter was Se'rah.
4537These were the families of the sons of Ash'er, of their registered ones: fifty-three thousand four hundred.
4538The sons of Naph'ta·li by their families were: Of Jah'ze·el the family of the Jah'ze·el·ites; of Gu'ni the family of the Gu'nites;
4539of Je'zer the family of the Je'zer·ites; of Shil'lem the family of the Shil'lem·ites.
4540These were the families of Naph'ta·li by their families, and their registered ones were forty-five thousand four hundred.
4541These were the registered ones of the sons of Israel: six hundred and one thousand seven hundred and thirty.
4542After that Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying:
4543"To these the land should be apportioned for an inheritance by the number of the names.
4544According to the great number you should increase one's inheritance, and according to the fewness you should reduce one's inheritance. Each one's inheritance should be given in proportion to his registered ones.
4545Only by the lot should the land be apportioned. According to the names of the tribes of their fathers they should get an inheritance.
4546By the determination of the lot one's inheritance should be apportioned between the many and the few."
4547Now these were the registered ones of the Levites by their families: Of Ger'shon the family of the Ger'shon·ites; of Ko'hath the family of the Ko'hath·ites; of Me·rar'i the family of the Me·rar'ites.
4548These were the families of the Levites: the family of the Lib'nites, the family of the He'bron·ites, the family of the Mah'lites, the family of the Mu'shites, the family of the Ko'rah·ites.And Ko'hath became father to Am'ram.
4549And the name of Am'ram's wife was Joch'e·bed, Le'vi's daughter, whom his wife bore to Le'vi in Egypt. In time she bore to Am'ram Aaron and Moses and Mir'i·am their sister.
4550Then there were born to Aaron Na'dab and A·bi'hu, El·e·a'zar and Ith'a·mar.
4551But Na'dab and A·bi'hu died for their presenting illegitimate fire before Jehovah.
4552And their registered ones amounted to twenty-three thousand, all males from a month old and upward. For they did not get registered in among the sons of Israel, because no inheritance was to be given to them in among the sons of Israel.
4553These were the ones registered by Moses and El·e·a'zar the priest when they registered the sons of Israel in the desert plains of Mo'ab by the Jordan at Jer'i·cho.
4554But among these there did not prove to be a man of those registered by Moses and Aaron the priest when they registered the sons of Israel in the wilderness of Si'nai.
4555For Jehovah had said concerning them: "They will die without fail in the wilderness." So there was not left of them a man except Ca'leb the son of Je·phun'neh and Joshua the son of Nun.
4556Then the daughters of Ze·lo'phe·had the son of He'pher the son of Gil'e·ad the son of Ma'chir the son of Ma·nas'seh, of the families of Ma·nas'seh the son of Joseph, came near. And these were the names of his daughters: Mah'lah, Noah and Hog'lah and Mil'cah and Tir'zah.
4557And they proceeded to stand before Moses and before El·e·a'zar the priest and before the chieftains and all the assembly at the entrance of the tent of meeting, saying:
4558"Our father has died in the wilderness, and yet he did not prove to be in among the assembly, that is, those who ranged themselves against Jehovah in the assembly of Ko'rah, but for his own sin he has died; and he did not get to have any sons.
4559Why should the name of our father be taken away from the midst of his family because he had no son? O give us a possession in the midst of our father's brothers."
4560At that Moses presented their case before Jehovah.
4561Jehovah then said this to Moses:
4562"The daughters of Ze·lo'phe·had are speaking right. By all means you should give them the possession of an inheritance in the midst of their father's brothers, and you must cause their father's inheritance to pass to them.
4563And to the sons of Israel you should speak, saying, 'In case any man should die without his having a son, YOU must then cause his inheritance to pass to his daughter.
4564And if he has no daughter, YOU must then give his inheritance to his brothers.
4565And if he has no brothers, YOU must then give his inheritance to his father's brothers.
4566And if his father has no brothers, YOU must then give his inheritance to his blood relation who is closest to him of his family, and he must take possession of it. And it must serve as a statute by judicial decision for the sons of Israel, just as Jehovah has commanded Moses.'"
4567Subsequently Jehovah said to Moses: "Go up into this mountain of Ab'a·rim and see the land that I shall certainly give the sons of Israel.
4568When you have seen it, then you must be gathered to your people, yes, you, just as Aaron your brother was gathered,
4569inasmuch as YOU men rebelled against my order in the wilderness of Zin at the quarreling of the assembly, in relation to sanctifying me by the waters before their eyes. These are the waters of Mer'i·bah at Ka'desh in the wilderness of Zin."
4570Then Moses spoke to Jehovah, saying:
4571"Let Jehovah the God of the spirits of all sorts of flesh appoint over the assembly a man
4572who will go out before them and who will come in before them and who will bring them out and who will bring them in, that Jehovah's assembly may not become like sheep that have no shepherd."
4573So Jehovah said to Moses: "Take for yourself Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom there is spirit, and you must lay your hand upon him;
4574and you must stand him before El·e·a'zar the priest and before all the assembly, and you must commission him before their eyes.
4575And you must put some of your dignity upon him, in order that all the assembly of the sons of Israel may listen to him.
4576And it is before El·e·a'zar the priest that he will stand, and he must inquire in his behalf by the judgment of the U'rim before Jehovah. At his order they will go out and at his order they will come in, he and all the sons of Israel with him and all the assembly."
4577And Moses proceeded to do just as Jehovah had commanded him. Accordingly he took Joshua and stood him before El·e·a'zar the priest and before all the assembly
4578and laid his hands upon him and commissioned him, just as Jehovah had spoken by means of Moses.
4579And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
4580"Command the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'YOU should take care to present to me my offering, my bread, for my offerings made by fire as a restful odor to me, at their appointed times.'
4581"And you must say to them, 'This is the offering made by fire that YOU will present to Jehovah: two sound year-old male lambs a day as a burnt offering constantly.
4582The one male lamb you will render up in the morning, and the other male lamb you will render up between the two evenings,
4583together with the tenth of an e'phah of fine flour as a grain offering moistened with the fourth of a hin of beaten oil;
4584the constant burnt offering, which was rendered up at Mount Si'nai as a restful odor, an offering made by fire to Jehovah,
4585along with its drink offering, the fourth of a hin to each male lamb. Pour out in the holy place the drink offering of intoxicating liquor to Jehovah.
4586And you will render up the other male lamb between the two evenings. With the same grain offering as of the morning and with its same drink offering you will render it up as an offering made by fire, of a restful odor to Jehovah.
4587"'However, on the sabbath day there will be two sound year-old male lambs and two tenth measures of fine flour as a grain offering moistened with oil, together with its drink offering,
4588as a sabbath burnt offering on its sabbath, along with the constant burnt offering and its drink offering.
4589"'And at the commencements of YOUR months YOU people will present as a burnt offering to Jehovah two young bulls and one ram, seven sound male lambs each a year old,
4590and three tenth measures of fine flour as a grain offering moistened with oil for each bull and two tenth measures of fine flour as a grain offering moistened with oil for the one ram,
4591and a tenth measure of fine flour respectively as a grain offering moistened with oil for each male lamb, as a burnt offering, a restful odor, an offering made by fire to Jehovah.
4592And as their drink offerings there should go half a hin of wine for a bull and a third of a hin for the ram and a fourth of a hin for a male lamb. This is the monthly burnt offering in its month for the months of the year.
4593Also, one kid of the goats should be rendered up as a sin offering to Jehovah in addition to the constant burnt offering together with its drink offering.
4594"'And in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, will be Jehovah's passover.
4595And on the fifteenth day of this month will be a festival. Seven days unfermented cakes will be eaten.
4596On the first day there will be a holy convention. No sort of laborious work must YOU do.
4597And YOU must present as an offering made by fire, a burnt offering to Jehovah, two young bulls and one ram and seven male lambs each a year old. They should prove to be sound ones for YOU.
4598And as their grain offerings of fine flour moistened with oil YOU will render up three tenth measures for a bull and two tenth measures for the ram.
4599You will render up a tenth measure respectively for each male lamb of the seven male lambs;
4600and one goat of sin offering to make atonement for YOU.
4601Aside from the morning burnt offering, which is for the constant burnt offering, YOU will render these up.
4602The same as these YOU will render up daily for the seven days as bread, an offering made by fire, of a restful odor to Jehovah. Along with the constant burnt offering it should be rendered, and its drink offering.
4603And on the seventh day YOU should hold a holy convention. No sort of laborious work must YOU do.
4604"'And on the day of the first ripe fruits, when YOU present a new grain offering to Jehovah, in YOUR feast of weeks YOU should hold a holy convention. No sort of laborious work must YOU do.
4605And YOU must present as a burnt offering for a restful odor to Jehovah two young bulls, one ram, seven male lambs each a year old;
4606and as their grain offering of fine flour moistened with oil three tenth measures for each bull, two tenth measures for the one ram,
4607a tenth measure respectively for each male lamb of the seven male lambs;
4608one kid of the goats to make atonement for YOU.
4609Aside from the constant burnt offering and its grain offering YOU will render them up. They should prove to be sound ones for YOU, together with their drink offerings.
4610"'And in the seventh month, on the first of the month, YOU should hold a holy convention. No sort of laborious work must YOU do. It should prove to be a day of the trumpet blast for YOU.
4611And YOU must render up as a burnt offering for a restful odor to Jehovah one young bull, one ram, seven male lambs each a year old, sound ones;
4612and their grain offering of fine flour moistened with oil, three tenth measures for the bull, two tenth measures for the ram,
4613and one tenth measure for each male lamb of the seven male lambs;
4614and one male kid of the goats as a sin offering to make atonement for YOU;
4615aside from the monthly burnt offering and its grain offering and the constant burnt offering and its grain offering, together with their drink offerings, according to the regular procedure for them, as a restful odor, an offering made by fire to Jehovah.
4616"'And on the tenth of this seventh month YOU should hold a holy convention, and YOU must afflict YOUR souls. No sort of work must YOU do.
4617And YOU must present as a burnt offering to Jehovah, as a restful odor, one young bull, one ram, seven male lambs each a year old. They should prove to be sound ones for YOU.
4618And as their grain offering of fine flour moistened with oil three tenth measures for the bull, two tenth measures for the one ram,
4619a tenth measure respectively for each male lamb of the seven male lambs;
4620one kid of the goats as a sin offering, aside from the sin offering of atonement and the constant burnt offering and its grain offering, together with their drink offerings.
4621"'And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month YOU should hold a holy convention. No sort of laborious work must YOU do, and YOU must celebrate a festival to Jehovah seven days.
4622And YOU must present as a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, of a restful odor to Jehovah, thirteen young bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs each a year old. They should prove to be sound ones.
4623And as their grain offering of fine flour moistened with oil three tenth measures for each bull of the thirteen bulls, two tenth measures for each ram of the two rams,
4624and a tenth measure for each male lamb of the fourteen male lambs;
4625and one kid of the goats as a sin offering, aside from the constant burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering.
4626"'And on the second day twelve young bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs each a year old, sound ones;
4627and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, the rams and the male lambs by their number according to the regular procedure;
4628and one kid of the goats as a sin offering, aside from the constant burnt offering and its grain offering, together with their drink offerings.
4629"'And on the third day eleven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs each a year old, sound ones;
4630and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, the rams and the male lambs by their number according to the regular procedure;
4631and one goat as a sin offering, aside from the constant burnt offering and its grain offering and its drink offering.
4632"'And on the fourth day ten bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs each a year old, sound ones;
4633their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, the rams and the male lambs by their number according to the regular procedure;
4634and one kid of the goats as a sin offering, aside from the constant burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering.
4635"'And on the fifth day nine bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs each a year old, sound ones;
4636and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, the rams and the male lambs by their number according to the regular procedure;
4637and one goat as a sin offering, aside from the constant burnt offering and its grain offering and its drink offering.
4638"'And on the sixth day eight bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs each a year old, sound ones;
4639and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, the rams and the male lambs by their number according to the regular procedure;
4640and one goat as a sin offering, aside from the constant burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offerings.
4641"'And on the seventh day seven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs each a year old, sound ones;
4642and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, the rams and the male lambs by their number according to the regular procedure for them;
4643and one goat as a sin offering, aside from the constant burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering.
4644"'And on the eighth day YOU should hold a solemn assembly. No sort of laborious work must YOU do.
4645And YOU must present as a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, of a restful odor to Jehovah, one bull, one ram, seven male lambs each a year old, sound ones;
4646and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bull, the ram and the male lambs by their number according to the regular procedure;
4647and one goat as a sin offering, aside from the constant burnt offering and its grain offering and its drink offering.
4648"'These YOU will render up to Jehovah at YOUR seasonal festivals, besides YOUR vow offerings and YOUR voluntary offerings as YOUR burnt offerings and YOUR grain offerings and YOUR drink offerings and YOUR communion sacrifices.'"
4649And Moses proceeded to talk to the sons of Israel according to everything that Jehovah had commanded Moses.
4650Then Moses spoke to the heads of the tribes of the sons of Israel, saying: "This is the word that Jehovah has commanded:
4651In case a man makes a vow to Jehovah or swears an oath to bind a vow of abstinence upon his soul, he must not violate his word. According to all that has gone out of his mouth he should do.
4652"And in case a woman makes a vow to Jehovah or she does bind herself with a vow of abstinence in the house of her father in her youth,
4653and her father actually hears her vow or her abstinence vow that she has bound upon her soul and her father does keep silent toward her, all her vows must also stand, and every abstinence vow that she has bound upon her soul will stand.
4654But if her father has forbidden her on the day of his hearing all her vows or her abstinence vows that she has bound upon her soul, it will not stand, but Jehovah will forgive her, because her father forbade her.
4655"However, if she at all happens to belong to a husband, and her vow is upon her or the thoughtless promise of her lips that she has bound upon her soul,
4656and her husband actually hears it and keeps silent toward her on the day of his hearing it, her vows must also stand or her abstinence vows that she has bound upon her soul will stand.
4657But if her husband on the day of hearing it forbids her, he has also annulled her vow that was upon her or the thoughtless promise of her lips that she bound upon her soul, and Jehovah will forgive her.
4658"In the case of the vow of a widow or a divorced woman, everything that she has bound upon her soul will stand against her.
4659"However, if it is in the house of her husband that she has vowed or has bound an abstinence vow upon her soul by an oath,
4660and her husband has heard it and has kept silent toward her, he has not forbidden her; and all her vows must stand or any abstinence vow that she has bound upon her soul will stand.
4661But if her husband has totally annulled them on the day of his hearing any expression of her lips as her vows or as an abstinence vow of her soul, they will not stand. Her husband has annulled them, and Jehovah will forgive her.
4662Any vow or any oath of an abstinence vow to afflict the soul, her husband should establish it or her husband should annul it.
4663But if her husband absolutely keeps silent toward her from day to day, he has also established all her vows or all her abstinence vows that are upon her. He has established them because he kept silent toward her on the day of his hearing them.
4664And if he totally annuls them after his hearing them, he also actually bears her error.
4665"These are the regulations that Jehovah commanded Moses as between a husband and his wife, as between a father and his daughter in her youth in the house of her father."
4666Jehovah then spoke to Moses, saying:
4667"Take vengeance for the sons of Israel upon the Mid'i·an·ites. Afterward you will be gathered to your people."
4668So Moses spoke to the people, saying: "Equip men from among YOU for the army, that they may serve against Mid'i·an to execute Jehovah's vengeance upon Mid'i·an.
4669A thousand of each tribe of all the tribes of Israel YOU will send into the army."
4670Accordingly from the thousands of Israel a thousand were assigned of a tribe, twelve thousand equipped for the army.
4671Then Moses sent them out, a thousand of each tribe, to the army, them and Phin'e·has the son of El·e·a'zar the priest to the army, and the holy utensils and the trumpets for blowing calls were in his hand.
4672And they went waging war against Mid'i·an, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses, and they proceeded to kill every male.
4673And they killed the kings of Mid'i·an along with the others slain, namely, E'vi and Re'kem and Zur and Hur and Re'ba, the five kings of Mid'i·an; and they killed Ba'laam the son of Be'or with the sword.
4674But the sons of Israel carried off the women of Mid'i·an and their little ones captive; and all their domestic animals and all their livestock and all their means of maintenance they plundered.
4675And all their cities in which they had settled and all their walled camps they burned with fire.
4676And they went taking all the spoil and all the booty in the way of humans and domestic animals.
4677And they came bringing to Moses and El·e·a'zar the priest and to the assembly of the sons of Israel the captives and the booty and the spoil, to the camp, to the desert plains of Mo'ab, which are by the Jordan at Jer'i·cho.
4678Then Moses and El·e·a'zar the priest and all the chieftains of the assembly went out to meet them outside the camp.
4679And Moses grew indignant at the appointed men of the combat forces, the chiefs of the thousands and the chiefs of the hundreds who were coming in from the military expedition.
4680So Moses said to them: "Have YOU preserved alive every female?
4681Look! They are the ones who, by Ba'laam's word, served to induce the sons of Israel to commit unfaithfulness toward Jehovah over the affair of Pe'or, so that the scourge came upon the assembly of Jehovah.
4682And now kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman who has had intercourse with man by lying with a male.
4683And preserve alive for yourselves all the little ones among the women who have not known the act of lying with a male.
4684As for YOU yourselves, camp outside the camp seven days. Everyone who has killed a soul and everyone who has touched someone slain, YOU should purify yourselves on the third day and on the seventh day, YOU and YOUR captives.
4685And every garment and every article of skin and everything made of goat's hair and every article of wood YOU should purify for yourselves from sin."
4686El·e·a'zar the priest then said to the men of the army who had gone into the battle: "This is the statute of the law that Jehovah commanded Moses,
4687'Only the gold and the silver, the copper, the iron, the tin and the lead,
4688everything that is processed with fire, YOU should pass through the fire, and it must be clean. Only it should be purified by the water for cleansing. And everything that is not processed with fire YOU should pass through the water.
4689And YOU must wash YOUR garments on the seventh day and be clean, and afterward YOU may come into the camp.'"
4690And Jehovah proceeded to say this to Moses:
4691"Take the sum of the booty, the captives both of humankind and of domestic animals, you and El·e·a'zar the priest and the heads of the fathers of the assembly.
4692And you must divide the booty in two between those taking part in the battle who went out on the expedition and all the rest of the assembly.
4693And as a tax for Jehovah you must take away from the men of war who went out on the expedition one soul out of five hundred, of humankind and of the herd and of the asses and of the flock.
4694From their half YOU should take it and you must give it to El·e·a'zar the priest as Jehovah's contribution.
4695And from the half of the sons of Israel you should take one out of fifty, of humankind, of the herd, of the asses and of the flock, of every sort of domestic animal, and you must give them to the Levites, the keepers of the obligation of Jehovah's tabernacle."
4696And Moses and El·e·a'zar the priest went doing just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
4697And the booty, the rest of the plunder that the people of the expedition had taken as plunder, amounted to six hundred and seventy-five thousand of the flock,
4698and seventy-two thousand of the herd,
4699and sixty-one thousand asses.
4700As for human souls from the women who had not known the act of lying with a male, all the souls were thirty-two thousand.
4701And the half that was the share of those who went out on the expedition amounted in number to three hundred and thirty-seven thousand five hundred of the flock.
4702And the tax for Jehovah from the flock amounted to six hundred and seventy-five.
4703And of the herd there were thirty-six thousand, and the tax on them for Jehovah was seventy-two.
4704And the asses were thirty thousand five hundred, and the tax on them for Jehovah was sixty-one.
4705And the human souls were sixteen thousand, and the tax on them for Jehovah was thirty-two souls.
4706Then Moses gave the tax as Jehovah's contribution to El·e·a'zar the priest, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
4707And from the half belonging to the sons of Israel, which Moses divided from that belonging to the men who waged war:
4708Now the half of the assembly from the flock amounted to three hundred and thirty-seven thousand five hundred,
4709and of the herd, thirty-six thousand,
4710and the asses, thirty thousand five hundred,
4711and human souls, sixteen thousand.
4712Then Moses took from the half belonging to the sons of Israel the one to be taken out of fifty, of humankind and of domestic animals, and gave them to the Levites, the keepers of the obligation of Jehovah's tabernacle, just as Jehovah had commanded Moses.
4713And the appointed men who were of the thousands of the army, the chiefs of the thousands and the chiefs of the hundreds, proceeded to approach Moses,
4714and to say to Moses: "Your servants have taken the sum of the men of war who are in our charge and not one has been reported missing from us.
4715So let us present each one what he has found as Jehovah's offering, articles of gold, ankle chainlets, and bracelets, signet rings, earrings, and female ornaments, in order to make atonement for our souls before Jehovah."
4716Accordingly Moses and El·e·a'zar the priest accepted the gold from them, all the jewelry.
4717And all the gold of the contribution that they contributed to Jehovah amounted to sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty shekels, from the chiefs of the thousands and the chiefs of the hundreds.
4718The men of the army had taken plunder each for himself.
4719So Moses and El·e·a'zar the priest accepted the gold from the chiefs of the thousands and of the hundreds and brought it into the tent of meeting as a memorial for the sons of Israel before Jehovah.
4720Now the sons of Reu'ben and the sons of Gad had come to have numerous livestock, very many, in fact. And they began to see the land of Ja'zer and the land of Gil'e·ad, and, look! the place was a place for livestock.
4721Hence the sons of Gad and the sons of Reu'ben came and said this to Moses and El·e·a'zar the priest and to the chieftains of the assembly:
4722"At'a·roth and Di'bon and Ja'zer and Nim'rah and Hesh'bon and E·le·a'leh and Se'bam and Ne'bo and Be'on,
4723the land that Jehovah defeated before the assembly of Israel, is a land for livestock, and your servants have livestock."
4724And they went on to say: "If we have found favor in your eyes, let this land be given to your servants as a possession. Do not make us cross the Jordan."
4725Then Moses said to the sons of Gad and the sons of Reu'ben: "Are YOUR brothers to go to war while YOU yourselves keep dwelling here?
4726And why should YOU dishearten the sons of Israel from crossing into the land that Jehovah will certainly give them?
4727That is the way YOUR fathers did when I sent them from Ka'desh-bar'ne·a to see the land.
4728When they went up to the torrent valley of Esh'col and saw the land, then they disheartened the sons of Israel, so as not to go into the land that Jehovah was certain to give them.
4729Consequently Jehovah's anger blazed on that day so that he swore, saying,
4730'The men who came up out of Egypt from twenty years old upward will not see the soil of which I have sworn to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, because they have not followed me wholly,
4731except Ca'leb the son of Je·phun'neh the Ken'iz·zite and Joshua the son of Nun, because they have followed Jehovah wholly.'
4732So Jehovah's anger blazed against Israel and he made them wander about in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation that was doing evil in the eyes of Jehovah came to their end.
4733And here YOU have risen in the place of YOUR fathers as the brood of sinful men in order to add further to the burning anger of Jehovah against Israel.
4734In case YOU should turn back from following him, he also would certainly once again let them stay longer in the wilderness, and YOU would have acted ruinously toward all this people."
4735Later they approached him and said: "Let us build here stone flock pens for our livestock and cities for our little ones.
4736But we ourselves shall go equipped in battle formation before the sons of Israel until whenever we have brought them to their place, while our little ones must dwell in the cities with fortifications away from the face of the inhabitants of the land.
4737We shall not return to our houses until the sons of Israel have provided themselves with landed property, each with his own inheritance.
4738For we shall not get an inheritance with them from the side of the Jordan and beyond, because our inheritance has come to us from the side of the Jordan toward the sunrising."
4739At this Moses said to them: "If YOU will do this thing, if YOU will equip yourselves before Jehovah for the war,
4740and every equipped one of YOURS will actually pass over the Jordan before Jehovah, until he drives away his enemies from before him,
4741and the land is actually subdued before Jehovah, and afterward YOU return, YOU also will indeed prove yourselves free from guilt against Jehovah and against Israel; and this land must become YOURS as a possession before Jehovah.
4742But if YOU will not do this way, YOU will also certainly sin against Jehovah. In that case know that YOUR sin will catch up with YOU.
4743Build for yourselves cities for YOUR little ones and stone pens for YOUR flocks, and what has gone forth from YOUR mouth YOU should do."
4744Then the sons of Gad and the sons of Reu'ben said this to Moses: "Your servants will do just as my lord is commanding.
4745Our little ones, our wives, our livestock and all our domestic animals will stay there in the cities of Gil'e·ad,
4746but your servants will pass over, everyone equipped for the army, before Jehovah for the war, just as my lord is speaking."
4747Accordingly Moses gave a command respecting them to El·e·a'zar the priest and to Joshua the son of Nun and to the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the sons of Israel.
4748So Moses said to them: "If the sons of Gad and the sons of Reu'ben pass with YOU over the Jordan, everyone equipped for the war, before Jehovah, and the land is actually subdued before YOU, YOU must then give them the land of Gil'e·ad as a possession.
4749But if they do not pass over equipped with YOU, they must then be settled in YOUR midst in the land of Ca'naan."
4750To this the sons of Gad and the sons of Reu'ben answered, saying: "What Jehovah has spoken to your servants is the way we shall do.
4751We ourselves will pass over equipped before Jehovah to the land of Ca'naan, and the possession of our inheritance will be with us on this side of the Jordan."
4752At this Moses gave to them, that is, to the sons of Gad and to the sons of Reu'ben and to half the tribe of Ma·nas'seh the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Si'hon the king of the Am'or·ites and the kingdom of Og the king of Ba'shan, the land belonging to its cities in the territories, and the cities of the land round about.
4753And the sons of Gad proceeded to build Di'bon and At'a·roth and A·ro'er,
4754and At'roth-sho'phan and Ja'zer and Jog'be·hah,
4755and Beth-nim'rah and Beth-ha'ran, cities with fortifications, and stone flock pens.
4756And the sons of Reu'ben built Hesh'bon and E·le·a'leh and Kir·i·a·tha'im,
4757and Ne'bo and Ba'al-me'on-their names being changed-and Sib'mah; and they began to call by their own names the names of the cities that they built.
4758And the sons of Ma'chir the son of Ma·nas'seh proceeded to march to Gil'e·ad and to capture it and to drive away the Am'or·ites who were in it.
4759So Moses gave Gil'e·ad to Ma'chir the son of Ma·nas'seh, and he took up dwelling in it.
4760And Ja'ir the son of Ma·nas'seh marched and went capturing their tent villages, and he began to call them Hav'voth-ja'ir.
4761And No'bah marched and went capturing Ke'nath and its dependent towns; and he began to call it No'bah by his own name.
4762These were the stages of the sons of Israel who went out of the land of Egypt in their armies by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
4763And Moses kept recording the departure places by their stages at the order of Jehovah; and these were their stages from one departure place to another:
4764And they proceeded to pull away from Ram'e·ses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month. Directly the day after the passover the sons of Israel went out with uplifted hand before the eyes of all the Egyptians.
4765All the while the Egyptians were burying those whom Jehovah had struck among them, that is, all the firstborn; and upon their gods Jehovah had executed judgments.
4766So the sons of Israel pulled away from Ram'e·ses and went camping in Suc'coth.
4767Then they pulled away from Suc'coth and went camping in E'tham, which is on the edge of the wilderness.
4768Next they pulled away from E'tham and turned back toward Pi·ha·hi'roth, which is in view of Ba'al-ze'phon; and they went camping before Mig'dol.
4769After that they pulled away from Pi·ha·hi'roth and went passing through the midst of the sea to the wilderness and kept marching a three-day journey in the wilderness of E'tham and took up camping at Ma'rah.
4770Then they pulled away from Ma'rah and came to E'lim. Now in E'lim there were twelve springs of water and seventy palm trees. So they camped there.
4771Next they pulled away from E'lim and went camping by the Red Sea.
4772After that they pulled away from the Red Sea and took up camping in the wilderness of Sin.
4773Then they pulled away from the wilderness of Sin and went camping at Doph'kah.
4774Later they pulled away from Doph'kah and went camping at A'lush.
4775They next pulled away from A'lush and went camping in Reph'i·dim. And there proved to be no water there for the people to drink.
4776After that they pulled away from Reph'i·dim and went camping in the wilderness of Si'nai.
4777Subsequently they pulled away from the wilderness of Si'nai and went camping at Kib'roth-hat·ta'a·vah.
4778Then they pulled away from Kib'roth-hat·ta'a·vah and went camping in Ha·ze'roth.
4779After that they pulled away from Ha·ze'roth and went camping in Rith'mah.
4780Next they pulled away from Rith'mah and took up camping in Rim'mon-pe'rez.
4781Then they pulled away from Rim'mon-pe'rez and went camping in Lib'nah.
4782Later they pulled away from Lib'nah and went camping in Ris'sah.
4783Next they pulled away from Ris'sah and went camping in Ke·he·la'thah.
4784Then they pulled away from Ke·he·la'thah and went camping in Mount She'pher.
4785After that they pulled away from Mount She'pher and went camping in Har·a'dah.
4786Then they pulled away from Har·a'dah and went camping in Mak·he'loth.
4787Next they pulled away from Mak·he'loth and went camping in Ta'hath.
4788After that they pulled away from Ta'hath and went camping in Te'rah.
4789Then they pulled away from Te'rah and went camping in Mith'kah.
4790Later they pulled away from Mith'kah and went camping in Hash·mo'nah.
4791Next they pulled away from Hash·mo'nah and went camping in Mo·se'roth.
4792Then they pulled away from Mo·se'roth and went camping in Ben'e-ja'a·kan.
4793After that they pulled away from Ben'e-ja'a·kan and went camping in Hor-hag·gid'gad.
4794Next they pulled away from Hor-hag·gid'gad and went camping in Jot'ba·thah.
4795Later they pulled away from Jot'ba·thah and went camping in A·bro'nah.
4796Then they pulled away from A·bro'nah and went camping in E'zi·on-ge'ber.
4797After that they pulled away from E'zi·on-ge'ber and went camping in the wilderness of Zin, that is to say, Ka'desh.
4798Later they pulled away from Ka'desh and went camping in Mount Hor, on the frontier of the land of E'dom.
4799And Aaron the priest proceeded to go up into Mount Hor at the order of Jehovah and to die there in the fortieth year of the going out of the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt, in the fifth month, on the first of the month.
4800And Aaron was a hundred and twenty-three years old at his death on Mount Hor.
4801Now the Ca'naan·ite, the king of A'rad, as he was dwelling in the Neg'eb, in the land of Ca'naan, got to hear about the coming of the sons of Israel.
4802In time they pulled away from Mount Hor and went camping in Zal·mo'nah.
4803After that they pulled away from Zal·mo'nah and went camping in Pu'non.
4804Next they pulled away from Pu'non and went camping in O'both.
4805Then they pulled away from O'both and went camping in I'ye-ab'a·rim on the border of Mo'ab.
4806Later they pulled away from I'yim and went camping in Di'bon-gad.
4807After that they pulled away from Di'bon-gad and went camping in Al'mon-dib·la·tha'im.
4808Then they pulled away from Al'mon-dib·la·tha'im and went camping in the mountains of Ab'a·rim before Ne'bo.
4809Finally they pulled away from the mountains of Ab'a·rim and took up camping on the desert plains of Mo'ab by the Jordan at Jer'i·cho.
4810And they continued camping by the Jordan from Beth-jesh'i·moth to A'bel-shit'tim on the desert plains of Mo'ab.
4811And Jehovah proceeded to speak to Moses on the desert plains of Mo'ab by the Jordan at Jer'i·cho, saying:
4812"Speak to the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'YOU are crossing the Jordan into the land of Ca'naan.
4813And YOU must drive away all the inhabitants of the land from before YOU and destroy all their stone figures, and all their images of molten metal YOU should destroy, and all their sacred high places YOU should annihilate.
4814And YOU must take possession of the land and dwell in it, because to YOU I shall certainly give the land to take possession of it.
4815And YOU must apportion the land to yourselves as a possession by lot according to YOUR families. To the populous one YOU should increase his inheritance, and to the sparse one YOU should reduce his inheritance. To where the lot will come out for him, there it will become his. By the tribes of YOUR fathers YOU should provide yourselves with landed property.
4816"'If, though, YOU will not drive the inhabitants of the land away from before YOU, then those whom YOU leave of them will certainly become as pricks in YOUR eyes and as thorns in YOUR sides, and they will indeed harass YOU on the land in which YOU will be dwelling.
4817And it must occur that just as I had figured doing to them I shall do to YOU.'"
4818And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
4819"Command the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'YOU are going into the land of Ca'naan. This is the land that will fall to YOU by inheritance, the land of Ca'naan according to its boundaries.
4820"'And YOUR south side must prove to be from the wilderness of Zin alongside E'dom, and YOUR south boundary must prove to be from the extremity of the Salt Sea on the east.
4821And YOUR boundary must change direction from the south of the ascent of A·krab'bim and cross over to Zin, and its termination must prove to be on the south of Ka'desh-bar'ne·a; and it must go out to Ha'zar-ad'dar and pass over to Az'mon.
4822And the boundary must change direction at Az'mon to the torrent valley of Egypt, and its termination must prove to be at the Sea.
4823"'As for a west boundary, it must prove to be for YOU the Great Sea and the shoreland. This will become YOUR west boundary.
4824"'Now this will become YOUR north boundary: From the Great Sea YOU will mark out to Mount Hor as a boundary for yourselves.
4825From Mount Hor YOU will mark out the boundary to the entering in of Ha'math, and the termination of the boundary must prove to be at Ze'dad.
4826And the boundary must go out to Ziph'ron, and its termination must prove to be Ha'zar-e'nan. This will become YOUR north boundary.
4827"'Then YOU must mark for yourselves as YOUR boundary on the east from Ha'zar-e'nan to She'pham.
4828And the boundary must go down from She'pham to Rib'lah on the east of A'in, and the border must go down and strike upon the eastern slope of the sea of Chin'ne·reth.
4829And the border must go down to the Jordan, and its termination must prove to be the Salt Sea. This will become YOUR land according to its boundaries all around.'"
4830So Moses commanded the sons of Israel, saying: "This is the land that YOU will apportion to yourselves as a possession by lot, just as Jehovah has commanded to give to the nine and a half tribes.
4831For the tribe of the sons of the Reu'ben·ites by the house of their fathers and the tribe of the sons of the Gad'ites by the house of their fathers have already taken, and the half tribe of Ma·nas'seh have already taken their inheritance.
4832The two and a half tribes have already taken their inheritance from the region of the Jordan by Jer'i·cho eastward toward the sunrising."
4833And Jehovah spoke further to Moses, saying:
4834"These are the names of the men who will divide the land to YOU people for a possession, El·e·a'zar the priest and Joshua the son of Nun.
4835And YOU will take one chieftain out of each tribe to divide the land for a possession.
4836And these are the names of the men: Of the tribe of Judah, Ca'leb the son of Je·phun'neh;
4837and of the tribe of the sons of Sim'e·on, She·mu'el the son of Am·mi'hud;
4838of the tribe of Benjamin, E·li'dad the son of Chis'lon;
4839and of the tribe of the sons of Dan a chieftain, Buk'ki the son of Jog'li;
4840of the sons of Joseph, of the tribe of the sons of Ma·nas'seh a chieftain, Han'ni·el the son of E'phod;
4841and of the tribe of the sons of E'phra·im a chieftain, Kem·u'el the son of Shiph'tan;
4842and of the tribe of the sons of Zeb'u·lun a chieftain, E·li·za'phan the son of Par'nach;
4843and of the tribe of the sons of Is'sa·char a chieftain, Pal'ti·el the son of Az'zan;
4844and of the tribe of the sons of Ash'er a chieftain, A·hi'hud the son of She·lo'mi;
4845and of the tribe of the sons of Naph'ta·li a chieftain, Ped·ah'el the son of Am·mi'hud."
4846These are the ones whom Jehovah commanded to make the sons of Israel landholders in the land of Ca'naan.
4847And Jehovah went on to speak to Moses on the desert plains of Mo'ab by the Jordan at Jer'i·cho, saying:
4848"Give the sons of Israel the command that they must give the Levites cities to inhabit out of the inheritance of their possession, and they should give the Levites the pasture ground of the cities all around them.
4849And the cities must serve for them to inhabit, while their pasture grounds will serve for their domestic animals and their goods and for all their wild beasts.
4850And the pasture grounds of the cities, which YOU will give the Levites, will be from the wall of the city and out for a thousand cubits all around.
4851And YOU must measure outside the city on the east side two thousand cubits and on the south side two thousand cubits and on the west side two thousand cubits and on the north side two thousand cubits, with the city in the middle. This will serve them as pasture grounds of the cities.
4852"These are the cities that YOU will give to the Levites: six cities of refuge, which YOU will give for the manslayer to flee there, and besides them YOU will give forty-two other cities.
4853All the cities that YOU will give to the Levites will be forty-eight cities, they together with their pasture grounds.
4854The cities that YOU will give will be from the possession of the sons of Israel. From the many YOU will take many, and from the few YOU will take few. Each one, in proportion to his inheritance that he will take as a possession, will give some of his cities to the Levites."
4855And Jehovah continued to speak to Moses, saying:
4856"Speak to the sons of Israel, and you must say to them, 'YOU are crossing the Jordan to the land of Ca'naan.
4857And YOU must choose cities convenient for yourselves. As cities of refuge they will serve for YOU, and the manslayer must flee there who fatally strikes a soul unintentionally.
4858And the cities must serve YOU as a refuge from the blood avenger, that the manslayer may not die until he stands before the assembly for judgment.
4859And the cities that YOU will give, the six cities of refuge, will be at YOUR service.
4860Three cities YOU will give on this side of the Jordan, and three cities YOU will give in the land of Ca'naan. As cities of refuge they will serve.
4861For the sons of Israel and for the alien resident and for the settler in the midst of them these six cities will serve as a refuge, for anyone to flee there that fatally strikes a soul unintentionally.
4862"'Now if it was with an instrument of iron that he has struck him so that he dies, he is a murderer. Without fail the murderer should be put to death.
4863And if it was with a small stone by which he could die that he has struck him so that he dies, he is a murderer. Without fail the murderer should be put to death.
4864And if it was with a small instrument of wood by which he could die that he has struck him so that he dies, he is a murderer. Without fail the murderer should be put to death.
4865"'The avenger of blood is the one who will put the murderer to death. When he chances upon him he himself will put him to death.
4866And if in hatred he was pushing him or he has thrown at him while lying in wait that he might die,
4867or in enmity he has struck him with his hand that he might die, without fail the striker should be put to death. He is a murderer. The avenger of blood will put the murderer to death when he chances upon him.
4868"'But if it was unexpectedly without enmity that he has pushed him or has thrown any article toward him without lying in wait,
4869or any stone by which he could die without seeing him or he should cause it to fall upon him, so that he died, while he was not at enmity with him and was not seeking his injury,
4870the assembly must then judge between the striker and the avenger of blood according to these judgments.
4871And the assembly must deliver the manslayer out of the hand of the avenger of blood, and the assembly must return him to his city of refuge to which he had fled, and he must dwell in it until the death of the high priest who was anointed with the holy oil.
4872"'But if the manslayer without fail goes out of the boundary of his city of refuge to which he may flee,
4873and the avenger of blood does find him outside the boundary of his city of refuge, and the avenger of blood does slay the manslayer, he has no bloodguilt.
4874For he ought to dwell in his city of refuge until the high priest's death, and after the high priest's death the manslayer may return to the land of his possession.
4875And these must serve as a statute of judgment for YOU throughout YOUR generations in all YOUR dwelling places.
4876"'Every fatal striker of a soul should be slain as a murderer at the mouth of witnesses, and one witness may not testify against a soul for him to die.
4877And YOU must take no ransom for the soul of a murderer who is deserving to die, for without fail he should be put to death.
4878And YOU must not take a ransom for one who has fled to his city of refuge, to resume dwelling in the land before the death of the high priest.
4879"'And YOU must not pollute the land in which YOU are; because it is blood that pollutes the land, and for the land there may be no atonement respecting the blood that has been spilled upon it except by the blood of the one spilling it.
4880And you must not defile the land in which YOU are dwelling, in the midst of which I am residing; for I Jehovah am residing in the midst of the sons of Israel.'"
4881And the heads of the fathers of the family of the sons of Gil'e·ad the son of Ma'chir the son of Ma·nas'seh of the families of the sons of Joseph proceeded to come near and speak before Moses and the chieftains, the heads of the fathers of the sons of Israel,
4882and say: "Jehovah commanded my lord to give the land in inheritance by lot to the sons of Israel; and my lord was commanded by Jehovah to give the inheritance of Ze·lo'phe·had our brother to his daughters.
4883If any of the sons of the other tribes of the sons of Israel happened to get them as wives, the women's inheritance must also be withdrawn from the inheritance of our fathers and must be added to the inheritance of the tribe to which they may come to belong, so that it would be withdrawn from the lot of our inheritance.
4884Now if the Jubilee takes place for the sons of Israel, the women's inheritance must also be added to the inheritance of the tribe to which they may come to belong; so that their inheritance would be withdrawn from the inheritance of the tribe of our fathers."
4885Then Moses commanded the sons of Israel at the order of Jehovah, saying: "The tribe of the sons of Joseph is speaking right.
4886This is the word that Jehovah has commanded for the daughters of Ze·lo'phe·had, saying, 'To whom it is good in their eyes they may become wives. Only it is to the family of the tribe of their fathers that they should become wives.
4887And no inheritance of the sons of Israel should circulate from tribe to tribe, because the sons of Israel should cleave each one to the inheritance of the tribe of his forefathers.
4888And every daughter getting possession of an inheritance out of the tribes of the sons of Israel, to one of the family of the tribe of her father she should become a wife, in order that the sons of Israel may get possession each one of the inheritance of his forefathers.
4889And no inheritance should circulate from one tribe to another tribe, because the tribes of the sons of Israel should cleave each to its own inheritance.'"
4890Just as Jehovah had commanded Moses, that is the way the daughters of Ze·lo'phe·had did.
4891Accordingly Mah'lah, Tir'zah and Hog'lah and Mil'cah and Noah, the daughters of Ze·lo'phe·had, became the wives of the sons of their father's brothers.
4892To some of the families of the sons of Ma·nas'seh the son of Joseph they became wives, that their inheritance might continue together with the tribe of the family of their father.
4893These are the commandments and the judicial decisions that Jehovah commanded by means of Moses to the sons of Israel on the desert plains of Mo'ab by the Jordan at Jer'i·cho.
4894These are the words that Moses spoke to all Israel in the region of the Jordan in the wilderness, on the desert plains in front of Suph, between Pa'ran and To'phel and La'ban and Ha·ze'roth and Di'za·hab,
4895it being eleven days from Ho'reb by the way of Mount Se'ir to Ka'desh-bar'ne·a.
4896And it came about that in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first of the month, Moses spoke to the sons of Israel according to all that Jehovah had commanded him for them,
4897after his defeating Si'hon the king of the Am'or·ites, who was dwelling in Hesh'bon, and Og the king of Ba'shan, who was dwelling in Ash'ta·roth, in Ed're·i.
4898In the region of the Jordan in the land of Mo'ab Moses undertook to explain this law, saying:
4899"Jehovah our God spoke to us in Ho'reb, saying, 'YOU have dwelt long enough in this mountainous region.
4900Turn and set out on YOUR way and go into the mountainous region of the Am'or·ites and to all their neighbors in the Ar'a·bah, the mountainous region and the She·phe'lah and the Neg'eb and the seacoast, the land of the Ca'naan·ites, and Leb'a·non, up to the great river, the river Eu·phra'tes.
4901See, I do put the land before YOU people. Go in and take possession of the land about which Jehovah swore to YOUR fathers, to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, to give it to them and their seed after them.'
4902"And I proceeded to say this to YOU at that particular time, 'I am not able by myself to carry YOU.
4903Jehovah YOUR God has multiplied YOU, and here YOU are today like the stars of the heavens for multitude.
4904May Jehovah the God of YOUR forefathers increase YOU a thousand times as many as YOU are, and may he bless YOU just as he has promised YOU.
4905How can I carry by myself the burden of YOU and the load of YOU and YOUR quarreling?
4906Get wise and discreet and experienced men of YOUR tribes, that I may set them as heads over YOU.'
4907At that YOU answered me and said, 'The thing you have spoken for us to do is good.'
4908So I took the heads of YOUR tribes, men wise and experienced, and put them as heads over YOU, chiefs of thousands and chiefs of hundreds and chiefs of fifties and chiefs of tens and officers of YOUR tribes.
4909"And I went on to command YOUR judges at that particular time, saying, 'When having a hearing between YOUR brothers, YOU must judge with righteousness between a man and his brother or his alien resident.
4910YOU must not be partial in judgment. YOU should hear the little one the same as the great one. YOU must not become frightened because of a man, for the judgment belongs to God; and the case that is too hard for YOU, YOU should present to me, and I must hear it.'
4911And I proceeded to command YOU at that particular time all the things that YOU should do.
4912"Then we pulled away from Ho'reb and went marching through all that great and fear-inspiring wilderness, which YOU have seen, by the way of the mountainous region of the Am'or·ites, just as Jehovah our God had commanded us; and we eventually came to Ka'desh-bar'ne·a.
4913I now said to YOU, 'YOU have come to the mountainous region of the Am'or·ites, which Jehovah our God is giving to us.
4914See, Jehovah your God has abandoned the land to you. Go up, take possession, just as Jehovah the God of your forefathers has spoken to you. Do not be afraid, nor be terrified.'
4915"However, all of YOU came near to me and said, 'Do let us send men ahead of us that they may search out the land for us and bring us back word concerning the way by which we should go up and the cities to which we will come.'
4916Well, the thing proved to be good in my eyes, so that I took twelve men of YOURS, one for each tribe.
4917Then they turned and went up into the mountainous region and got as far as the torrent valley of Esh'col and went spying on it.
4918And they proceeded to take some of the fruitage of the land in their hand and to bring it down to us, and they came bringing us back word and saying, 'The land that Jehovah our God is giving us is good.'
4919But YOU did not wish to go up, and YOU began to behave rebelliously against the order of Jehovah YOUR God.
4920And YOU kept grumbling in YOUR tents and saying, 'It was because Jehovah hated us that he brought us out of the land of Egypt to give us into the hand of the Am'or·ites, to annihilate us.
4921Where are we going up? Our brothers have caused our heart to melt, saying: "A people greater and taller than we are, cities great and fortified to the heavens and also the sons of the An'a·kim we saw there."'
4922"So I said to YOU, 'YOU must not suffer a shock or be afraid because of them.
4923Jehovah YOUR God is the one going before YOU. He will fight for YOU according to all that he did with YOU in Egypt under YOUR own eyes,
4924and in the wilderness, where you saw how Jehovah your God carried you just as a man carries his son, in all the way that YOU walked until YOUR coming to this place.'
4925But despite this word YOU were not putting faith in Jehovah YOUR God,
4926who was going before YOU in the way to spy out for YOU a place for YOU to camp, by fire at night for YOU to see by what way YOU should walk and by a cloud in daytime.
4927"All the while Jehovah heard the voice of YOUR words. So he became indignant and swore, saying,
4928'Not one among these men of this evil generation will see the good land that I swore to give to YOUR fathers,
4929except Ca'leb the son of Je·phun'neh. He will see it, and to him and to his sons I shall give the land upon which he trod, by reason of the fact that he has followed Jehovah fully.
4930(Even against me Jehovah got incensed on YOUR account, saying, 'You too will not go in there.
4931Joshua the son of Nun, who is standing before you, is the one who will go in there.' Him he has made strong, because he will cause Israel to inherit it.)
4932As for YOUR little ones of whom YOU said: "Plunder they will become!" and YOUR sons who today do not know good or bad, these will go in there, and to them I shall give it, and they will take possession of it.
4933As for YOU yourselves, change your direction and pull away for the wilderness by the way of the Red Sea.'
4934"At this YOU answered and said to me, 'We have sinned against Jehovah. We-we shall go up and fight in accord with all that Jehovah our God has commanded us!' So YOU girded on, each one, his weapons of war and regarded it as easy to go up into the mountain.
4935But Jehovah said to me, 'Say to them: "YOU must not go up and fight, because I am not in YOUR midst; that YOU may not be defeated before YOUR enemies."'
4936So I spoke to YOU, and YOU did not listen but began to behave rebelliously against Jehovah's order and to get all heated up, and you tried to go up into the mountain.
4937Then the Am'or·ites who were dwelling in that mountain came out to meet YOU and went chasing YOU, just as bees do, and scattering YOU in Se'ir as far as Hor'mah.
4938After that YOU returned and began to weep before Jehovah, but Jehovah did not listen to YOUR voice, neither did he give ear to YOU.
4939So YOU kept dwelling in Ka'desh many days, as many days as YOU did dwell there.
4940"Then we turned and pulled away for the wilderness by the way of the Red Sea, just as Jehovah had spoken to me; and we were many days in going around Mount Se'ir.
4941Finally Jehovah said this to me,
4942'YOU have gone around this mountain long enough. Change YOUR direction to the north.
4943And command the people, saying: "YOU are passing along by the border of YOUR brothers, the sons of E'sau, who are dwelling in Se'ir; and they will be afraid because of YOU, and YOU must be very careful.
4944Do not engage in strife with them, because I shall not give YOU of their land so much as the width of the sole of the foot; because I have given Mount Se'ir to E'sau as a holding.
4945What food YOU may buy from them for money, YOU must eat; and also what water YOU may purchase from them for money, YOU must drink.
4946For Jehovah your God has blessed you in every deed of your hand. He well knows of your walking through this great wilderness. These forty years Jehovah your God has been with you. You have not lacked a thing."'
4947So we passed on away from our brothers, the sons of E'sau, who are dwelling in Se'ir, from the way of the Ar'a·bah, from E'lath and from E'zi·on-ge'ber."Next we turned and passed on by the way of the wilderness of Mo'ab.
4948Jehovah then said to me, 'Do not molest Mo'ab or engage in war with them, because I shall not give you any of his land as a holding, for to the sons of Lot I have given Ar as a holding.
4949(The E'mim dwelt in it in former times, a people great and numerous and tall like the An'a·kim.
4950As for the Reph'a·im, they also were considered like the An'a·kim, and the Mo'ab·ites used to call them E'mim.
4951And the Hor'ites dwelt in Se'ir in former times, and the sons of E'sau proceeded to dispossess them and to annihilate them from before them and to dwell in their place, just the same as Israel must do to the land that is his holding, which Jehovah will certainly give to them.)
4952At this time rise and make YOUR way across the torrent valley of Ze'red.' Accordingly we went crossing the torrent valley of Ze'red.
4953And the days that we walked from Ka'desh-bar'ne·a until we crossed the torrent valley of Ze'red were thirty-eight years, until all the generation of the men of war had come to their end from the midst of the camp, just as Jehovah had sworn to them.
4954And the hand of Jehovah also proved to be upon them to disquiet them out of the midst of the camp, until they came to their end.
4955"And it came about that as soon as all the men of war had finished dying off from the midst of the people,
4956Jehovah spoke further to me, saying,
4957'You are passing today by the territory of Mo'ab, that is, Ar,
4958and you must get close in front of the sons of Am'mon. Do not molest them or engage in strife with them, because I shall not give you any of the land of the sons of Am'mon as a holding, for it is to the sons of Lot that I have given it as a holding.
4959As the land of the Reph'a·im it also used to be considered. (The Reph'a·im dwelt in it in former times, and the Am'mon·ites used to call them Zam·zum'mim.
4960They were a great and numerous and tall people like the An'a·kim; and Jehovah went annihilating them from before them, that they might dispossess them and dwell in their place;
4961just the same as he did for the sons of E'sau, who are dwelling in Se'ir, when he annihilated the Hor'ites from before them, that they might dispossess them and dwell in their place until this day.
4962As for the Av'vim, who were dwelling in settlements as far as Ga'za, the Caph'to·rim, who came out from Caph'tor, annihilated them, that they might dwell in their place.)
4963"'GET up, pull away and cross the torrent valley of Ar'non. See, I have given into your hand Si'hon the king of Hesh'bon, the Am'or·ite. So start to take possession of his land, and engage in war with him.
4964This day I shall start to put the dread of you and the fear of you before the peoples beneath all the heavens, who will hear the report about you; and they will indeed be agitated and have pains like those of childbirth because of you.'
4965"Then I sent messengers from the wilderness of Ked'e·moth to Si'hon the king of Hesh'bon with words of peace, saying,
4966'Let me pass through your land. Only on the road I shall walk. I shall not turn to the right or to the left.
4967What food you will sell me for money, I must eat; and what water you will give me for money, I must drink. Only let me pass through on my feet,
4968just the same as the sons of E'sau dwelling in Se'ir and the Mo'ab·ites dwelling in Ar did to me, until I shall pass over the Jordan into the land that Jehovah our God is giving to us.'
4969And Si'hon the king of Hesh'bon did not let us pass through him, because Jehovah your God had let his spirit become obstinate and his heart become hard, in order to give him into your hand just as at this day.
4970"At this Jehovah said to me, 'See, I have started to abandon Si'hon and his land to you. Start to take possession of his land.'
4971When Si'hon came on out, he and all his people, to meet us in battle at Ja'haz,
4972then Jehovah our God abandoned him to us, so that we defeated him and his sons and all his people.
4973And we went capturing all his cities at that particular time and devoting every city to destruction, men and women and little children. We left no survivor.
4974Only the domestic animals did we take as plunder for ourselves, together with the spoil of the cities that we had captured.
4975From A·ro'er, which is by the bank of the torrent valley of Ar'non, and the city that is in the torrent valley, as far as Gil'e·ad, there proved to be no town that was too high up for us. Jehovah our God abandoned them all to us.
4976Only you did not go near the land of the sons of Am'mon, the whole bank of the torrent valley of Jab'bok, nor the cities of the mountainous region, nor anything about which Jehovah our God had given command.
4977"Then we turned and went up by the way of Ba'shan. At this Og the king of Ba'shan came on out, he and all his people, to meet us in battle at Ed're·i.
4978So Jehovah said to me, 'Do not be afraid of him, for I shall certainly give him and all his people and his land into your hand; and you must do to him just as you did to Si'hon the king of the Am'or·ites, who was dwelling in Hesh'bon.'
4979Accordingly Jehovah our God gave into our hand also Og the king of Ba'shan and all his people, and we kept striking him until he had no survivor remaining.
4980And we went capturing all his cities at that particular time. There proved to be no town that we did not take from them, sixty cities, all the region of Ar'gob, the kingdom of Og in Ba'shan.
4981All these were cities fortified with a high wall, doors and bar, aside from very many rural towns.
4982However, we devoted them to destruction, just as we had done to Si'hon the king of Hesh'bon, in devoting every city to destruction, men, women and little children.
4983And all the domestic animals and the spoil of the cities we took as plunder for ourselves.
4984"And we proceeded to take at that particular time the land from the hand of the two kings of the Am'or·ites who were in the region of the Jordan, from the torrent valley of Ar'non as far as Mount Her'mon;
4985(the Si·do'ni·ans used to call Her'mon Sir'i·on, and the Am'or·ites used to call it Se'nir,)
4986all the cities of the tableland and all Gil'e·ad and all Ba'shan as far as Sal'e·cah and Ed're·i, the cities of the kingdom of Og in Ba'shan.
4987For only Og the king of Ba'shan remained of what was left of the Reph'a·im. Look! His bier was a bier of iron. Is it not in Rab'bah of the sons of Am'mon? Nine cubits is its length, and four cubits its width, by the cubit of a man.
4988And we took possession of this land at that particular time; from A·ro'er, which is by the torrent valley of Ar'non, and half of the mountainous region of Gil'e·ad, and its cities I have given to the Reu'ben·ites and the Gad'ites.
4989And the rest of Gil'e·ad and all Ba'shan of the kingdom of Og I have given to the half tribe of Ma·nas'seh. All the region of Ar'gob of all Ba'shan, is it not called the land of the Reph'a·im?
4990"Ja'ir the son of Ma·nas'seh took all the region of Ar'gob as far as the boundary of the Gesh'ur·ites and the Ma·ac'a·thites, and he proceeded to call those villages of Ba'shan by his own name, Hav'voth-ja'ir, to this day.
4991And to Ma'chir I have given Gil'e·ad.
4992And to the Reu'ben·ites and the Gad'ites I have given from Gil'e·ad to the torrent valley of Ar'non, the middle of the torrent valley being a boundary, and as far as Jab'bok, the torrent valley that is the boundary of the sons of Am'mon;
4993and the Ar'a·bah and the Jordan and the border, from Chin'ne·reth to the sea of the Ar'a·bah, the Salt Sea, at the base of the slopes of Pis'gah toward the sunrising.
4994"So I commanded YOU men at that particular time, saying, 'Jehovah YOUR God has given YOU this land to take possession of it. YOU will pass over, equipped, before YOUR brothers, the sons of Israel, all the valiant men.
4995Only YOUR wives and YOUR little ones and YOUR livestock (I well know that YOU have a great deal of livestock) will continue dwelling in YOUR cities that I have given YOU,
4996until Jehovah gives YOUR brothers rest, as well as YOU, and they also have taken possession of the land that Jehovah YOUR God is giving them across the Jordan; after which YOU must come back, each one to his holding that I have given YOU.'
4997"And I commanded Joshua at that particular time, saying, 'Your eyes are seeing all that Jehovah YOUR God has done to these two kings. The same way Jehovah will do to all the kingdoms to which you are passing over there.
4998YOU men must not be afraid of them, for Jehovah YOUR God is the One fighting for YOU.'
4999"And I proceeded to implore favor from Jehovah at that particular time, saying,
5000'O Sovereign Lord Jehovah, you yourself have started to make your servant see your greatness and your strong arm, for who is a god in the heavens or on the earth that does deeds like yours and mighty performances like yours?
5001Let me pass over, please, and see the good land that is across the Jordan, this good mountainous region and Leb'a·non.'
5002And Jehovah continued to be furious against me on YOUR account and did not listen to me; but Jehovah said to me, 'That is enough of you! Never speak to me further on this matter.
5003Go up to the top of Pis'gah and raise your eyes to the west and north and south and east and see with your eyes, for you will not pass over this Jordan.
5004And commission Joshua and encourage him and strengthen him, because he is the one to pass over before this people and he is the one to cause them to inherit the land that you will see.'
5005All this while we were dwelling in the valley in front of Beth-pe'or.
5006"And now, O Israel, listen to the regulations and the judicial decisions that I am teaching YOU to do, in order that YOU may live and may indeed go in and take possession of the land that Jehovah the God of YOUR forefathers is giving YOU.
5007YOU must not add to the word that I am commanding YOU, neither must YOU take away from it, so as to keep the commandments of Jehovah YOUR God that I am commanding YOU.
5008"YOUR own eyes are the ones that saw what Jehovah did in the case of the Ba'al of Pe'or, that every man who walked after the Ba'al of Pe'or was the one whom Jehovah your God annihilated from your midst.
5009But YOU who are cleaving to Jehovah YOUR God are all of YOU alive today.
5010See, I have taught YOU regulations and judicial decisions, just as Jehovah my God has commanded me, for YOU to do that way in the midst of the land to which YOU are going to take possession of it.
5011And YOU must keep and do them, because this is wisdom on YOUR part and understanding on YOUR part before the eyes of the peoples who will hear of all these regulations, and they will certainly say, 'This great nation is undoubtedly a wise and understanding people.'
5012For what great nation is there that has gods near to it the way Jehovah our God is in all our calling upon him?
5013And what great nation is there that has righteous regulations and judicial decisions like all this law that I am putting before YOU today?
5014"Only watch out for yourself and take good care of your soul, that you may not forget the things that your eyes have seen and that they may not depart from your heart all the days of your life; and you must make them known to your sons and to your grandsons,
5015the day that you stood before Jehovah your God in Ho'reb, when Jehovah said to me, 'Congregate the people together to me that I may let them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days that they are alive on the soil and that they may teach their sons.'
5016"So YOU people came near and stood at the base of the mountain, and the mountain was burning with fire up to midheaven; there was darkness, cloud and thick gloom.
5017And Jehovah began to speak to YOU out of the middle of the fire. The sound of words was what YOU were hearing, but no form were YOU seeing-nothing but a voice.
5018And he proceeded to state to YOU his covenant, which he commanded YOU to perform-the Ten Words, after which he wrote them upon two tablets of stone.
5019And it was I whom Jehovah commanded at that particular time to teach YOU regulations and judicial decisions, for YOU to do them in the land to which YOU are passing over to take possession of it.
5020"And YOU must take good care of YOUR souls, because YOU did not see any form on the day of Jehovah's speaking to YOU in Ho'reb out of the middle of the fire,
5021that YOU may not act ruinously and may not really make for yourselves a carved image, the form of any symbol, the representation of male or female,
5022the representation of any beast that is in the earth, the representation of any winged bird that flies in the heavens,
5023the representation of anything moving on the ground, the representation of any fish that is in the waters under the earth;
5024and that you may not raise your eyes to the heavens and indeed see the sun and the moon and the stars, all the army of the heavens, and actually get seduced and bow down to them and serve them, which Jehovah your God has apportioned to all the peoples under the whole heavens.
5025But YOU are the ones Jehovah took that he might bring YOU out of the iron furnace, out of Egypt, to become a people of private ownership to him as at this day.
5026"And Jehovah got incensed at me on YOUR account, so that he swore that I should not cross the Jordan or go into the good land that Jehovah your God is giving you as an inheritance.
5027For I am dying in this land. I am not crossing the Jordan, but YOU are crossing, and YOU must take possession of this good land.
5028Watch out for yourselves that YOU may not forget the covenant of Jehovah YOUR God that he concluded with YOU and that YOU do not make for yourselves a carved image, the form of anything about which Jehovah your God has commanded you.
5029For Jehovah your God is a consuming fire, a God exacting exclusive devotion.
5030"In case you become father to sons and grandsons and YOU have resided a long time in the land and do act ruinously and do make a carved image, a form of anything, and do commit evil in the eyes of Jehovah your God so as to offend him,
5031I do take as witnesses against YOU today the heavens and the earth, that YOU will positively perish in a hurry from off the land to which YOU are crossing the Jordan to take possession of it. YOU will not lengthen YOUR days on it, because YOU will positively be annihilated.
5032And Jehovah will certainly scatter YOU among the peoples, and YOU will indeed be let remain few in number among the nations to which Jehovah will drive YOU away.
5033And there YOU will have to serve gods, the product of the hands of man, wood and stone, which cannot see or hear or eat or smell.
5034"If YOU do look for Jehovah your God from there, you will also certainly find him, because you will inquire for him with all your heart and with all your soul.
5035When you are in sore straits and all these words have found you out at the close of the days, then you will have to return to Jehovah your God and to listen to his voice.
5036For Jehovah your God is a merciful God. He will not desert you or bring you to ruin or forget the covenant of your forefathers that he swore to them.
5037"Now ask, please, concerning the former days that occurred before you, from the day that God created man on the earth and from one end of the heavens clear to the other end of the heavens, Was any great thing brought about like this or was anything heard like it?
5038Has any other people heard the voice of God speaking out of the middle of the fire the way you yourself have heard it, and kept on living?
5039Or did God attempt to come to take a nation to himself out of the midst of another nation with provings, with signs and with miracles and with war and with a strong hand and with an outstretched arm and with great fearsomeness like all that Jehovah YOUR God has done for YOU in Egypt before your eyes?
5040You-you have been shown, so as to know that Jehovah is the [true] God; there is no other besides him.
5041Out of the heavens he made you hear his voice so as to correct you; and upon the earth he made you see his great fire, and his words you heard from the middle of the fire.
5042"And [yet you continue to live], because he loved your forefathers so that he chose their seed after them and brought you out of Egypt in his sight with his great power,
5043to drive away nations greater and mightier than you from before you, so as to bring you in, to give you their land as an inheritance as at this day.
5044And you well know today, and you must call back to your heart that Jehovah is the [true] God in the heavens above and on the earth beneath. There is no other.
5045And you must keep his regulations and his commandments that I am commanding you today, that it may go well with you and your sons after you, and in order that you may lengthen your days on the soil that Jehovah your God is giving you, always."
5046At that time Moses proceeded to set apart three cities on the side of the Jordan toward the rising of the sun,
5047for the manslayer to flee there who slays his fellow without knowing it, while he was not hating him formerly; and he must flee to one of these cities and live,
5048namely, Be'zer in the wilderness on the tableland for the Reu'ben·ites, and Ra'moth in Gil'e·ad for the Gad'ites, and Go'lan in Ba'shan for the Ma·nas'sites.
5049Now this is the law that Moses set before the sons of Israel.
5050These are the testimonies and the regulations and the judicial decisions that Moses spoke to the sons of Israel on their coming out of Egypt,
5051in the region of the Jordan in the valley in front of Beth-pe'or, in the land of Si'hon the king of the Am'or·ites, who was dwelling in Hesh'bon, whom Moses and the sons of Israel defeated on their coming out of Egypt.
5052And they went taking possession of his land and of the land of Og the king of Ba'shan, the two kings of the Am'or·ites who were in the region of the Jordan toward the rising of the sun,
5053from A·ro'er, which is on the bank of the torrent valley of Ar'non, up to Mount Si'on, that is to say, Her'mon,
5054and all the Ar'a·bah in the region of the Jordan toward the east, and as far as the sea of the Ar'a·bah at the base of the slopes of Pis'gah.
5055And Moses proceeded to call all Israel and to say to them: "Hear, O Israel, the regulations and the judicial decisions that I am speaking in YOUR ears today, and YOU must learn them and be careful to do them.
5056Jehovah our God concluded a covenant with us in Ho'reb.
5057It was not with our forefathers that Jehovah concluded this covenant, but with us, all those of us alive here today.
5058Face to face Jehovah spoke with YOU in the mountain out of the middle of the fire.
5059I was standing between Jehovah and YOU at that particular time to tell YOU the word of Jehovah, (for YOU were afraid because of the fire and did not go up into the mountain,) saying,
5060"'I am Jehovah your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slaves.
5061You must never have any other gods against my face.
5062"'You must not make for yourself a carved image, any form like anything that is in the heavens above or that is on the earth underneath or that is in the waters under the earth.
5063You must not bow down to them or be led to serve them, because I Jehovah your God am a God exacting exclusive devotion, bringing punishment for the error of fathers upon sons and upon the third generation and upon the fourth generation, in the case of those who hate me;
5064but exercising loving-kindness toward the thousandth generation in the case of those who love me and keep my commandments.
5065"'You must not take up the name of Jehovah your God in a worthless way, for Jehovah will not leave anyone unpunished who takes up his name in a worthless way.
5066"'Keeping the sabbath day to hold it sacred, just as Jehovah your God commanded you,
5067you are to render service and you must do all your work six days.
5068But the seventh day is a sabbath to Jehovah your God. You must not do any work, you nor your son nor your daughter nor your slave man nor your slave girl nor your bull nor your ass nor any domestic animal of yours nor your alien resident who is inside your gates, in order that your slave man and your slave girl may rest the same as you.
5069And you must remember that you became a slave in the land of Egypt and Jehovah your God proceeded to bring you out from there with a strong hand and an outstretched arm. That is why Jehovah your God commanded you to carry on the sabbath day.
5070"'Honor your father and your mother, just as Jehovah your God has commanded you; in order that your days may prove long and it may go well with you on the ground that Jehovah your God is giving you.
5071"'You must not murder.
5072"'Neither must you commit adultery.
5073"'Neither must you steal.
5074"'Neither must you testify to a falsehood against your fellowman.
5075"'Neither must you desire your fellowman's wife. Neither must you selfishly crave your fellowman's house, his field or his slave man or his slave girl, his bull or his ass or anything that belongs to your fellowman.'
5076"These Words Jehovah spoke to all YOUR congregation in the mountain out of the middle of the fire, the cloud and the thick gloom, with a loud voice, and he added nothing; after which he wrote them upon two tablets of stone and gave me them.
5077"And it came about that as soon as YOU had heard the voice out of the middle of the darkness, while the mountain was burning with fire, YOU proceeded to come near to me, all the heads of YOUR tribes and YOUR older men.
5078Then YOU said, 'Here Jehovah our God has shown us his glory and his greatness, and we have heard his voice out of the middle of the fire. This day we have seen that God may speak with man and he may actually keep living.
5079And now why should we die, for this great fire may consume us? If we are again hearing the voice of Jehovah our God any further, we are also certain to die.
5080For who is there of all flesh that has heard the voice of the living God speaking out of the middle of the fire as we did and yet goes on living?
5081You yourself go near and hear all that Jehovah our God will say; and you will be the one to speak to us all that Jehovah our God will speak to you, and we shall certainly listen and do.'
5082"So Jehovah heard the voice of YOUR words when YOU spoke to me, and Jehovah went on to say to me, 'I have heard the voice of the words of this people, which they have spoken to you. They have done well in all they have spoken.
5083If only they would develop this heart of theirs to fear me and to keep all my commandments always, in order that it might go well with them and their sons to time indefinite!
5084Go say to them: "Return home to YOUR tents."
5085And you stand here with me, and let me speak to you all the commandment and the regulations and the judicial decisions that you should teach to them and that they must do in the land that I am giving them to take possession of it.'
5086And YOU people must take care to do just as Jehovah YOUR God has commanded YOU. YOU must not turn to the right or to the left.
5087In all the way that Jehovah YOUR God has commanded YOU, YOU should walk, in order that YOU may live and it may be well with YOU and YOU may indeed lengthen YOUR days in the land of which YOU will take possession.
5088"Now these are the commandment, the regulations and the judicial decisions that Jehovah YOUR God has commanded to teach YOU, so as to do them in the land to which YOU are passing over there to take possession of it;
5089in order that you may fear Jehovah your God so as to keep all his statutes and his commandments that I am commanding you, you and your son and your grandson, all the days of your life, and in order that your days may prove long.
5090And you must listen, O Israel, and take care to do [them], that it may go well with you and that YOU may become very many, just as Jehovah the God of your forefathers has promised you, as respects the land flowing with milk and honey.
5091"Listen, O Israel: Jehovah our God is one Jehovah.
5092And you must love Jehovah your God with all your heart and all your soul and all your vital force.
5093And these words that I am commanding you today must prove to be on your heart;
5094and you must inculcate them in your son and speak of them when you sit in your house and when you walk on the road and when you lie down and when you get up.
5095And you must tie them as a sign upon your hand, and they must serve as a frontlet band between your eyes;
5096and you must write them upon the doorposts of your house and on your gates.
5097"And it must occur that when Jehovah your God will bring you into the land that he swore to your forefathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob to give you, great and good-looking cities that you did not build,
5098and houses full of all good things and that you did not fill, and cisterns hewn out that you did not hew out, vineyards and olive trees that you did not plant, and you shall have eaten and become satisfied,
5099watch out for yourself that you may not forget Jehovah, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slaves.
5100Jehovah your God you should fear, and him you should serve, and by his name you should swear.
5101YOU must not walk after other gods, any gods of the peoples who are all around YOU,
5102(for Jehovah your God in your midst is a God exacting exclusive devotion,) for fear the anger of Jehovah your God may blaze against you and he must annihilate you from off the surface of the ground.
5103"YOU must not put Jehovah YOUR God to the test, the way YOU put him to the test at Mas'sah.
5104YOU should by all means keep the commandments of Jehovah YOUR God and his testimonies and his regulations that he has commanded you.
5105And you must do what is right and good in Jehovah's eyes, in order that it may go well with you and you may indeed enter and take possession of the good land about which Jehovah has sworn to your forefathers,
5106by pushing away all your enemies from before you, just as Jehovah has promised.
5107"In case your son should ask you in a future day, saying, 'What do the testimonies and the regulations and the judicial decisions mean that Jehovah our God has commanded YOU?'
5108then you must say to your son, 'We became slaves to Phar'aoh in Egypt, but Jehovah proceeded to bring us out of Egypt with a strong hand.
5109So Jehovah kept putting signs and miracles, great and calamitous, upon Egypt, upon Phar'aoh and upon all his household before our eyes.
5110And he brought us out from there in order that he might bring us here to give us the land about which he had sworn to our forefathers.
5111Hence Jehovah commanded us to carry out all these regulations, to fear Jehovah our God for our good always, that we might keep alive as at this day.
5112And it will mean righteousness for us, that we take care to do all this commandment before Jehovah our God, just as he has commanded us.'
5113"When Jehovah your God at last brings you into the land to which you are going so as to take possession of it, he must also clear away populous nations from before you, the Hit'tites and the Gir'ga·shites and the Am'or·ites and the Ca'naan·ites and the Per'iz·zites and the Hi'vites and the Jeb'u·sites, seven nations more populous and mighty than you are.
5114And Jehovah your God will certainly abandon them to you, and you must defeat them. You should without fail devote them to destruction. You must conclude no covenant with them nor show them any favor.
5115And you must form no marriage alliance with them. Your daughter you must not give to his son, and his daughter you must not take for your son.
5116For he will turn your son from following me, and they will certainly serve other gods; and Jehovah's anger will indeed blaze against YOU, and he will certainly annihilate you in a hurry.
5117"On the other hand, this is what YOU should do to them: Their altars YOU should pull down, and their sacred pillars YOU should break down, and their sacred poles YOU should cut down, and their graven images YOU should burn with fire.
5118For you are a holy people to Jehovah your God. It is you Jehovah your God has chosen to become his people, a special property, out of all the peoples that are on the surface of the ground.
5119"It was not because of YOUR being the most populous of all the peoples that Jehovah showed affection for YOU so that he chose YOU, for YOU were the least of all the peoples.
5120But it was because of Jehovah's loving YOU, and because of his keeping the sworn statement that he had sworn to YOUR forefathers, that Jehovah brought YOU out with a strong hand, that he might redeem you from the house of slaves, from the hand of Phar'aoh the king of Egypt.
5121And you well know that Jehovah your God is the [true] God, the faithful God, keeping covenant and loving-kindness in the case of those who love him and those who keep his commandments to a thousand generations,
5122but repaying to his face the one who hates him by destroying him. He will not hesitate toward the one who hates him; he will repay him to his face.
5123And you must keep the commandment and the regulations and the judicial decisions that I am commanding you today by doing them.
5124"And it must occur that, because YOU continue listening to these judicial decisions and YOU do keep them and do carry them out, Jehovah your God must keep toward you the covenant and the loving-kindness about which he swore to your forefathers.
5125And he will certainly love you and bless you and multiply you and bless the fruit of your belly and the fruit of your soil, your grain and your new wine and your oil, the young of your cows and the progeny of your flock, on the soil that he swore to your forefathers to give to you.
5126The most blessed of all the peoples you will become. There will not prove to be in you a male or a female without offspring, nor among your domestic animals.
5127And Jehovah will certainly remove from you every sickness; and as for all the evil diseases of Egypt that you have known, he will not place them upon you, and he will indeed put them upon all those who hate you.
5128And you must consume all the peoples whom Jehovah your God is giving to you. Your eye must not feel sorry for them; and you must not serve their gods, because that will be a snare to you.
5129"In case you say in your heart, 'These nations are too populous for me. How shall I be able to drive them away?'
5130you must not be afraid of them. You should by all means remember what Jehovah your God did to Phar'aoh and all Egypt,
5131the great provings that your eyes saw, and the signs and the miracles and the strong hand and the outstretched arm with which Jehovah your God brought you out. That is the way Jehovah your God will do to all the peoples before whom you are afraid.
5132And Jehovah your God will also send the feelin